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Volume 5(1); February 2014
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Editorial
Journal Publishing: Never Ending Saga
Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2014;5(1):1-2.   Published online February 28, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2014.01.005
  • 1,978 View
  • 18 Download
  • 1 Citations
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  • Summing Up Again
    Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2014; 5(4): 177.     CrossRef
Original Articles
Role of Active and Inactive Cytotoxic Immune Response in Human Immunodeficiency Virus Dynamics
Hernan Dario Toro Zapata, Angelica Graciela Caicedo Casso, Derdei Bichara, Sunmi Lee
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2014;5(1):3-8.   Published online February 28, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2014.01.001
  • 2,116 View
  • 25 Download
  • 8 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Mathematical models can be helpful to understand the complex dynamics of human immunodeficiency virus infection within a host. Most of work has studied the interactions of host responses and virus in the presence of active cytotoxic immune cells, which decay to zero when there is no virus. However, recent research highlights that cytotoxic immune cells can be inactive but never be depleted.
Methods
We propose a mathematical model to investigate the human immunodeficiency virus dynamics in the presence of both active and inactive cytotoxic immune cells within a host. We explore the impact of the immune responses on the dynamics of human immunodeficiency virus infection under different disease stages.
Results
Standard mathematical and numerical analyses are presented for this new model. Specifically, the basic reproduction number is computed and local and global stability analyses are discussed.
Conclusion
Our results can give helpful insights when designing more effective drug schedules in the presence of active and inactive immune responses.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • A Multi-Scale Model for the Spread of HIV in a Population Considering the Immune Status of People
    Sol de Amor Vásquez-Quintero, Hernán Darío Toro-Zapata, Dennis Alexánder Prieto-Medellín
    Processes.2021; 9(11): 1924.     CrossRef
  • Qualitative investigation of cytolytic and noncytolytic immune response in an HBV model
    John G. Alford, Stephen A. McCoy
    Involve, a Journal of Mathematics.2020; 13(3): 455.     CrossRef
  • Mathematical Model Describing HIV Infection with Time-Delayed CD4 T-Cell Activation
    Hernán Darío Toro-Zapata, Carlos Andrés Trujillo-Salazar, Edwin Mauricio Carranza-Mayorga
    Processes.2020; 8(7): 782.     CrossRef
  • The Role of Immune Response in Optimal HIV Treatment Interventions
    Hernán Toro-Zapata, Angélica Caicedo-Casso, Sunmi Lee
    Processes.2018; 6(8): 102.     CrossRef
  • Evaluación teórica de estrategias óptimas y sub-óptimas de terapia antirretroviral para el control de la infección por VIH
    Hernán Darío Toro-Zapata, Carlos Andrés Trujillo-Salazar, Dennis Alexánder Prieto-Medellín
    Revista de Salud Pública.2018; 20(1): 117.     CrossRef
  • Summing Up Again
    Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2014; 5(4): 177.     CrossRef
  • Roll the Dice
    Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2014; 5(5): 243.     CrossRef
  • Journal Publishing: Never Ending Saga
    Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2014; 5(1): 1.     CrossRef
Community-Based Risk Communication Survey: Risk Prevention Behaviors in Communities during the H1N1 crisis, 2010
Soo Jeong Kim, Jin A. Han, Tae-Yong Lee, Tae-Yoon Hwang, Keun-Sang Kwon, Ki Soo Park, Kyung Jong Lee, Moon Shik Kim, Soon Young Lee
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2014;5(1):9-19.   Published online February 28, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2013.12.001
  • 2,467 View
  • 17 Download
  • 19 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
The present study aimed to investigate the prevalence of and factors associated with H1N1 preventive behaviors in a community-based population.
Methods
A cross-sectional study was conducted in three urban and two rural communities in Korea. Interviews were conducted with 3462 individuals (1608 men and 1854 women) aged ≥ 19 years during February–March 2010. Influenza-related information including anxiety, preventive behaviors and their perceived effectiveness, vaccination status, past influenza-like illness symptoms, and sources of and trust in information was obtained.
Results
Among 3462 participants, 173 reported experiencing influenza-like illness symptoms within the past 12 months. The mean H1N1 preventive behavior score was 25.5 ± 5.5 (out of a possible 40). The percent of participants reporting high perceived effectiveness and high anxiety was 46.2% and 21.4%, respectively. After controlling for potential confounders, H1N1 preventive behavior scores were predicted by a high (β = 3.577, p < 0.001) or moderate (β = 2.529, p < 0.001) perception of their effectiveness. Similarly, moderate (β = 1.516, p < 0.001) and high (β = 4.103, p < 0.001) anxiety scores predicted high preventive behavior scores.
Conclusion
Effective methods of promoting population behavior change may be nationwide campaigns through mass media, as well as education and promotion by health care providers and broadcasters.

Citations

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  • Depressive Symptomatology in Adults during the COVID-19 Pandemic
    Álvaro Alexander Ocampo González, Javier Ferney Castillo García, Laura Carolina Pabón Sandoval, José Rafael Tovar Cuevas, Sirsa Aleyda Hidalgo Ibarra, Diego Alejandro Calle Sandoval, Edwin Cortés González, Kevin Steven Garcia Chica, Jonnathan Steven Pabón
    Journal of Investigative Medicine.2022; 70(2): 436.     CrossRef
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    Wignyo Adiyoso
    SAGE Open.2022; 12(2): 215824402110711.     CrossRef
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    Megan E. Gerdes, Lucy A. Aistis, Naomi A. Sachs, Marcus Williams, Jennifer D. Roberts, Rachel E. Rosenberg Goldstein
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2022; 19(9): 5121.     CrossRef
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    Enrique Iglesias Martínez, Jorge Roces García, Estibaliz Jiménez Arberas, José Antonio Llosa
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2022; 19(14): 8849.     CrossRef
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    Erasmo Saucedo-Uribe, Jessica Treviño-Lozano, Pedro Jehú González-Mallozzi, Moisés Karika Enríquez-Navarro, Carlos de la Cruz-de la Cruz, Ada Nayeli Rangel-Gómez, Farid Carranza-Navarro, Dania Dalel Pardiñaz-García, Juan Manuel Fuentes-Garza
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    Minji Kim, Hyeonkyeong Lee
    BMJ Open.2022; 12(12): e061767.     CrossRef
  • Psychological Impact on the Orthodontic Postgraduate Residents and Their Anxiety Level during the COVID-19 Pandemic
    Hareem Sultan, Sameeruddin Shaikh, Sadaf Shaheen, Hana Pervez, Syed Adnan Ali, Saman Baseer, Marco Farronato
    International Journal of Dentistry.2022; 2022: 1.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of Health Misinformation on Social Media: Systematic Review
    Victor Suarez-Lledo, Javier Alvarez-Galvez
    Journal of Medical Internet Research.2021; 23(1): e17187.     CrossRef
  • Lockdowned: Everyday mobility changes in response to COVID-19
    Przemysław Borkowski, Magdalena Jażdżewska-Gutta, Agnieszka Szmelter-Jarosz
    Journal of Transport Geography.2021; 90: 102906.     CrossRef
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    Şeyma Yurtseven, Sevban Arslan
    Perspectives in Psychiatric Care.2021; 57(4): 1558.     CrossRef
  • Assessing Mental Health of Women Living in Karachi During the Covid-19 Pandemic
    Shabnam Shamim Asim, Samrah Ghani, Maheen Ahmed, Anushae Asim, Afzal Fatima Karim Qureshi
    Frontiers in Global Women's Health.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Assessment of the Impact of a Daily Rehabilitation Program on Anxiety and Depression Symptoms and the Quality of Life of People with Mental Disorders during the COVID-19 Pandemic
    Joanna Smolarczyk-Kosowska, Anna Szczegielniak, Mateusz Legutko, Adam Zaczek, Łukasz Kunert, Magdalena Piegza, Robert Pudlo
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2021; 18(4): 1434.     CrossRef
  • Determinants of Infodemics During Disease Outbreaks: A Systematic Review
    Javier Alvarez-Galvez, Victor Suarez-Lledo, Antonio Rojas-Garcia
    Frontiers in Public Health.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Analysis of Decision Making of Energy Enterprises on Adaptive Behavior Amid COVID-19
    Xiurui Yang, Jizu Li
    Frontiers in Energy Research.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Women Suffered More Emotional and Life Distress than Men during the COVID-19 Pandemic: The Role of Pathogen Disgust Sensitivity
    Yi Ding, Jie Yang, Tingting Ji, Yongyu Guo
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2021; 18(16): 8539.     CrossRef
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    Nicolò Gozzi, Daniela Perrotta, Daniela Paolotti, Nicola Perra, Benjamin Althouse
    PLOS Computational Biology.2020; 16(5): e1007879.     CrossRef
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    Won Mo Jang, Deok Hyun Jang, Jin Yong Lee
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Young June Choe, Seung-Ah Choe, Sung-Il Cho
    Emerging Infectious Diseases.2018; 24(2): 320.     CrossRef
  • Preventive behaviors by the level of recognized sensitivity to infection during the MERS outbreak in 2015
    Soon Young Lee, Hee Jung Yang, Gawon Kim, Hae-Kwan Cheong, Bo Youl Choi
    Epidemiology and Health.2016; : e2016051.     CrossRef
The Determinants of Participation in Physical Activity in Malaysia
Yong Kang Cheah, Bee Koon Poh
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2014;5(1):20-27.   Published online February 28, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2013.12.002
  • 2,265 View
  • 21 Download
  • 27 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
In light of the importance of physical activity, the aim of the present study is to examine the factors affecting participation in physical activity among adults in Malaysia.
Methods
A logistic regression model and the Third National Health and Morbidity Survey consisting of 30,992 respondents were used.
Results
Age, income, gender, education, marital status, region, house locality, job characteristics, and medical conditions are significantly associated with participation in physical activity. In particular, old individuals, high income earners, females, the well-educated, widowed or divorced individuals, East Malaysians, urban dwellers, the unemployed, and individuals who are not diagnosed with hypercholesterolemia are less likely to be physically active than others.
Conclusion
Because sociodemographic and health factors play an important role in determining physical activity, the government should take them into account when formulating policy.

Citations

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  • Can the association between hypertension and physical activity be moderated by age?
    Yong Kang Cheah, Kuang Kuay Lim, Hasimah Ismail, Muhammad Fadhli Mohd Yusoff, Chee Cheong Kee
    Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Status of Workers’ Health Behavior and the Association between Occupational Characteristics and Health Behavior
    Seung-Yeon Lee, Saemi Jung, Wanhyung Lee
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2022; 19(20): 13021.     CrossRef
  • Socio-demographic factors and healthy lifestyle behaviours among Malaysian adults: National Health and Morbidity Survey 2019
    Wan-Fei Khaw, Nur Hamizah Nasaruddin, Nazirah Alias, Yee Mang Chan, LeeAnn Tan, Siew Man Cheong, Shubash Shander Ganapathy, Muhammad Fadhli Mohd Yusoff, Heng Yaw Yong
    Scientific Reports.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Siti Zuhaidah Shahadan, Effah Zali, Mohamad Firdaus Mohamad Ismail, Nurvita Risdiana
    INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CARE SCHOLARS.2022; 5(3): 29.     CrossRef
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    Zahara Abdul Manaf, Abdul Hadi Ruslan, Arimi Fitri Mat Ludin, Siti Munirah Abdul Basir
    International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psycho.2021; 19(5): 723.     CrossRef
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    Zhi Yi Keng, Yu Mon Saw, Senk Chung Thung, Woon Wee Chong, Amanda Albert, Tetsuyoshi Kariya, Eko Yamamoto, Nobuyuki Hamajima
    Scientific Reports.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Nur Zakiah Mohd Saat, Siti Aishah Hanawi, Nor M. F. Farah, Hazilah Mohd Amin, Hazlenah Hanafiah, Nur Shazana Shamsulkamar
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2021; 18(11): 6090.     CrossRef
  • Goal content and attitudes toward physical activity among primary school students during COVID-19 conditional movement control order
    Chin Ngien Siong, Jeswenny Fresshila John
    Asian Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology.2021; 1(2-3): 103.     CrossRef
  • Mind-Body Health Benefits of Traditional Chinese Qigong on Women: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials
    Kin-Chung Wilson Leung, Yi-Jian Yang, Stanley Sai-Chuen Hui, Jean Woo, Shuya Chen
    Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medic.2021; 2021: 1.     CrossRef
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    Hsin-Yu Mao, Hui-Chuan Hsu, Shin-Da Lee, Kathryn L. Weston
    PLOS ONE.2020; 15(1): e0228191.     CrossRef
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    Luan Vinicius Bernardelli, Camila Pereira, Michael A. Kortt
    International Review of Applied Economics.2020; 34(2): 252.     CrossRef
  • Type 2 Diabetes Risk Among University Students in Malaysia
    Aishairma Aris, Mohd Zulhilmy Md Khalid, Hasnah Yahaya, Lee Onn Yoong, Ng Qiu Ying
    Current Diabetes Reviews.2020; 16(4): 387.     CrossRef
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    Mohammed Al Gadeeb, Ali Hassan, Omran Al Dandan, Malak Al Shammari, Mawaheb Kalalah, Najwa Zabeeri, Abdulaziz Farea, Danya Gari, Hind S. Alsaif
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    Obesity Medicine.2019; 15: 100114.     CrossRef
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    International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent.2018; 5(2): 49.     CrossRef
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    Azahadi Omar, Mohd Normazlan Husain, Ahmad Taufik Jamil, Noor Safiza Mohamad Nor, Rashidah Ambak, Mansor Fazliana, Nur Liyana Ahamad Zamri, Tahir Aris
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    Sok Teng Low, Thirumalaya Balaraman
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The Relationship between Health Behavior and General Health Status: Based on 2011 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
Chunhoo Cheon, So-Mi Oh, Soobin Jang, Jeong-Su Park, Sunju Park, Bo-Hyoung Jang, Yong-Cheol Shin, Seong-Gyu Ko
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2014;5(1):28-33.   Published online February 28, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2013.12.003
  • 2,252 View
  • 26 Download
  • 2 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
The aim of the present study is to investigate the relationship between health behavior and general health status.
Methods
We used data from the 2011 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Mental health was measured by stress recognition and depression. Dietary habit was measured by mixed grain diet. Life pattern was measured by sleeping time and working pattern. Physical activity was measured by walking and exercise. We defined general health status as Euro Quality of Life-5 Dimension (EQ-5Dindex), Euro Quality of Life Visual Analogue Scale (EQ-5Dvas), number of people experienced lying in a sickbed for the last one month, number of days lying in a sickbed for the last one month, and activity limitations.
Results
Mental health, dietary habit, life pattern, and physical activity have seven factors. Most of the factors have a significant correlation with EQ-5Dindex, EQ-5Dvas, number of people experienced lying in a sickbed for the last one month, number of days lying in a sickbed for the last one month, and activity limitations.
Conclusion
Health behavior and general health status have a positive correlation.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Clustering of Health-Related Behavior Patterns and Demographics. Results From the Population-Based KORA S4/F4 Cohort Study
    Matthias Rabel, Michael Laxy, Barbara Thorand, Annette Peters, Lars Schwettmann, Filip Mess
    Frontiers in Public Health.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Patients with Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain of 3–6-Month Duration Already Have Low Levels of Health-Related Quality of Life and Physical Activity
    Javid Majlesi
    Current Pain and Headache Reports.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
Emerging Pathogens and Vehicles of Food- and Water-borne Disease Outbreaks in Korea, 2007–2012
Shinje Moon, Il-Woong Sohn, Yeongseon Hong, Hyungmin Lee, Ji-Hyuk Park, Geun-Yong Kwon, Sangwon Lee, Seung-Ki Youn
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2014;5(1):34-39.   Published online February 28, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2013.12.004
  • 2,179 View
  • 17 Download
  • 15 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Food- and water-borne disease outbreaks (FBDOs) are an important public health problem worldwide. This study investigated the trends in FBDOs in Korea and established emerging causal pathogens and causal vehicles.
Methods
We analyzed FBDOs in Korea by year, location, causal pathogens, and causal vehicles from 2007 to 2012. Information was collected from the FBDOs database in the Korean Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Results
During 2007–2012, a total of 1794 FBDOs and 48,897 patients were reported. After 2007, FBDOs and patient numbers steadily decreased over the next 2 years and then plateaued until 2011. However, in 2012, FBDOs increased slightly accompanied by a large increase in the number of affected patients. Our results highlight the emergence of norovirus and pathogenic Escherichia coli other than enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC) in schools in 2012. We found that pickled vegetables is an emerging causal vehicle responsible for this problem.
Conclusion
On the basis of this study we recommend intensified inspections of pickled vegetable manufacturers and the strengthening of laboratory surveillance of relevant pathogens.

Citations

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    Ji-Hyuk Park, Sunyoung Jung, Jaeseung Shin, Jeong Su Lee, In Sun Joo, Deog-Yong Lee
    Foodborne Pathogens and Disease.2015; 12(3): 221.     CrossRef
  • Environmental monitoring of bacterial contamination and antibiotic resistance patterns of the fecal coliforms isolated from Cauvery River, a major drinking water source in Karnataka, India
    Sinosh Skariyachan, Arpitha Badarinath Mahajanakatti, Nisha Jayaprakash Grandhi, Akshatha Prasanna, Ballari Sen, Narasimha Sharma, Kiran S Vasist, Rajeswari Narayanappa
    Environmental Monitoring and Assessment.2015;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Minhwa Lee, Dong Joo Seo, Jina Seo, Hyejin Oh, Su Been Jeon, Sang-Do Ha, Jinjong Myoung, In-Soo Choi, Changsun Choi
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What Does a Mathematical Model Tell About the Impact of Reinfection in Korean Tuberculosis Infection?
Sara Kim, Seoyun Choe, Junseong Kim, Sanga Nam, Yeon Shin, Sunmi Lee
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2014;5(1):40-45.   Published online February 28, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2014.01.002
  • 2,051 View
  • 14 Download
  • 7 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
According to the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, new active tuberculosis (TB) cases have increased since 2001. Some key factors explain and characterize the transmission dynamics of Korean TB infection, such as a higher ratio of latent individuals and a new reporting system implemented in 2001, among others.
Methods
We propose a mathematical TB model that includes exogenous reinfection to gain a better understanding of the recent trend for TB incidence. We divide the simulation time window into two periods, 1970–2000 and 2001–2012, according to the implementation date of a new TB detection system.
Results
Two sets of parameters, including the transmission rate, the latent period, the recovery rate, and the proportion of exogenous reinfection, are estimated using the least-squares method and calibrated to data on the incidence of active TB.
Conclusion
Among some key parameters in the model, the case finding effort turned out to be the most significant impacting component on the reduction in the active TB cases.

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    Md Abdul Kuddus, Emma S. McBryde, Adeshina I. Adekunle, Lisa J. White, Michael T. Meehan
    Scientific Reports.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Age-Specific Mathematical Model for Tuberculosis Transmission Dynamics in South Korea
    Sunmi Lee, Hae-Young Park, Hohyung Ryu, Jin-Won Kwon
    Mathematics.2021; 9(8): 804.     CrossRef
  • Scenario analysis for programmatic tuberculosis control in Bangladesh: a mathematical modelling study
    Md Abdul Kuddus, Michael T. Meehan, Md. Abu Sayem, Emma S. McBryde
    Scientific Reports.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Modeling drug-resistant tuberculosis amplification rates and intervention strategies in Bangladesh
    Md Abdul Kuddus, Michael T. Meehan, Lisa J. White, Emma S. McBryde, Adeshina I. Adekunle, Hasnain Seyed Ehtesham
    PLOS ONE.2020; 15(7): e0236112.     CrossRef
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    Hae-Suk Seo, Hyunjoong Kim, Se-Min Hwang, Soo Hyun Hong, In-Young Lee
    Epidemiology and Health.2016; 38: e2016008.     CrossRef
  • Is Tuberculosis Still the Number One Infectious Disease in Korea?
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A Study of High-Risk Drinking Patterns Among Generations Based on the 2009 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
Yeongseon Hong, Sungsoo Chun, Mieun Yun, Lydia Sarponmaa Asante, Chaeshin Chu
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2014;5(1):46-53.   Published online February 28, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2014.01.006
  • 1,879 View
  • 15 Download
  • 2 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
The aim of this study was to identify how the drinking patterns of a generation on the paternal side affect those of the next generations by estimating the number of high-risk drinkers by generation according to the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test.
Methods
Data were selected from the 2009 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted by the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and were analyzed using SPSS 18.0.
Results
Later generations started drinking earlier (62.4%, 71.8% and 91.1%, respectively). The majority of the second generation consumed more than 2–4 drinks a month (83.7%), but only a small proportion experienced difficulty in everyday life (9.6%), felt repentance (9.6%), or experienced memory loss (17.9%) after drinking. Unmarried third-generation adults with high-risk-drinking fathers reported more frequent alcohol consumption [odds ratio (OR) 1.441), greater amounts on one occasion (>7 cups for men, OR 1.661; > 5 cups for women, OR 2.078), temperance failure (OR 2.377), and repentance after drinking (OR 1.577). Unmarried third-generation adults with high-risk-drinking grandfathers consumed greater amounts of alcohol on one occasion (OR 3.642), and unmarried third-generation women more frequently consumed large amounts of alcohol (>5 cups, OR 4.091). Unmarried third-generation adults with high-risk-drinking fathers were more likely to exhibit high-risk drinking patterns (OR 1.608). Second-generation individuals from a high-risk-drinking first generation were more likely to engage in high-risk drinking (OR 3.705).
Conclusion
High-risk drinking by a generation significantly affects the high-risk drinking patterns of subsequent generations.

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  • Age at onset of alcohol consumption and its association with alcohol misuse in adulthood
    Soo Y. Kim, Sung H. Jeong, Eun‐Cheol Park
    Neuropsychopharmacology Reports.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Alcohol consumption frequency or alcohol intake per drinking session: Which has a larger impact on the metabolic syndrome and its components?
    Sarah Soyeon Oh, Woorim Kim, Kyu-Tae Han, Eun-Cheol Park, Sung-In Jang
    Alcohol.2018; 71: 15.     CrossRef
Study on the Prevalence of Leptospirosis among Fever Cases Reported from Private Clinics in the Urban areas of Villupuram District, Tamil Nadu, India
Parasuraman Basker, Pichai Kannan, Karumana Gounder Kolandaswamy
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2014;5(1):54-67.   Published online February 28, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2014.01.003
  • 1,906 View
  • 19 Download
  • 3 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
To know the prevalence of leptospirosis cases reported in private clinics among fever cases in Villupuram District, Tamil Nadu, India to know its real magnitude of the problem and to diagnose Leptospirosis among fever cases from differential diagnosis.
Methods
1502 Blood serum samples collected from three urban towns namely Kallakurichi (Latitude: 11° 73′ N; Longitude: 78° 97′ E), Villupuram (Latitude: 11° 75′ N; Longitude: 79° 92′ E) and Thindivanam (Latitude: 12° 25′ N; Longitude: 79° 65′ E) in fifteen clinics based on case definition of leptospirosis delineated by the National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme (NVBDCP), Government of India. Samples were tested in the laboratory of the Zonal Entomological Team (ZET), Cuddalore with Macroscopic Slide Agglutination Test (MSAT) and Ig-M ELISA.
Result
There were 65 positive cases detected from 1502 blood serum samples in both MSAT and Ig-M ELISA. It could be known that there was 4% cases contributed from private clinics among fever cases. From this study, further it was known that all age groups of people affected irrespective of sexes based on their living condition associated with the environment prevailed of the disease.
Conclusion
From this study, it was quantified that 4% of cases reported in private clinics among fever cases and its findings ascertained both the importance of differential diagnosis as well as reports that should be included to the Government for knowing its real magnitude for planning.

Citations

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  • Seroprevalence of acute leptospirosis in a tertiary care hospital of western India
    Bhumika Baveja, MeghnaS Palewar, Suverna Joshi, Rajesh Karyakarte
    MGM Journal of Medical Sciences.2022; 9(4): 517.     CrossRef
  • Leptospirosis in Wardha District, Central India—Analysis of hospital based surveillance data
    Pradeep Deshmukh, Rahul Narang, Jyoti Jain, Manish Jain, Kiran Pote, Pratibha Narang, R.Vimal Raj, Praveen Kumar, Paluru Vijayachari
    Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health.2019; 7(1): 102.     CrossRef
  • Effects of gamma radiation exposure on PANI-Fe(X) -Ni(1−X) (X = 0.2,0.4,0.6,0.8) nanocomposite thin film for Leptospira detection
    Huda Abdullah, Jamal Jurait, Ravinder Singh Sidhu Amrik Singh, Iskandar Yahya, Siti Khairani Bejo
    Materials Research Express.2018; 6(2): 026507.     CrossRef
Experiences of Health Related Lifestyles in High Body Fat but Non-obese Female College Students in Korea
Jeongsoo Kim
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2014;5(1):68-73.   Published online February 28, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2014.01.004
  • 3,709 View
  • 18 Download
  • 2 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
The purpose of this study was to describe and understand the lifestyles of non-obese female college students with high body fat (HBF).
Methods
The interview data were collected from 18 female students [body mass index (BMI) <23 kg/m2 and body fat ratio ≥30%] and analyzed by using descriptive phenomenology of Colaizzi. The procedural steps described the phenomenon of interest, collected participants' descriptions of the phenomenon, extracted the meaning of significant statements, organized the meanings into clusters, wrote exhaustive descriptions and then incorporated data into an exhaustive description.
Results
The results in 153 restatements, 36 constructed meanings, 22 themes, seven theme clusters, and three categories were deduced. The three categories were: diminished daily concerns of health, changes in living habits by stressors, and perceived unbalance in health.
Conclusion
This study describes non-obese female university students' experiences with HBF and their lifestyles. The findings have important implications for health promotion for non-obese female university students with HBF and must be considered when developing education courses for preparing adults.

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  • The effect of physical activity intervention and nutritional habits on anthropometric measures in elementary school children: the health oriented pedagogical project (HOPP)
    Nandu Goswami, Irhad Trozic, Maren Valand Fredriksen, Per Morten Fredriksen
    International Journal of Obesity.2021; 45(8): 1677.     CrossRef
  • Experiences in Healthy Dieting of Male College Students with Obesity in Korea
    Jeong Soo Kim
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2015; 6(1): 59.     CrossRef

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives