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3 "activities of daily living"
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Original Articles
Characteristics of hand-to-environment contact during indoor activities in daily life among Korean adults using a video-based observation method
Hyang Soon Oh, Mikyung Ryu, Youngran Yang
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2021;12(3):187-195.   Published online June 8, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2021.0006
  • 2,808 View
  • 74 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
The aim of this study was to describe the characteristics of hand-to-environmental contact (HEC) and to identify the factors influencing HEC behavior in Korean adults’ indoor daily life.
Methods
Thirty participants were enrolled from January 14 to February 12, 2018 after providing informed consent for being videotaped. Data were collected by recording their indoor daily lives for 2 hours, resulting in 4,732 HEC cases. To ensure the accuracy and reliability of the HEC readings, 3 training sessions were conducted for the videotape readers. Rereading and verifying randomly selected data ensured the validity of intra- and inter-reader readings.
Results
The most frequent contact items were phones, papers, computer accessories, and furniture surfaces. The contact density (frequency-duration/min) was highest for category II (items occasionally shared by others, 56.8), followed in descending order by category I (items for individual use, 35.9), and category III (public use items, 3.4). Significant differences in contact density were found according to participants’ demographic characteristics.
Conclusion
As mobile phones were the most frequent contact item, regular and strict mobile phone cleansing or disinfection strategies are needed, in addition to preventative measures taken for category II and III items. Avoiding sharing personal items with others, refraining from unnecessary HEC, and maintaining strict hand hygiene are recommended.
Factors Affecting Activity Limitation in the Elderly: Data Processed from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2016
Jong-Hoon Moon
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2019;10(3):117-122.   Published online June 30, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2019.10.3.02
  • 4,000 View
  • 34 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

The aim of this study was to compare the sociodemographic characteristics, depression, and the health-related quality of life outcome, among the Korean elderly population, with and without activity limitation.

Methods

The data used was drawn from the raw data of the seventh Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (N = 8,150). There were 1,632 records for individuals aged 65 or older extracted from the seventh Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey database, 199 of those had missing responses (n = 1,433). Differences within the sociodemographic characteristic, the Patient Health Questionnaire-9, and the EuroQol-5 Dimension were analyzed using logistic regression analysis according to the presence or absence of activity limitation.

Results

The prevalence of activity limitation among the elderly individuals surveyed was 19.9%. In the unadjusted regression analysis, the odds ratios of all independent variables (age, gender, education level, type of region, family income, the Patient Health Questionnaire-9, all 5 domains of the EuroQol-5 Dimension) between the elderly individuals with and without activity limitation, were significant. Although, in the adjusted logistic regression analysis, it was observed that the only factors that were significantly associated with activity limitation were the Patient Health Questionnaire-9, EuroQol-5 Dimension, type of region, and family income.

Conclusion

These findings demonstrated that activity limitation in elderly individuals is associated with the sociodemographic characteristics of family income and type of region of residence, as well as depression and the health-related quality of life outcome.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Associations between Depressive Symptoms and Satisfaction with Meaningful Activities in Community-Dwelling Japanese Older Adults
    Michio Maruta, Hyuma Makizako, Yuriko Ikeda, Hironori Miyata, Atsushi Nakamura, Gwanghee Han, Suguru Shimokihara, Keiichiro Tokuda, Takuro Kubozono, Mitsuru Ohishi, Kounosuke Tomori, Takayuki Tabira
    Journal of Clinical Medicine.2020; 9(3): 795.     CrossRef
Dual Task Training Effects on Upper Extremity Functions and Performance of Daily Activities of Chronic Stroke Patients
JuHyung Park
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2019;10(1):2-5.   Published online February 28, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2019.10.1.02
  • 3,247 View
  • 83 Download
  • 2 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

The purpose of this research was to study the influences of dual task training on upper extremity function and performance of daily activities of chronic stroke patients.

Methods

Dual task training was performed on 21 patients who had suffered a chronic stroke with hemiplegia. The dual task training was performed for 30 minutes per session, for 5 days a week, for 3 weeks. There were 5 evaluations carried out over 3 weeks before and after the intervention. Changes in upper extremity function were measured by using the Box and block test. Changes in the performance of daily activities were measured using the Korea-Modified Barthel Index.

Results

The mean upper limb function score of the chronic stroke patients increased significantly from 21.88 ± 19.99 before the intervention, to 26.22 ± 15.65 after the intervention (p < 0.05), and the mean daily activities score increased significantly from 65.82 ± 12.04, to 67.29 ± 12.90 (p < 0.05).

Conclusion

Dual task training effectively improved upper extremity function, and the performance of daily activities in chronic stroke patients.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • The Relationship Between Dual-Task Performance and Functional Independence in Stroke Patients
    Pınar OBA, Musa POLAT
    Turkish Journal of Science and Health.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • İnme Hastalarında Çift Yönlü Görev Aktivitesinin Etkinliği
    Derya Tuba BAL, Tuba KOCA, Ejder BERK, Burhan Fatih KOÇYİĞİT, Vedat NACİTARHAN
    Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültes.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives