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Volume 6(2); April 2015
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Editorial
From Seoul to Lima: Korean Doctors in Peru
Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2015;6(2):71-72.   Published online April 30, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2015.04.001
  • 1,647 View
  • 19 Download
PDF
Original Articles
Knowledge and Attitude Toward Informed Consent Among Private Dental Practitioners in Bathinda City, Punjab, India
Vivek V. Gupta, Nagesh Bhat, Kailash Asawa, Mridula Tak, Salil Bapat, Pulkit Chaturvedi
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2015;6(2):73-78.   Published online April 30, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2014.12.005
  • 2,035 View
  • 17 Download
  • 6 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
A study was conducted with the purpose to assess the knowledge and attitude towards informed consent among private dental practitioners in Bathinda City, Punjab, India.
Methods
A cross-sectional survey was conducted among all private dental practitioners in Bathinda City. A self-administered structured questionnaire consisting of 14 items was used to assess their knowledge and attitude regarding informed consent. The response format was based on a 3-point Likert scale. One-way analysis of variance, independent sample t test, and stepwise multiple linear regression analysis were utilized for statistical analysis. Confidence level and level of significance were set at 95% and 5%, respectively.
Results
The mean scores for knowledge and attitude were 19.37 ± 31.82 and 9.40 ± 1.72, respectively. Analysis revealed that qualification and years of experience was statistically significant among both dependent variables (p ≤ 0.05).
Conclusion
An unbalanced knowledge of informed consent among the current dentists has suggested the need for awareness programs to fill the knowledge gaps and instill positive attitudes.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Knowledge, attitude, and practice of dental practitioners toward the medicolegal system: A cross-sectional questionnaire study
    Ruchika Kallianpur, Treville Pereira, Subraj Shetty, Swati Gotmare, Christina Pereira, AK Anjali
    Muller Journal of Medical Sciences and Research.2022; 13(1): 35.     CrossRef
  • Knowledge and Practices Regarding Informed Consent among Dental Practitioners
    Hira Butt, Darab Fatima, Fareeha Irum, Amna Nauman Khan, Nauman rauf Khan, Fizza Tahir
    Journal of Gandhara Medical and Dental Science.2022; 9(3): 3.     CrossRef
  • Practice and Factors Associated with Informed Consenting Process for Major Surgical Procedures Among Health-Care Workers, South Eastern Ethiopia
    Wogene Negash, Nega Assefa, Negga Baraki, Tara Wilfong
    International Journal of General Medicine.2021; Volume 14: 7807.     CrossRef
  • Dental negligence: It is time to overcome it
    Shail Kumari, SunilKumar Mishra, Ramesh Chowdhary
    Scientific Dental Journal.2020; 4(2): 39.     CrossRef
  • Anaesthetists’ knowledge of South African Law pertaining to informed consent in an academic centre
    A Mamoojee, A Alli
    Southern African Journal of Anaesthesia and Analge.2018; 24(6): 155.     CrossRef
  • Conocimiento del consentimiento informado clínico en profesionales en formación en salud
    Manuel Fernando Galván Meléndez, Héctor Manuel Huerta Guerrero, Matilde Galindo Burciaga, Ana Angélica Barrientos Ramos, María Elena Morales Castro
    Investigación en Educación Médica.2016; 5(18): 108.     CrossRef
Antibiotic Resistance of Acinetobacter baumannii in Iran: A Systemic Review of the Published Literature
Jale Moradi, Farhad B. Hashemi, Abbas Bahador
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2015;6(2):79-86.   Published online April 30, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2014.12.006
  • 2,141 View
  • 25 Download
  • 43 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Acinetobacter baumannii is a bacterium responsible for health care-associated infections, and it frequently develops multiple drug resistance (MDR). The prevalence of antibiotic-resistant A. baumannii in Iran has increased, and this may cause significant clinical problems. Therefore, in order to elucidate the development of antibiotic resistance, we performed a systematic review of the literature published on antibiotic-resistant A. baumannii reported in Iran.
Methods
Thirty-six publications that met the criteria for inclusion were reviewed from an initial 87 papers. Selected papers published between 2008 and September 2014, were categorized on the basis of the sample collecting year been between 2001 and 2013.
Results
Analysis of data revealed that, in general, there was an increase in antimicrobial resistance. During the initial time point of these studies (2001–2007) there was a high rate of resistance to all antibiotics, with the exception of carbapenems, lipopeptides, and aminoglycosides that had a low resistance rate in comparison with the others. Also, the resistance rate was increased in one group of these three antimicrobial groups from 2010 to 2013. In particular, there was an increase in resistance to carbapenems (imipenem and meropenem) from 2010–2011 and 2012–2013, whereas no significant change in the resistance rate of the other two antimicrobial groups (lipopeptides and aminoglycosides) during the study time was observed, although we did observe certain trends in amikacin (aminoglycoside group antibiotic) between 2011–2012 and 2012–2013.
Conclusion
These findings indicate that antimicrobial resistance of A. baumannii in Iran has increased, which may very well affect the antimicrobial resistance of this organism worldwide. Based on these results, novel prevention and treatment strategies against A. baumannii infections are warranted. Furthermore, these data may assist in revising treatment guidelines and regional policies in care units to slow the emergence of antimicrobial resistance.

Citations

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    Maryam Rezaei, Jalil vand Yousefi, Naser Harzandi, Monireh Sharifizadeh, Abed Zahedi bialvaei, Mohammad Rahbar
    Reviews in Medical Microbiology.2021; 32(2): 102.     CrossRef
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    Ayman Elbehiry, Eman Marzouk, Ihab M. Moussa, Turki M. Dawoud, Ayman S. Mubarak, Dalia Al-Sarar, Roua A. Alsubki, Jwaher H. Alhaji, Mohamed Hamada, Adil Abalkhail, Hassan A. Hemeg, Rasha N. Zahran
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    Chaoying Ma, Siobhán McClean
    Vaccines.2021; 9(6): 570.     CrossRef
  • Evaluation of Antibiotic Resistance to Colistin in Nosocomial Infections with Multidrug-Resistant Acinetobacter
    Fariba Keramat, Hamid Reza Ghasemi Basir, Abbas Taher, Abbas Moradi, Ali Saadatmand, Pooria Owji Nejad
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    Abdelhamed Mahmoud, Magdy M. Afifi, Fareed El Shenawy, Wesam Salem, Basem H. Elesawy
    Antibiotics.2021; 10(9): 1062.     CrossRef
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    Leila Rahbarnia, Safar Farajnia, Hajar Khaneshi, Hadi Farajnia, Behrooz Naghili, Asghar Tanomand
    Gene Reports.2020; 18: 100555.     CrossRef
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    Neda Askari, Hassan Momtaz, Elahe Tajbakhsh
    Veterinary Medicine and Science.2020; 6(1): 147.     CrossRef
  • Trend and Characteristics of Acinetobacter baumannii Infections in Patients Attending Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Western Nepal: A Longitudinal Study of 2018


    Shristi Raut, Komal Raj Rijal, Sulochana Khatiwada, Subhash Karna, Rita Khanal, Janak Adhikari, Bipin Adhikari
    Infection and Drug Resistance.2020; Volume 13: 1631.     CrossRef
  • Evaluating the frequency of carbapenem and aminoglycoside resistance genes among clinical isolates of Acinetobacter baumannii from Ahvaz, south-west Iran
    S.M. Mortazavi, Z. Farshadzadeh, S. Janabadi, M. Musavi, F. Shahi, M. Moradi, S. Khoshnood
    New Microbes and New Infections.2020; 38: 100779.     CrossRef
  • Evaluation of Antibiotic Resistance Pattern of Meropenem and Piperacillin- Tazobactam in Multi Drug Resistant Acinetobacter baumannii Isolates by Flow Cytometry Method
    Nahid Rahimi, Sahar Honarmand Jahromy, Shohreh Zare Karizi
    Iranian Journal of Medical Microbiology.2019; 13(3): 194.     CrossRef
  • Antimicrobial photodynamic therapy against clinical isolates of carbapenem-susceptible and carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii
    Mirian Marcolan De Mello, Patrícia Pimentel De Barros, Renata de Cassia Bernardes, Silvio Rubens Alves, Naiara Pires Ramanzini, Lívia Mara Alves Figueiredo-Godoi, Ana Carolina Chipoletti Prado, Antonio Olavo Cardoso Jorge, Juliana Campos Junqueira
    Lasers in Medical Science.2019; 34(9): 1755.     CrossRef
  • Antibacterial Resistance Pattern of Acinetobacter baumannii in Burn Patients in Northeast of Iran
    Alireza Sedaghat, Majid Khadem-Rezaiyan, Ali Ahmadabadi, Hassan Abbaspour, Masoud Youssefi, Mohammad Moein Shirzad, Mohammad Hossein Esfahani, Mohammad Mirzaei, Mohammad Ramezani
    Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Amikacin resistance due to the aphA6 gene in multi-antibiotic resistant Acinetobacter baumannii isolates belonging to global clone 1 from Iran
    Parisa Aris, Mohammad Ali Boroumand, Masoumeh Douraghi
    BMC Microbiology.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Highly Synergistic Effects of Melittin with Conventional Antibiotics Against Multidrug-Resistant Isolates of Acinetobacter baumannii and Pseudomonas aeruginosa
    Reza Akbari, Mojdeh Hakemi-Vala, Fatemeh Pashaie, Parvaneh Bevalian, Ali Hashemi, Kamran Pooshang Bagheri
    Microbial Drug Resistance.2019; 25(2): 193.     CrossRef
  • Seven-Year Trend of Antimicrobial Resistance of Acinetobacter and Pseudomonas spp. Causing Bloodstream Infections: A Retrospective Study from Shiraz, Southern Iran
    Amir Hossein Babaei, Gholamreza Pouladfar, Bahman Pourabbas, Zahra Jafarpour, Samin Ektesabi, Pejman Abbasi
    Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Mehdi Mahmudpour, Azam Askari, Forough Yousefi
    Iranian South Medical Journal.2019; 22(3): 150.     CrossRef
  • Nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain 1 is dispensable for host immune responses against pulmonary infection of Acinetobacter baumannii in mice
    Min-Jung Kang, Jin-A Choi, Joo-Hee Choi, Ah-Ra Jang, Ji-Yeon Park, Jae-Hun Ahn, Tae-Sung Lee, Dong-Yeon Kim, Jong-Hwan Park
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    Seyyed mohammad atyabi
    MOJ Toxicology.2018;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Cloning and expression of nlpA gene as DNA vaccine candidate against Acinetobacter baumannii
    Rassoul Hashemzehi, Abbas Doosti, Mohammad Kargar, Mojtaba Jaafarinia
    Molecular Biology Reports.2018; 45(4): 395.     CrossRef
  • Association of virulence gene expression with colistin-resistance in Acinetobacter baumannii: analysis of genotype, antimicrobial susceptibility, and biofilm formation
    Abbas Bahador, Zahra Farshadzadeh, Reza Raoofian, Masoumeh Mokhtaran, Babak Pourakbari, Maryam Pourhajibagher, Farhad B. Hashemi
    Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials.2018;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Distribution and Genotyping of Aquatic Acinetobacter baumannii Strains Isolated from the Puzi River and Its Tributaries Near Areas of Livestock Farming
    Hsin-Chi Tsai, Ming-Yuan Chou, Yi-Jia Shih, Tung-Yi Huang, Pei-Yu Yang, Yi-Chou Chiu, Jung-Sheng Chen, Bing-Mu Hsu
    Water.2018; 10(10): 1374.     CrossRef
  • Antibiotic resistance of Klebsiella�pneumoniae through β-arrestin recruitment-induced β-lactamase signaling pathway
    Jiang Wei, Yang Wenjie, Liu Ping, Wang Na, Ren Haixia, Zhao Xuequn
    Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine.2018;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Clinical Isolates of Acinetobacter baumannii From Tehran Hospitals: Pulsed-field Gel Electrophoresis Characterization, Clonal Lineages, Antibiotic Susceptibility, and Biofilm-forming Ability
    Mahdi Akbari Dehbalaei, Shahin Najar-Peerayeh, Morovat Taherikalani, Mehrdad Behmanesh
    Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology.2017;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Exploring the resistance mechanism of imipenem in carbapenem hydrolysing class D beta-lactamases OXA-143 and its variant OXA-231 (D224A) expressing Acinetobacter baumannii: An in-silico approach
    Kullappan Malathi, Anand Anbarasu, Sudha Ramaiah
    Computational Biology and Chemistry.2017; 67: 1.     CrossRef
  • A national framework for an antimicrobial resistance surveillance system within Iranian healthcare facilities: Towards a global surveillance system
    Reza Safdari, Marjan GhaziSaeedi, Hossein Masoumi-Asl, Peyman Rezaei-Hachesu, Kayvan Mirnia, Taha Samad-Soltani
    Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance.2017; 10: 59.     CrossRef
  • Polyclonal Distribution of blaOXA-23 Gene Among Acinetobacter baumannii Isolated from Intensive Care Unit Patients in Tehran; Pulsed-Field Gel Electrophoresis Analysis
    Mahdi Akbari Dehbalaei, Shahin Najar-Peerayeh, Mehrdad Behmanesh, Morovat Taherikalani
    Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology.2017;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Antimicrobial activity of photodynamic therapy in combination with colistin against a pan-drug resistant Acinetobacter baumannii isolated from burn patient
    Ebrahim Boluki, Hossein Kazemian, Hadi Peeridogaheh, Mohammad Yousef Alikhani, Sima Shahabi, Leili Beytollahi, Roghayeh Ghorbanzadeh
    Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy.2017; 18: 1.     CrossRef
  • Acinetobacter baumannii strains isolated from patients in intensive care units in Goiânia, Brazil: Molecular and drug susceptibility profiles
    Suellen Rocha Araújo Castilho, Cássia Silva de Miranda Godoy, Adriana Oliveira Guilarde, Juliana Lamaro Cardoso, Maria Cláudia Porfirio André, Ana Paula Junqueira-Kipnis, André Kipnis, Patrick Butaye
    PLOS ONE.2017; 12(5): e0176790.     CrossRef
  • Acquisition of Tn6018-3′ CS regions increases colistin MICs against Acinetobacter baumannii isolates harboring new variants of AbaRs
    Mohammad Savari, Alireza Ekrami, Saeed Shoja, Abbas Bahador
    Folia Microbiologica.2017; 62(5): 373.     CrossRef
  • Systematic Review of Antimicrobial Resistance of ClinicalAcinetobacter baumanniiIsolates in Iran: An Update
    Hadi Razavi Nikoo, Abdollah Ardebili, Jalal Mardaneh
    Microbial Drug Resistance.2017; 23(6): 744.     CrossRef
  • Plasmid borne Carbapenem-Hydrolyzing Class D β-Lactamases (CHDLs) and AdeABC efflux pump conferring carbapenem-tigecycline resistance among Acinetobacter baumannii isolates harboring TnAbaRs
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    Microbial Pathogenesis.2017; 104: 310.     CrossRef
  • Evaluation of photodynamic therapy effect along with colistin on pandrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii
    Maryam Pourhajibagher, Hosein Kazemian, Nasim Chiniforush, Abbas Bahador
    LASER THERAPY.2017; 26(2): 97.     CrossRef
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    Sibylle H. Lob, Daryl J. Hoban, Daniel F. Sahm, Robert E. Badal
    International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents.2016; 47(4): 317.     CrossRef
  • Acinetobacter baumannii Infection Should be Considered as the Most Troublesome Pathogens for Health Care Institutions in Karaj
    Enayatollah Kalantar, Amir Hatami, Fatemeh Rahimi, Sadegh Saedi, Aliehsan Heidari, Parviz Fallah, Morteza Qoghaei, Morteza Nazari, Soheila Beiranvand, Mohsen Arabi, Mohammad Hossein Dehghan
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  • AcinetobacterInfections among Adult Patients in Qatar: A 2-Year Hospital-Based Study
    Musaed Saad Al Samawi, Fahmi Yousef Khan, Yasser Eldeeb, Muna Almaslamani, Abdullatif Alkhal, Hussam Alsoub, Wissam Ghadban, Faraj Howady, Samar Hashim
    Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases and Medica.2016; 2016: 1.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of Multidrug-Resistant Bacteria on Fresh Vegetables Collected from Farmers' Markets in Connecticut
    DEEPTI PRASAD KARUMATHIL, HSIN-BAI YIN, ANUP KOLLANOOR-JOHNY, KUMAR VENKITANARAYANAN
    Journal of Food Protection.2016; 79(8): 1446.     CrossRef
  • Antimicrobial resistance profiles and genetic elements involved in carbapenem resistance in Acinetobacter baumannii isolates from a referral hospital in Southern Iran
    Najmeh Alaei, Masoud Aziemzadeh, Abbas Bahador
    Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance.2016; 5: 75.     CrossRef
  • Characterization of integrons and associated gene cassettes in Acinetobacter baumannii strains isolated from intensive care unit in Tehran, Iran
    Hossein Goudarzi, Mehdi Azad, Sima Sadat Seyedjavadi, Hadi Azimi, Alireza Salimi Chirani, Vahid Fallah Omrani, Mehdi Goudarzi
    Journal of Acute Disease.2016; 5(5): 386.     CrossRef
  • Genotypic and Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii: Analysis of is Aba Elements and blaOXA-23-like Genes Including a New Variant
    Abbas Bahador, Reza Raoofian, Babak Pourakbari, Mohammad Taheri, Zahra Hashemizadeh, Farhad B. Hashemi
    Frontiers in Microbiology.2015;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Bacterial Etiology and Antibacterial Susceptibility Patterns of Pediatric Bloodstream Infections: A Two Year Study From Nemazee Hospital, Shiraz, Iran
    Hadi Sedigh Ebrahim-Saraie, Mohammad Motamedifar, Davood Mansury, Mehrdad Halaji, Zahra Hashemizadeh, Yosef Ali-Mohammadi
    Journal of Comprehensive Pediatrics.2015;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Wide distribution of carbapenem resistant Acinetobacter baumannii in burns patients in Iran
    Zahra Farshadzadeh, Farhad B. Hashemi, Sara Rahimi, Babak Pourakbari, Davoud Esmaeili, Mohammad A. Haghighi, Ali Majidpour, Saeed Shojaa, Maryam Rahmani, Samira Gharesi, Masoud Aziemzadeh, Abbas Bahador
    Frontiers in Microbiology.2015;[Epub]     CrossRef
Effects of Fenugreek Seed Extract and Swimming Endurance Training on Plasma Glucose and Cardiac Antioxidant Enzymes Activity in Streptozotocin-induced Diabetic Rats
Sajad Arshadi, Salar Bakhtiyari, Karimeh Haghani, Ahmad Valizadeh
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2015;6(2):87-93.   Published online April 30, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2014.12.007
  • 1,926 View
  • 19 Download
  • 9 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objective Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases characterized by chronic hyperglycemia condition resulting from defective insulin secretion or resistance insulin action, or both. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of 6 weeks swimming training and Trigonella foenum-graecum seed (fenugreek) extract, alone and in combination, on plasma glucose and cardiac antioxidant enzyme activity of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.
Methods
Fifty male Wistar rats were divided into five groups: diabetic control (DC, n = 8); healthy control (HC, n = 11); swimming training (S, n = 11); swimming training + fenugreek seed extract (1.74 g/kg body weight; SF1, n = 11); and swimming training + fenugreek seed extract (0.87 g/kg body weight; SF2, n = 9). Streptozotocin was used for the induction of diabetes. Results were analyzed using one-way analysis of variance followed by Tukey test.
Results
In comparison with the DC group, all groups exhibited a significant decrease in body weight (p < 0.05), except for the HC group. SF1 and HC groups showed significant decreases in plasma glucose levels compared with the DC group (p < 0.05). S, SF1, SF2, and HC groups showed significant elevations in cardiac antioxidant enzymes activity in comparison with the DC group.
Conclusion
The results indicated that the combination of endurance swimming training and fenugreek seed extract can significantly reduce the plasma glucose levels and increase cardiac antioxidant enzymes activity in diabetic rats. Our findings suggest that this combination could be useful for the treatment of hyperglycemia and cardiac oxidative stress induced by diabetes mellitus.

Citations

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    Adnan Fatahi, Ebrahim Zarrinkalam, Kamal Azizbeigi, Kamal Ranjbar
    Experimental Gerontology.2022; 162: 111758.     CrossRef
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Association of TNF-α 308 G/A Polymorphism With Type 2 Diabetes: A Case–Control Study in the Iranian Kurdish Ethnic Group
Hasan Golshani, Karimeh Haghani, Majid Dousti, Salar Bakhtiyari
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2015;6(2):94-99.   Published online April 30, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2015.01.003
  • 1,841 View
  • 21 Download
  • 15 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) plays roles in the development of obesity, insulin resistance, and possibility of Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The objective of the current study was to evaluate the association of TNF-α promoter−308 G/A polymorphism with T2DM.
Methods
In all, 1038 patients with T2DM and 1023 normoglycemic controls were included in this study. All participants were genotyped using the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism method. Genotypic and allelic frequencies were then analyzed in each group. Serum lipids, fasting glucose, fasting serum insulin, homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance, and hemoglogin A1c levels were determined by conventional methods.
Results
The allelic frequency of the A allele was significantly different between case and control participants (p = 0.006). Genotypes GA and AA were found to be significantly associated with 2.24- and 3.18-fold increased risk for T2DM, respectively. Similarly, the dominant model of -308 G/A polymorphism was found to have a higher risk for T2DM (odds ratio = 2.34, p = 0.001). Individuals with T2DM carrying the GA + AA genotypes of -308 G/A variation had significantly lower fasting plasma insulin than those carrying GG genotype.
Conclusion
Our findings revealed that there is an association between the TNF-α promoter -308 G/A polymorphism and T2DM in this population.

Citations

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  • Single-nucleotide polymorphisms as important risk factors of diabetes among Middle East population
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    Lucia A. Méndez-García, Fernanda Trejo-Millán, Camilo P. Martínez-Reyes, Aarón N. Manjarrez-Reyna, Marcela Esquivel-Velázquez, Guillermo Melendez-Mier, Sergio Islas-Andrade, Araceli Rojas-Bernabé, Julia Kzhyshkowska, Galileo Escobedo
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    Kathryna Fontana Rodrigues, Nathalia Teixeira Pietrani, Adriana Aparecida Bosco, Fernanda Magalhães Freire Campos, Valéria Cristina Sandrim, Karina Braga Gomes
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Gastric and Esophageal Cancers Incidence Mapping in Golestan Province, Iran: Using Bayesian–Gibbs Sampling
Atefeh-Sadat Hosseintabar Marzoni, Abbas Moghimbeigi, Javad Faradmal
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2015;6(2):100-105.   Published online April 30, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2015.01.004
  • 1,785 View
  • 16 Download
  • 3 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Recent studies of esophageal cancer (EC) and gastric cancer (GC) have been reported to have high incidence rates of these cancers in Golestan Province of Iran. The present study describes the geographical patterns of EC and GC incidence based on cancer registry data and display statistically significant regions within this province.
Methods
In order to map the distribution of upper gastrointestinal cancer, relative risk (RR) were calculated. Therefore, to estimate a more reliable RR, Poisson regression models were used. The adjusted models (adjusted to urban–rural area, sex, and grouped age proportion) were utilized. We considered two-component random effects for each observation, an unstructured (noncorrelated) and a group of “neighbor” (correlated) heterogeneities. We estimated the model parameters using Gibbs sampling and empirical Bayes method. We used EC and GC data that were registered with Golestan Research Center of Gastroenterology and Hepatology in the years 2004–2008.
Results
The EC and GC maps were drawn for 2004–2008 in the province. Kalaleh and Minoodasht counties have a high RR of EC and GC in the years of study. In almost all years, the areas with a high RR were steady.
Conclusion
The EC and GC maps showed significant spatial patterns of risk in Golestan province of Iran. Further study is needed to multivariate clustering and mapping of cancers RRs with considering diet and socioeconomic factors.

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  • Meat consumption and risk of esophageal and gastric cancer in the Golestan Cohort Study, Iran
    Giulia Collatuzzo, Arash Etemadi, Masoud Sotoudeh, Arash Nikmanesh, Hossein Poustchi, Masoud Khoshnia, Akram Pourshams, Maryam Hashemian, Gholamreza Roshandel, Sanford M. Dawsey, Christian C. Abnet, Farin Kamangar, Paul Brennan, Paolo Boffetta, Reza Malek
    International Journal of Cancer.2022; 151(7): 1005.     CrossRef
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    Khadijeh Kalan Farmanfarma, Neda Mahdavifar, Soheil Hassanipour, Hamid Salehiniya
    Clinical and Experimental Gastroenterology.2020; Volume 13: 511.     CrossRef
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    Gholamreza Roshandel, Shahryar Semnani, Abdolreza Fazel, Mohammadreza Honarvar, MohammadHossein Taziki, SeyedMehdi Sedaghat, Nafiseh Abdolahi, Mohammad Ashaari, Mohammad Poorabbasi, Susan Hasanpour, SeyedAhmad Hosseini, SeyedMohsen Mansuri, Ataollah Jahan
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H5N8 Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza in the Republic of Korea: Epidemiology During the First Wave, from January Through July 2014
Hachung Yoon, Oun-Kyong Moon, Wooseog Jeong, Jida Choi, Young-Myong Kang, Hyo-Young Ahn, Jee-Hye Kim, Dae-Sung Yoo, Young-Jin Kwon, Woo-Seok Chang, Myeong-Soo Kim, Do-Soon Kim, Yong-Sang Kim, Yi-Seok Joo
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2015;6(2):106-111.   Published online April 30, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2015.01.005
  • 2,017 View
  • 24 Download
  • 12 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
This study describes the outbreaks of H5N8 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) in Korea during the first wave, from January 16, 2014 through July 25, 2014. Its purpose is to provide a better understanding of the epidemiology of H5N8 HPAI.
Methods
Information on the outbreak farms and HPAI positive wild birds was provided by the Animal and Plant Quarantine Agency. The epidemiological investigation sheets for the outbreak farms were examined.
Results
During the 7-month outbreak period (January–July 2014), H5N8 HPAI was confirmed in 212 poultry farms, 38 specimens from wild birds (stools, birds found dead or captured). Ducks were the most frequently infected poultry species (159 outbreak farms, 75.0%), and poultry in 67 (31.6%) outbreak farms was asymptomatic.
Conclusion
As in the previous four H5N1 epidemics of HPAI that occurred in Korea, this epidemic of H5N8 proved to be associated with migratory birds. Poultry farms in Korea can hardly be free from the risk of HPAI introduced via migratory birds. The best way to overcome this geographical factor is to reinforce biosecurity to prevent exposure of farms, related people, and poultry to the pathogen.

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  • Impact of inland waters on highly pathogenic avian influenza outbreaks in neighboring poultry farms in South Korea
    Saleem Ahmad, Kyeyoung Koh, Daesung Yoo, Gukhyun Suh, Jaeil Lee, Chang-Min Lee
    Journal of Veterinary Science.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Emergence of a Novel Reassortant H5N3 Avian Influenza Virus in Korean Mallard Ducks in 2018
    Seon-Ju Yeo, Vui Thi Hoang, Tuan Bao Duong, Ngoc Minh Nguyen, Hien Thi Tuong, Mudsser Azam, Haan Woo Sung, Hyun Park
    Intervirology.2022; 65(1): 1.     CrossRef
  • Wild birds as reservoirs for diverse and abundant gamma- and deltacoronaviruses
    Michelle Wille, Edward C Holmes
    FEMS Microbiology Reviews.2020; 44(5): 631.     CrossRef
  • Virus–virus interactions and host ecology are associated with RNA virome structure in wild birds
    Michelle Wille, John‐Sebastian Eden, Mang Shi, Marcel Klaassen, Aeron C. Hurt, Edward C. Holmes
    Molecular Ecology.2018; 27(24): 5263.     CrossRef
  • Development of Clade-Specific and Broadly Reactive Live Attenuated Influenza Virus Vaccines against Rapidly Evolving H5 Subtype Viruses
    Kobporn Boonnak, Yumiko Matsuoka, Weijia Wang, Amorsolo L. Suguitan, Zhongying Chen, Myeisha Paskel, Mariana Baz, Ian Moore, Hong Jin, Kanta Subbarao, Douglas S. Lyles
    Journal of Virology.2017;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Zhenshun Xu, Jonguk Lee, Daihee Park, Yongwha Chung
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    Nobuhiro Takemae, Ryota Tsunekuni, Kirill Sharshov, Taichiro Tanikawa, Yuko Uchida, Hiroshi Ito, Kosuke Soda, Tatsufumi Usui, Ivan Sobolev, Alexander Shestopalov, Tsuyoshi Yamaguchi, Junki Mine, Toshihiro Ito, Takehiko Saito
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    Andrew R. Dalby
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    Juan Li, Min Gu, Dong Liu, Benqi Liu, Kaijun Jiang, Lei Zhong, Kaituo Liu, Wenqi Sun, Jiao Hu, Xiaoquan Wang, Shunlin Hu, Xiaowen Liu, Xiufan Liu
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    Eun-Kyoung Lee, Byung-Min Song, Hyun-Mi Kang, Sang-Hee Woo, Gyeong-Beom Heo, Suk Chan Jung, Yong Ho Park, Youn-Jeong Lee, Jae-Hong Kim
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Application of Gap-Constraints Given Sequential Frequent Pattern Mining for Protein Function Prediction
Hyeon Ah Park, Taewook Kim, Meijing Li, Ho Sun Shon, Jeong Seok Park, Keun Ho Ryu
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2015;6(2):112-120.   Published online April 30, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2015.01.006
  • 1,630 View
  • 15 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Predicting protein function from the protein–protein interaction network is challenging due to its complexity and huge scale of protein interaction process along with inconsistent pattern. Previously proposed methods such as neighbor counting, network analysis, and graph pattern mining has predicted functions by calculating the rules and probability of patterns inside network. Although these methods have shown good prediction, difficulty still exists in searching several functions that are exceptional from simple rules and patterns as a result of not considering the inconsistent aspect of the interaction network.
Methods
In this article, we propose a novel approach using the sequential pattern mining method with gap-constraints. To overcome the inconsistency problem, we suggest frequent functional patterns to include every possible functional sequence—including patterns for which search is limited by the structure of connection or level of neighborhood layer. We also constructed a tree-graph with the most crucial interaction information of the target protein, and generated candidate sets to assign by sequential pattern mining allowing gaps.
Results
The parameters of pattern length, maximum gaps, and minimum support were given to find the best setting for the most accurate prediction. The highest accuracy rate was 0.972, which showed better results than the simple neighbor counting approach and link-based approach.
Conclusion
The results comparison with other approaches has confirmed that the proposed approach could reach more function candidates that previous methods could not obtain.
Perception of Childhood Obesity in Mothers of Preschool Children
Hae Ok Kim, Gyo Nam Kim, Euna Park
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2015;6(2):121-125.   Published online April 30, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2015.01.007
  • 2,010 View
  • 36 Download
  • 6 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
The purpose of this study was to identify the perception of childhood obesity in mothers of preschool children using Q methodology.
Methods
A total of 38 Q statements about childhood obesity were obtained from 41 participants. The QUANL PC program was used to analyze the results.
Results
There were three types of perception toward obesity in mothers of preschool children: the “authoritative discipline type,” the “generous home meal focused type,” and the “home meal based on household financial situation type.”
Conclusion
The perception of mothers toward childhood obesity can affect the extent of maternal interaction with children or meal preparation for the family. Based on these results, it is necessary to plan specific programs according to the types of maternal perception toward childhood obesity.

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  • Anne yemek zamanı davranışları ve çocukların beden kitle indeksleri arasındaki ilişki
    Nevin USLU, Fahriye PAZARCIKCI
    Adıyaman Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi.2020; : 223.     CrossRef
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    Alexandre A Ferraro
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    Michelle Queally, Edel Doherty, Karen Matvienko-Sikar, Elaine Toomey, John Cullinan, Janas M. Harrington, Patricia M. Kearney
    International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and .2018;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Érica Bezerra Nobre, Alexandra Valéria Maria Brentani, Alexandre Archanjo Ferraro
    Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira.2016; 62(6): 494.     CrossRef
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    Janaína Paula Costa da Silva, Vicente Sarubbi Junior, Viviane Gabriela Nascimento, Ciro João Bertoli, Paulo Rogério Gallo, Claudio Leone
    Clinics.2016; 71(9): 500.     CrossRef
  • Depression among Korean Adults with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Ansan-Community-Based Epidemiological Study
    Chan Young Park, So Young Kim, Jong Won Gil, Min Hee Park, Jong-Hyock Park, Yeonjung Kim
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2015; 6(4): 224.     CrossRef
Comparison of Consensus on Life-sustaining Treatment of the Elderly in Care Facilities and Family Member Dyad
Sunmi Lim, Seong Ae Hong, Hyun Sook Lee
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2015;6(2):126-132.   Published online April 30, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2015.02.003
  • 1,843 View
  • 15 Download
  • 4 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
The purpose of this study is to compare the agreement in opinion between the elderly in care facilities and their family members regarding the life-sustaining treatment at the deathbed and to find out if the intentions of the elderly are being properly reflected in their deathbed treatment.
Methods
Data were collected from 85 elderly individuals at five care facilities in Chunkcheongnam-do and 85 family members. The data were collected with a self-administered questionnaire from July 22, 2013 to August 15, 2014. A total of 170 cases were analyzed using SPSS version 21.
Results
First, the family members' preference for life-sustaining treatment was higher than the patients' preference. The preference between the elderly and their family members regarding life-sustaining treatment was statistically significant with regards to oral nutrition, pain control through oral and anal administration, pain control through intravenous administration, transfusion, and admission to an intensive care unit. Second, looking at the agreement between elderly and guardians regarding life-sustaining treatment, there was significant concordance about general testing, oral nutrition, intravenous hydration, intravenous nutrition, antibiotic treatment for severe infection with low resiliency, admission to an intensive care unit, blood pressure increase medication use, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and tracheotomy.
Conclusion
It is essential for the medical staff to confirm agreement between the elderly and their family members regarding life-sustaining treatment, and if such a prior agreement is not feasible, the patient's intention should be considered more actionable than their family members.

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  • Analysis of high-intensity care in intensive care units and its cost at the end of life among older people in South Korea between 2016 and 2019: a cross-sectional study of the health insurance review and assessment service national patient sample database
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    Jae Yoon Park, Chi-Yeon Lim, Gloria Puurveen, Do Yeun Kim, Jae Hang Lee, Han Ho Do, Kyung Soo Kim, Kyung Don Yoo, Hyo Jin Kim, Yunmi Kim, Sung Joon Shin
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Brief Report
Review for the Korean Health Professionals and International Cooperation Doctors Dispatched to Peru by the Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA)
Bongyoung Kim
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2015;6(2):133-139.   Published online April 30, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2015.02.004
  • 1,903 View
  • 21 Download
  • 6 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
South Korea dispatches Korean nationals to partner developing countries as an Official Development Assistance (ODA) project through the Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA). In the health sector, KOICA dispatches international cooperation doctors (ICDs), nurses, physical therapists, radiologic technologists, nutritionists, medical laboratory technologists, occupational therapists, and dental hygienists. A total of 216 ICDs were dispatched over 19 times from 1995 until 2013. There were 19 areas of specialties among the ICDs. The most common specialty was internal medicine (61/216, 28.2%), the second most common specialty was general surgery (43/216, 19.9%), followed by oriental medicine (27/216, 12.5%), pediatrics (17/216, 7.9%), orthopedics (16/216, 7.4%), family medicine (16/216, 7.4%), and odontology (14/216, 6.5%). The ICDs have worked in 21 countries. KOICA dispatched the highest number of ICDs to Asia (97/216, 44.9%), followed by Africa (50/216, 23.1%), Latin America (34/216, 15.7%), the commonwealth of independent states (31/216, 14.4%), and Oceania (4/216, 1.9%). Nobody was dispatched to the Middle East. A total of 134 KOICA health professionals were dispatched to Peru from 1996 until October 1, 2014. Of these, 19.4% (26/134) were ICDs, 44.8% (60/216) were nurses, 20.1% (27/134) were physical therapists, 6.7% (9/134) were radiologic technologists, 2.2% (3/134) were nutritionists, and 6.7% (9/134) were medical laboratory. ICDs' specialties comprised internal medicine (13/26, 50%), family medicine (8/26, 30.8%), pediatrics (2/26, 7.7%), otorhinolaryngology (1/26, 3.8%), orthopedics (1/26, 3.8%), and oriental medicine (1/26, 3.8%). Most of the dispatched health professionals worked at institutions that were supported by KOICA. For this reason, the proportion of health professionals who worked at public health centers (PHCs) was the highest (58.2%, 78/134) when classified by workplace type. Other KOICA health professionals worked at hospitals, governmental organizations (GOs), or schools.

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    Jin-Won Noh, Beom Seok Park, Eun Joo Kim, Min Hee Kim
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    Byungjin Choi, Bongyoung Kim
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PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives