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Seroprevalence of immunoglobulin G antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 in children and adolescents in Delhi, India, from January to October 2021: a repeated cross-sectional analysis
Pragya Sharma, Saurav Basu, Suruchi Mishra, Mongjam Meghachandra Singh
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2022;13(3):184-190.   Published online June 10, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2022.0014
  • 2,942 View
  • 59 Download
  • 1 Citations
Graphical AbstractGraphical Abstract AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
The aim of this study was to assess changes in the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) immunoglobulin G (IgG) seroprevalence among children and adolescents in Delhi, India from January 2021 to October 2021. Methods: This was a repeated cross-sectional analysis of participants aged 5 to 17 years from 2 SARS-CoV-2 seroprevalence surveys conducted in Delhi, India during January 2021 and September to October 2021. Anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibodies were detected by using the VITROS assay (90% sensitivity, 100% specificity). Results: The seroprevalence among 5- to 17-year-old school-age children and adolescents increased from 52.8% (95% confidence interval [CI], 51.3%−54.3%) in January 2021 to 81.8% (95% CI, 80.9%−82.6%) in September to October 2021. The assay-adjusted seroprevalence was 90.8% (95% CI, 89.8%−91.7%). Seropositivity positively correlated with participants’ age (p<0.001), but not sex (p=0.388). A signal to cut-off ratio ≥4.00, correlating with the presence of neutralization antibodies, was observed in 4,814 (57.9%) participants. Conclusion: The high percentage of seroconversion among children and adolescents indicates the presence of natural infection-induced immunity from past exposure to the SARS-CoV-2 virus. However, the lack of hybrid immunity and the concomitant likelihood of lower levels of neutralization antibodies than in adults due to the absence of vaccination warrants careful monitoring and surveillance of infection risk and disease severity from newer and emergent variants.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Seroprevalence of SARS CoV-2 among children after the second surge (June 2021) in a rural district of South India: Findings and lessons from a population-based survey
    Carolin Elizabeth George, Leeberk Raja Inbaraj, Shon Rajukutty, Roshni Florina Joan, Sangeetha Muthuraj, Sindhulina Chandrasingh
    Frontiers in Pediatrics.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
AIDS Awareness: Indispensible Prerequisite Among Fishermen Population
Swapna B. Shetty, Darshan D. Divakar, M.H.N. Dalati, Sajith Vellappally, Sukumaran Anil, Marey A. Alshehry, Baher Felemban, Al S. Mamdouh, Obaid A. Alshahrani
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2016;7(5):327-333.   Published online October 31, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2016.09.003
  • 1,946 View
  • 24 Download
  • 2 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Fishermen are among the most vulnerable groups for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/AIDS with reported high prevalence. Poor knowledge base has been evidenced by a few studies. The present study was conducted to assess the knowledge regarding HIV/AIDS among fishermen of the Kutch coast, Gujarat, India.
Methods
A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 950 fishermen of the Kutch coast, in the months of January–February 2015. Knowledge of HIV/AIDS of fishermen was assessed using structured interview schedules with 12 questions. The information on socio-demographic characteristics was also obtained. Chi-square test and multivariate logistic regression analysis were used for statistical analysis. The confidence level and level of significance were fixed at 95% and 5%, respectively.
Results
A major proportion of participants (57.2%) had no access to any potential source of information and had never heard about HIV/AIDS (65.1%). Some of them were aware of modes of transmission of AIDS but only a few of them knew about the methods of prevention. Only 23.1% of participants were observed with appropriate knowledge regarding HIV/AIDS. Bivariate and multivariate analysis revealed significant variation in the proportion of participants with appropriate knowledge with age and educational status.
Conclusion
Overall, the knowledge of the fishermen community in the present study was evidenced to be poor creating an alarming situation demanding educative interventions as a part of AIDS control programs.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Prolonged Release of Anti-Retroviral Efavirenz From System Using ZIF-8 as Carrier
    Alinne Élida Gonçalves Alves Tabosa, Aline Silva Ferreira, Natália Millena da Silva, Débora Dolores Souza da Silva Nascimento, Leslie Raphael de Moura Ferraz, José Yago Rodrigues Silva, Severino Alves Junior, Rosali Maria Ferreira da Silva, Larissa Araúj
    Current HIV Research.2020; 18(6): 396.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of HIV infection and uptake of HIV/AIDS services among fisherfolk in landing Islands of Lake Victoria, north western Tanzania
    Anthony Kapesa, Namanya Basinda, Elias C. Nyanza, Martha F. Mushi, Ola Jahanpour, Sospatro E. Ngallaba
    BMC Health Services Research.2018;[Epub]     CrossRef
Prevalence of Dyslipidemia and Hypertension in Indian Type 2 Diabetic Patients with Metabolic Syndrome and its Clinical Significance
Dhananjay Yadav, Meerambika Mishra, Arvind Tiwari, Prakash Singh Bisen, Hari Mohan Goswamy, G.B.K.S. Prasad
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2014;5(3):169-175.   Published online June 30, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2014.04.009
  • 1,878 View
  • 22 Download
  • 12 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
The present study was designed to estimate the prevalence of dyslipidemia and hypertension based on the National Cholesterol Educational Programme Adult Treatment Panel III definition of metabolic syndrome (MetS). The study also focuses on prevalence for MetS with respect to the duration of disease in Gwalior–Chambal region of Madhya Pradesh, India.
Methods
Type 2 diabetic patients (n = 700) were selected from a cross-sectional study that is regularly being conducted in the School of Studies in Biochemistry, Jiwaji University Gwalior, India. The period of our study was from January 2007 to October 2009. Dyslipidemia and hypertension were determined in type 2 diabetic patients with MetS as per National Cholesterol Educational Programme Adult Treatment Panel III criteria.
Results
The mean age of the study population was 54 ± 9.3 years with 504 (72%) males and 196 (28%) females. The prevalence of MetS increased with increased duration of diabetes in females; however, almost constant prevalence was seen in the males. Notable increase in the dyslipidemia (64.1%) and hypertension (49%) in type 2 diabetic patients were seen. The steep increase in dyslipidemia and hypertension could be the reason for the growing prevalence of diabetes worldwide. The study also noted a close association between age and occurrence of MetS.
Conclusion
Individual variable of MetS appears to be highly rampant in diabetic population. Despite treatment, almost half of patients still met the criteria for MetS. Effective treatment of MetS components is required to reduce cardiovascular risk in diabetes mellitus hence accurate and early diagnosis to induce effective treatment of MetS in Indian population will be pivotal in the prevention of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Magnitude and Determinants of Diabetic Retinopathy Among Indian Diabetic Patients Undergoing Telescreening in India
    Rajiv Khandekar, Tamilarasan Senthil, Malathi Nainappan, Deepak P. Edward
    Telemedicine and e-Health.2022; 28(2): 176.     CrossRef
  • An experimental study of rosuvastatin’s analgesic effect and its interaction with etoricoxib, tramadol, amlodipine, and amitriptytline in albino mice
    Prafull Mohan, Ashok Kumar Sharma, Sharmila Sinha, R. Sabarad
    Medical Journal Armed Forces India.2022; 78: S61.     CrossRef
  • Receptor for Advanced Glycation End Product, Organ Crosstalk, and Pathomechanism Targets for Comprehensive Molecular Therapeutics in Diabetic Ischemic Stroke
    Nivedita L. Rao, Greeshma B. Kotian, Jeevan K. Shetty, Bhaskara P. Shelley, Mackwin Kenwood Dmello, Eric C. Lobo, Suchetha Padar Shankar, Shellette D. Almeida, Saiqa R. Shah
    Biomolecules.2022; 12(11): 1712.     CrossRef
  • Metabolic and Energy Imbalance in Dysglycemia-Based Chronic Disease
    Sanjay Kalra, Ambika Gopalakrishnan Unnikrishnan, Manash P Baruah, Rakesh Sahay, Ganapathi Bantwal
    Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets .2021; Volume 14: 165.     CrossRef
  • Association between diet quality scores, adiposity, glycemic status and nutritional biomarkers among Indian population with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A cross-sectional study
    Aamir Bashir, Krishna Pandey, Md Azharuddin, Anjali Kumari, Ishfaq Rashid, N.A. Siddiqui, Chandra Shekhar Lal, Krishna Murti
    Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health.2020; 8(1): 53.     CrossRef
  • The Impact of BMI Categories on Metabolic Abnormality Development in Chinese Adults Who are Metabolically Healthy: A 7-Year Prospective Study


    Xiangtong Liu, Jingbo Zhang, Jingwei Wu, Xiaolin Xu, Lixin Tao, Yue Sun, Shuo Chen, Yumei Han, Yanxia Luo, Xinghua Yang, Xiuhua Guo
    Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets .2020; Volume 13: 819.     CrossRef
  • Metabolic syndrome in north Indian type 2 diabetes mellitus patients: A comparison of four different diagnostic criteria of metabolic syndrome
    Deepak Gahlan, Rajesh Rajput, Vandana Singh
    Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research &.2019; 13(1): 356.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes and Prediabetes in the Gwalior-Chambal Region of Central India
    Senthil Kumar Subramani, Dhananjay Yadav, Meerambika Mishra, Umamaheswari Pakkirisamy, Prakesh Mathiyalagen, GBKS Prasad
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2019; 16(23): 4708.     CrossRef
  • A PROSPECTIVE STUDY OF DYSLIPIDAEMIA AND OBESITY IN HYPERTENSION PATIENTS
    Ponnana Raja Kumar, Siripurapu Sasikala
    Journal of Evidence Based Medicine and Healthcare.2018; 5(1): 43.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence and pattern of co morbidity among type2 diabetics attending urban primary healthcare centers at Bhubaneswar (India)
    Sandipana Pati, F. G. Schellevis, Alessandra Marengoni
    PLOS ONE.2017; 12(8): e0181661.     CrossRef
  • Dyslipidemia Prevalence in Iranian Adult Men: The Impact of Population-Based Screening on the Detection of Undiagnosed Patients
    Abolfazl Mohammadbeigi, Esamil Moshiri, Narges Mohammadsalehi, Hossein Ansari, Ali Ahmadi
    The World Journal of Men's Health.2015; 33(3): 167.     CrossRef
  • Association of high-density lipoprotein with development of metabolic syndrome components: a five-year follow-up in adults
    Xiangtong Liu, Lixin Tao, Kai Cao, Zhaoping Wang, Dongning Chen, Jin Guo, Huiping Zhu, Xinghua Yang, Youxin Wang, Jingjing Wang, Chao Wang, Long Liu, Xiuhua Guo
    BMC Public Health.2015;[Epub]     CrossRef

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives