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Original Articles
Designing and Evaluating Educational Intervention to Improve Preventive Behavior Against Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Endemic Areas in Iran
Musalreza Ghodsi, Mina Maheri, Hamid Joveini, Mohammad Hassan Rakhshani, Ali Mehri
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2019;10(4):253-262.   Published online August 31, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2019.10.4.09
  • 6,053 View
  • 95 Download
  • 11 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

Health education programs are one of the most important strategies for controlling cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) in endemic areas such as Neshabur city. This study aimed to develop and evaluate a comprehensive health education program to improve preventive behaviors for CL.

Methods

This was an interventional study conducted on 136 high school students in Neishabur city. Data collection instruments included a demographic questionnaire and a researcher-made questionnaire based on the “Health Belief Model” and “Beliefs, Attitudes, Subjective Norms and Enabling Factors Model” constructs. The control and intervention groups completed the questionnaires before and 2 months after the intervention. The intervention was conducted in 6, 1-hour educational sessions for the intervention group students and 2, 1-hour sessions for school administrators, teachers, and students’ parents.

Results

There was no significant difference between the 2 groups in the pre-intervention phase. However, in the post-intervention phase, there were significant differences between the 2 groups for mean scores of knowledge, perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefits, cues to action, self-efficacy, attitude, subjective norms, behavioral intention, enabling factors, and behavior associated with CL.

Conclusion

Health education program based on the “Health Belief Model” and the “Beliefs, Attitudes, Subjective Norms and Enabling Factors Model” model constructs may be a comprehensive and effective educational program to improve preventive behaviors against CL in students.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Investigating Iranians’ Attitude, Practice, and Perceived Self-Efficacy towards COVID-19 Preventive Behaviors
    Hamid Joveini, Zahra Zare, Masoumeh Hashemian, Ali Mehri, Reza Shahrabadi, Neda Mahdavifar, Hamideh Ebrahimi Aval
    The Open Public Health Journal.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Intervention Study to Increase Knowledge and Awareness in Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Cases: The Case of Şanlıurfa
    Burcu BEYAZGÜL, İbrahim KORUK, Rüstem KUZAN, Şule ALLAHVERDİ
    Mersin Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi.2022; : 188.     CrossRef
  • Congregational Worshiping and Implementation of the COVID-19 Preventive Behavioral Measures During the Re-opening Phase of Worship Places Among Indonesian Muslims
    Mochamad Iqbal Nurmansyah, Sarah Handayani, Deni Wahyudi Kurniawan, Emma Rachmawati, Hidayati, Ahmad Muttaqin Alim
    Journal of Religion and Health.2022; 61(5): 4169.     CrossRef
  • Development and psychometric assessment of cutaneous leishmaniasis prevention behaviors questionnaire in adolescent female students: Application of integration of cultural model and extended parallel process model
    Masoumeh Alidosti, Hossein Shahnazi, Zahra Heidari, Fereshteh Zamani-Alavijeh, Mona Dür
    PLOS ONE.2022; 17(8): e0273400.     CrossRef
  • Community-Based Interventions for the Prevention and Control of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis: A Systematic Review
    Kay Polidano, Brianne Wenning, Alejandra Ruiz-Cadavid, Baheya Dawaishan, Jay Panchal, Sonali Gunasekara, Haftom Abebe, Marciglei Morais, Helen Price, Lisa Dikomitis
    Social Sciences.2022; 11(10): 490.     CrossRef
  • Design and evaluation of two educational media in the form of animation and games to promote the cutaneous leishmaniasis prevention behaviors in adolescent female
    Masoumeh Alidosti, Hossein Shahnazi, Zahra Heidari, Fereshteh Zamani-Alavijeh
    BMC Public Health.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Knowledge, attitude, and practice toward Zika virus among staff of comprehensive health services centers affiliated with Tehran University of Medical Sciences in 2020
    Hamidreza Farrokh‐Eslamlou, Mina Maheri
    Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research.2021; 47(6): 2204.     CrossRef
  • Behaviors and Perceptions Related to Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Endemic Areas of the World: A Review
    Masoumeh Alidosti, Zahra Heidari, Hossein Shahnazi, Fereshteh Zamani-Alavijeh
    Acta Tropica.2021; 223: 106090.     CrossRef
  • Application of BASNEF model in students training regarding cutaneous leishmaniasis prevention behaviors: a school-based quasi experimental study
    Gholamreza Alizadeh, Hossein Shahnazi, Akbar Hassanzadeh
    BMC Infectious Diseases.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Predicting the Preventive Behaviors of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in families with Children Under 10 Years, Applied the Precede Model
    Hosein Jajarmi, Mahdi Gholian-Aval, Asma pourtaheri, Habibollah Esmaily, Hamid Hosseini, Rezvan Rajabzadeh, Hadi Tehrani
    ranian Journal of Health Education and Health Prom.2021; 9(4): 360.     CrossRef
  • Effects of an Educational Intervention on Male Students’ Intention to Quit Water Pipe Smoking: an Application of the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) and Health Action Process Approach (HAPA)
    Hamid Joveini, Tahereh Dehdari, Masoumeh Hashemian, Mina Maheri, Reza Shahrabadi, Alireza Rohban, Ali Mehri, Hasan Eftekhar Ardebili
    Journal of Education and Community Health.2020; 7(2): 73.     CrossRef
Epidemiological Aspects of Visceral Leishmaniasis in Larestan and Ghiro-Karzin Counties, Southwest of Iran
Nasiri Zahra, Keshavarzi Davood, Akbari Morteza, Soltani Zahra
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2018;9(2):81-85.   Published online April 30, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2018.9.2.07
  • 4,076 View
  • 32 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

Leishmania parasites are the causative agents of leishmaniasis. The Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) form of the disease is fatal if not treated in most cases. This study examined the epidemiological aspects of VL in two southwest counties of Iran.

Methods

This was a retrospective study of hospitalized patients with a laboratory confirmation of VL from Larestan and Ghiro-Karzin Counties.

Results

For Larestan county, a decline in the incidence of VL has been observed from 2004 to 2015. Significantly more males (n = 14) than females (n = 6) were infected with VL in this county (p < 0.05), >95% of cases in children under 5 years of age. In Ghiro-Karzin county, the results were similar to a decline in VL infection from 2004 to 2015, and slightly more males (n = 14) than females (n = 11). Similarly, the majority of the patients infected with VL were children under 5 years old (88%).

Conclusion

The results from this study indicate that although the incidence of VL infection has reduced over time, VL was more prevalent in boys under 5 years old, suggesting that more attention to controlling the parasite and its vector are required.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Efficacy and safety of single-dose liposomal amphotericin B in patients with visceral leishmaniasis in Bangladesh: a real-life experience
    Md. Rezaul Ekram, Mohammad Robed Amin, Mohammad Jahid Hasan, Md. Abdullah Saeed Khan, Rajib Nath, Pranab Kumar Mallik, Alex Lister, Monjur Rahman
    Journal of Parasitic Diseases.2021; 45(4): 903.     CrossRef

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives