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Original Articles
KCDC Risk Assessments on the Initial Phase of the COVID-19 Outbreak in Korea
Inho Kim, Jia Lee, Jihee Lee, Eensuk Shin, Chaeshin Chu, Seon Kui Lee
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2020;11(2):67-73.   Published online April 30, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2020.11.2.02
  • 10,649 View
  • 599 Download
  • 15 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

This study aims to evaluate the risk assessments of coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) in the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (KCDC), from the point of detection to the provision of basic information to the relevant public health authorities.

Methods

To estimate the overall risk of specific public health events, probability, and impact at the country-level were evaluated using available information. To determine the probability of particular public health events, the risk of importation and risk of transmission were taken into consideration. KCDC used 5 levels (“very low,” “low,” “moderate,” “high,” and “very high”) for each category and overall risk was eventually decided.

Results

A total of 8 risk assessments were performed on 8 separate occasions between January 8th to February 28th, 2020, depending on the detection and report of COVID-19 cases in other countries. The overall risk of the situation in each assessment increased in severity over this period: “low” (first), “moderate” (second), “high” (third), “high” (fourth), “high” (fifth), “high” (sixth), “high” (seventh), and “very high” (eighth).

Conclusion

The KCDC’s 8 risk assessments were utilized to activate national emergency response mechanisms and eventually prepare for the pandemic to ensure the containment and mitigation of COVID-19 with non-pharmaceutical public health measures.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • A resposta da Coreia do Sul à pandemia de COVID-19: lições aprendidas e recomendações a gestores
    Thais Regis Aranha Rossi, Catharina Leite Matos Soares, Gerluce Alves Silva, Jairnilson Silva Paim, Lígia Maria Vieira-da-Silva
    Cadernos de Saúde Pública.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Nursing Experience of New Nurses Caring for COVID-19 Patients in Military Hospitals: A Qualitative Study
    Young-Hoon Kwon, Hye-Ju Han, Eunyoung Park
    Healthcare.2022; 10(4): 744.     CrossRef
  • South Korea’s fast response to coronavirus disease: implications on public policy and public management theory
    Pan Suk Kim
    Public Management Review.2021; 23(12): 1736.     CrossRef
  • Detection of SARS-CoV-2 in Fecal Samples From Patients With Asymptomatic and Mild COVID-19 in Korea
    Soo-kyung Park, Chil-Woo Lee, Dong-Il Park, Hee-Yeon Woo, Hae Suk Cheong, Ho Cheol Shin, Kwangsung Ahn, Min-Jung Kwon, Eun-Jeong Joo
    Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology.2021; 19(7): 1387.     CrossRef
  • Systematic assessment of South Korea’s capabilities to control COVID-19
    Katelyn J. Yoo, Soonman Kwon, Yoonjung Choi, David M. Bishai
    Health Policy.2021; 125(5): 568.     CrossRef
  • Environmental risk assessment and comprehensive index model of disaster loss for COVID-19 transmission
    Sulin Pang, Xiaofeng Hu, Zhiming Wen
    Environmental Technology & Innovation.2021; 23: 101597.     CrossRef
  • Transmission dynamics and control of two epidemic waves of SARS-CoV-2 in South Korea
    Sukhyun Ryu, Sheikh Taslim Ali, Eunbi Noh, Dasom Kim, Eric H. Y. Lau, Benjamin J. Cowling
    BMC Infectious Diseases.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Identifying and Prioritizing Ways to Improve Oman’s Tourism Sector in the Corona Period
    Zakiya Salim Al-Hasni
    Journal of Intercultural Management.2021; 13(1): 144.     CrossRef
  • Decreased Use of Broad-Spectrum Antibiotics During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Epidemic in South Korea
    Sukhyun Ryu, Youngsik Hwang, Sheikh Taslim Ali, Dong-Sook Kim, Eili Y Klein, Eric H Y Lau, Benjamin J Cowling
    The Journal of Infectious Diseases.2021; 224(6): 949.     CrossRef
  • COVID-19 and Cancer Therapy: Interrelationships and Management of Cancer Cases in the Era of COVID-19
    Simon N. Mbugua, Lydia W. Njenga, Ruth A. Odhiambo, Shem O. Wandiga, Martin O. Onani, Nenad Ignjatovic
    Journal of Chemistry.2021; 2021: 1.     CrossRef
  • Challenges to manage pandemic of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in Iran with a special situation: a qualitative multi-method study
    Hamidreza Khankeh, Mehrdad Farrokhi, Juliet Roudini, Negar Pourvakhshoori, Shokoufeh Ahmadi, Masoumeh Abbasabadi-Arab, Nader Majidi Bajerge, Babak Farzinnia, Pirhossain Kolivand, Vahid Delshad, Mohammad Saeed Khanjani, Sadegh Ahmadi-Mazhin, Ali Sadeghi-Mo
    BMC Public Health.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Effect of Nonpharmaceutical Interventions on Transmission of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2, South Korea, 2020
    Sukhyun Ryu, Seikh Taslim Ali, Cheolsun Jang, Baekjin Kim, Benjamin J. Cowling
    Emerging Infectious Diseases.2020; 26(10): 2406.     CrossRef
  • Early Trend of Imported COVID-19 Cases in South Korea

    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2020; 11(3): 140.     CrossRef
  • Effect of Underlying Comorbidities on the Infection and Severity of COVID-19 in Korea: a Nationwide Case-Control Study
    Wonjun Ji, Kyungmin Huh, Minsun Kang, Jinwook Hong, Gi Hwan Bae, Rugyeom Lee, Yewon Na, Hyoseon Choi, Seon Yeong Gong, Yoon-Hyeong Choi, Kwang-Pil Ko, Jeong-Soo Im, Jaehun Jung
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Innovative countermeasures can maintain cancer care continuity during the coronavirus disease-2019 pandemic in Korea
    Soohyeon Lee, Ah-reum Lim, Min Ja Kim, Yoon Ji Choi, Ju Won Kim, Kyong Hwa Park, Sang Won Shin, Yeul Hong Kim
    European Journal of Cancer.2020; 136: 69.     CrossRef
Estimation of the Size of Dengue and Zika Infection Among Korean Travelers to Southeast Asia and Latin America, 2016–2017
Chaeshin Chu, Een Suk Shin
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2019;10(6):394-398.   Published online December 31, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2019.10.6.10
  • 2,771 View
  • 53 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

To estimate the number and risk of imported infections resulting from people visiting Asian and Latin American countries.

Methods

The dataset of visitors to 5 Asian countries with dengue were analyzed for 2016 and 2017, and in the Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam, imported cases of zika virus infection were also reported. For zika virus, a single imported case was reported from Brazil in 2016, and 2 imported cases reported from the Maldives in 2017. To understand the transmissibility in 5 Southeast Asian countries, the estimate of the force of infection, i.e., the hazard of infection per year and the average duration of travel has been extracted. Outbound travel numbers were retrieved from the World Tourism Organization, including business travelers.

Results

The incidence of imported dengue in 2016 was estimated at 7.46, 15.00, 2.14, 4.73 and 2.40 per 100,000 travelers visiting Philippines, Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia and Vietnam, respectively. Similarly, 2.55, 1.65, 1.53, 1.86 and 1.70 per 100,000 travelers in 2017, respectively. It was estimated that there were 60.1 infections (range: from 16.8 to 150.7 infections) with zika virus in Brazil, 2016, and 345.6 infections (range: from 85.4 to 425.5 infections) with zika virus in the Maldives, 2017.

Conclusion

This study emphasizes that dengue and zika virus infections are mild in their nature, and a substantial number of infections may go undetected. An appropriate risk assessment of zika virus infection must use the estimated total size of infections.

Editorials
Watch Your Waistline
Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2018;9(2):43-44.   Published online April 30, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2018.9.2.01
  • 2,594 View
  • 67 Download
PDF
A Joint Exercise against Intentional Biothreats
Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2018;9(1):1-2.   Published online December 31, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2018.9.1.01
  • 3,886 View
  • 33 Download
PDF
Adolescents in Multi-Ethnic Families under Korean Ethnic Nationalism
Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2017;8(6):367-368.   Published online December 31, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2017.8.6.01
  • 2,525 View
  • 32 Download
  • 1 Citations
PDF

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Suicide attempt and violence victimization in Korean adolescents with migrant parents: A nationwide study
    Woorim Kim, Sungyoun Chun, Sang Ah Lee
    Journal of Affective Disorders.2021; 290: 164.     CrossRef
Not One for All
Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2017;8(5):293-294.   Published online October 31, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2017.8.5.01
  • 2,139 View
  • 14 Download
PDF
The Story of Korean Health Insurance System
Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2017;8(4):235-236.   Published online August 31, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2017.8.4.01
  • 2,286 View
  • 23 Download
  • 2 Citations
PDF

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • How to Reduce Excessive Use of the Health Care Service in Medical Aid Beneficiaries: Effectiveness of Community-Based Case Management
    Myung Ja Kim, Eunhee Lee
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2020; 17(7): 2503.     CrossRef
  • Lessons learned for reducing out of pocket health payment in Afghanistan: a comparative case study of three Asian countries
    Fatima Akbari, Munehito Machida, Hiroyuki Nakamura, Keisuke Nagase, Aya Goto, Akinori Hara
    Journal of Global Health Science.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
To Be or Not to Be
Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2017;8(3):157-158.   Published online June 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2017.8.3.01
  • 2,125 View
  • 16 Download
PDF
Depression among Middle-aged Persons
Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2017;8(2):105-107.   Published online April 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2017.8.2.01
  • 2,345 View
  • 19 Download
PDF
What Matters in the Performance of a Medial Institution?
Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2017;8(1):1-2.   Published online February 28, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2017.8.1.01
  • 2,093 View
  • 21 Download
PDF
What Affects Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in Korea?
Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2016;7(6):339-340.   Published online December 31, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2016.12.001
  • 1,620 View
  • 32 Download
PDF
Fallen Flowers
Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2016;7(5):279-280.   Published online October 31, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2016.09.002
  • 1,816 View
  • 22 Download
PDF
A moment of truth
Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2016;7(4):211-212.   Published online August 31, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2016.08.001
  • 1,737 View
  • 16 Download
PDF
What Would Be a Better Strategy for National University Hospital Management?
Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2016;7(3):139-140.   Published online June 30, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2016.05.003
  • 1,759 View
  • 14 Download
PDF
Evaluation of Self-assessment in Cardiovascular Diseases Among Korean Older Population
Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2016;7(2):75-76.   Published online April 30, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2016.03.001
  • 1,785 View
  • 19 Download
  • 4 Citations
PDF

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • A 10-year trend in income disparity of cardiovascular health among older adults in South Korea
    Chiyoung Lee, Qing Yang, Eun-Ok Im, Eleanor Schildwachter McConnell, Sin-Ho Jung, Hyeoneui Kim
    SSM - Population Health.2020; 12: 100682.     CrossRef
  • Measurement of Socioeconomic Position in Research on Cardiovascular Health Disparities in Korea: A Systematic Review
    Chi-Young Lee, Yong-Hwan Lee
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2019; 52(5): 281.     CrossRef
  • Evaluación del riesgo cardiovascular en adultos mayores utilizando el modelo SCORE OP en una población latinoamericana: experiencia en Ecuador
    Ivan Sisa
    Medicina Clínica.2018; 150(3): 92.     CrossRef
  • Cardiovascular risk assessment in elderly adults using SCORE OP model in a Latin American population: The experience from Ecuador
    Ivan Sisa
    Medicina Clínica (English Edition).2018; 150(3): 92.     CrossRef

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives