Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives

OPEN ACCESS
SEARCH
Search

Author index

Page Path
HOME > Articles and issues > Author index
Search
Ahmad Khosravi 4 Articles
Relationship Between Assertion and Aggression with Addiction Potential: A Cross-Sectional Study in 2019
Mohammad Amiri, Zakieh Sadeghi, Elham Sadeghi, Ahmad Khosravi
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2020;11(4):231-238.   Published online August 31, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2020.11.4.12
  • 4,040 View
  • 71 Download
  • 3 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

This study aimed to determine the relationship between assertion and aggression with addiction potential among students in Shahroud University of Medical Sciences.

Methods

In this cross-sectional study conducted in 2019, 500 students of Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, were selected by multistage random sampling, for a study using the Addiction Potential Scale, and Assertion and Aggression Questionnaires. Data were analyzed using ANOVA, Chi-square, t test, Pearson’s correlation coefficient, and the linear regression model.

Results

The mean scores of addiction potential, aggression, and assertion were 32.7 ± 17.2, 41.5 ± 12.9 and 139.4 ± 22.3, respectively. In this study, 38.8% (N = 194) of students had high aggression and 76.8% (N = 384) had high assertion. In the regression model, aggression, history of drug and addictive substances abuse, history of tobacco use, and history of alcohol abuse were significantly related to addiction potential (p ≤ 0.05). There was a negative relationship between assertion and addiction potential so that with one-unit increase in the assertion score, the addiction potential score decreased by −0.11.

Conclusion

Given the direct relationship between aggression and addiction potential, and since more than three-quarters of the students had moderate to high aggression, it is necessary to pay more attention to this issue. Interventions may play an important role in improving the current situation.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • From emotional intelligence to suicidality: a mediation analysis in patients with borderline personality disorder
    Mohsen Khosravi, Fahimeh Hassani
    BMC Psychiatry.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Addiction Potential and its Correlates Among Medical Students
    Mohammad Amiri, Ahmad Khosravi, Reza Chaman, Zakieh Sadeghi, Elham Sadeghi, Mehdi Raei
    The Open Public Health Journal.2021; 14(1): 32.     CrossRef
  • Exploring the Influence of Parenting Style on Adolescents’ Maladaptive Game Use through Aggression and Self-Control
    Hyeon Gyu Jeon, Sung Je Lee, Jeong Ae Kim, Gyoung Mo Kim, Eui Jun Jeong
    Sustainability.2021; 13(8): 4589.     CrossRef
Study of the Relationship Between Self-Efficacy, General Health and Burnout Among Iranian Health Workers
Mohammad Amiri, Hassan Vahedi, Seyed Reza Mirhoseini, Ahmad Reza Eghtesadi, Ahmad Khosravi
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2019;10(6):359-367.   Published online December 31, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2019.10.6.06
  • 3,879 View
  • 156 Download
  • 5 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

To evaluate the relationship between self-efficacy, general health and burnout of the staff at Shahroud University of Medical Sciences.

Methods

In 2015, 249 staff at Shahroud University of Medical Sciences (from a total reference population of 520 staff members) were selected through stratified random sampling. To collect the data, Sherer self-efficacy Scale, General Health Questionnaire and Maslach Burnout Inventory were used. The collected data were analyzed through ANOVA, Pearson correlation and Chi-square tests using SPSS 16. The relationship between self-efficacy, general health and burnout (latent factors) were studied using structural equation modeling with Stata 14.

Results

The mean age of participants was 36.97 ± 7.60 years, and the mean number of years work experience was 12.29 ± 7.57. The mean scores of general health, self-efficacy and burnout were 28.24 ± 11.14, 62.30 ± 9.21 and 81.67 ± 22.18, respectively. The results of the study showed a statistically significant relationship between self-efficacy and general health which equals −0.32. A statistically significant relationship also existed between burnout scores and general health scores (beta = 0.78).

Conclusion

The results showed that high self-efficacy improves the general health of employees at the Shahroud University of Medical Sciences and reduces burnout. Special attention should be paid to self-efficacy in the prevention of burnout.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • The relations between mental well-being and burnout in medical staff during the COVID-19 pandemic: A network analysis
    Chen Chen, Fengzhan Li, Chang Liu, Kuiliang Li, Qun Yang, Lei Ren
    Frontiers in Public Health.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The role of organizational and supervisor support in young adult workers’ resilience, efficacy and burnout during the COVID-19 pandemic
    Heewon Kim, L. D. Mattson, Dacheng Zhang, Hee Jung Cho
    Journal of Applied Communication Research.2022; : 1.     CrossRef
  • A psychological health support scheme for medical teams in COVID-19 outbreak and its effectiveness
    Wenhong Cheng, Fang Zhang, Zhen Liu, Hao Zhang, Yifan Lyu, Hao Xu, Yingqi Hua, Jiarong Gu, Zhi Yang, Jun Liu
    General Psychiatry.2020; 33(5): e100288.     CrossRef
  • Impact of the Family Environment on the Emotional State of Medical Staff During the COVID-19 Outbreak: The Mediating Effect of Self-Efficacy
    Na Hu, Ying Li, Su-Shuang He, Lei-Lei Wang, Yan-Yan Wei, Lu Yin, Jing-Xu Chen
    Frontiers in Psychology.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Investigation of Health-Promoting Lifestyle and its Determinants Among Students of Medical Sciences in Iran
    Mohammad Amiri, Ahmad Khosravi, Niloofar Aboozarzadeh, Leila Khojasteh, Zakieh Sadeghi, Mehdi Raei
    The Open Public Health Journal.2020; 13(1): 627.     CrossRef
The Relationship Between Health-Promoting Lifestyle and Its Related Factors with Self-Efficacy and Well-Being of Students
Mohammad Amiri, Reza Chaman, Ahmad Khosravi
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2019;10(4):221-227.   Published online August 31, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2019.10.4.04
  • 3,983 View
  • 216 Download
  • 6 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

Unhealthy lifestyles among young people are seriously related to incapacity and health problems in adulthood. The aim of this study was to determine the importance of a health-promoting lifestyle and its association with self-efficacy and well-being.

Methods

In this cross-sectional study, a sample of 500 students from Shahroud University of Medical Sciences (Shahroud, Iran) were randomly selected in 2017. The Persian versions of Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile, Self-Efficacy Scale, and WHO-5 Well-Being Index were used.

Results

Among the participants, 34% of students had an abnormal imaginable well-being, and 68% of students had high self-efficacy. The mean score of a health-promoting lifestyle was 127.47 ± 19.78, which is interpreted as moderate, and the mean score of physical activity was 14.10 ± 4.95, which is poor. There was a significant relationship between well-being, and self-efficacy with health-promoting lifestyle. Age, gender, educational level, place of residence, student employment, self-efficacy, and well-being were associated with students’ lifestyles.

Conclusion

A health-promoting lifestyle of students in this study was moderate and they did not have an acceptable level of physical activity. The direct effect of well-being, and self-efficacy on lifestyle, revising students’ curriculums to improve their health behaviors, and general health indicators, can all lead to the enhancement of health-promoting lifestyles.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Health‐promoting behaviors and self‐efficacy among nursing students in times of uncertainty
    Rita Doumit, Maha Habre, Rebecca Cattan, Joelle Abi Kharma, Beena Davis
    Worldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Context matters: criticism and accommodation by close others associated with treatment attitudes in those with anxiety
    Olivia A. Merritt, Karen Rowa, Christine L. Purdon
    Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy.2022; : 1.     CrossRef
  • Hemşirelik Öğrencilerinin Sağlıklı Yaşam Biçimi Davranışları ve Sağlık Okuryazarlık Düzeyleri
    Şenay AKGÜN, Hümeyra HANÇER TOK, Duygu OZTAŞ
    Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Lifestyle in Female Teachers: Educational Intervention Based on Self-Efficacy Theory in the South of Fars Province, Iran
    Fariba Abbasi, Leila Ghahremani, Mahin Nazari, Mohammad Fararouei, Zakieh Khoramaki, Matteo Curcuruto
    BioMed Research International.2021; 2021: 1.     CrossRef
  • Investigation of Health-Promoting Lifestyle and its Determinants Among Students of Medical Sciences in Iran
    Mohammad Amiri, Ahmad Khosravi, Niloofar Aboozarzadeh, Leila Khojasteh, Zakieh Sadeghi, Mehdi Raei
    The Open Public Health Journal.2020; 13(1): 627.     CrossRef
  • Study of the Relationship Between Self-Efficacy, General Health and Burnout Among Iranian Health Workers
    Mohammad Amiri, Hassan Vahedi, Seyed Reza Mirhoseini, Ahmad Reza Eghtesadi, Ahmad Khosravi
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2019; 10(6): 359.     CrossRef
Causal Effect of Self-esteem on Cigarette Smoking Stages in Adolescents: Coarsened Exact Matching in a Longitudinal Study
Ahmad Khosravi, Asghar Mohammadpoorasl, Kourosh Holakouie-Naieni, Mahmood Mahmoodi, Ali Akbar Pouyan, Mohammad Ali Mansournia
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2016;7(6):341-345.   Published online December 31, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2016.10.003
  • 2,077 View
  • 30 Download
  • 10 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Identification of the causal impact of self-esteem on smoking stages faces seemingly insurmountable problems in observational data, where self-esteem is not manipulable by the researcher and cannot be assigned randomly. The aim of this study was to find out if weaker self-esteem in adolescence is a risk factor of cigarette smoking in a longitudinal study in Iran.
Methods
In this longitudinal study, 4,853 students (14–18 years) completed a self-administered multiple-choice anonym questionnaire. The students were evaluated twice, 12 months apart. Students were matched based on coarsened exact matching on pretreatment variables, including age, gender, smoking stages at the first wave of study, socioeconomic status, general risk-taking behavior, having a smoker in the family, having a smoker friend, attitude toward smoking, and self-injury, to ensure statistically equivalent comparison groups. Self-esteem was measured using the Rosenberg 10-item questionnaire and were classified using a latent class analysis. After matching, the effect of self-esteem was evaluated using a multinomial logistic model.
Results
In the causal fitted model, for adolescents with weaker self-esteem relative to those with stronger self-esteem, the relative risk for experimenters and regular smokers relative to nonsmokers would be expected to increase by a factor of 2.2 (1.9–2.6) and 2.0 (1.5–2.6), respectively.
Conclusion
Using a causal approach, our study indicates that low self-esteem is consistently associated with progression in cigarette smoking stages.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • The effect of the educational intervention on empowerment of male high school students in prevention of smoking
    Ali Khani Jeihooni, Amirhossein Mobaraei, Amin Kiani, Pooyan Afzali Harsini, Sajjad Karami Ghazi Khani
    Journal of Substance Use.2022; 27(2): 162.     CrossRef
  • “I am a little superhero!”: a pilot play-based group to enhance self-esteem of children from low-income families in Hong Kong
    Jessie Ming Sin Wong
    Social Work with Groups.2021; 44(2): 181.     CrossRef
  • Depressive Symptoms and Cigarette Smoking in Adolescents and Young Adults: Mediating Role of Friends Smoking
    Christian W Mendo, Marine Maurel, Isabelle Doré, Jennifer O’Loughlin, Marie-Pierre Sylvestre
    Nicotine & Tobacco Research.2021; 23(10): 1771.     CrossRef
  • Explaining the determinants of hookah smoking cessation among southern Iranian women: a qualitative study
    Sakineh Dadipoor, Gerjo Kok, Ali Heyrani, Teamur Aghamolaei, Mohtasham Ghaffari, Amin Ghanbarnezhad
    Journal of Substance Use.2020; 25(5): 469.     CrossRef
  • Impact of gender, age and smoking habits on the effectiveness of health warning messages on cigarette packets: research on a highly educated Turkish sample
    Murat Aktan
    International Journal of Health Promotion and Educ.2020; 58(4): 167.     CrossRef
  • The Price of Mission Complexity: A National Study of the Impact of Community College Baccalaureate Adoption on Tuition and Fees
    Justin C. Ortagus, Xiaodan Hu
    Educational Researcher.2019; 48(8): 504.     CrossRef
  • Knowledge and Attitudes of University Students Towards Hookah Smoking in Fasa, Iran
    Ali Khani Jeihooni, Zahra Khiyali, Seyyed Mansour Kashfi, Seyyed Hannan Kashfi, Mohammad Zakeri, Mehdi Amirkhani
    Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Scien.2018;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Evaluation of the Impact of Psychoactive Substances on Adolescents’ Self-Esteem Attending School in Kenitra, Morocco
    Ibtissam Cherkaoui El Malki, Imad Echerbaoui, Khaoula Mammad, Youssef El Madhi, Ahmed Omar Touhami Ahami
    Psychology.2018; 09(04): 705.     CrossRef
  • Cigarette and hookah smoking and their relationship with self-esteem and communication skills among high school students
    Masumeh Anbarlouei, Parvin Sarbakhsh, Hossein Dadashzadeh, Akbar Ghiasi, Maryam Ataieasl, Abbasali Dorosti, Asghar Mohammadpour Asl
    Health Promotion Perspectives.2018; 8(3): 230.     CrossRef
  • How gender- and violence-related norms affect self-esteem among adolescent refugee girls living in Ethiopia
    L. Stark, K. Asghar, I. Seff, B. Cislaghi, G. Yu, T. Tesfay Gessesse, J. Eoomkham, A. Assazenew Baysa, K. Falb
    Global Mental Health.2018;[Epub]     CrossRef

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives