Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives

OPEN ACCESS
SEARCH
Search

Author index

Page Path
HOME > Articles and issues > Author index
Search
Pichai Kannan 2 Articles
Study on the Prevalence of Leptospirosis among Fever Cases Reported from Private Clinics in the Urban areas of Villupuram District, Tamil Nadu, India
Parasuraman Basker, Pichai Kannan, Karumana Gounder Kolandaswamy
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2014;5(1):54-67.   Published online February 28, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2014.01.003
  • 1,739 View
  • 19 Download
  • 2 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
To know the prevalence of leptospirosis cases reported in private clinics among fever cases in Villupuram District, Tamil Nadu, India to know its real magnitude of the problem and to diagnose Leptospirosis among fever cases from differential diagnosis.
Methods
1502 Blood serum samples collected from three urban towns namely Kallakurichi (Latitude: 11° 73′ N; Longitude: 78° 97′ E), Villupuram (Latitude: 11° 75′ N; Longitude: 79° 92′ E) and Thindivanam (Latitude: 12° 25′ N; Longitude: 79° 65′ E) in fifteen clinics based on case definition of leptospirosis delineated by the National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme (NVBDCP), Government of India. Samples were tested in the laboratory of the Zonal Entomological Team (ZET), Cuddalore with Macroscopic Slide Agglutination Test (MSAT) and Ig-M ELISA.
Result
There were 65 positive cases detected from 1502 blood serum samples in both MSAT and Ig-M ELISA. It could be known that there was 4% cases contributed from private clinics among fever cases. From this study, further it was known that all age groups of people affected irrespective of sexes based on their living condition associated with the environment prevailed of the disease.
Conclusion
From this study, it was quantified that 4% of cases reported in private clinics among fever cases and its findings ascertained both the importance of differential diagnosis as well as reports that should be included to the Government for knowing its real magnitude for planning.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Leptospirosis in Wardha District, Central India—Analysis of hospital based surveillance data
    Pradeep Deshmukh, Rahul Narang, Jyoti Jain, Manish Jain, Kiran Pote, Pratibha Narang, R.Vimal Raj, Praveen Kumar, Paluru Vijayachari
    Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health.2019; 7(1): 102.     CrossRef
  • Effects of gamma radiation exposure on PANI-Fe(X) -Ni(1−X) (X = 0.2,0.4,0.6,0.8) nanocomposite thin film for Leptospira detection
    Huda Abdullah, Jamal Jurait, Ravinder Singh Sidhu Amrik Singh, Iskandar Yahya, Siti Khairani Bejo
    Materials Research Express.2018; 6(2): 026507.     CrossRef
Study on Entomological Surveillance and its Significance during a Dengue Outbreak in the District of Tirunelveli in Tamil Nadu, India
Parasuraman Basker, Pichai Kannan, Rajagopal Thirugnanasambandam Porkaipandian, Sivsankaran Saravanan, Subramaniam Sridharan, Mahaligam Kadhiresan
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2013;4(3):152-158.   Published online June 30, 2013
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2013.04.005
  • 1,988 View
  • 16 Download
  • 4 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
To study the significance of entomological surveillance, the house index (HI), container index (CI), and Breteau index (BI) were determined to estimate the degree of a major dengue outbreak in Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu, India (Latitude: 8°42′N; Longitude: 77°42′E) in May 2012.
Methods
The HI, CI, and BI were determined in a primary health center (PHC) in the village of Maruthamputhur (Pappakudi taluk, Tirunelveli) by carrying out an antilarval (AL) work that involved door-to-door search for immature stages of Aedes spp. mosquitoes by trained field workers and volunteers. The work of field workers was evaluated by a junior and senior entomologist the following day.
Results
Before the AL work, the reported numbers of fever cases from Week 1 to 5 in Maruthamputhur were 211, 394, 244, 222, and 144 with two deaths. By contrast, after the AL work, these numbers were considerably reduced and there was no fever-related death (the HI was reduced from 48.2% to 1.6%, the CI from 28.6% to 0.4%, and the BI from 48.2 to 1.6).
Conclusion
Because no specific medicine and vaccines are available to treat dengue fever and dengue hemorrhagic fever, entomological surveillance and its significance can be used to halt the outbreak of dengue as shown in this study.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Larval survey and spatial epidemiological analysis of vector Aedes aegypti to study the risk of dengue outbreak in India
    A. Sajeli Begum, Swati Alok, Samrun Nessa
    GeoJournal.2021; 86(1): 81.     CrossRef
  • Estimating the annual dengue force of infection from the age of reporting primary infections across urban centres in endemic countries
    Joseph R. Biggs, Ava Kristy Sy, Katharine Sherratt, Oliver J. Brady, Adam J. Kucharski, Sebastian Funk, Mary Anne Joy Reyes, Mary Ann Quinones, William Jones-Warner, Ferchito L. Avelino, Nemia L. Sucaldito, Amado O. Tandoc, Eva Cutiongco-de la Paz, Maria
    BMC Medicine.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Comparison of INAR(1)-Poisson model and Markov prediction model in forecasting the number of DHF patients in west java Indonesia
    Atina Ahdika, Novyan Lusiyana
    Journal of Physics: Conference Series.2017; 814: 012002.     CrossRef
  • Identification of Aedes albopictus larval index thresholds in the transmission of dengue in Guangzhou, China
    Lei Luo, Xiaoning Li, Xincai Xiao, Ya Xu, Miaoling Huang, Zhicong Yang
    Journal of Vector Ecology.2015; 40(2): 240.     CrossRef

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives