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Review Article
COVID-19 Outbreak in Malaysia
Asita Elengoe
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2020;11(3):93-100.   Published online June 1, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2020.11.3.08
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  • 70 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF

In 2020 a significant threat to public health emerged. The novel severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) epidemic outbreak emerged in December 2019 from Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China and spread to the rest of the world. This disease was named COVID-19 by World Health Organization. To date (17th April 2020) a total of 2,230,439 cases of COVID-19; 150,810 cases of deaths and 564,210 recovered cases have been reported worldwide. In this review the SARS-CoV-2 morphology, pathogenic mechanism, similarities and differences between SARS-CoV and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome and severe acute respiratory syndrome, transmission mode, diagnosis, treatment, and preventive measures were investigated. The outbreak of COVID-19 from a Malaysian perspective was explored and mental health care during the COVID-19 outbreak was explored. To date, there is no vaccine or no specific treatment for COVID-19. Therefore, preventive measures are very important to prevent and control the rapid spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus. Preparedness should be a priority for future pandemic outbreaks.

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Original Article
The Determinants of Participation in Physical Activity in Malaysia
Yong Kang Cheah, Bee Koon Poh
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2014;5(1):20-27.   Published online February 28, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2013.12.002
  • 2,263 View
  • 21 Download
  • 27 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
In light of the importance of physical activity, the aim of the present study is to examine the factors affecting participation in physical activity among adults in Malaysia.
Methods
A logistic regression model and the Third National Health and Morbidity Survey consisting of 30,992 respondents were used.
Results
Age, income, gender, education, marital status, region, house locality, job characteristics, and medical conditions are significantly associated with participation in physical activity. In particular, old individuals, high income earners, females, the well-educated, widowed or divorced individuals, East Malaysians, urban dwellers, the unemployed, and individuals who are not diagnosed with hypercholesterolemia are less likely to be physically active than others.
Conclusion
Because sociodemographic and health factors play an important role in determining physical activity, the government should take them into account when formulating policy.

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PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives