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Original Articles
Impact of Dengue Surveillance Workers on Community Participation and Satisfaction of Dengue Virus Control Measures in Semarang Municipality, Indonesia: A Policy Breakthrough in Public Health Action
Sayono Sayono, Widoyono Widoyono, Didik Sumanto, Rokhani Rokhani
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2019;10(6):376-384.   Published online December 31, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2019.10.6.08
  • 3,706 View
  • 80 Download
  • 2 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

The aim of this study was to assess community participation in Dengue virus control measures, and community satisfaction in the Dengue surveillance workers (DSWs) performance in Semarang municipality after 3 years of empowerment.

Methods

A cross-sectional survey involved 1,018 selected participants from 12 groups of social roles in 141 villages in Semarang municipality, Indonesia. A direct interview was performed using a structured questionnaire to evaluate the acceptance, and satisfaction of the community towards the DSWs. The data were analyzed descriptively.

Results

The majority of the members of the community considered that the DSWs play an important role in reducing Dengue cases, and vectors of the Dengue virus, as well as increasing the community participation in Dengue control measures. The survey showed that DSWs performance, attitudes, and abilities regarding their main tasks were perceived to be good.

Conclusion

Overall, people in Semarang municipality were satisfied with the performance of the DSWs, and considered them important enough to be maintained and strengthened in the future so that Dengue could be controlled. This new policy needs to be disseminated to other regions that may encounter the problems associated with Dengue virus.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • World Dengue Day: A call for action
    Nattachai Srisawat, Usa Thisyakorn, Zulkifli Ismail, Kamran Rafiq, Duane J. Gubler, Hannah E. Clapham
    PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases.2022; 16(8): e0010586.     CrossRef
  • Evaluation of Toxicity in Four Extract Types of Tuba Root against Dengue Vector, Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) Larvae
    S. Sayono, R. Anwar, D. Sumanto
    Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences.2020; 23(12): 1530.     CrossRef
Neighborhood Deprivation and Unmet Health Care Needs: A Multilevel Analysis of Older Individuals in South Korea
Seung Eun Lee, Miyeon Yeon, Chul-Woung Kim, Tae-Ho Yoon, Dongjin Kim, Jihee Choi
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2019;10(5):295-306.   Published online October 31, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2019.10.5.06
  • 9,563 View
  • 42 Download
  • 3 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

In this study the relationship between neighborhood deprivation and the unmet health care needs of elderly individuals (≥ 65 years) was examined. Some previous studies suggested that neighborhood characteristics affect access to health care, yet research on the unmet needs of older individuals is limited.

Methods

Multilevel logistic regression analysis was used to assess the relationship of neighborhood-level factors with unmet health care needs due to costs, adjusting for individual-level factors, in individuals ≥ 65 years in the 2017 Korean Community Health Survey (n = 63,388).

Results

There were 2.6% of elderly individuals who experienced unmet health care needs due to costs. Following adjustment for individual and neighborhood characteristics, the neighborhood deprivation in urban areas was found to have an inverse association with unmet needs (odds ratio = 0.50; 95% confidence interval = 0.24–1.06) for the most deprived quartile versus the least deprived quartile). However, in rural areas neighborhood deprivation was not a significant variable. Among the individual-level variables, household income was one of the strongest correlates with unmet needs in both urban and rural areas.

Conclusion

The present findings suggest that targeted policy interventions reflecting both neighborhood and individual characteristics, should be implemented to reduce the unmet health care needs of elderly individuals.

Citations

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  • The Older Persons' Index of Multiple Deprivation: Measuring the deprivation circumstances of older populations in Aotearoa New Zealand
    Daniel J. Exeter, Michael Browne, Tommi Robinson-Chen, Jessie Colbert, Ngaire Kerse, Arier Lee
    Health & Place.2022; 76: 102850.     CrossRef
  • The Contribution of Material, Behavioral, Psychological, and Social-Relational Factors to Income-Related Disparities in Cardiovascular Risk Among Older Adults
    Chiyoung Lee, Qing Yang, Eun-Ok Im, Eleanor Schildwachter McConnell, Sin-Ho Jung, Hyeoneui Kim
    Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing.2021; 36(4): E38.     CrossRef
  • Association between community deprivation and practising health behaviours among South Korean adults: a survey-based cross-sectional study
    Bich Na Jang, Hin Moi Youn, Doo Woong Lee, Jae Hong Joo, Eun-Cheol Park
    BMJ Open.2021; 11(6): e047244.     CrossRef
Developing the High-Risk Drinking Scorecard Model in Korea
Jun-Tae Han, Il-Su Park, Suk-Bok Kang, Byeong-Gyu Seo
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2018;9(5):231-239.   Published online October 31, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2018.9.5.04
  • 14,575 View
  • 96 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

This study aimed to develop a high-risk drinking scorecard using cross-sectional data from the 2014 Korea Community Health Survey.

Methods

Data were collected from records for 149,592 subjects who had participated in the Korea Community Health Survey conducted from 2014. The scorecard model was developed using data mining, a scorecard and points to double the odds approach for weighted multiple logistic regression.

Results

This study found that there were many major influencing factors for high-risk drinkers which included gender, age, educational level, occupation, whether they received health check-ups, depressive symptoms, over-moderate physical activity, mental stress, smoking status, obese status, and regular breakfast. Men in their thirties to fifties had a high risk of being a drinker and the risks in office workers and sales workers were high. Those individuals who were current smokers had a higher risk of drinking. In the scorecard results, the highest score range was observed for gender, age, educational level, and smoking status, suggesting that these were the most important risk factors.

Conclusion

A credit risk scorecard system can be applied to quantify the scoring method, not only to help the medical service provider to understand the meaning, but also to help the general public to understand the danger of high-risk drinking more easily.

Citations

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  • A Simple-to-Use Score for Identifying Individuals at High Risk of Denosumab-Associated Hypocalcemia in Postmenopausal Osteoporosis: A Real-World Cohort Study
    Kyoung Jin Kim, Namki Hong, Seunghyun Lee, Miryung Kim, Yumie Rhee
    Calcified Tissue International.2020; 107(6): 567.     CrossRef
Regional Differences of Mental Health Status and Associated Factors: Based on the Community Health Survey
Ji Hye Lim
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2018;9(4):175-184.   Published online August 31, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2018.9.4.06
  • 3,937 View
  • 32 Download
  • 2 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

The aim of this study was to determine whether there were differences in mental health specific to regions in Korea, and the factors that affected mental health status.

Methods

Data from the 2016 Community Health Survey in Korea were used; 224,421 health survey participants provided responses on mental health issues, demographics, and health behavior, and were included in the study.

Results

A statistically significant difference was observed in the incidence of mental health status between different regions of Korea. Independent variables that affected mental health were sex, age, marital status, household income, economic activity, whether living with dementia patients, self-reported health status, smoking, alcohol drinking, sleep time, and chronic diseases. Risk factors associated with symptoms of depression were gender (female), bereavement or being divorced, low household income, family member with dementia, poor self-reported health status, currently smoking, level of physical activity, insufficient hours of sleep and suffering from chronic diseases.

Conclusion

This study suggests that a standardized healthcare policy is needed to reduce regional variation in mental health. In the future, similar studies that include medical expenses for mental healthcare and relevant variables according to regions of Korea should be conducted.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Factors Affecting Activity Limitation in the Elderly: Data Processed from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2016
    Jong-Hoon Moon
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2019; 10(3): 117.     CrossRef
  • Depression Status in Korea
    Soo Kyung Koo
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2018; 9(4): 141.     CrossRef
Impact of Community-Based Approach as Policy Tool: World Health Organization-Designated Safe Communities of Korea and Health Action Zones of the United Kingdom
Changhyun Kang, Jihyung Shin, Bob Matthews
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2016;7(1):36-42.   Published online February 28, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2015.10.005
  • 1,947 View
  • 17 Download
  • 2 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
The aim of this study is to ascertain and identify the effectiveness of area-based initiatives as a policy tool mediated by societal and individual factors in the five World Health Organization (WHO)-designated Safe Communities of Korea and the Health Action Zones of the United Kingdom (UK).
Methods
The Korean National Hospital discharge in-depth injury survey from the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and causes of death statistics by the Statistics Korea were used for all analyses. The trend and changes in injury rate and mortality by external causes were compared among the five WHO-designated Safe Communities in Korea.
Results
The injury incident rates decreased at a greater level in the Safe Communities compared with the national average. Similar results were shown for the changes in unintentional injury incident rates. In comparison of changes in mortality rate by external causes between 2005 and 2011, the rate increase in Safe Communities was higher than the national average except for Jeju, where the mortality rate by external causes decreased.
Conclusion
When the Healthy Action Zones of the UK and the WHO Safe Communities of Korea were examined, the outcomes were interpreted differently among the compared index, regions, and time periods. Therefore, qualitative outcomes, such as bringing the residents' attention to the safety of the communities and promoting participation and coordination of stakeholders, should also be considered as important impacts of the community-based initiatives.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Working in partnership with communities to improve health and research outcomes. Comparisons and commonalities between the UK and South Africa
    Patricia Wilson, Azwihangwisi Helen Mavhandu-Mudzusi
    Primary Health Care Research & Development.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • THE SAFE COMMUNITY CONCEPT – A SUCCESSFUL TOOL FOR INJURY PREVENTION AND SAFETY PROMOTION
    Birutė Strukčinskienė, Sabine Distl, Sigitas Griškonis
    Visuomenės sveikata.2019; 28(7): 41.     CrossRef
Depression among Korean Adults with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Ansan-Community-Based Epidemiological Study
Chan Young Park, So Young Kim, Jong Won Gil, Min Hee Park, Jong-Hyock Park, Yeonjung Kim
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2015;6(4):224-232.   Published online August 31, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2015.05.004
  • 1,915 View
  • 12 Download
  • 22 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
There are an increasing number of studies being carried out on depression in patients with diabetes. Individuals with diabetes have been reported as having a higher prevalence of depression compared to those without diabetes. However, only a few studies involving Korean patients have been conducted. The aims of this study were to examine the prevalence of depression and to find various risk factors according to the degree of depression among Korean patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).
Methods
An Ansan-community-based epidemiological study was conducted from 2005 to 2012. The total number of participants in this study was 3,540, from which patients with diabetes (n = 753) have been selected. The presence of depression was evaluated using the Beck Depression Inventory total score.
Results
The prevalence of depression was 28.8%. The mean age of participants was 55.5 ± 8.2 years. We divided the participants into three groups (without-depression, moderate-depression, and severe-depression groups) to examine the depression prevalence among Korean T2DM patients. The unemployed participants had 2.40 [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.21–4.76], the low-income participants had 2.57 (95% CI 1.52–4.35), the participants using an oral diabetes medicine or insulin had 2.03 (95% CI 1.25–3.32), the participants who are currently smoking had 2.03 (95% CI 1.10–3.73), and those without regular exercise had 1.91 (95% CI 1.17–3.14) times higher odds of depression in the severe-depression group, compared with the without-depression group.
Conclusion
There was a significant association between depression prevalence and diabetes, and we found various risk factors according to the degree of depression in Korean patients with T2DM.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Psychological Health and Diabetes Self-Management among Patients with Type 2 Diabetes during COVID-19 in the Southwest of Saudi Arabia
    Abdulrhman H. Alkhormi, Mohamed Salih Mahfouz, Najim Z. Alshahrani, Abdulrahman Hummadi, Wali A. Hakami, Doha H. Alattas, Hassan Q. Alhafaf, Leena E. Kardly, Mulook A. Mashhoor
    Medicina.2022; 58(5): 675.     CrossRef
  • Higher risk of depression in individuals with type 2 diabetes and obesity: Results of a meta-analysis
    Thelma Beatriz González-Castro, Yudy Merady Escobar-Chan, Ana Fresan, María Lilia López-Narváez, Carlos Alfonso Tovilla-Zárate, Isela Esther Juárez-Rojop, Jorge L Ble-Castillo, Alma Delia Genis-Mendoza, Pedro Iván Arias-Vázquez
    Journal of Health Psychology.2021; 26(9): 1404.     CrossRef
  • The Effects of Meditation with a Biofeedback Program on Stress and Depression Levels among People with Mild Depression Diabetes
    Ormanee Patarathipakorn, Manyat Ruchiwit, Marlaine Smith
    The Open Public Health Journal.2021; 14(1): 104.     CrossRef
  • Association between the level of adherence to dietary guidelines and depression among Korean patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus
    Seonghee Park, Kyong Park
    Journal of Psychosomatic Research.2021; 145: 110463.     CrossRef
  • Depression Among Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Prevalence and Associated Factors in Hue City, Vietnam
    Nhu Minh Hang Tran, Quang Ngoc Linh Nguyen, Thi Han Vo, Tran Tuan Anh Le, Ngoc Ha Ngo
    Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets .2021; Volume 14: 505.     CrossRef
  • Factors Associated with Depressive Symptoms in Korean Adults with Diabetes Mellitus: A Cross-Sectional Study
    Mihyun Jeong
    Healthcare.2021; 9(8): 1049.     CrossRef
  • Spiritual intelligence, mindfulness, emotional dysregulation, depression relationship with mental well-being among persons with diabetes during COVID-19 pandemic
    Wojujutari Kenni Ajele, Teslim Alabi Oladejo, Abimbola A. Akanni, Oyeyemi Bukola Babalola
    Journal of Diabetes & Metabolic Disorders.2021; 20(2): 1705.     CrossRef
  • Depression and Its Predictors among Diabetes Mellitus Patients Attending Treatment in Hawassa University Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, Southern Ethiopia
    Bereket Beyene Gebre, Suzan Anand, Zebene Mekonnen Assefa
    Journal of Diabetes Research.2020; 2020: 1.     CrossRef
  • Effect of Study Design and Survey Instrument to Identify the Association Between Depressive Symptoms and Physical Activity in Type 2 Diabetes, 2000-2018: A Systematic Review
    Jusung Lee, Timothy Callaghan, Marcia Ory, Hongwei Zhao, Margaret Foster, Jane N. Bolin
    The Diabetes Educator.2020; 46(1): 28.     CrossRef
  • Genetic Overlap Between Type 2 Diabetes and Depression in a Sri Lankan Population Twin Sample
    Carol Kan, Kaushalya Jayaweera, Anushka Adikari, Sisira Siribaddana, Helena M.S. Zavos, Lisa Harber-Aschan, Athula Sumathipala, Matthew Hotopf, Khalida Ismail, Frühling Rijsdijk
    Psychosomatic Medicine.2020; 82(2): 247.     CrossRef
  • Depression in Iranian Children with Diabetes and Related Factors
    Azadeh Sayarifard, Fatemeh Sayarifard, Maryam Nazari, Morteza Nikzadian, Mona Amrollahinia, Javad Mahmoudi-Gharaei
    Iranian Journal of Pediatrics.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Dina Siddiq Abdulhadi Alajmani, Amna Mohamad Alkaabi, Mariam Waleed Alhosani, Ayesha Abdulaziz Folad, Fawzia Ahmed Abdouli, Frederick Robert Carrick, Mahera Abdulrahman
    Frontiers in Endocrinology.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Aidibai Simayi, Patamu Mohemaiti
    Endocrine Journal.2019; 66(9): 793.     CrossRef
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    Mohammad Khaledi, Fahimeh Haghighatdoost, Awat Feizi, Ashraf Aminorroaya
    Acta Diabetologica.2019; 56(6): 631.     CrossRef
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    Manal K. Youssef
    The Egyptian Journal of Internal Medicine.2019; 31(2): 142.     CrossRef
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    Philip Teg-Nefaah Tabong, Vitalis Bawontuo, Doris Ningwiebe Dumah, Joseph Maaminu Kyilleh, Tolgou Yempabe, Noël C. Barengo
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  • Past and Current Status of Adult Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Management in Korea: A National Health Insurance Service Database Analysis
    Seung-Hyun Ko, Kyungdo Han, Yong-ho Lee, Junghyun Noh, Cheol-Young Park, Dae-Jung Kim, Chang Hee Jung, Ki-Up Lee, Kyung-Soo Ko
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2018; 42(2): 93.     CrossRef
  • Why Early Psychological Attention for Type 2 Diabetics Could Contribute to Metabolic Control
    Alfredo Briones-Aranda, Manuela Castellanos-Pérez, Raquel Gómez-Pliego
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    Psychiatry Research.2017; 252: 45.     CrossRef
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    International Journal of Mental Health Systems.2016;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Huaqing Liu, Xiaoyue Xu, John J. Hall, Xuesen Wu, Min Zhang
    International Psychogeriatrics.2016; 28(7): 1191.     CrossRef
Brief Report
Korea Community Health Survey Data Profiles
Yang Wha Kang, Yun Sil Ko, Yoo Jin Kim, Kyoung Mi Sung, Hyo Jin Kim, Hyung Yun Choi, Changhyun Sung, Eunkyeong Jeong
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2015;6(3):211-217.   Published online June 30, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2015.05.003
  • 2,116 View
  • 21 Download
  • 136 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
In 2008, Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention initiated the first nationwide survey, Korea Community Health Survey (KCHS), to provide data that could be used to plan, implement, monitor, and evaluate community health promotion and disease prevention programs. This community-based cross-sectional survey has been conducted by 253 community health centers, 35 community universities, and 1500 interviewers. The KCHS standardized questionnaire was developed jointly by the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention staff, a working group of health indicators standardization subcommittee, and 16 metropolitan cities and provinces with 253 regional sites. The questionnaire covers a variety of topics related to health behaviors and prevention, which is used to assess the prevalence of personal health practices and behaviors related to the leading causes of disease, including smoking, alcohol use, drinking and driving, high blood pressure control, physical activity, weight control, quality of life (European Quality of Life-5 Dimensions, European Quality of Life-Visual Analogue Scale, Korean Instrumental Activities of Daily Living ), medical service, accident, injury, etc. The KCHS was administered by trained interviewers, and the quality control of the KCHS was improved by the introduction of a computer-assisted personal interview in 2010. The KCHS data allow a direct comparison of the differences of health issues among provinces. Furthermore, the provinces can use these data for their own cost-effective health interventions to improve health promotion and disease prevention. For users and researchers throughout the world, microdata (in the form of SAS files) and analytic guidelines can be downloaded from the KCHS website (http://KCHS.cdc.go.kr/) in Korean.

Citations

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  • Physical activity in the era of climate change and COVID-19 pandemic: Results from the South Korea's 2022 Report Card on physical activity for children and adolescents
    Eun-Young Lee, Yeong-Bae Kim, Seonyoung Goo, Okimitsu Oyama, Jeongmin Lee, Geonhui Kim, Heejun Lim, Hoyong Sung, Jiyeon Yoon, Jongnam Hwang, Sochung Chung, Hyun Joo Kang, Joon Young Kim, Kwon-il Kim, Youngwon Kim, Mi-young Lee, Jung-Woo Oh, Hyon Park, Woo
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    In Cheol Hwang, Seulggie Choi
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  • Radiation risk perception and its associated factors among residents living near nuclear power plants: A nationwide survey in Korea
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    Mi Ah Han
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    International Journal of Social Psychiatry.2022; : 002076402110667.     CrossRef
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    Woorim Kim, Yeong Jun Ju, Soon Young Lee
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    Seulgi Kim, Sung-il Cho
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    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2022; 19(7): 3893.     CrossRef
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    Haewon Byeon
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    Kyung-Shin Lee, Hye Sook Min, Jae-Hyun Jeon, Yoon-Jung Choi, Ji Hwan Bang, Ho Kyung Sung
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    Woorim Kim, Yeong Jun Ju, Soon Young Lee
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    Anne Quah, Sungkyu Lee, Hong Gwan Seo, Sung-il Cho, Sujin Lim, Yeol Kim, Steve Xu, Matthew Grey, Mi Yan, Christian Boudreau, Mary Thompson, Pete Driezen, Geoffrey Fong
    Tobacco Prevention & Cessation.2022; 8(March): 1.     CrossRef
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    Hye Jin Joo, Kyung A. Kwon, Jaeyong Shin, Sohee Park, Sung-In Jang
    Journal of Affective Disorders.2022; 310: 258.     CrossRef
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    Hye-Young Jang, Young Ko, Song-Yi Han
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    Ji Hee Kim, In Bok Chang, Yoo Hwan Kim, Chan Yang Min, Dae Myoung Yoo, Hyo Geun Choi
    Frontiers in Neurology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Residential Characteristics as Factors Related to Healthy Behavior Practices—Decision Tree Model Analysis Using a Community Health Survey from Korea
    Ae-Rim Seo, Ki-Soo Park
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2022; 19(12): 7390.     CrossRef
  • Association between Blood Glucose Control and Subjective Cognitive Decline in Korean Patients with Diabetes Aged over 50 Years
    Dae-Hyung Koh, Yu-Jin Rho, Soon Young Lee, Kyoung-Nam Kim, Yeong Jun Ju
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Original Articles
Health Status of the Residents in Occidental Mindoro, Philippines: A Way to Make a Healthy Community
Rosa Mistica C. Ignacio, Ma Easter Joy V. Sajo, Eun Woo Nam, Chun Bae Kim, Dong Won Ahn, Pan Suk Kim, Kyu Jae Lee
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2015;6(1):20-26.   Published online February 28, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2014.11.006
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Even though Philippines is widely known as exporters of health workers in the world, the Occidental Mindoro province suffers from a lack of health workers compared with the total population of each municipality. The aim of this study was to observe, identify, and understand the persisting health status, knowledge, and practices among the three selected communities in Occidental Mindoro, Philippines.
Methods
The study applied a survey using basic questions with three key topics, with relevance to the health condition of the villagers, such as demographics (social capital and regional characteristics), lifestyle (healthy living, and healthy lifestyle and behavior), and status or position in the society (general demographics, and personal behavior and attitudes), with a random sample of 256 adult respondents.
Results
Only about 54.3% rated themselves as fair/moderately healthy, and a total of 17.2% suffered from chronic diseases such as diabetes mellitus, cancers, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and cardiovascular disease, while 9% have been diagnosed with tuberculosis in the past 6 months. Respondents mostly have low income and low education.
Conclusion
The majority of the respondents have only primary and secondary education, and a very low average income; these suggest that respondents were afflicted with poverty and low educational attainment. Respondents who are deprived of their rights to obtain a higher education also have a higher chance of having less knowledge on their well-being. Health programs do not guarantee a healthy individual and a healthy society, but a combination of health programs and socioeconomic support can help in creating a healthy community.
Community-Based Home Healthcare Project for Korean Older Adults
TaeBum Lee
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2013;4(5):233-239.   Published online October 31, 2013
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2013.09.002
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  • 5 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
The aim of this study was to identify the effects of community-based home healthcare projects that influence service performances with regard to Korean national long-term care insurance services in older adults.
Methods
The project's applicants were 18 operational agencies in national long-term care institutions in Korea, and participants were care recipients (n = 2263) registered in long-term care institutions. We applied our healthcare system to the recruited participants for a 3-month period from October 2012 to December 2012. We measured the community-based home healthcare services such as long-term care, health and medical service, and welfare and leisure service prior to and after applying the community-based home healthcare system.
Results
After the implementation of community-based home healthcare project, all community-based home healthcare services showed an increase than prior to the project implementation. The nutrition management service was the most increased and its increase rate was 628.6%. A comparison between the long-term care insurance beneficiaries and nonbeneficiaries showed that health and medical services’ increase rate of nonbeneficiaries was significantly higher than beneficiaries (p < 0.001).
Conclusion
Our community-based home healthcare project might improve the service implementation for older adults and there was a difference in the increase rate of health and medical services between Korean national long-term care insurance beneficiaries and nonbeneficiaries.

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Articles
A diversity of Antibiotic-resistant Staphylococcus spp. in a Public Transportation System
Pamela J. Yeh, Dawn M. Simon, Jess A. Millar, H. Forrest Alexander, Darleen Franklin
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2011;2(3):202-209.   Published online December 31, 2011
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2011.11.047
  • 2,524 View
  • 17 Download
  • 11 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Our goal was to determine the diversity and abundance of Staphylococcus bacteria on different components of a public transportation system in a mid-sized US city (Portland, Oregon) and to examine the level of drug resistance in these bacteria.
Methods
We collected 70 samples from 2 cm × 4 cm sections from seven different areas on buses and trains in Portland, USA, taking 10 samples from each area. We isolated a subset of 14 suspected Staphylococcus spp. colonies based on phenotype, and constructed a phylogeny from16S rRNA sequences to assist in identification. We used the Kirbye–Bauer disk diffusion method to determine resistance levels to six common antibiotics.
Results
We found a range of pathogenic Staphylococcus species. The mean bacterial colony counts were 97.1 on bus and train floors, 80.1 in cloth seats, 9.5 on handrails, 8.6 on seats and armrests at bus stops, 3.8 on the underside of seats, 2.2 on windows, and 1.8 on vinyl seats per 8 cm2 sample area. These differences were significant (p < 0.001). Of the 14 isolates sequenced, 11 were staphylococci, and of these, five were resistant to penicillin and ampicillin, while only two displayed intermediate resistance to bacitracin. All 11 isolates were sensitive to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, vancomycin, and tetracycline.
Conclusions
We found six different strains of Staphylococcus, and while there were varying levels of drug resistance, we did not find extensive levels of multidrug-resistant bacteria, and no S. aureus was found. We found floors and cloth seats to be areas on buses and trains that showed particularly high levels of bacteria.

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PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives