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Volume 7(5); October 2016
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Editorial
Fallen Flowers
Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2016;7(5):279-280.   Published online October 31, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2016.09.002
  • 1,816 View
  • 22 Download
PDF
Original Articles
How do Sexual Identity, and Coming Out Affect Stress, Depression, and Suicidal Ideation and Attempts Among Men Who Have Sex With Men in South Korea?
Byonghee Cho, Aeree Sohn
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2016;7(5):281-288.   Published online October 31, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2016.09.001
  • 2,138 View
  • 25 Download
  • 9 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
This study investigated the status of sexual identity, perceived stigma, stress, depression, and suicidal ideation and attempts. It also examined how sexual identity and “coming out” affect stress, depression, and suicidal ideation and attempts.
Methods
Suicidal ideation, psychological health status, and health-related behaviors were assessed using the Internet to maximize the confidentiality of the participants, men who have sex with men (MSM). The data were collected from a total of 873 MSM aged between 19 years and 59 years in 2014.
Results
Only 20.9% of the MSM had come out (18.0% voluntarily and 2.9% by others). The prevalences of perceived stress and depression among MSM were 46.7% and 42.7%, respectively, compared with 20.1% and 7.4% among general men. Approximately 32% of the MSM reported any suicidal ideation, and 3.3% had attempted suicide in the past year. The likelihood of suicidal ideation was significantly associated with being age 30–39 years [odds ratio (OR) = 1.8], high school or less (OR = 1.6), having been outed (OR = 5.2), feeling stressed (OR = 1.8), and feeling depressed (OR = 12.4) after sociodemographic factors and other perceptions were controlled for.
Conclusion
The present study provides evidence that MSM are at an elevated risk for suicidal ideation and attempts with high stress and depression. Some risk factors were specific to being gay or bisexual in a hostile environment.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • HIV-Related Stigma, Sexual Identity, and Depressive Symptoms Among MSM Living With HIV in China: A Moderated Mediation Modeling Analysis
    Tianyue Mi, Guanghua Lan, Xueying Yang, Xiaoming Li, Shan Qiao, Zhiyong Shen, Yuejiao Zhou
    American Journal of Men's Health.2022; 16(2): 155798832210875.     CrossRef
  • Age Differences in the Associations Between Outness and Suicidality Among LGBTQ+ Youth
    Brian A. Feinstein, Ethan H. Mereish, Mary Rose Mamey, Cindy J. Chang, Jeremy T. Goldbach
    Archives of Suicide Research.2022; : 1.     CrossRef
  • Sexual Minority Stigma, Sexual Orientation Concealment, Social Support and Depressive Symptoms Among Men Who have Sex with Men in China: A Moderated Mediation Modeling Analysis
    Changmian Ding, Xiangfan Chen, Wei Wang, Bin Yu, Huimin Yang, Xiaoyan Li, Shumin Deng, Hong Yan, Shiyue Li
    AIDS and Behavior.2020; 24(1): 8.     CrossRef
  • TRANSNATIONAL INTEREST CONVERGENCE AND GLOBAL KOREA AT THE EDGE OF RACE AND QUEER EXPERIENCES
    Patrick S. Thomsen
    Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on Race.2020; 17(2): 411.     CrossRef
  • Is Perceived Stigma in Clinical Settings Associated With Poor Health Status Among New York City’s Residents of Color?
    Prabal De, Alexis Pozen, Henna Budhwani
    Medical Care.2019; 57(12): 960.     CrossRef
  • Comparison of depression and anxiety between HIV-negative men who have sex with men and women (MSMW) and men who have sex with men only (MSMO): a cross-sectional study in Western China
    Ying Hu, Xiao-ni Zhong, Bin Peng, Yan Zhang, Hao Liang, Jiang-hong Dai, Juying Zhang, Xiao-hua Zhong, Ai-long Huang
    BMJ Open.2019; 9(1): e023498.     CrossRef
  • Transgender Women's Experiences with Stigma, Trauma, and Attempted Suicide in the Dominican Republic
    Henna Budhwani, Kristine R. Hearld, Adrienne N. Milner, Rebecca Charow, Elaine M. McGlaughlin, Mayra Rodriguez-Lauzurique, Santo Rosario, Robert Paulino-Ramirez
    Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior.2018; 48(6): 788.     CrossRef
  • The Reciprocal Relationship between Suicidality and Stigma
    Bernardo Carpiniello, Federica Pinna
    Frontiers in Psychiatry.2017;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Fallen Flowers
    Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2016; 7(5): 279.     CrossRef
Relationship Between Water Intake and Metabolic/Heart Diseases: Based on Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
Soobin Jang, Chunhoo Cheon, Bo-Hyoung Jang, Sunju Park, So-Mi Oh, Yong-Cheol Shin, Seong-Gyu Ko
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2016;7(5):289-295.   Published online October 31, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2016.08.007
  • 2,006 View
  • 21 Download
  • 4 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
The aim of this study was to identify the correlation between adequate water intake and the prevalence of metabolic/heart diseases.
Methods
We analyzed the data from the 2012 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. All participants were divided into Group Above Adequate Intake (n = 736) and Group Below Adequate Intake (n = 4,819) according to water intake. The thresholds were 1.8 L for men and 1.4 L for women based on the World Health Organization report findings. Logistic regression analyses were performed to verify the correlation between water intake and prevalence of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, myocardial infarction, and angina pectoris.
Results
There were significant differences between the two groups in terms of the following variables: age, smoking, alcohol, stress, dietary supplements, body weight, physical activity, total calorie intake, water intakes from food, and sodium intake. Participants in Group Above Adequate Intake showed a higher prevalence of hypertension [odds ratio (OR) = 1.22; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.58–2.55], diabetes mellitus (OR = 1.38; 95% CI, 0.51–3.73), angina pectoris (OR = 0.94; 95% CI, 0.47–1.86), and myocardial infarction (OR = 5.36; 95% CI, 0.67–43.20) than those in Group Below Adequate Intake, whereas the latter showed a slightly higher prevalence of dyslipidemia (OR = 2.25; 95% CI, 0.88–57.84) than the former.
Conclusion
There was no statistically significant association between water intake and any of the metabolic/heart diseases. However, further studies on water intake are needed to confirm our findings.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Water intake and risk of type 2 diabetes: A systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies
    Nasim Janbozorgi, Ramesh Allipour, Kurosh Djafarian, Sakineh Shab-Bidar, Mostafa Badeli, Maryam Safabakhsh
    Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research &.2021; 15(4): 102156.     CrossRef
  • Changes in feed consumption and water intake among broiler chickens subjected to melatonin treatment during the hot-dry season
    Victor Olusegun Sinkalu, Joseph Olusegun Ayo, Joseph Olajide Hambolu, Alexander Babatunde Adelaiye, Friday Ocheja Zakari, Tagang Aluwong
    Tropical Animal Health and Production.2020; 52(2): 717.     CrossRef
  • Evaluation of Dietary Habit and Nutritional Intake of Korean Elderly: Data from Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2013∼2015
    Gyusang Han, Eunju Yang
    Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life.2018; 28(4): 258.     CrossRef
  • Water intake from foods and beverages and risk of mortality from CVD: the Japan Collaborative Cohort (JACC) Study
    Renzhe Cui, Hiroyasu Iso, Ehab S Eshak, Koutatsu Maruyama, Akiko Tamakoshi
    Public Health Nutrition.2018; 21(16): 3011.     CrossRef
Identification of Klebsiella pneumoniae Carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella oxytoca in Clinical Isolates in Tehran Hospitals, Iran by Chromogenic Medium and Molecular Methods
Majid Validi, Mohammad Mehdi Soltan Dallal, Masoumeh Douraghi, Jalil Fallah Mehrabadi, Abbas Rahimi Foroushani
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2016;7(5):301-306.   Published online October 31, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2016.08.006
  • 1,838 View
  • 25 Download
  • 8 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Production of carbapenemase, especially Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemases (KPC), is one of the antibiotic resistance mechanisms of Enterobacteriaceae such as Klebsiella oxytoca. This study aimed to investigate and identify KPC-producing K. oxytoca isolates using molecular and phenotypic methods.
Methods
A total of 75 isolates of K. oxytoca were isolated from various clinical samples, and were verified as K. oxytoca after performing standard microbiological tests and using a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method. An antibiotic susceptibility test was performed using a disc diffusion method according to the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute guidelines. CHROMagar KPC chromogenic culture media was used to examine and confirm the production of the carbapenemase enzyme in K. oxytoca isolates; in addition, PCR was used to evaluate the presence of blaKPC gene in K. oxytoca strains.
Results
Of a total of 75 K. oxytoca isolates, one multidrug resistant strain was isolated from the urine of a hospitalized woman. This strain was examined to assess its ability to produce carbapenemase enzyme; it produced a colony with a blue metallic color on the CHROMagar KPC chromogenic culture media. In addition, the blaKPC gene was confirmed by PCR. After sequencing, it was confirmed and deposited in GenBank.
Conclusion
To date, many cases of KPC-producing Enterobacteriaceae, in particular K. pneumoniae, have been reported in different countries; there are also some reports on the identification of KPC-producing K. oxytoca. Therefore, to prevent the outbreak of nosocomial infections, the early detection, control, and prevention of the spread of these strains are of great importance.

Citations

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  • Klebsiella oxytoca Complex: Update on Taxonomy, Antimicrobial Resistance, and Virulence
    Jing Yang, Haiyan Long, Ya Hu, Yu Feng, Alan McNally, Zhiyong Zong
    Clinical Microbiology Reviews.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Development and comparison of immunochromatographic strips with four nanomaterial labels: Colloidal gold, new colloidal gold, multi-branched gold nanoflowers and Luminol-reduced Au nanoparticles for visual detection of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in seafood
    Meijiao Wu, Youxue Wu, Cheng Liu, Yachen Tian, Shuiqin Fang, Hao Yang, Bin Li, Qing Liu
    Aquaculture.2021; 539: 736563.     CrossRef
  • Variation in Accessory Genes Within the Klebsiella oxytoca Species Complex Delineates Monophyletic Members and Simplifies Coherent Genotyping
    Amar Cosic, Eva Leitner, Christian Petternel, Herbert Galler, Franz F. Reinthaler, Kathrin A. Herzog-Obereder, Elisabeth Tatscher, Sandra Raffl, Gebhard Feierl, Christoph Högenauer, Ellen L. Zechner, Sabine Kienesberger
    Frontiers in Microbiology.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Multidrug-Resistant Bacteria and Alternative Methods to Control Them: An Overview
    Roberto Vivas, Ana Andréa Teixeira Barbosa, Silvio Santana Dolabela, Sona Jain
    Microbial Drug Resistance.2019; 25(6): 890.     CrossRef
  • Molecular typing of cytotoxin-producing Klebsiella oxytoca isolates by 16S-23S internal transcribed spacer PCR
    M.M. Soltan Dallal, M. Validi, M. Douraghi, B. Bakhshi
    New Microbes and New Infections.2019; 30: 100545.     CrossRef
  • Determination of antibiotic resistance and minimum inhibitory concentration of meropenem and imipenem growth in Klebsiella strains isolated from urinary tract infection in Shahrekord educational hospitals
    Farshad Kakian, Behnam Zamzad, Abolfazl Gholipour, Kiarash Zamanzad
    Journal of Shahrekord University of Medical Scienc.2019; 21(2): 80.     CrossRef
  • Evaluation the cytotoxic effect of cytotoxin-producing Klebsiella oxytoca isolates on the HEp-2 cell line by MTT assay
    Mohammad Mehdi Soltan-Dallal, Majid Validi, Masoumeh Douraghi, Jalil Fallah-Mehrabadi, Leila Lormohammadi
    Microbial Pathogenesis.2017; 113: 416.     CrossRef
  • Outbreak by Hypermucoviscous Klebsiella pneumoniae ST11 Isolates with Carbapenem Resistance in a Tertiary Hospital in China
    Lingling Zhan, Shanshan Wang, Yinjuan Guo, Ye Jin, Jingjing Duan, Zhihao Hao, Jingnan Lv, Xiuqin Qi, Longhua Hu, Liang Chen, Barry N. Kreiswirth, Rong Zhang, Jingye Pan, Liangxing Wang, Fangyou Yu
    Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology.2017;[Epub]     CrossRef
Plasmid-Mediated Quinolone-Resistance (qnr) Genes in Clinical Isolates of Escherichia coli Collected from Several Hospitals of Qazvin and Zanjan Provinces, Iran
Maryam Rezazadeh, Hamid Baghchesaraei, Amir Peymani
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2016;7(5):307-312.   Published online October 31, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2016.08.003
  • 1,920 View
  • 19 Download
  • 21 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Escherichia coli is regarded as the most important etiological agent of urinary tract infections. Fluoroquinolones are routinely used in the treatment of these infections; however, in recent years, a growing rate of resistance to these drugs has been reported globally. The aims of this study were to detect plasmid-mediated qnrA, qnrB, and qnrS genes among the quinolone-nonsusceptible E. coli isolates and to investigate their clonal relatedness in Qazvin and Zanjan Provinces, Iran.
Methods
A total of 200 clinical isolates of E. coli were collected from hospitalized patients. The bacterial isolates were identified through standard laboratory protocols and further confirmed using API 20E test strips. Antimicrobial susceptibility was determined by the standard disk diffusion method. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and sequencing were used for detecting qnrA, qnrB, and qnrS genes and the clonal relatedness of qnr-positive isolates was evaluated by enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus-PCR (ERIC-PCR) method.
Results
In total, 136 (68%) isolates were nonsusceptible to quinolone compounds, among which 45 (33.1%) and 71 (52.2%) isolates showed high- and low-level quinolone resistance, respectively. Of the 136 isolates, four (2.9%) isolates were positive for the qnrS1 gene. The results from ERIC-PCR revealed that two (50%) cases of qnr-positive isolates were related genetically.
Conclusion
Our study results were indicative of the presence of low frequency of qnr genes among the clinical isolates of E. coli in Qazvin and Zanjan Provinces, which emphasizes the need for establishing tactful policies associated with infection-control measures in our hospital settings.

Citations

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  • Effect of ciprofloxacin and in vitro gut conditions on biofilm of Escherichia coli isolated from clinical and environmental sources
    Vankadari Aditya, Akshatha Kotian, Sreya Saikrishnan, Anusha Rohit, Divyashree Mithoor, Indrani Karunasagar, Vijaya Kumar Deekshit
    Journal of Applied Microbiology.2022; 132(2): 964.     CrossRef
  • Detection of qnrA, qnrB, and qnrS genes in Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli isolates from leukemia patients
    Mahdane Roshani, Alireza Goodarzi, Ali Hashemi, Farhad Afrasiabi, Hossein Goudarzi, Mohammadreza Arabestani
    Reviews in Medical Microbiology.2022; 33(1): 14.     CrossRef
  • Decentralized systems for the treatment of antimicrobial compounds released from hospital aquatic wastes
    Manisha Sharma, Ankush Yadav, Kashyap Kumar Dubey, Joshua Tipple, Diganta Bhusan Das
    Science of The Total Environment.2022; 840: 156569.     CrossRef
  • Presence and Transfer of Antimicrobial Resistance Determinants in Escherichia coli in Pigs, Pork, and Humans in Thailand and Lao PDR Border Provinces
    Chanika Pungpian, Nuananong Sinwat, Sunpetch Angkititrakul, Rangsiya Prathan, Rungtip Chuanchuen
    Microbial Drug Resistance.2021; 27(4): 571.     CrossRef
  • Quinolone resistance (qnrA) gene in isolates of Escherichia coli collected from the Al-Hillah River in Babylon Province, Iraq
    Hawraa Mohammed Al-Rafyai, Mourouge Saadi Alwash, Noor Salman Al-Khafaji
    Pharmacia.2021; 68(1): 1.     CrossRef
  • Hypervirulent and hypermucoviscous extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae and Klebsiella variicola in Chile
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    Virulence.2021; 12(1): 35.     CrossRef
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    Bradley D Menz, Esmita Charani, David L Gordon, Andrew JM Leather, S Ramani Moonesinghe, Cameron J Phillips
    Infection and Drug Resistance.2021; Volume 14: 5235.     CrossRef
  • High prevalence of plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance (PMQR) among E. coli from aquatic environments in Bangladesh
    Mohammed Badrul Amin, Sumita Rani Saha, Md Rayhanul Islam, S. M. Arefeen Haider, Muhammed Iqbal Hossain, A. S. M. Homaun Kabir Chowdhury, Emily K. Rousham, Mohammad Aminul Islam, Abdelazeem Mohamed Algammal
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  • Development of quinolone resistance and prevalence of different virulence genes among Shigella flexneri and Shigella dysenteriae in environmental water samples
    B. Roy, S.K. Tousif Ahamed, B. Bandyopadhyay, N. Giri
    Letters in Applied Microbiology.2020; 71(1): 86.     CrossRef
  • Synergistic Activity of Fluoroquinolones Combining with Artesunate Against Multidrug-Resistant Escherichia coli
    SiMin Wei, YueFei Yang, Wei Tian, MingJiang Liu, ShaoJie Yin, JinGui Li
    Microbial Drug Resistance.2020; 26(1): 81.     CrossRef
  • Plasmid-Mediated Quinolone Resistance in Pseudomonas aeruginosa Isolated from Burn Patients in Tehran, Iran
    Azam Molapour, Amir Peymani, Parvaneh Saffarain, Narges Habibollah-Pourzereshki, Pooya Rashvand
    Infectious Disorders - Drug Targets .2020; 20(1): 49.     CrossRef
  • Plasmidic Fluoroquinolone Resistance Genes in Fluoroquinolone-Resistant and/or Extended Spectrum Beta-Lactamase-Producing Escherichia coli Strains Isolated from Pediatric and Adult Patients Diagnosed with Urinary Tract Infection
    Melisa Akgoz, Irem Akman, Asuman Begum Ates, Cem Celik, Betul Keskin, Busra Betul Ozmen Capin, Zeynep Ceren Karahan
    Microbial Drug Resistance.2020; 26(11): 1334.     CrossRef
  • Characterization of Plasmid-Mediated Quinolone Resistance and Serogroup Distributions of Uropathogenic Escherichia coli among Iranian Kidney Transplant Patients
    Amin Sadeghi, Mehrdad Halaji, Amirhossein Fayyazi, Seyed Asghar Havaei, Yun Peng Chao
    BioMed Research International.2020; 2020: 1.     CrossRef
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    Zohreh Pourhossein, Leila Asadpour, Hadi Habibollahi, Seyedeh Tooba Shafighi
    Gene Reports.2020; 21: 100926.     CrossRef
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    Rajanbir Kaur, Rajinder Kaur
    Postgraduate Medical Journal.2020; : postgradmedj-2020-139090.     CrossRef
  • Determination of antibiotic resistance genes and virulence factors in Escherichia coli isolated from Turkish patients with urinary tract infection
    Azer Özad Düzgün, Funda Okumuş, Ayşegül Saral, Ayşegül Çopur Çiçek, Sedanur Cinemre
    Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropic.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The emergence of antimicrobial resistance in environmental strains of the Bacteroides fragilis group
    Sebastian Niestępski, Monika Harnisz, Ewa Korzeniewska, Ma. Guadalupe Aguilera-Arreola, Araceli Contreras-Rodríguez, Zofia Filipkowska, Adriana Osińska
    Environment International.2019; 124: 408.     CrossRef
  • Evaluation of Quinolone Resistance in Escherichia coli Isolates Recovered from Urine and Feces of Patients with Acute or Recurrent Urinary Tract Infection
    Hossein Norouzian, Nader Shahrokhi, Shahram Sabeti, Saeid Bouzari, Mohammad Pooya
    Journal of Medical Microbiology and Infectious Dis.2019; 7(4): 120.     CrossRef
  • Plasmid-mediated quinolones resistance in clinically important bacteria
    M. Omidvar Panah, M. Najafi, A. Peymani
    The Journal of Qazvin University of Medical Scien.2018; 22(2): 90.     CrossRef
  • Detection of Plasmid-Mediated qnr Genes Among the Clinical Quinolone-Resistant Escherichia coli Strains Isolated in Tehran, Iran
    Reza Ranjbar, Sajjad S. Tolon, Mehrdad Sami, Reza Golmohammadi
    The Open Microbiology Journal.2018; 12(1): 248.     CrossRef
  • Characterization of Escherichia coli strains isolated from raw vegetables
    Pavel Pleva, Magda Janalí­ková, Silvie Pavlí­čková, Martin Lecomte, Tanguy Godillon, Ivan Holko
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Comparing Two Methods of Cryotherapy and Intense Pulsed Light with Triamcinolone Injection in the Treatment of Keloid and Hypertrophic Scars: A Clinical Trial
Simin Shamsi Meymandi, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Azadeh Rezazadeh
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2016;7(5):313-319.   Published online October 31, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2016.08.005
  • 2,011 View
  • 15 Download
  • 11 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Keloid and hypertrophic scars are abnormal manifestations of wounds that occur following skin injuries in the form of local proliferation of fibroblasts and increased production of collagen. There are several ways to cure these scars; treatment must be selected based on the nature of the scars. In this clinical trial, two methods—cryotherapy and intense pulsed light (IPL)—are compared in the treatment of scars, and the results are presented in terms of improvement level, complications, and patient satisfaction.
Methods
This clinical trial was conducted in southeastern Iran. The intervention group included scars that underwent the IPL method and the control group, which consisted of scars that were subjected to cryotherapy. In both methods, intralesional corticosteroid injection was administered. To select samples, the easy sampling method was used. To determine the expected outcomes, the criteria determined in the Vancouver scar scale were used. Data were analyzed using the Mix Model, chi-square test, and t test.
Results
In this study, 166 samples of keloid and hypertrophic scars were cured using two methods (Cryotherapy, 83; IPL, 83). The recovery rate was higher in the Cryotherapy group than in the IPL group (p > 0.05), and the incidence of complications was also higher in the Cryotherapy group (14.5% vs. 12%). Moreover, patients were more satisfied, although not significantly so, with the cryotherapy method (p = 0.09).
Conclusion
Both methods were highly successful in curing scars; participants were totally satisfied with both methods.

Citations

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  • A systematic review of randomised controlled trials investigating laser assisted drug delivery for the treatment of keloid and hypertrophic scars
    Kelvin Truong, Ines Prasidha, Tevi Wain
    Lasers in Medical Science.2022; 37(1): 47.     CrossRef
  • Diagnosis, Treatment, and Management of Painful Scar: A Narrative Review
    Alaa Abd-Elsayed, Jason Pope, Derick A Mundey, Konstantin V Slavin, Steven Falowski, Ahish Chitneni, Stephen R Popielarski, Jarod John, Samuel Grodofsky, Tony Vanetesse, Michael A Fishman, Philip Kim
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    Paul Charlson
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    Samar A.M. Salem, Sharief M. Abdel Hameed, Azza E. Mostafa
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    Yawei Bao, Shanshan Xu, Zhipeng Pan, Jixiang Deng, Xinyi Li, Faming Pan, Xiaojing Li
    Aesthetic Plastic Surgery.2020; 44(1): 207.     CrossRef
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    Mohamed M. Khedr, Wael Hussein Mahmoud, Fersan A. Sallam, Nader Elmelegy
    Annals of Plastic Surgery.2020; 84(5): 518.     CrossRef
  • Monoclonal Antibodies Addressed to Factors of Signalization in Keloid Scars: Opportunities and Areas of Action
    Erick Moreno Pizarro, Eduardo Morales Valencia, Arturo Pérez Cuéllar, Camilo Acuña Pinzon, Aarón Emanuel Serrano Padilla
    Cureus.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Ke Li, Fabio Nicoli, Chunxiao Cui, Wen Jing Xi, Ahmed Al-Mousawi, Zheng Zhang, Alberto Balzani, Lindsay Neill, Roberto Sorge, Yun Tong, Yixin Zhang
    Scientific Reports.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Xiuxia Wang, Xiaoli Wu, Ke Liu, Lingling Xia, Xunxun Lin, Wei Liu, Zhen Gao
    Medicine.2017; 96(43): e8353.     CrossRef
  • Comparing Efficacy and Tolerability of Triamcinolone and Verapamil in Treatment of Hypertrophic Scars and Keloids
    Abbas Zamanian, Maryam Nokandeh, Elham Behrangi, Zeynab Fazel, Zahra Azizian
    Journal of Skin and Stem Cell.2017;[Epub]     CrossRef
Tuberculosis Notification Completeness and Timeliness in the Republic of Korea During 2012–2014
Hae-Young Kang, Hyosoon Yoo, Wonseo Park, Unyeong Go, Eunkyeong Jeong, Ki-Suck Jung, Hyunjin Son
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2016;7(5):320-326.   Published online October 31, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2016.08.002
  • 2,595 View
  • 22 Download
  • 17 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Completeness and timeliness are key attributes of accurate disease surveillance. This study aimed to evaluate the completeness and timeliness of tuberculosis (TB) notification in the Republic of Korea, by comparing notification data from the Korean National Tuberculosis Surveillance System and reimbursement data from the National Health Insurance.
Methods
We evaluated reimbursement data from 103,075 cases (2012–2014) and surveillance data from 215,055 cases (2011–2015); cases were matched using Resident Registration Numbers. Completeness was evaluated using notifications that were reported within 365 days of the corresponding insurance claim. Timeliness was evaluated using the delay between starting TB treatment and the corresponding notification. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to analyze factors that affected completeness (e.g., sex, age, institution type, and nationality).
Results
The completeness values were 90.0% in 2012 (33,094/36,775), 93.0% in 2013 (31,445/33,803), and 94.0% in 2014 (30,537/32,497). The rates of notification within 7 days of the corresponding claim were 81.6% in 2012 (27,323/33,489), 79.8% in 2013 (25,469/31,905), and 80.4% in 2014 (24,891/30,978). Increases over time were observed in the sex-, age-, institution type-, and nationality-specific analyses. Multivariate analyses revealed that completeness was affected by institution type [hospitals: odds ratio (OR) = 1.82, p < 0.001; general hospitals: OR = 4.18, p < 0.001] and nationality (native Korean status: OR = 1.48, p < 0.001).
Conclusion
Notification completeness exhibited a 4.0% increase during 2012–2014 in Korea, and institution type and nationality significantly affected the completeness of TB notifications.

Citations

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AIDS Awareness: Indispensible Prerequisite Among Fishermen Population
Swapna B. Shetty, Darshan D. Divakar, M.H.N. Dalati, Sajith Vellappally, Sukumaran Anil, Marey A. Alshehry, Baher Felemban, Al S. Mamdouh, Obaid A. Alshahrani
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2016;7(5):327-333.   Published online October 31, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2016.09.003
  • 1,964 View
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Fishermen are among the most vulnerable groups for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/AIDS with reported high prevalence. Poor knowledge base has been evidenced by a few studies. The present study was conducted to assess the knowledge regarding HIV/AIDS among fishermen of the Kutch coast, Gujarat, India.
Methods
A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 950 fishermen of the Kutch coast, in the months of January–February 2015. Knowledge of HIV/AIDS of fishermen was assessed using structured interview schedules with 12 questions. The information on socio-demographic characteristics was also obtained. Chi-square test and multivariate logistic regression analysis were used for statistical analysis. The confidence level and level of significance were fixed at 95% and 5%, respectively.
Results
A major proportion of participants (57.2%) had no access to any potential source of information and had never heard about HIV/AIDS (65.1%). Some of them were aware of modes of transmission of AIDS but only a few of them knew about the methods of prevention. Only 23.1% of participants were observed with appropriate knowledge regarding HIV/AIDS. Bivariate and multivariate analysis revealed significant variation in the proportion of participants with appropriate knowledge with age and educational status.
Conclusion
Overall, the knowledge of the fishermen community in the present study was evidenced to be poor creating an alarming situation demanding educative interventions as a part of AIDS control programs.

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A Case–control Study on the Relationship between Mycoplasma genitalium Infection in Women with Normal Pregnancy and Spontaneous Abortion using Polymerase Chain Reaction
Rashid Ramazanzadeh, Mazaher Khodabandehloo, Fariba Farhadifar, Samaneh Rouhi, Amjad Ahmadi, Shaho Menbari, Fariba Fallahi, Reza Mirnejad
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2016;7(5):334-338.   Published online October 31, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2016.07.001
  • 1,844 View
  • 21 Download
  • 8 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Mycoplasma genitalium infections are suggested as causes of a number of pathological outcomes in pregnant women. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of M. genitalium infections among pregnant women and its association with spontaneous abortion.
Methods
In this case–control study we included 109 women with spontaneous abortion with a gestational age of 10–20 weeks (patients), and 109 women with normal pregnancy with a gestational age of 20–37 weeks (controls) in Sanandaj, Iran. Using specific primers and extracted DNA from endocervical swabs, a polymerase chain reaction was conducted for the detection of M. genitalium infection in both groups.
Results
The frequency of M. genitalium infection in patient and control groups was one (0.91%) and three (2.75%), respectively. In both control and patient groups using Fisher test, no association between mycoplasma infection and spontaneous abortion was seen.
Conclusion
M. genitalium may be positive in the genital tract of some pregnant women but was not associated with spontaneous abortion. Further powerful studies with larger sample sizes are needed for the determination of a possible role of M. genitalium in pregnancy outcomes and spontaneous abortion.

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    Khadijeh Moridi, Mohammad Hemmaty, Amir Azimian, Mohammad Hosein Fallah, Hamid Khaneghahi Abyaneh, Kiarash Ghazvini
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    Carolyn P Smullin, Hunter Green, Remco Peters, Dorothy Nyemba, Yamkela Qayiya, Landon Myer, Jeffrey Klausner, Dvora Joseph Davey
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PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives