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Original Articles
Voluntary testing for COVID-19: perceptions and utilization among the inhabitants of Saudi Arabia
Ehab A. Abo-Ali, Ahmed Mousa, Rania Hussien, Shahad Mousa, Shayma Al-Rubaki, Mennatulla Omar, Badr Al-Haffashi, Abdullah Almilaibary
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2022;13(3):212-220.   Published online June 10, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2022.0062
  • 3,129 View
  • 86 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Voluntary testing (VT) plays a crucial role in the prevention and control of infectious diseases. The present study investigated the perceptions and utilization of VT services for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) among the inhabitants of Saudi Arabia. Methods: In total, 3,510 adult participants from all provinces of Saudi Arabia were recruited via a national online survey. Results: Of the 3,510 participants, 88.9% were aware of the testing services available to them and of those, more than half (59.5%) had used the VT services and 96.1% were satisfied with the services. Contact with a positive COVID-19 case was the top reason for accessing VT, while a lack of awareness about the availability of VT services was the top perceived limiting factor. A history of chronic health conditions, anxiety and/or depression, and previous symptoms suggestive of COVID-19 were found to be predictors of the utilization of VT services (odds ratio [OR] 1.55, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.22−1.96; OR 1.48, 95% CI 1.16−1.88; and OR 3.31, 95% CI 2.77−3.95), respectively. Conclusion: The awareness of voluntary COVID-19 testing services was satisfactory among the Saudi Arabian population, but can be improved. Sociodemographic and health history predictors of the utilization of VT services were identified.
Use, Awareness, Knowledge and Beliefs of Medication During Pregnancy in Malaysia
Ahmad Habeeb Hattab Dala Ali Alani, Bassam Abdul Rasool Hassan, Azyyati Mohd Suhaimi, Ali Haider Mohammed
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2020;11(6):373-379.   Published online December 22, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2020.11.6.05
  • 7,432 View
  • 232 Download
  • 8 Web of Science
  • 8 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Objectives

This study aimed to assess medication use in pregnant women in Malaysia by measuring use, knowledge, awareness, and beliefs about medications.

Methods

This was an observational, cross-sectional study involving a total of 447 pregnant women who attended the Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinic, Hospital Kuala Lumpur (HKL), Malaysia. A validated, self-administered questionnaire was used to collect participant data.

Results

Most of pregnant women had taken medication during pregnancy and more than half of them (52.8%) showed a poor level of knowledge about the medication use during pregnancy. Eighty-three percent had a poor level of awareness and 56.5% had negative beliefs. Age and education level were significantly associated with the level of knowledge regarding medication use during pregnancy. Multiparous pregnant women, and pregnant women from rural areas were observed to have a higher level of awareness compared with those who lived in urban areas. Use of medication during pregnancy was determined to be significantly associated with education level, and race.

Conclusion

Although there was prevalent use of medication among pregnant women, many had negative beliefs, and insufficient knowledge and awareness about the risks of taking medication during pregnancy. Several sociodemographic characteristics were significantly associated with the use (race and education level), level of knowledge (age and education level), awareness (parity and place of residence), and beliefs (race, education level, and occupation status) towards medication use during pregnancy.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Self-medication practice among pregnant and postpartum women attending the regional hospital center of Souss Massa, Morocco: a cross-sectional study
    Afaf Bouqoufi, Laila Lahlou, Fatima Ait El Hadj, Said Boujraf, Mohammed Abdessadek, Youssef Khabbal
    Frontiers in Pharmacology.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of polypharmacy in pregnancy: a systematic review
    Astha Anand, Katherine Phillips, Anuradhaa Subramanian, Siang Ing Lee, Zhaonan Wang, Rebecca McCowan, Utkarsh Agrawal, Adeniyi Frances Fagbamigbe, Catherine Nelson-Piercy, Peter Brocklehurst, Christine Damase-Michel, Maria Loane, Krishnarajah Nirantharaku
    BMJ Open.2023; 13(3): e067585.     CrossRef
  • A cross-sectional study on the knowledge, attitude, and practice of pregnant women regarding medication use and restriction during pregnancy.
    Ogechi C. Obi, Chibueze Anosike
    Exploratory Research in Clinical and Social Pharma.2023; 11: 100308.     CrossRef
  • Neurological disorders in pregnant women in low- and middle-income countries—Management gaps, impacts, and future prospects: A review perspective
    Anastasia Fosuah Debrah, Favour Tope Adebusoye, Muhammad Hamza Shah, Wireko Andrew Awuah, Pearl Ohenewaa Tenkorang, Hareesha Rishab Bharadwaj, Jack Wellington, Shankhaneel Ghosh, Lydia Abiy, Carolina Fernandes, Toufik Abdul-Rahman, Volodymyr Lychko, Babar
    Women's Health.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • GEBE KADINLARIN GEBELİK SÜRECİNDE İLAÇ KULLANIMI HAKKINDA BİLGİ TUTUM VE DAVRANIŞLARININ DEĞERLENDİRİLMESİ
    Aslınur ALBAYRAK, Ayşe DEMİR, Mekin SEZİK
    Ankara Universitesi Eczacilik Fakultesi Dergisi.2023; 48(1): 10.     CrossRef
  • Knowledge, Attitude, and Beliefs of Medication Use in Pregnancy in an Urban Tertiary Care Center
    Jamil Kazma, Tarek Araji, Aneka Khilnani, John van den Anker, Homa K. Ahmadzia
    The Journal of Clinical Pharmacology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Intervention Effects in Using an Application Compared with a Module with Pictures on Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of the Pregnant Women in North Sumatra, Indonesia
    Herna Rinayanti Manurung, Heru Santoso, Kintoko Rochadi, Juanita Juanita
    Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences.2022; 10(E): 121.     CrossRef
  • Modern drug self-medication and associated factors among pregnant women at Settat city, Morocco
    Samia Chergaoui, Omaima Changuiti, Abdelghafour Marfak, Elmadani Saad, Abderraouf Hilali, Ibtissam Youlyouz Marfak
    Frontiers in Pharmacology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
Public Awareness of Early and Late Complications of Type 2 Diabetes - Application of Latent Profile Analysis in Determining Questionnaire Cut-Off Points
Nasrin Shirmohammadi, Ali Reza Soltanian, Shiva Borzouei
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2018;9(5):261-268.   Published online October 31, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2018.9.5.08
  • 5,214 View
  • 119 Download
  • 3 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

A questionnaire was designed to determine public understanding of early and late complications of Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).

Methods

A cross-sectional study was performed in participants who were selected using a multi-stage sampling method and a standard questionnaire of 67 questions was proposed. An expert panel selected 53 closed-ended questions for content validity to be included in the questionnaire. The reliability of the questionnaire was tested using Cronbach’s alpha coefficient giving a score of 0.84.

Results

Of the 825 participants, 443 (57.6%) were male, and 322 (41.87%) were 40 years or more. The proportion of low-, moderate- and high- awareness about T2DM and its complications was 29.26%, 62.68%, and 8.06%, respectively. Friends (56.31%) and internet and social networks (20.55%) were the 2 major sources of awareness, respectively. The medical staff (e.g., physicians) had the lowest share in the level of public awareness (3.64%) compared to other sources.

Conclusion

These results present data that shows the general population awareness of T2DM is low. Healthcare policymakers need to be effective at raising awarenes of diabetes and it should be through improved education.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Healthcare Practitioners' Perspective of Prevailing Awareness on Diabetes Complications: A Questionnaire-Based Pan-India Study
    Nikhil Tandon, Piya Ballani Thakkar, Jubbin Jacob, Pramila Kalra, Nanditha Arun, Alok Kanungo, Ashish Birla, Ashish Prasad, Mayuri Talathi
    Cureus.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • What Is the Optimal Cut-Off Point of the 10-Item Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale for Screening Depression Among Chinese Individuals Aged 45 and Over? An Exploration Using Latent Profile Analysis
    Hanlin Fu, Lulu Si, Ruixia Guo
    Frontiers in Psychiatry.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Classification of probable online social networking addiction: A latent profile analysis from a large-scale survey among Chinese adolescents
    Ji-Bin Li, Anise M.S. Wu, Li-Fen Feng, Yang Deng, Jing-Hua Li, Yu-Xia Chen, Jin-Chen Mai, Phoenix K.H. Mo, Joseph T.F. Lau
    Journal of Behavioral Addictions.2020; 9(3): 698.     CrossRef

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives