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Original Article
Identifying Barriers to Human Immunodeficiency Virus Testing for Men Who Have Sex with Men in South Korea
Aeree Sohn, Byonghee Cho, Harvey A. Kennedy
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2015;6(3):192-200.   Published online June 30, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2015.06.003
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  • 7 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
The principal objective of this study was to identify the barriers to testing for men who have sex with men (MSM) in Korea, something that might prove useful in future studies of this nature.
Methods
This study was conducted at gay bars nationwide in Korea. After considering several offline locations (gay bars) where MSM candidates are commonly located, random recruitment was performed using time–location sampling. A total of 944 individuals participated in this survey. A total sample of 921 cases (23 cases were excluded) was used for analysis. A self-administered questionnaire measuring the individuals' demographics, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/AIDS knowledge, stigma, phobia, optimism bias, self-efficacy for condom use, and sexual practices was used.
Results
About 61.8% (N = 569) of respondents reported having been tested at least once in their lifetime, and 38.9% (N = 358) acknowledged being tested within the past 12 months. After adjusting for age, education, and number of partners in a logistic regression analysis, awareness of testing place [odds ratio (OR) = 4.04], exposure to HIV prevention campaign (1.54), fear (OR = 1.13), and discrimination toward people with HIV/AIDS (OR = 0.94) were the main factors associated with HIV testing.
Conclusion
To accomplish widespread HIV testing for Korean MSM, the accessibility of testing centers and advertisement of voluntary counseling and testing to MSM are needed.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Behavioral predictors associated with HIV screening needs in gay Korean men during the COVID-19 pandemic
    Rang Hee Kwon, So-Hyun Kim, Minsoo Jung, Omid Dadras
    PLOS ONE.2023; 18(6): e0287061.     CrossRef
  • Trends in Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Related Knowledge and Stigma among Men Who Have Sex with Men in the Republic of Korea from 2012 to 2022
    Aeree Sohn
    Healthcare.2023; 11(24): 3135.     CrossRef
  • Cost-effectiveness analysis of pre-exposure prophylaxis for the prevention of HIV in men who have sex with men in South Korea: a mathematical modelling study
    Heun Choi, Jiyeon Suh, Woonji Lee, Jun Hyoung Kim, Jung Ho Kim, Hye Seong, Jin Young Ahn, Su Jin Jeong, Nam Su Ku, Yoon Soo Park, Joon Sup Yeom, Changsoo Kim, Hee-Dae Kwon, Davey M. Smith, Jeehyun Lee, Jun Yong Choi
    Scientific Reports.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Users' Concerns Related to Online HIV Counseling in South Korea: A Descriptive Qualitative Study
    Han Ju Lee, Hee Sun Kang, Savitri Singh-Carlson, Kyung Sun Kim
    Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care.2020; 31(6): 646.     CrossRef
  • The use of social marketing campaigns to increase HIV testing uptake: a systematic review
    John O. Olawepo, Jennifer R. Pharr, Axenya Kachen
    AIDS Care.2019; 31(2): 153.     CrossRef
  • Non-adherence to anti-retroviral therapy among HIV infected adults in Mon State of Myanmar
    Win Lei Aye, Apa Puckpinyo, Karl Peltzer
    BMC Public Health.2017;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Discrimination and Stigma
    Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2015; 6(3): 141.     CrossRef

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives