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Aeree Sohn 10 Articles
Solitary and Social Drinking in South Korea: An Exploratory Study
Ju Moon Park, Aeree Sohn, Chanho Choi
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2020;11(6):365-372.   Published online December 22, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2020.11.6.04
  • 4,120 View
  • 114 Download
  • 2 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

This study aimed to identify differences in drinking norms, heavy drinking, and motives between types of drinkers (abstainers, solitary, and social drinkers) in a representative sample of Korean adults.

Methods

An online survey of people registered on the electoral roll were randomly invited to be part of the “National Korean Drinking Culture Study” conducted in 2018 (n = 3,015). Participants included 1,532 men and 1,469 women aged 19–60 years. Questions included the number of times they drank in the last month, what they drank, and the volume drank. The amount of pure alcohol consumed was calculated. Drinking norms, motives, and types were determined in the survey questions.

Results

Solitary drinkers were more likely to be divorced or separated, less educated, and marginally employed. Solitary drinking peaked in those in their 30s (18.5%) and social drinkers in their 50s (68.1%). Solitary drinkers drank more frequently compared with social drinkers (6.1 vs. 3.6 times per month, p < 0.001), and consumed a significantly larger quantity of alcohol (69.5 g vs. 46.8 g per week). Solitary drinkers were more accepting of drinking-related behaviors in diverse situations compared with social drinkers. The regression analysis revealed that personal drinking motives were the most important factor influencing the frequency and quantity of alcohol consumption in both solitary and social drinking.

Conclusion

Solitary drinkers may be more vulnerable to alcohol abuse than social drinkers.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Do Drinking Norms, Motives, and Drinking Behaviors Differ by Age Group among Korean Women?
    Aeree Sohn, Sarang Jang
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2022; 19(6): 3345.     CrossRef
  • Exploring Contributing Factors of Solitary Drinking among Hong Kong Chinese Adolescents and Young Adults: A Descriptive Phenomenology
    Ka-Yan Ho, Katherine-Ka-Wai Lam, Cynthia-Sau-Ting Wu, Man-Nok Tong, Lai-Ngo Tang, Yim-Wah Mak
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2022; 19(14): 8371.     CrossRef
Predictors Affecting the Elderly’s Use of Emergency Medical Services
Ju Moon Park, Aeree Sohn
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2020;11(4):209-215.   Published online August 31, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2020.11.4.10
  • 3,147 View
  • 60 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

Elderly adults are the demographic most likely to utilize emergency medical services (EMS). This study aimed to examine the difference in EMS utilization in subgroups of the elderly population by assessing the predictors for using EMS.

Methods

Using both descriptive and logistic regression analyses, this study analyses data from the 2014 Korean Health Panel Survey (n = 3,175).

Results

It was observed that certain predisposing factors such as age, sex, and marital status were significant predictors of EMS utilization. However, differences in EMS need do not fully account for the original differences observed between subgroups of elderly Koreans. While health status and disability were important predictors of elderly Koreans using EMS, place of residence did not account for subgroup differences. Nonetheless, place of residence remained particularly important predictors of EMS utilization for the elderly.

Conclusion

Emergency needs and resource availability are 2 main determinants for elderly Koreans using EMS. In addition, it was observed that the demographic subgroup profile of unmarried/divorced/separated/widowed men who were aged 75 and older was least likely to utilize EMS. Improving their resource availability to meet their EMS needs should be a top priority for national policy making to narrow elderly population subgroup differences.

Citations

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  • Social Factors Contributing to Healthcare Service Requirements during the First COVID-19 Lockdown among Older Adults
    Ohad Shaked, Liat Korn, Yair Shapiro, Avi Zigdon
    Healthcare.2022; 10(10): 1854.     CrossRef
How do Sexual Identity, and Coming Out Affect Stress, Depression, and Suicidal Ideation and Attempts Among Men Who Have Sex With Men in South Korea?
Byonghee Cho, Aeree Sohn
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2016;7(5):281-288.   Published online October 31, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2016.09.001
  • 2,100 View
  • 25 Download
  • 9 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
This study investigated the status of sexual identity, perceived stigma, stress, depression, and suicidal ideation and attempts. It also examined how sexual identity and “coming out” affect stress, depression, and suicidal ideation and attempts.
Methods
Suicidal ideation, psychological health status, and health-related behaviors were assessed using the Internet to maximize the confidentiality of the participants, men who have sex with men (MSM). The data were collected from a total of 873 MSM aged between 19 years and 59 years in 2014.
Results
Only 20.9% of the MSM had come out (18.0% voluntarily and 2.9% by others). The prevalences of perceived stress and depression among MSM were 46.7% and 42.7%, respectively, compared with 20.1% and 7.4% among general men. Approximately 32% of the MSM reported any suicidal ideation, and 3.3% had attempted suicide in the past year. The likelihood of suicidal ideation was significantly associated with being age 30–39 years [odds ratio (OR) = 1.8], high school or less (OR = 1.6), having been outed (OR = 5.2), feeling stressed (OR = 1.8), and feeling depressed (OR = 12.4) after sociodemographic factors and other perceptions were controlled for.
Conclusion
The present study provides evidence that MSM are at an elevated risk for suicidal ideation and attempts with high stress and depression. Some risk factors were specific to being gay or bisexual in a hostile environment.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • HIV-Related Stigma, Sexual Identity, and Depressive Symptoms Among MSM Living With HIV in China: A Moderated Mediation Modeling Analysis
    Tianyue Mi, Guanghua Lan, Xueying Yang, Xiaoming Li, Shan Qiao, Zhiyong Shen, Yuejiao Zhou
    American Journal of Men's Health.2022; 16(2): 155798832210875.     CrossRef
  • Age Differences in the Associations Between Outness and Suicidality Among LGBTQ+ Youth
    Brian A. Feinstein, Ethan H. Mereish, Mary Rose Mamey, Cindy J. Chang, Jeremy T. Goldbach
    Archives of Suicide Research.2022; : 1.     CrossRef
  • Sexual Minority Stigma, Sexual Orientation Concealment, Social Support and Depressive Symptoms Among Men Who have Sex with Men in China: A Moderated Mediation Modeling Analysis
    Changmian Ding, Xiangfan Chen, Wei Wang, Bin Yu, Huimin Yang, Xiaoyan Li, Shumin Deng, Hong Yan, Shiyue Li
    AIDS and Behavior.2020; 24(1): 8.     CrossRef
  • TRANSNATIONAL INTEREST CONVERGENCE AND GLOBAL KOREA AT THE EDGE OF RACE AND QUEER EXPERIENCES
    Patrick S. Thomsen
    Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on Race.2020; 17(2): 411.     CrossRef
  • Is Perceived Stigma in Clinical Settings Associated With Poor Health Status Among New York City’s Residents of Color?
    Prabal De, Alexis Pozen, Henna Budhwani
    Medical Care.2019; 57(12): 960.     CrossRef
  • Comparison of depression and anxiety between HIV-negative men who have sex with men and women (MSMW) and men who have sex with men only (MSMO): a cross-sectional study in Western China
    Ying Hu, Xiao-ni Zhong, Bin Peng, Yan Zhang, Hao Liang, Jiang-hong Dai, Juying Zhang, Xiao-hua Zhong, Ai-long Huang
    BMJ Open.2019; 9(1): e023498.     CrossRef
  • Transgender Women's Experiences with Stigma, Trauma, and Attempted Suicide in the Dominican Republic
    Henna Budhwani, Kristine R. Hearld, Adrienne N. Milner, Rebecca Charow, Elaine M. McGlaughlin, Mayra Rodriguez-Lauzurique, Santo Rosario, Robert Paulino-Ramirez
    Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior.2018; 48(6): 788.     CrossRef
  • The Reciprocal Relationship between Suicidality and Stigma
    Bernardo Carpiniello, Federica Pinna
    Frontiers in Psychiatry.2017;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Fallen Flowers
    Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2016; 7(5): 279.     CrossRef
Identifying Barriers to Human Immunodeficiency Virus Testing for Men Who Have Sex with Men in South Korea
Aeree Sohn, Byonghee Cho, Harvey A. Kennedy
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2015;6(3):192-200.   Published online June 30, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2015.06.003
  • 1,768 View
  • 18 Download
  • 5 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
The principal objective of this study was to identify the barriers to testing for men who have sex with men (MSM) in Korea, something that might prove useful in future studies of this nature.
Methods
This study was conducted at gay bars nationwide in Korea. After considering several offline locations (gay bars) where MSM candidates are commonly located, random recruitment was performed using time–location sampling. A total of 944 individuals participated in this survey. A total sample of 921 cases (23 cases were excluded) was used for analysis. A self-administered questionnaire measuring the individuals' demographics, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/AIDS knowledge, stigma, phobia, optimism bias, self-efficacy for condom use, and sexual practices was used.
Results
About 61.8% (N = 569) of respondents reported having been tested at least once in their lifetime, and 38.9% (N = 358) acknowledged being tested within the past 12 months. After adjusting for age, education, and number of partners in a logistic regression analysis, awareness of testing place [odds ratio (OR) = 4.04], exposure to HIV prevention campaign (1.54), fear (OR = 1.13), and discrimination toward people with HIV/AIDS (OR = 0.94) were the main factors associated with HIV testing.
Conclusion
To accomplish widespread HIV testing for Korean MSM, the accessibility of testing centers and advertisement of voluntary counseling and testing to MSM are needed.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Cost-effectiveness analysis of pre-exposure prophylaxis for the prevention of HIV in men who have sex with men in South Korea: a mathematical modelling study
    Heun Choi, Jiyeon Suh, Woonji Lee, Jun Hyoung Kim, Jung Ho Kim, Hye Seong, Jin Young Ahn, Su Jin Jeong, Nam Su Ku, Yoon Soo Park, Joon Sup Yeom, Changsoo Kim, Hee-Dae Kwon, Davey M. Smith, Jeehyun Lee, Jun Yong Choi
    Scientific Reports.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Users' Concerns Related to Online HIV Counseling in South Korea: A Descriptive Qualitative Study
    Han Ju Lee, Hee Sun Kang, Savitri Singh-Carlson, Kyung Sun Kim
    Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care.2020; 31(6): 646.     CrossRef
  • The use of social marketing campaigns to increase HIV testing uptake: a systematic review
    John O. Olawepo, Jennifer R. Pharr, Axenya Kachen
    AIDS Care.2019; 31(2): 153.     CrossRef
  • Non-adherence to anti-retroviral therapy among HIV infected adults in Mon State of Myanmar
    Win Lei Aye, Apa Puckpinyo, Karl Peltzer
    BMC Public Health.2017;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Discrimination and Stigma
    Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2015; 6(3): 141.     CrossRef
Smoking and Alcohol Drinking Related to Experience of Harmful Shops among Korean Adolescents
Jinyoung Kim, Aeree Sohn
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2014;5(3):138-147.   Published online June 30, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2014.04.005
  • 1,719 View
  • 16 Download
  • 8 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
This study was conducted in order to determine any correlation between experience of harmful shops and adolescent smoking and alcohol drinking in middle and high school students.
Methods
The survey was conducted using a self-administered questionnaire online via the homepage of the Ministry of Education student Health Information Center; 1888 and 1563 questionnaires were used for middle and high school students, respectively, for a total of 3451 questionnaires in the final analysis. The collected data were processed using SPSS version 21.0 and examined using frequency analysis and hierarchical linear regression.
Results
In this research, 8.3% of all participants were found to have experienced smoking and 17.0% alcohol drinking. Regarding the types of harmful shops, 81.8% said they had been to a gaming place; 21.2% to a lodging place; 16.0% to a sex and entertainment place; and 6.8% to a harmful sex industry location. Sociodemographic variables had a significant effect on adolescent smoking and alcohol drinking. Regarding environmental variables, a significant difference was observed for living with parents and school location. Among adolescent experience of harmful shops, both smoking and alcohol drinking showed a significant association with harmful sex industry locations.
Conclusion
National government-level management and supervision on this issue will be necessary to prevent adolescent access to harmful shops, along with more studies exploring methods for implementation of policies with more systematic control of harmful shops.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Evaluation of Individual and Community Factors Affecting Adolescents’ Mental Health: A Longitudinal Multilevel Analysis
    Bohye Lee, Myungsuk Choi, Mankyu Choi
    Applied Research in Quality of Life.2021; 16(3): 1187.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence and Extrinsic Risk Factors for Dental Erosion in Adolescents
    Ana C Mafla, Ximena A Cerón-Bastidas, Maria E Munoz-Ceballos, Diana C Vallejo-Bravo, Maria C Fajardo-Santacruz
    Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry.2017; 41(2): 102.     CrossRef
  • Trend of Suicide Rates According to Urbanity among Adolescents by Gender and Suicide Method in Korea, 1997–2012
    Kyung-Hwa Choi, Dong-Hyun Kim
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2015; 12(5): 5129.     CrossRef
  • The awareness of "School Environmental Sanitation and Cleanup Zone System" and harmful perception by shops among students, teachers and parents in Korea
    Aeree Sohn
    Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion.2015; 32(5): 83.     CrossRef
  • Substance Use and Sexual Behaviors of Adolescents in Multicultural Families in Korea
    Subin Park
    Psychiatry Investigation.2015; 12(4): 466.     CrossRef
  • Health-related quality of life assessment according to socio-demographic characteristics and health behavior among Gyeonggi-do citizens: focused on gender difference
    Sun-Hee Joung, YeogSeon Hong, AeRee Sohn
    Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion.2015; 32(3): 33.     CrossRef
  • A Period of Storm and Stress
    Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2014; 5(3): 117.     CrossRef
  • Characterizing Patterns of Experience of Harmful Shops among Adolescents Using Decision Tree Models
    Aeree Sohn
    Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion.2014; 31(3): 15.     CrossRef
The Influence of Media Communication on Risk Perception and Behavior Related to Mad Cow Disease in South Korea
Jee-Eun Park, Aeree Sohn
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2013;4(4):203-208.   Published online August 31, 2013
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2013.06.005
  • 1,825 View
  • 13 Download
  • 7 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
The purpose of this study was to ascertain the influence of media communication on risk behavior related to mad cow disease (MCD).
Methods
Mothers of elementary school students in Seoul were recruited as the survey participants of this study.
Results
Media reports affected risk behavior related to MCD. Also, knowledge and attitude toward MCD affects risk behavior.
Conclusion
Risk-related information provided by the media should maintain consistency and objectivity. For effective risk communication, there should be an open communication between the government and public, experts, and related industries, who should all collaborate.

Citations

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  • Understanding risk perception from floods: a case study from China
    Yi Ge, Guangfei Yang, Xiaotao Wang, Wen Dou, Xueer Lu, Jie Mao
    Natural Hazards.2021; 105(3): 3119.     CrossRef
  • Community participation effects on preparedness behaviour through risk perception: Empirical data of hazardous chemicals from China
    Xiaowei Li, Tiezhong Liu
    International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction.2020; 44: 101421.     CrossRef
  • The influence of media consumption on public risk perception: a meta-analysis
    Chunhua Niu, Zhixin Jiang, Hongbing Liu, Kehu Yang, Xuping Song, Zhihong Li
    Journal of Risk Research.2020; : 1.     CrossRef
  • Food risk communication: analysis of the media coverage of food risk on Italian online daily newspapers
    Barbara Tiozzo, Anna Pinto, Federico Neresini, Stefano Sbalchiero, Nicoletta Parise, Mirko Ruzza, Licia Ravarotto
    Quality & Quantity.2019; 53(6): 2843.     CrossRef
  • Perceived risks of produced water management and naturally occurring radioactive material content in North Dakota
    Luisa Torres, Om Prakash Yadav, Eakalak Khan
    Journal of Environmental Management.2017; 196: 56.     CrossRef
  • Risk prediction of product-harm events using rough sets and multiple classifier fusion: an experimental study of listed companies in China
    Delu Wang, Jianping Zheng, Gang Ma, Xuefeng Song, Yun Liu
    Expert Systems.2016; 33(3): 254.     CrossRef
  • Health Literacy, Health Risk Perception and Health Behavior of Elders
    Jeong Hee Jeong, Jung Soon Kim
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nurs.2014; 25(1): 65.     CrossRef
Trends in the Incidence of Scrub Typhus: The Fastest Growing Vector-Borne Disease in Korea
Mi Ae Jeong, Seung-Ki Youn, Young-Kwon Kim, Hyungmin Lee, Sun-Ja Kim, Aeree Sohn
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2013;4(3):166-169.   Published online June 30, 2013
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2013.04.007
  • 1,828 View
  • 20 Download
  • 14 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Scrub typhus, also called tsutsugamushi disease, is classified as a Group 3 disease in Korea according to the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance Systems. It is an infectious disease transmitted to humans through the bite of mites that are infected with an intracellular parasite called Orientia tsutsugamushi (Family: Rickettsiaceae). This study aims to identify the demographic characteristics of the infected cases according to profession, region, gender, and onset period and provide a basic data for prevention and control of the disease in the infected patients. Between 2001 and 2010, 16,741 men (36.3%) and 29,373 women (63.7%) were reported to have been infected with scrub typhus, with men being 1.6 times less infected than women. When classified according to age, it was found that 4421 persons (9.6%) were under 40 years of age; 6601 (13.1%) in their 40s; 9714 (21.1%) in their 50s; 13,067 (28.3%) in 60s; 10,128 (22.0%) in their 70s; and 2723 (5.9%) aged 80 or more. The elderly (60 years or older) represented more than half of the infected cases. When the infections were classified according to region, it was found that the county residents had the major share of infection, with a total of 1583 infected cases (59.85).

Citations

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  • Scrub typhus seroprevalence from an eastern state of India: findings from the state-wide serosurvey
    Debaprasad Parai, Matrujyoti Pattnaik, Jaya Singh Kshatri, Usha Kiran Rout, Annalisha Peter, Rashmi Ranjan Nanda, Subrat Kumar Sahoo, Asit Mansingh, Hari Ram Choudhary, Girish Chandra Dash, Ira Praharaj, Debdutta Bhattacharya, Sanghamitra Pati
    Transactions of The Royal Society of Tropical Medi.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Epidemiological Aspects of Tsutsugamushi Disease (Scrub Typhus) Outbreaks in Republic of Korea and Japan
    Myeong-Jin Lee, Bok Soon Han, Won-Chang Lee, Young Hwan Kwon
    The Korean Journal of Aerospace and Environmental .2022; 32(2): 65.     CrossRef
  • Scrub typhus and antibiotic-resistant Orientia tsutsugamushi
    Chin-Te Lu, Lih-Shinn Wang, Po-Ren Hsueh
    Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy.2021; 19(12): 1519.     CrossRef
  • Seropositivity of Scrub Typhus Inpatients Attending a Tertiary Care Hospital in Western Odisha
    Shuvankar Mukherjee, Anshuman Dash, Shreekant Tiwari
    Journal of Evolution of Medical and Dental Science.2020; 9(04): 178.     CrossRef
  • Clinical and Laboratory Predictors associated with Complicated Scrub Typhus
    Mi-Hee Kim, Si-Hyun Kim, Jung-Hyun Choi, Seong-Heon Wie
    Infection & Chemotherapy.2019; 51(2): 161.     CrossRef
  • Molecular Epidemiology of an Orientia tsutsugamushi Gene Encoding a 56-kDa Type-Specific Antigen in Chiggers, Small Mammals, and Patients from the Southwest Region of Korea
    So Hyang Jung, Dong Ryong Ha, Duck Woong Park, Jeong Min Lee, Sun Hee Kim, Hang Jin Jeong, Jung Wook Park, Dong Min Kim, Byong Chul Gill, Jung Yoon Lee, Choon-Mee Kim, Hyeon Je Song, Mi Hee Seo, Jae Keun Chung, Hye Jung Park, Eun Sun Kim
    The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygi.2018; 98(2): 616.     CrossRef
  • Clinical Aspects of Scrub Typhus Initially Misdiagnosed as Kawasaki Disease
    Sung Hoon Kim, Hae Jeong Lee, Ju Suk Lee
    Iranian Journal of Pediatrics.2018;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Paul Trowbridge, Divya P., Prasanna S. Premkumar, George M. Varghese
    Tropical Medicine & International Health.2017; 22(5): 576.     CrossRef
  • Central Nervous System Infection Associated with Orientia tsutsugamushi in South Korea
    Kon Chu, Seon-Jae Ahn, Woo-Jin Lee, Jin-Sun Jun, Jung-Ah Lim, Keun-Hwa Jung, Kyung-Il Park, Jun-Sang Sunwoo, Han Sang Lee, Sang Kun Lee, Ki-Young Jung, Jangsup Moon, Soon-Tae Lee
    The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygi.2017; 97(4): 1094.     CrossRef
  • Generation of protective immunity against Orientia tsutsugamushi infection by immunization with a zinc oxide nanoparticle combined with ScaA antigen
    Na-Young Ha, Hyun Mu Shin, Prashant Sharma, Hyun Ah Cho, Chan-Ki Min, Hong-il Kim, Nguyen Thi Hai Yen, Jae-Seung Kang, Ik-Sang Kim, Myung-Sik Choi, Young Keun Kim, Nam-Hyuk Cho
    Journal of Nanobiotechnology.2016;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Immunization with an Autotransporter Protein of Orientia tsutsugamushi Provides Protective Immunity against Scrub Typhus
    Na-Young Ha, Prashant Sharma, Gwanghun Kim, Yuri Kim, Chan-Ki Min, Myung-Sik Choi, Ik-Sang Kim, Nam-Hyuk Cho, David H Walker
    PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases.2015; 9(3): e0003585.     CrossRef
  • Current situation of scrub typhus in South Korea from 2001–2013
    Hyeong-Woo Lee, Pyo Yun Cho, Sung-Ung Moon, Byoung-Kuk Na, Yoon-Joong Kang, Youngjoo Sohn, Seung-Ki Youn, Yeongseon Hong, Tong-Soo Kim
    Parasites & Vectors.2015;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Jahae Kim, Seong Young Kwon, Sae-Ryung Kang, Sang-Geon Cho, Ho-Chun Song
    Clinical Nuclear Medicine.2015; 40(10): e484.     CrossRef
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    Ji-Hyuk Park, Sun-Ja Kim, Seung-Ki Youn, Kisoo Park, Jin Gwack
    Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases.2014; 67(6): 458.     CrossRef
Knowledge, Attitudes, and Sexual Behaviors in HIV/AIDS and Predictors Affecting Condom Use among Men Who Have Sex with Men in South Korea
Aeree Sohn, Byonghee Cho
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2012;3(3):156-164.   Published online June 30, 2012
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2012.07.001
  • 2,184 View
  • 22 Download
  • 23 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
In South Korea, men who have sex with men (MSM) are rather understudied, but are known to be at high risk for human immunodeficiency virus infection (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). This study was to access HIV/AIDS knowledge, attitudes, and risk behaviors, and to identify the factors of condom use in HIV prevention.
Methods
We recruited 1070 MSM in Korea, using the Internet to maximize the confidentiality of the MSM.
Results
The prevalence of self-reported and sexually transmitted infections and HIV in the total sample was 10.7% and 2.7%, respectively. Factual knowledge and phobias regarding HIV/AIDS and self-efficacy were relatively high among the MSM. After controlling for age, education, marital status, and sexual identity, predictors of condom use at most recent anal sex included knowledge (OR = 1.25; p < 0.0001); self-efficacy (OR = 1.33; p = 0.02), additionally, having HIV testing (OR = 1.45; p = 0.02); and having a regular partner (OR = 0.53; p < 0.0001) were also positively associated with condom use.
Conclusion
The intervention programs for MSM in Korea may need to take the idiosyncratic societal and cultural pressures of the region into consideration in order to reduce infection risk.

Citations

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  • Current and Future Perspectives of HIV Prevention Research Among Young Sexual Minority Men in South Korea
    Seul Ki Choi, Jesse Golinkoff, Willey Y. Lin, Lisa Hightow-Weidman, Kathryn Muessig, José Bauermeister
    Archives of Sexual Behavior.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Lee T Sen, Pavita M S Hutauruk, Mohammad R A Putra, Salsabila B Maulida, Areska Ramadhan, Agus Sugiharto
    IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Sci.2021; 716(1): 012089.     CrossRef
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    Nirwanto K. Rahim, Agung Waluyo, Sri Yona
    Journal of Public Health Research.2021; 10(1_suppl): jphr.2021.2339.     CrossRef
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    Hye-Won Kim, Hyejin Yang
    The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing .2021; 27(2): 163.     CrossRef
  • Factors influencing HIV-risk perception among MSM students at a university in Durban, South Africa
    Geogina Charity Gumindega, Pranitha Maharaj
    African Journal of AIDS Research.2021; 20(3): 244.     CrossRef
  • Predictors of Condom Use among Gay and Bisexual Men in the Philippines
    Noriel P. Calaguas
    International Journal of Sexual Health.2020; 32(3): 188.     CrossRef
  • Cost-effectiveness analysis of pre-exposure prophylaxis for the prevention of HIV in men who have sex with men in South Korea: a mathematical modelling study
    Heun Choi, Jiyeon Suh, Woonji Lee, Jun Hyoung Kim, Jung Ho Kim, Hye Seong, Jin Young Ahn, Su Jin Jeong, Nam Su Ku, Yoon Soo Park, Joon Sup Yeom, Changsoo Kim, Hee-Dae Kwon, Davey M. Smith, Jeehyun Lee, Jun Yong Choi
    Scientific Reports.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Prevalence and correlates of lifetime and recent HIV testing among men who have sex with men (MSM) who use mobile geo-social networking applications in Greater Tokyo
    Adam O. Hill, Benjamin R. Bavinton, Gregory Armstrong, Limin Mao
    PLOS ONE.2019; 14(1): e0209933.     CrossRef
  • HIV/AIDS knowledge among MSM in Brazil: a challenge for public policies
    Mark Drew Crosland Guimarães, Laio Magno, Maria das Graças Braga Ceccato, Raquel Regina de Freitas Magalhães Gomes, Andrea Fachel Leal, Daniela Riva Knauth, Maria Amélia de Sousa Mascena Veras, Inês Dourado, Ana Maria de Brito, Carl Kendall, Ligia Regina
    Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Low sexually transmissible infection knowledge, risk perception and concern about infection among men who have sex with men and transgender women at high risk of infection
    Iván C. Balán, Javier Lopez-Rios, Curtis Dolezal, Christine Tagliaferri Rael, Cody Lentz
    Sexual Health.2019; 16(6): 580.     CrossRef
  • Differences in Risky Sexual Behavior According to Sexual Orientation in Korean Adolescents
    Ji-Su Kim, Kyunghee Kim, Yeunhee Kwak
    Journal of Homosexuality.2019; 66(1): 17.     CrossRef
  • Condom use social norms and self-efficacy with different kinds of male partners among Chinese men who have sex with men: results from an online survey
    Cheng Wang, Joseph D. Tucker, Chuncheng Liu, Heping Zheng, Weiming Tang, Li Ling
    BMC Public Health.2018;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Prevalence and Factors Associated with Inconsistent Condom Use among Men Who Have Sex with Men (MSM) Who Use Mobile Geo-Social Networking Applications in Greater Tokyo
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Changes in Human Immunodeficiency Virusrelated Knowledge and Stigmatizing Attitudes among Korean Adolescents from 2006 to 2011
Aeree Sohn, SungBok Park
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2012;3(2):107-112.   Published online June 30, 2012
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2012.04.006
  • 1,927 View
  • 19 Download
  • 8 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
This study assessed the prevalence and changes of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) knowledge and stigmatizing attitudes in 2006, 2008, and 2011.
Methods
Three cross-sectional surveys were conducted in 2006, 2008, and 2011. A cross-sectional sample of high school students in Seoul, South Korea was targeted. A self-administered questionnaire measuring general and transmission and discriminatory attitudes was used.
Results
Misconceptions about casual contact were widespread, even though the proportion responding incorrectly decreased significantly over the 5-year period. The respondents in all surveys displayed a high level of discrimination against those with HIV/AIDS in some situations, particularly in the idea of HIV/AIDS making the respondent feel disgusted (63.3% in 2006, 57.5% in 2008, and 52.6% in 2011), avoiding sitting with people with HIV/AIDS (50.6% in 2006, 50.5% in 2008, and 48.5% in 2011), and blaming those with HIV for becoming infected (46.6% in 2006, 42.8% in 2008, and 43.0% in 2011). Even though respondents had a high level of stigmatizing attitudes, the survey showed that the stigma has declined over the 5-year period.
Conclusion
The survey results showed that public health policy should recognize that HIV stigmatizing attitudes persist in Korea. This finding has implications for the development of intervention programs focusing on reducing the levels of discrimination.

Citations

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    Aeree Sohn, Byonghee Cho, Harvey A. Kennedy
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    S. Pilar Suguimoto, Teeranee Techasrivichien, Patou Masika Musumari, Christina El-saaidi, Bhekumusa Wellington Lukhele, Masako Ono-Kihara, Masahiro Kihara
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    Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
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  • Knowledge, Attitudes, and Sexual Behaviors in HIV/AIDS and Predictors Affecting Condom Use among Men Who Have Sex with Men in South Korea
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HIV/AIDS Knowledge, Stigmatizing Attitudes, and Related Behaviors and Factors that Affect Stigmatizing Attitudes against HIV/AIDS among Korean Adolescents
Aeree Sohn, SungBok Park
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2012;3(1):24-30.   Published online December 31, 2011
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2012.01.004
  • 1,985 View
  • 14 Download
  • 27 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
This study examined the sex differentials for specific aspects of knowledge regarding HIV, stigmatizing attitudes toward people with HIV/AIDS (PWHAs) and sexual behavior. In addition, the factors that affect stigmatizing attitudes toward PWHAs were investigated.
Methods
The population of this study comprised of senior high students in Seoul, Korea. Eight high schools were selected randomly and 1566 adolescents participated in the survey. A total sample of 1548 cases (18 cases were excluded) was used for analysis. A self-administered questionnaire measuring their general and transmission and discriminatory attitudes was used.
Results
The level of HIV/AIDS knowledge among Korean adolescents was low, as indicated by a correct response rate of 54% (7.0 out of 13). The students answered correctly about HIV transmission by kissing at 50.2%, toilets at 59.4%, cup sharing at 57.4%, and daily school life at 60.5%. The level of discriminatory attitudes towards HIV-infected persons was high. Boys reported a higher proportion of sexual experience (7.0% vs. 2.6%, OR=2.89, p < 0.001). Only 39.0% used a condom during their last sexual encounter and more girls (53.3%) than boys (35.3%) reported using a condom.
Conclusions
These findings highlight the need for increasing HIV knowledge, reducing HIV stigma, and providing sex education focusing on safer sex practices.

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PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives