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Amir Sasan Mozaffari Nejad 3 Articles
The Occurrence and Risk Assessment of Exposure to Aflatoxin M1 in Ultra-High Temperature and Pasteurized Milk in Hamadan Province of Iran
Amir Sasan Mozaffari Nejad, Ali Heshmati, Tayebe Ghiasvand
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2019;10(4):228-233.   Published online August 31, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2019.10.4.05
  • 4,740 View
  • 130 Download
  • 16 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

Aflatoxins are a category of poisonous compounds found in most plants, milk and dairy products. The present research was carried out to detect the presence of aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) in samples of milk collected from Hamadan province, Iran.

Methods

Twenty five samples of ultra-high temperature (UHT) and 63 samples of pasteurized milk were collected and the amount of AFM1 was measured by an Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay method. In addition, the estimated daily intake (EDI) and hazard index (HI) of AFM1 was determined by the following equations:(EDI= mean concentration of AFM1 × daily consumption of milk/body weight; HI= EDI/Tolerance Daily Intake).

Results

AFM1 was detected in 21 (84%) UHT milk samples and in 55 (87.30%) pasteurized milk samples. Seven (28%) samples of UHT and 21 (33.33%) pasteurized milk samples had higher AFM1 content than the limit allowed in the European Union and Iranian National Standard Limits (0.05 μg/kg). None of the samples exceeded the US Food and Drug Administration limit (0.5 μg/kg) for AFM1. EDI and HI for AM1 through milk were 0.107 ng/kg body weight/day, and 0.535, respectively.

Conclusion

A significant percentage of milk produced by different factories in Iran (84% of UHT and 87.3% of pasteurized milk) was contaminated with AFM1. Therefore, more control and monitoring of livestock feeding in dairy companies may help reduce milk contamination with AFM1. As the HI value was lower than 1, it can be assumed that there was no risk of developing liver cancer due to milk consumption.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Aflatoxin M1 in milk and dairy products: global occurrence and potential decontamination strategies
    Khurram Muaz, Muhammad Riaz, Carlos Augusto Fernandes de Oliveira, Saeed Akhtar, Shinawar Waseem Ali, Habibullah Nadeem, Sungkwon Park, Balamuralikrishnan Balasubramanian
    Toxin Reviews.2022; 41(2): 588.     CrossRef
  • Feed to fork risk assessment of mycotoxins under climate change influences - recent developments
    Rhea Sanjiv Chhaya, John O'Brien, Enda Cummins
    Trends in Food Science & Technology.2022; 126: 126.     CrossRef
  • The behavior of aflatoxin M1 during lactic cheese production and storage
    Mahtab Einolghozati, Ali Heshmati, Freshteh Mehri
    Toxin Reviews.2022; 41(4): 1163.     CrossRef
  • Exposure assessment on aflatoxin M1 from milk and dairy products-relation to public health
    Eleni Malissiova, Georgia Soultani, Konstantina Tsokana, Mary Alexandraki, Athanasios Manouras
    Clinical Nutrition ESPEN.2022; 47: 189.     CrossRef
  • Aflatoxin M1 in distributed milks in northwestern Iran: occurrence, seasonal variation, and risk assessment
    Seyyed Ahmad Mokhtari, Ali Nemati, Mehdi Fazlzadeh, Eslam Moradi-Asl, Vahid Taefi Ardabili, Anoshirvan Seddigh
    Environmental Science and Pollution Research.2022; 29(27): 41429.     CrossRef
  • Brucellosis in Humans with the Approach of Brucella Species Contamination in Unpasteurized Milk and Dairy Products from Hamadan, Iran
    Mohammad Mahdi Majzobi, Pejman Karami, Amir Khodavirdipour, Mohammad Yousef Alikhani
    Iranian Journal of Medical Microbiology.2022; 16(4): 282.     CrossRef
  • Review, meta-analysis and carcinogenic risk assessment of aflatoxin M1 in different types of milks in Iran
    Fatemeh Mortezazadeh, Fathollah Gholami-Borujeni
    Reviews on Environmental Health.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Probabilistic modeling and risk characterization of the chronic aflatoxin M1 exposure of Hungarian consumers
    Zsuzsa Farkas, Kata Kerekes, Árpád Ambrus, Miklós Süth, Ferenc Peles, Tünde Pusztahelyi, István Pócsi, Attila Nagy, Péter Sipos, Gabriella Miklós, Anna Lőrincz, Szilveszter Csorba, Ákos Bernard Jóźwiak
    Frontiers in Microbiology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The occurrence of aflatoxin M1 in doogh, kefir, and kashk in Hamadan, Iran
    Mina KHORSHIDI, Ali HESHMATI, Zahra HADIAN, Slim SMAOUI, Amin MOUSAVI KHANEGHAH
    Food Science and Technology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Characterization and mechanism of aflatoxin degradation by a novel strain of Trichoderma reesei CGMCC3.5218
    Xiaofeng Yue, Xianfeng Ren, Jiayun Fu, Na Wei, Claudio Altomare, Miriam Haidukowski, Antonio F. Logrieco, Qi Zhang, Peiwu Li
    Frontiers in Microbiology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Simultaneous multi-determination of pesticide residues in black tea leaves and infusion: a risk assessment study
    Ali Heshmati, Fereshteh Mehri, Amin Mousavi Khaneghah
    Environmental Science and Pollution Research.2021; 28(11): 13725.     CrossRef
  • Development of a specific anti-idiotypic nanobody for monitoring aflatoxin M1 in milk and dairy products
    Chong Cai, Qi Zhang, Seyni Nidiaye, Honglin Yan, Wen Zhang, Xiaoqian Tang, Peiwu Li
    Microchemical Journal.2021; 167: 106326.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of aflatoxin M1 in pasteurized and ultra-high temperature (UHT) milk marketed in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    F. Mwakosya Hilda, K. Mugula Jovin
    African Journal of Microbiology Research.2021; 15(9): 461.     CrossRef
  • Multi-mycotoxin occurrence in feed, metabolism and carry-over to animal-derived food products: A review
    J. Tolosa, Y. Rodríguez-Carrasco, M.J. Ruiz, P. Vila-Donat
    Food and Chemical Toxicology.2021; 158: 112661.     CrossRef
  • Presence of Aflatoxin M1 in Commercial Milk in Paraguay
    ANDREA ALEJANDRA ARRUA, PABLO DAVID ARRÚA, JULIANA MOURA-MENDES, CINTHIA CAZAL, FRANCISCO PAULO FERREIRA, CRISTHIAN JAVIER GRABOWSKI, HORACIO DANIEL LOPEZ-NICORA, DANILO FERNÁNDEZ RIOS
    Journal of Food Protection.2021; 84(12): 2128.     CrossRef
  • The Occurrence and Risk Assessment of Aflatoxin M1 in Yoghurt Samples from Hamadan, Iran
    Ali Heshmati, Amir Sasan Mozaffari Mozaffari Nejad, Tayebeh Ghyasvand
    The Open Public Health Journal.2020; 13(1): 512.     CrossRef
Natural Infection with Rabies Virus: A Histopathological and Immunohistochemical Study of Human Brains
Firouzeh Farahtaj, Leila Alizadeh, Alireza Gholami, Alireza Tahamtan, Sadegh Shirian, Maryam Fazeli, Amir Sasan Mozaffari Nejad, Ali Gorji, Hamid Mahmoudzadeh Niknam, Amir Ghaemi
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2019;10(1):6-11.   Published online February 28, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2019.10.1.03
  • 4,449 View
  • 223 Download
  • 10 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

Despite all the efforts and increased knowledge of rabies, the exact mechanisms of infection and mortality from the rabies virus are not well understood. To understand the mechanisms underlying the pathogenicity of rabies virus infection, it is crucial to study the tissue that the rabies virus naturally infects in humans.

Methods

Cerebellum brain tissue from 9 human post mortem cases from Iran, who had been infected with rabies virus, were examined histopathologically and immunohistochemically to evaluate the innate immune responses against the rabies virus.

Results

Histopathological examination revealed inflammation of the infected cerebellum and immunohistochemical analyses showed an increased immunoreactivity of heat shock protein 70, interleukin-6, interleukin-1, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, caspase-3, caspase-9, toll-like receptor3 and toll-like receptor4 in the infected brain tissue.

Conclusion

These results indicated the involvement of innate immunity in rabies infected human brain tissue, which may aggravate the progression of this deadly disease.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Biosensor as an alternative diagnostic method for rabies virus detection: A literature review
    Milad Zandi, Sajad Zandi, Ramin Mohammadi, Parastoo Hosseini, Samane Teymouri, Saber Soltani, Azadeh Rasouli
    Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry.2022; 69(4): 1348.     CrossRef
  • Immunohistochemical diagnosis of human infectious diseases: a review
    Hamadou Oumarou Hama, Gérard Aboudharam, Rémi Barbieri, Hubert Lepidi, Michel Drancourt
    Diagnostic Pathology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Mitochondrial Dysfunction in Rabies Virus-Infected Human and Canine Brains
    Pulleri Kandi Harsha, Sathyanarayanan Ranganayaki, Gowri Yale, Gourav Dey, Kiran K. Mangalaparthi, Anusha Yarlagadda, B. K. Chandrasekhar Sagar, Anita Mahadevan, M. M. Srinivas Bharath, Reeta S. Mani
    Neurochemical Research.2022; 47(6): 1610.     CrossRef
  • A rare fatal case of rabies coexisting with COVID-19
    RabiNarayan Hota, Shalendra Singh, Rakesh Sharma, Pallavi Khandare
    Journal of Acute Disease.2022; 11(3): 129.     CrossRef
  • Enhancement of immune responses by co-stimulation of TLR3 - TLR7 agonists as a potential therapeutics against rabies in mouse model
    Firouzeh Farahtaj, Alireza Gholami, Mohammad Sadeq Khosravy, Safoora Gharibzadeh, Hamid Mahmoudzadeh Niknam, Amir Ghaemi
    Microbial Pathogenesis.2021; 157: 104971.     CrossRef
  • Establishment of Human-Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell-Derived Neurons—A Promising In Vitro Model for a Molecular Study of Rabies Virus and Host Interaction
    Thanathom Chailangkarn, Nathiphat Tanwattana, Thanakorn Jaemthaworn, Sira Sriswasdi, Nanchaya Wanasen, Sithichoke Tangphatsornruang, Kantinan Leetanasaksakul, Yuparat Jantraphakorn, Wanapinun Nawae, Penpicha Chankeeree, Porntippa Lekcharoensuk, Boonlert L
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences.2021; 22(21): 11986.     CrossRef
  • Beneficial and Detrimental Effects of Regulatory T Cells in Neurotropic Virus Infections
    Malgorzata Ciurkiewicz, Vanessa Herder, Andreas Beineke
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences.2020; 21(5): 1705.     CrossRef
  • Characterization of the Th17 profile immune response in cases of human rabies transmitted by dogs and its interference in the disease pathogenesis.
    L.B. Santos, F. Guedes, S.M. Achkar, M.I.S. Duarte, I.S.S. Katz, S.R. Silva, E.R. Fernandes
    Journal of Neuroimmunology.2020; 344: 577263.     CrossRef
  • Quantitative proteomics leads to identify dog brain proteins involved in rabies virus infection: implication in understanding viral pathophysiology
    Suchismita Behera, Rajesh Raghunath Pharande, R. Rajendra Reddy, Sharmila B. Majee, Sandeepan Mukherjee, Amol Ratnakar Suryawanshi
    Journal of Proteins and Proteomics.2020; 11(4): 241.     CrossRef
  • Feral dog bite causing paralytic rabies: Difficult diagnosis and failure of prevention
    Hussein Algahtani, Bader Shirah, Emna Chtourou, Osama Abuhawi, Nawal Abdelghaffar, Mohammad Alshehri
    Saudi Journal for Health Sciences.2020; 9(3): 260.     CrossRef
Factors that Correlate with Poor Glycemic Control in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients with Complications
Mohammad Haghighatpanah, Amir Sasan Mozaffari Nejad, Maryam Haghighatpanah, Girish Thunga, Surulivelrajan Mallayasamy
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2018;9(4):167-174.   Published online August 31, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2018.9.4.05
  • 5,675 View
  • 119 Download
  • 31 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

Inadequate glycemic control amongst patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) indicates a major public health problem and a significant risk factor for the progression and complications caused by diabetes. Glycemic control is the main therapeutic objective for the prevention of organ damage and other complications arising from diabetes.

Methods

This was a retrospective observational study of T2DM patients with complications, who were aged 40 years and older. The study was conducted retrospectively on medical records (in-patient and out-patient) obtained from a South Indian teaching hospital, Manipal, India. The patients included in the study had fasting blood sugar, postprandial blood sugar and HbA1c measured at least twice during follow-ups the previous year. Patients’ HbA1c levels were categorized into good control ≤7% (≤53mmol/mol), and poor control >7% (>53mmol/mol), and patients’ characteristics were analyzed.

Results

A total of 657 patients were included in the study. The mean age was 59.67 (SD = 9.617) years, with 152 (23.1%) females and 505 (76.9%) males, and 514 (78.2%) patients had poor glycemic control. Most of the patients were on insulin mono-therapy [n = 271 (42.1%)], about a third of the patients were on combination therapy that included an oral hypoglycemic agent and insulin [n = 236 (36.6%)]. Patients with a history of more than 10 years of diabetes [n = 293 (44.6%)], had a family history of diabetes [n = 256 (39%)] and obesity [n = 95 (14.5%)], all had poor glycemic control.

Conclusion

This present study indicated a significant association of gender (female), age, high-density lipoprotein level, duration of diabetes and type of medication, with poor glycemic control in T2DM patients that had secondary medical complications.

Citations

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    Rajiv Singla, Geetu Gupta, Yashdeep Gupta
    International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Co.2022; 42(2): 369.     CrossRef
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    Fartima Yeemard, Peeradone Srichan, Tawatchai Apidechkul, Naphat Luerueang, Ratipark Tamornpark, Suphaphorn Utsaha, Sompop Bencharit
    PLOS ONE.2022; 17(1): e0262714.     CrossRef
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    Much Ilham Novalisa Aji Wibowo, Nanang Munif Yasin, Susi Ari Kristina, Yayi Suryo Prabandari
    Patient Preference and Adherence.2022; Volume 16: 197.     CrossRef
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    BMC Ophthalmology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
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