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Insufficient weight management in pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus
Kyunghee Han, Dong Wook Kwak, Hyun Mee Ryu, Hyun-Young Park
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2022;13(4):242-251.   Published online August 31, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2022.0182
  • 806 View
  • 53 Download
Graphical AbstractGraphical Abstract AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
This study investigated whether weight was managed appropriately in pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and examined the association between insufficient gestational weight gain (GWG) and adverse pregnancy outcomes.
Methods
The study included 235 pregnant women with GDM from the Korean Pregnancy Outcome Study. GWG from the second to the third trimester (kg/wk) and total GWG (kg) were classified as insufficient, appropriate, or excessive according to the 2009 Institute of Medicine guidelines. Adverse pregnancy outcomes included maternal (hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, preterm birth, cesarean delivery, and delivery complications) and infant (low birth weight, high birth weight, neonatal intensive care unit admission, and congenital anomalies) outcomes.
Results
The proportion of pregnant women with GDM who had insufficient GWG from the second to the third trimester was 52.3%, and that of participants with total insufficient GWG was 48.1%. There were no significant associations between insufficient GWG from the second to the third trimester and adverse pregnancy outcomes. Participants with total insufficient GWG had a significantly lower risk of preterm birth (odds ratio [OR], 0.17; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.05–0.60) and high birth weight (OR, 0.23; 95% CI, 0.07–0.80).
Conclusion
Our findings suggest the importance of appropriate weight management and the need for GWG guidelines for pregnant women with GDM.
Educational Needs Associated with the Level of Complication and Comparative Risk Perceptions in People with Type 2 Diabetes
Youngji Hwang, Dongsuk Lee, Yeon Sook Kim
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2020;11(4):170-176.   Published online August 31, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2020.11.4.05
  • 3,495 View
  • 143 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

This study aimed to identify the educational needs of people with type 2 diabetes according to risk perceptions and the level of severity of complications.

Methods

There were 177 study participants who were outpatients of the internal medicine department at a university hospital located in the Republic of Korea, who consented to participate in the survey from December 10, 2016 to February 10, 2017. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation, ANOVA with post-hoc comparison, and multiple regression analysis. Type 2 diabetes complications were classified into 3 groups: no complications, common complications, and severe complications.

Results

There were statistically significant positive correlations between educational needs and comparative risk perceptions, and the level of complication and comparative risk perception. Multiple regression analysis revealed that the factor predicting educational needs of type 2 diabetes people was their comparative risk perceptions, rather than the severity of diabetes complications or sociodemographic variables.

Conclusion

Since risk perception is the factor that indicates the educational needs of people with type 2 diabetes, there is a need to explore factors which increase risk perception, in order to meet educational needs. The findings suggest that a more specific and individualized educational program, which focuses on each person's risk perceptions, should be developed.

The Association Between Lung Function and Type 2 Diabetes in Koreans
Do-Youn Lee, Seung-min Nam
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2020;11(1):27-33.   Published online February 28, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2020.11.1.05
  • 3,478 View
  • 112 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

This study was performed to test the association between lung function and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in Korean patients.

Methods

Data from the 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2013 to 2015) was used in this study. There were 3,466 individuals aged between 40 and 80 years, with T2DM, who had a smoking and alcohol status listed, and blood analysis (including blood pressure), were included in this study. Lung function, measured by spirometer ventilatory dysfunction was categorized into 3 patterns: normal, restrictive ventilatory dysfunction, and obstructive ventilatory dysfunction (OVD).

Results

Based on multivariate logistic regression analysis, individuals with restrictive ventilatory dysfunction had an increased odds ratio (OR 1.615, 95% CI 1.137–2.294) for T2DM compared with individuals with normal ventilatory function, whereas OVD had no increase in the odds ratio (OR 1.169, 95 % CI 0.857–1.594). Model 1, which adjusted for age and gender, showed that the probability of having restrictive disorder was 1.559 times (95% CI 1.617–2.082) higher for prediabetes patients, and 2.320 times (95% CI 1.611–3.343) higher for T2DM patients, compared to normal individuals. For Model 4, which was fully adjusted for variables, the probability of having a restrictive disorder was 1.837 times higher for T2DM patients (95% CI 1.260–2.679).

Conclusion

Restrictive ventilatory dysfunction, but not OVD, was associated independently with T2DM.

Citations

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  • Association of Pulmonary Function Decline over Time with Longitudinal Change of Glycated Hemoglobin in Participants without Diabetes Mellitus
    Wen-Hsien Lee, Da-Wei Wu, Ying-Chih Chen, Yi-Hsueh Liu, Wei-Sheng Liao, Szu-Chia Chen, Chih-Hsing Hung, Chao-Hung Kuo, Ho-Ming Su
    Journal of Personalized Medicine.2021; 11(10): 994.     CrossRef
Enrolment Phase Results of the Tabari Cohort Study: Comparing Family History, Lipids and Anthropometric Profiles Among Diabetic Patients
Mahmood Moosazadeh, Mahdi Afshari, Kaveh Jafari, Motahareh Kheradmand, Zahra Kashi, Mohsen Aarabi, Adeleh Bahar, Mohammad Khademloo
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2019;10(5):289-294.   Published online October 31, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2019.10.5.05
  • 3,535 View
  • 59 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

Different factors are responsible for the silent epidemic of diabetes mellitus in developing and developed countries. This study aimed to determine the role of demographic factors, lipid profile, family history (the estimation of genetic association) and anthropometric factors on diabetes onset.

Methods

Data from the enrolment phase of the Tabari Cohort study was applied for this study and included 10,255 participants aged between 35–70 years. Anthropometric variables were measured by trained staff using standard tools. Blood specimens were collected for lipid profile and blood glucose measurements. Data analyses were performed using SPSS version 24, with univariate and multivariate logistic regression.

Results

The prevalence of diabetes mellitus was estimated to be 17.2% in the cohort population, 15.6% in men, and 18.3% in women. The adjusted odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) for age groups 40–49, 50–59 and over 60 were 2.58 (2.20–3.69), 5.80 (4.51–7.48) and 8.72 (6.67–11.39), respectively. In addition, the odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) for 2 (or more), and 1 affected family member were 4.12 (3.55–4.90) and 2.34 (2.07–2.65), respectively. Triglyceride concentrations more than 500, and abnormal high-density lipoprotein levels increased the odds of diabetes mellitus by 3.29- and 1.18-fold, respectively.

Conclusion

The current study showed that old age and a family history were strong predictors for diabetes mellitus.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Prevalence and determinants of diabetes and prediabetes in southwestern Iran: the Khuzestan comprehensive health study (KCHS)
    Sanam Hariri, Zahra Rahimi, Nahid Hashemi-Madani, Seyyed Ali Mard, Farnaz Hashemi, Zahra Mohammadi, Leila Danehchin, Farhad Abolnezhadian, Aliasghar Valipour, Yousef Paridar, Mohammad Mahdi Mir-Nasseri, Alireza Khajavi, Sahar Masoudi, Saba Alvand, Bahman
    BMC Endocrine Disorders.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
Obesity, Hypertension, and Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus: The Interrelationships and the Determinants among Adults in Gaza City, Palestine
Mohammed S. Ellulu
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2018;9(6):289-298.   Published online December 31, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2018.9.6.02
  • 3,769 View
  • 112 Download
  • 5 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

To describe the distribution of social factors, lifestyle habits and anthropometric measurements according to hypertension and Type-2 diabetes.

Methods

A cross-sectional study was conducted in Gaza City, Palestine that included 379 patients (20–60 years) who had hypertension and/or diabetes. Three groups of patients were involved; 106 hypertensive (HT), 109 diabetic (T2DM) and 164 hypertensive diabetics (HT + T2DM).

Results

The HT + T2DM group were older and had a higher body mass index compared to HT and T2DM groups. There were 62.3% patients who were female, 49.2% were highly educated HT patients, and 49.3% patients had a low level of education and were HT + T2DM. There were 55.8% patients who lived in large families. Patients who were passive smokers or never smoked before were mostly HT + T2DM, while active smokers and past smokers had T2DM. There were 48.2% patients who were highly physically active who had HT, 40.9% whom were moderately active had T2DM, and 53.8% of patients who had a low level of activity were HT + T2DM. Multivariate linear regression showed that having a diseased mother, living in a large family, being a past or passive smoker, or never having smoked, having a low or moderate level of activity, and having HT or HT + T2DM, were significantly associated with an increased body mass index.

Conclusion

Parental health/disease conditions and environmental factors (social network and lifestyle habits) played the greatest role in the development of obesity and disease.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Association between endothelial nitric oxide synthase and the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system polymorphisms, blood pressure and training status in normotensive/pre-hypertension and hypertensive older adults: a pilot study
    Roberta Fernanda da Silva, Riccardo Lacchini, Lucas Cezar Pinheiro, Letícia Perticarrara Ferezin, José Eduardo Tanus-Santos, Marcelo Rizzatti Luizon, Thiago José Dionísio, Carlos Ferreira Santos, Thaís Amanda Reia, André Mourão Jacomini, Ana Maria Guilmo
    Clinical and Experimental Hypertension.2021; 43(7): 661.     CrossRef
  • Breakfast characteristics, perception, and reasons of skipping among 8th and 9th-grade students at governmental schools, Jenin governance, West Bank
    Manal Badrasawi, Ola Anabtawi, Yaqout Al-Zain
    BMC Nutrition.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Advanced Molecular Imaging (MRI/MRS/1H NMR) for Metabolic Information in Young Adults with Health Risk Obesity
    Khin Thandar Htun, Jie Pan, Duanghathai Pasanta, Montree Tungjai, Chatchanok Udomtanakunchai, Thanaporn Petcharoen, Nattacha Chamta, Supak Kosicharoen, Kiattisak Chukua, Christopher Lai, Suchart Kothan
    Life.2021; 11(10): 1035.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence and Predictors of Co-occurring Hypertension and Depression Among Community-Dwelling Older Adults
    Cicily A. Gray, Omar T. Sims, Hyejung Oh
    Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities.2020; 7(2): 365.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes and Its Association with Added Sugar Intake in Citizens and Refugees Aged 40 or Older in the Gaza Strip, Palestine
    Majed Jebril, Xin Liu, Zumin Shi, Mohsen Mazidi, Akram Altaher, Youfa Wang
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2020; 17(22): 8594.     CrossRef
Public Awareness of Early and Late Complications of Type 2 Diabetes - Application of Latent Profile Analysis in Determining Questionnaire Cut-Off Points
Nasrin Shirmohammadi, Ali Reza Soltanian, Shiva Borzouei
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2018;9(5):261-268.   Published online October 31, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2018.9.5.08
  • 3,529 View
  • 115 Download
  • 2 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

A questionnaire was designed to determine public understanding of early and late complications of Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).

Methods

A cross-sectional study was performed in participants who were selected using a multi-stage sampling method and a standard questionnaire of 67 questions was proposed. An expert panel selected 53 closed-ended questions for content validity to be included in the questionnaire. The reliability of the questionnaire was tested using Cronbach’s alpha coefficient giving a score of 0.84.

Results

Of the 825 participants, 443 (57.6%) were male, and 322 (41.87%) were 40 years or more. The proportion of low-, moderate- and high- awareness about T2DM and its complications was 29.26%, 62.68%, and 8.06%, respectively. Friends (56.31%) and internet and social networks (20.55%) were the 2 major sources of awareness, respectively. The medical staff (e.g., physicians) had the lowest share in the level of public awareness (3.64%) compared to other sources.

Conclusion

These results present data that shows the general population awareness of T2DM is low. Healthcare policymakers need to be effective at raising awarenes of diabetes and it should be through improved education.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • What Is the Optimal Cut-Off Point of the 10-Item Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale for Screening Depression Among Chinese Individuals Aged 45 and Over? An Exploration Using Latent Profile Analysis
    Hanlin Fu, Lulu Si, Ruixia Guo
    Frontiers in Psychiatry.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Classification of probable online social networking addiction: A latent profile analysis from a large-scale survey among Chinese adolescents
    Ji-Bin Li, Anise M.S. Wu, Li-Fen Feng, Yang Deng, Jing-Hua Li, Yu-Xia Chen, Jin-Chen Mai, Phoenix K.H. Mo, Joseph T.F. Lau
    Journal of Behavioral Addictions.2020; 9(3): 698.     CrossRef
Factors that Correlate with Poor Glycemic Control in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients with Complications
Mohammad Haghighatpanah, Amir Sasan Mozaffari Nejad, Maryam Haghighatpanah, Girish Thunga, Surulivelrajan Mallayasamy
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2018;9(4):167-174.   Published online August 31, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2018.9.4.05
  • 5,697 View
  • 119 Download
  • 31 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

Inadequate glycemic control amongst patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) indicates a major public health problem and a significant risk factor for the progression and complications caused by diabetes. Glycemic control is the main therapeutic objective for the prevention of organ damage and other complications arising from diabetes.

Methods

This was a retrospective observational study of T2DM patients with complications, who were aged 40 years and older. The study was conducted retrospectively on medical records (in-patient and out-patient) obtained from a South Indian teaching hospital, Manipal, India. The patients included in the study had fasting blood sugar, postprandial blood sugar and HbA1c measured at least twice during follow-ups the previous year. Patients’ HbA1c levels were categorized into good control ≤7% (≤53mmol/mol), and poor control >7% (>53mmol/mol), and patients’ characteristics were analyzed.

Results

A total of 657 patients were included in the study. The mean age was 59.67 (SD = 9.617) years, with 152 (23.1%) females and 505 (76.9%) males, and 514 (78.2%) patients had poor glycemic control. Most of the patients were on insulin mono-therapy [n = 271 (42.1%)], about a third of the patients were on combination therapy that included an oral hypoglycemic agent and insulin [n = 236 (36.6%)]. Patients with a history of more than 10 years of diabetes [n = 293 (44.6%)], had a family history of diabetes [n = 256 (39%)] and obesity [n = 95 (14.5%)], all had poor glycemic control.

Conclusion

This present study indicated a significant association of gender (female), age, high-density lipoprotein level, duration of diabetes and type of medication, with poor glycemic control in T2DM patients that had secondary medical complications.

Citations

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  • What drives glycemic control in a person living with diabetes?
    Rajiv Singla, Geetu Gupta, Yashdeep Gupta
    International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Co.2022; 42(2): 369.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence and predictors of suboptimal glycemic control among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in northern Thailand: A hospital-based cross-sectional control study
    Fartima Yeemard, Peeradone Srichan, Tawatchai Apidechkul, Naphat Luerueang, Ratipark Tamornpark, Suphaphorn Utsaha, Sompop Bencharit
    PLOS ONE.2022; 17(1): e0262714.     CrossRef
  • Exploring of Determinants Factors of Anti-Diabetic Medication Adherence in Several Regions of Asia – A Systematic Review
    Much Ilham Novalisa Aji Wibowo, Nanang Munif Yasin, Susi Ari Kristina, Yayi Suryo Prabandari
    Patient Preference and Adherence.2022; Volume 16: 197.     CrossRef
  • Visual impairment and its predictors among people living with type 2 diabetes mellitus at Dessie town hospitals, Northeast Ethiopia: institution-based cross-sectional study
    Mohammed Abdu Seid, Adugnaw Ambelu, Mengistie Diress, Yigizie Yeshaw, Yonas Akalu, Baye Dagnew
    BMC Ophthalmology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Relations of Well-Being, Coping Styles, Perception of Self-Influence on the Diabetes Course and Sociodemographic Characteristics with HbA1c and BMI Among People with Advanced Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
    Agnieszka Łukasiewicz, Andrzej Kiejna, Ewelina Cichoń, Aleksandra Jodko-Modlińska, Marcin Obrębski, Andrzej Kokoszka
    Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets .2022; Volume 15: 407.     CrossRef
  • A bibliometric analysis of highly cited insulin resistance publications in Science Citation Index Expanded
    Yuh-Shan Ho, Priyanga Ranasinghe
    Obesity Medicine.2022; 31: 100399.     CrossRef
  • Alternate-day add-on therapy with dapagliflozin in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: potential benefits and concerns
    Harmanjit Singh, Dinesh Joshi, Seerat Narula, Mandeep Singla, Ravi Rohilla, Jagjit Singh
    Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology.2022; 15(2): 197.     CrossRef
  • Factors associated with Glycemic control among Syrian patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
    Khadija Khalil, Afraa Zrieki`
    Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology.2022; : 1701.     CrossRef
  • A Comparative analysis of type 2 diabetes management quality indicators in cancer survivors
    Eun J. Ko, Su J. Lee
    Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing.2022; 9(11): 100116.     CrossRef
  • Analysis of the Association between Metabolic Syndrome and Renal Function in Middle-Aged Patients with Diabetes
    Yoonjin Park, Su Jung Lee
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2022; 19(18): 11832.     CrossRef
  • Effective data-driven precision medicine by cluster-applied deep reinforcement learning
    Sang Ho Oh, Su Jin Lee, Jongyoul Park
    Knowledge-Based Systems.2022; 256: 109877.     CrossRef
  • Management goal achievements of diabetes care in Iran: study profile and main findings of DiaCare survey
    Gita Shafiee, Safoora Gharibzadeh, Nekoo Panahi, Farideh Razi, Seyed Masoud Arzaghi, Vahid Haghpanah, Afshin Ostovar, Alireza Raeisi, Alireza Mahdavi-Hezareh, Bagher Larijani, Ensieh Nasli Esfahani, Ramin Heshmat
    Journal of Diabetes & Metabolic Disorders.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Glycemic control and its determinants among people with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Ernakulam district, Kerala
    ShanaShirin Najeeb, TeenaMary Joy, Aswathy Sreedevi, K Vijayakumar
    Indian Journal of Public Health.2022; 66(5): 80.     CrossRef
  • Sex Differences in the Effects of CDKAL1 Variants on Glycemic Control in Diabetic Patients: Findings from the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study
    Hye Ah Lee, Hyesook Park, Young Sun Hong
    Diabetes & Metabolism Journal.2022; 46(6): 879.     CrossRef
  • Glycemic Control of Diabetes Mellitus Patients in Referral Hospitals of Amhara Region, Ethiopia: A Cross-Sectional Study
    Berhanu Elfu Feleke, Teferi Elfu Feleke, Melkamu Beyene Kassahun, Wondemu Gebrekirose Adane, Netsanet Fentahun, Abel Girma, Alamirew Alebachew, Eyaya Misgan, Hanna Demelash Desyibelew, Mulat Tirfie Bayih, Omer Seid, Daniel Diaz
    BioMed Research International.2021; 2021: 1.     CrossRef
  • Association of glycemic control and anthropometric measurement among type 2 diabetes mellitus: a cross-sectional study
    Mitku Mammo Taderegew, Mamo Solomon Emeria, Betregiorgis Zegeye
    Diabetology International.2021; 12(4): 356.     CrossRef
  • Impact of pharmacist-led educational intervention on predictors of diabetic foot at two different hospitals of Malaysia
    AmerHayat Khan, MuhammadZahid Iqbal, SyedAzhar Syed Sulaiman, Aznita Ibrahim, NorShaffinaz Binti Yusoff Azmi, MuhammadShahid Iqbal, AhmedA Albassam
    Journal of Pharmacy And Bioallied Sciences.2021; 13(1): 108.     CrossRef
  • Factors Associated with Glycaemic Control among Diabetic Patients Managed at an Urban Hospital in Hanoi, Vietnam
    Luu Quang Thuy, Hoang Thi Phuong Nam, Tran Thi Ha An, Bui Van San, Tran Nguyen Ngoc, Le Hong Trung, Pham Huy Tan, Nguyen Hoang Thanh, Everson A Nunes
    BioMed Research International.2021; 2021: 1.     CrossRef
  • Predictors of Poor Plasma Glucose Maintenance in Type II Diabetic People with Ophthalmic Complication: The Case of Dessie Hospitals in Ethiopia
    Mohammed Abdu Seid, Baye Dagnew
    Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets .2021; Volume 14: 2317.     CrossRef
  • Oral health and longitudinal changes in fasting glucose levels: A nationwide cohort study
    Tae-Jin Song, Yoonkyung Chang, Jimin Jeon, Jinkwon Kim, David M. Ojcius
    PLOS ONE.2021; 16(6): e0253769.     CrossRef
  • Poor Glycemic Control and Its Contributing Factors Among Type 2 Diabetes Patients at Adama Hospital Medical College in East Ethiopia
    Tewodros Yosef, Dejen Nureye, Eyob Tekalign
    Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets .2021; Volume 14: 3273.     CrossRef
  • Probucol Pharmacological and Bio-Nanotechnological Effects on Surgically Transplanted Graft Due to Powerful Anti-Inflammatory, Anti-Fibrotic and Potential Bile Acid Modulatory Actions
    Armin Mooranian, Corina Mihaela Ionescu, Susbin Raj Wagle, Bozica Kovacevic, Daniel Walker, Melissa Jones, Jacqueline Chester, Thomas Foster, Edan Johnston, Momir Mikov, Marcus D. Atlas, Hani Al-Salami
    Pharmaceutics.2021; 13(8): 1304.     CrossRef
  • Clinical pharmacists education and counselling in patients with co-morbid hypertension and diabetes in a Municipal hospital in Ghana
    A. O. Kwakye, K. O. Buabeng, N. A. M. Opare-Addo, E. Owusu-Dabo
    African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology.2021; 15(10): 183.     CrossRef
  • Effect of educational interventions on knowledge of the disease and glycaemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials
    Wondimeneh Shibabaw Shiferaw, Tadesse Yirga Akalu, Melaku Desta, Ayelign Mengesha Kassie, Pammla Margaret Petrucka, Yared Asmare Aynalem
    BMJ Open.2021; 11(12): e049806.     CrossRef
  • Persistent Cardiometabolic Health Gaps: Can Therapeutic Care Gaps Be Precisely Identified from Electronic Health Records
    Xiaowei Yan, Walter F. Stewart, Hannah Husby, Jake Delatorre-Reimer, Satish Mudiganti, Farah Refai, Andrew Hudnut, Kevin Knobel, Karen MacDonald, Frangiscos Sifakis, James B. Jones
    Healthcare.2021; 10(1): 70.     CrossRef
  • Salutogenic model of health to identify turning points and coping styles for eating practices in type 2 diabetes mellitus
    C. M. M. Polhuis, L. Vaandrager, S. S. Soedamah-Muthu, M. A. Koelen
    International Journal for Equity in Health.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Self-Care in Adults with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Systematic Review
    Rebeca Barbosa da Rocha, Cristiano Sales Silva, Vinícius Saura Cardoso
    Current Diabetes Reviews.2020; 16(6): 598.     CrossRef
  • Medication adherence assessment among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus treated polytherapy in indonesian community health center: A cross sectional-study
    Nora Wulandari, Maifitrianti Maifitrianti, Faridlatul Hasanah, Sri Atika, Risa Dini Putri
    Journal of Pharmacy And Bioallied Sciences.2020; 12(6): 758.     CrossRef
  • Glycemic Control Among People Living with Diabetes and Human Immunodeficiency Virus in Ethiopia: Leveraging Clinical Care for the Looming  Co-Epidemics


    Tsegaye Melaku, Legese Chelkeba, Zeleke Mekonnen, Kabaye Kumela
    Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets .2020; Volume 13: 4379.     CrossRef
  • Electronic medical records-based comparison of glycemic control efficacy between sulfonylureas and dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors added on to metformin monotherapy in patients with type 2 diabetes
    Suhrin Lee, SeungHwan Lee, In-Jin Jang, Kyung-Sang Yu, Su-jin Rhee
    Translational and Clinical Pharmacology.2020; 28(4): 199.     CrossRef
  • Poor-Glycaemic-Control Prevalence and Determinants among Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients Attending a Primary Health Care Setting in Central Kerala
    Sajith Kumar Soman, Binu Areekal, Sudhiraj Thiruthara Sukumaran, Safa Puliyakkadi, Rajesh Koothupalakkal Ravi
    Journal of Evidence Based Medicine and Healthcare.2020; 7(49): 2892.     CrossRef
Effects of Physical Activity on Depression in Adults with Diabetes
Deok-Ju Kim
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2018;9(4):143-149.   Published online August 31, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2018.9.4.02
  • 4,005 View
  • 132 Download
  • 4 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

The purpose of this study was to identify the current state of physical activity in adults with diabetes and to investigate the effect of physical activity on depression.

Methods

The present study was conducted using data from the 2nd year of the 6th Korea National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey. From the total of 7,550 individuals, 418 adults diagnosed with diabetes were selected as participants, and their physical activity and depression levels were examined.

Results

The physical activity status of the participants showed that they did not usually engage in physical activities at work, and only a few participants were involved in moderate intensity physical leisure activity. Apart from walking for 10 minutes each day, which accounted for 1/3 of the participants, most of the participants did not engage in specific forms of exercise. An examination of the effects of physical activity on depression revealed that moderate intensity physical activity at work and leisure influenced depression. In terms of demographic characteristics, gender, occupation, income quintile, and subjective health status were all found to affect depression.

Conclusion

For elderly (60 years or older) patients with diabetes, which accounted for the majority of the diabetic population, a systematic leisure program and professional education are necessary to help them to manage stress and depression in daily life. Additionally, provision of community and family support should encourage regular, moderate intensity exercise and promote lifestyle changes to encourage increased physical activity.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Modeling the effects of physical activity, education, health, and subjective wealth on happiness based on Indonesian national survey data
    Bhina Patria
    BMC Public Health.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Triad of impairment in older people with diabetes-reciprocal relations and clinical implications
    A.H. Abdelhafiz, P.C. Davies, A.J. Sinclair
    Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice.2020; 161: 108065.     CrossRef
  • Association between exercise and health-related quality of life and medical resource use in elderly people with diabetes: a cross-sectional population-based study
    Chien-Cheng Huang, Chien-Chin Hsu, Chong-Chi Chiu, Hung-Jung Lin, Jhi-Joung Wang, Shih-Feng Weng
    BMC Geriatrics.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Challenges and Strategies for Diabetes Management in Community-Living Older Adults
    Alan J. Sinclair, Ahmed H. Abdelhafiz
    Diabetes Spectrum.2020; 33(3): 217.     CrossRef
Brief Report
Imported Melioidosis in South Korea: A Case Series with a Literature Review
Seung Woo Kim, Geun-Yong Kwon, Bongyoung Kim, Donghyok Kwon, Jaeseung Shin, Geun-Ryang Bae
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2015;6(6):363-368.   Published online December 31, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2015.10.014
  • 1,886 View
  • 17 Download
  • 10 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Melioidosis is a potentially fatal infectious disease caused by the environmental anaerobic Gram-negative bacillus Burkholderia pseudomallei. Melioidosis is endemic to areas of northern Australia and Southeast Asia. With increasing international travel and migration, imported cases of melioidosis are being reported regularly. Here, we summarize the 11 cases of melioidosis reported in South Korea from 2003 to 2014.
Methods
Tracing epidemiological investigations were performed on every patient reported to the National Surveillance System since 2011. A systematic literature search was performed to identify melioidosis cases that occurred prior to 2011.
Results
The overall fatality rate was 36.4%. All the patients had visited Southeast Asia where melioidosis is endemic. The stay in the endemic region ranged from 4 days to 20 years. Of the seven patients who developed initial symptoms after returning to South Korea, the time interval between returning to South Korea and symptom onset ranged from 1 day to 3 years. The remaining four patients developed symptoms during their stay in the endemic region and were diagnosed with melioidosis in South Korea. Seven (63.6%) patients possessed at least one risk factor, all of whom were diabetic. Pneumonia was the most frequent clinical manifestation, but the patients showed a wide spectrum of clinical features, including internal organ abscesses, a mycotic aneurysm of the aorta, and coinfection with tuberculosis.
Conclusion
An early diagnosis and initiation of the appropriate antibiotics can reduce the mortality of melioidosis. Consequently, increased awareness of the risk factors and clinical features of melioidosis is required.

Citations

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Original Articles
Depression among Korean Adults with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Ansan-Community-Based Epidemiological Study
Chan Young Park, So Young Kim, Jong Won Gil, Min Hee Park, Jong-Hyock Park, Yeonjung Kim
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2015;6(4):224-232.   Published online August 31, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2015.05.004
  • 1,913 View
  • 12 Download
  • 22 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
There are an increasing number of studies being carried out on depression in patients with diabetes. Individuals with diabetes have been reported as having a higher prevalence of depression compared to those without diabetes. However, only a few studies involving Korean patients have been conducted. The aims of this study were to examine the prevalence of depression and to find various risk factors according to the degree of depression among Korean patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).
Methods
An Ansan-community-based epidemiological study was conducted from 2005 to 2012. The total number of participants in this study was 3,540, from which patients with diabetes (n = 753) have been selected. The presence of depression was evaluated using the Beck Depression Inventory total score.
Results
The prevalence of depression was 28.8%. The mean age of participants was 55.5 ± 8.2 years. We divided the participants into three groups (without-depression, moderate-depression, and severe-depression groups) to examine the depression prevalence among Korean T2DM patients. The unemployed participants had 2.40 [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.21–4.76], the low-income participants had 2.57 (95% CI 1.52–4.35), the participants using an oral diabetes medicine or insulin had 2.03 (95% CI 1.25–3.32), the participants who are currently smoking had 2.03 (95% CI 1.10–3.73), and those without regular exercise had 1.91 (95% CI 1.17–3.14) times higher odds of depression in the severe-depression group, compared with the without-depression group.
Conclusion
There was a significant association between depression prevalence and diabetes, and we found various risk factors according to the degree of depression in Korean patients with T2DM.

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Association of TNF-α 308 G/A Polymorphism With Type 2 Diabetes: A Case–Control Study in the Iranian Kurdish Ethnic Group
Hasan Golshani, Karimeh Haghani, Majid Dousti, Salar Bakhtiyari
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2015;6(2):94-99.   Published online April 30, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2015.01.003
  • 1,849 View
  • 21 Download
  • 15 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) plays roles in the development of obesity, insulin resistance, and possibility of Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The objective of the current study was to evaluate the association of TNF-α promoter−308 G/A polymorphism with T2DM.
Methods
In all, 1038 patients with T2DM and 1023 normoglycemic controls were included in this study. All participants were genotyped using the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism method. Genotypic and allelic frequencies were then analyzed in each group. Serum lipids, fasting glucose, fasting serum insulin, homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance, and hemoglogin A1c levels were determined by conventional methods.
Results
The allelic frequency of the A allele was significantly different between case and control participants (p = 0.006). Genotypes GA and AA were found to be significantly associated with 2.24- and 3.18-fold increased risk for T2DM, respectively. Similarly, the dominant model of -308 G/A polymorphism was found to have a higher risk for T2DM (odds ratio = 2.34, p = 0.001). Individuals with T2DM carrying the GA + AA genotypes of -308 G/A variation had significantly lower fasting plasma insulin than those carrying GG genotype.
Conclusion
Our findings revealed that there is an association between the TNF-α promoter -308 G/A polymorphism and T2DM in this population.

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Effects of Fenugreek Seed Extract and Swimming Endurance Training on Plasma Glucose and Cardiac Antioxidant Enzymes Activity in Streptozotocin-induced Diabetic Rats
Sajad Arshadi, Salar Bakhtiyari, Karimeh Haghani, Ahmad Valizadeh
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2015;6(2):87-93.   Published online April 30, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2014.12.007
  • 1,934 View
  • 19 Download
  • 9 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objective Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases characterized by chronic hyperglycemia condition resulting from defective insulin secretion or resistance insulin action, or both. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of 6 weeks swimming training and Trigonella foenum-graecum seed (fenugreek) extract, alone and in combination, on plasma glucose and cardiac antioxidant enzyme activity of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.
Methods
Fifty male Wistar rats were divided into five groups: diabetic control (DC, n = 8); healthy control (HC, n = 11); swimming training (S, n = 11); swimming training + fenugreek seed extract (1.74 g/kg body weight; SF1, n = 11); and swimming training + fenugreek seed extract (0.87 g/kg body weight; SF2, n = 9). Streptozotocin was used for the induction of diabetes. Results were analyzed using one-way analysis of variance followed by Tukey test.
Results
In comparison with the DC group, all groups exhibited a significant decrease in body weight (p < 0.05), except for the HC group. SF1 and HC groups showed significant decreases in plasma glucose levels compared with the DC group (p < 0.05). S, SF1, SF2, and HC groups showed significant elevations in cardiac antioxidant enzymes activity in comparison with the DC group.
Conclusion
The results indicated that the combination of endurance swimming training and fenugreek seed extract can significantly reduce the plasma glucose levels and increase cardiac antioxidant enzymes activity in diabetic rats. Our findings suggest that this combination could be useful for the treatment of hyperglycemia and cardiac oxidative stress induced by diabetes mellitus.

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    Maryam Mohammad-Sadeghipour, Mehdi Afsharinasab, Maryam Mohamadi, Mehdi Mahmoodi, Soudeh Khanamani Falahati-pour, Mohammad Reza Hajizadeh
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Evidence Gap on the Prevalence of Non-conventional Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes in Iran
Abdolreza Shaghaghi, Ali Ahmadi
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2014;5(5):292-297.   Published online October 31, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2014.08.002
  • 1,889 View
  • 17 Download
  • 2 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Robust scientific evidence exists about the role of non-conventional risk factors in type 2 diabetes worldwide. The current epidemiological pattern of the disease in Iran suggests a precipitating role for these non-conventional risk factors. This review was performed to examine the research evidence suggesting a higher prevalence of non-conventional type 2 diabetes risk factors in Iran.
Methods
MeSH keywords were applied to search several databases, including PUBMED, MEDLINE, AMED, EMBASE, Iran DOC, and the Scientific Information Database without a time limit from inception to September 2011. The quality of the non-interventional and population-based studies on Iranians included in these databases was assessed by the authors and any disagreement was resolved with consensus.
Results
The literature search yielded 1847 publications, of which 62 were included in this study after eliminating non-relevant and overlapping papers. No study was found that verified a higher prevalence of the non-conventional type 2 diabetes risk factors in the Iranian population.
Conclusion
The identified evidence gap about the role of prominent non-conventional risk factors of type 2 diabetes in the Iranian population could be a major caveat in the application of an evidence-based approach to endorse or reject existing hypothesis about these risk factors. Studies on the prevalence of non-conventional biomarkers of type 2 diabetes among Iranians could be a promising area of research.

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  • Prevalence and determinants of diabetes and prediabetes in southwestern Iran: the Khuzestan comprehensive health study (KCHS)
    Sanam Hariri, Zahra Rahimi, Nahid Hashemi-Madani, Seyyed Ali Mard, Farnaz Hashemi, Zahra Mohammadi, Leila Danehchin, Farhad Abolnezhadian, Aliasghar Valipour, Yousef Paridar, Mohammad Mahdi Mir-Nasseri, Alireza Khajavi, Sahar Masoudi, Saba Alvand, Bahman
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    Elnaz Daneshzad, Shaghayegh Emami, Manije Darooghegi Mofrad, Sahar Saraf-Bank, Pamela J. Surkan, Leila Azadbakht
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Knowledge of Diabetes Mellitus: Does Gender Make a Difference?
Patrício Fernando Lemes dos Santos, Poliana Rodrigues dos Santos, Graziele Souza Lira Ferrari, Gisele Almeida Amaral Fonseca, Carlos Kusano Bucalen Ferrari
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2014;5(4):199-203.   Published online August 31, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2014.06.004
  • 2,173 View
  • 15 Download
  • 12 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objective Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic disease considered an important public health problem. In recent years, its prevalence has been exponentially rising in many developing countries. Chronic complications of DM are important causes of morbidity and mortality among patients, which impair their health and quality of life. Knowledge on disease prevention, etiology, and management is essential to deal with parents, patients, and caregivers. The aim of this study was to evaluate the knowledge regarding DM in an adult population from a Middle-western Brazilian city.
Methods
This was a cross-sectional study covering 178 adults, aged 18–64 years, who answered a diabetes knowledge questionnaire. In order to identify the difference between groups, analysis of variance was used.
Results
Higher knowledge scores were found regarding the role of sugars on DM causality, diabetic foot care, and the effects of DM on patients (blindness, impaired wound healing, and male sexual dysfunction). However, lower scores were found amongst types of DM, hyperglycemic symptoms, and normal blood glucose levels. Females tended to achieve better knowledge scores than males.
Conclusion
Women had better knowledge regarding types of DM, normal blood glucose values, and consequences of hyperglycemia revealed that diabetes education should be improved.

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  • Psychometric properties of the revised Diabetes Knowledge Test using Rasch analysis
    Eun-Hyun Lee, Young Whee Lee, Hyun-Jung Kang
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Prevalence of Dyslipidemia and Hypertension in Indian Type 2 Diabetic Patients with Metabolic Syndrome and its Clinical Significance
Dhananjay Yadav, Meerambika Mishra, Arvind Tiwari, Prakash Singh Bisen, Hari Mohan Goswamy, G.B.K.S. Prasad
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2014;5(3):169-175.   Published online June 30, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2014.04.009
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
The present study was designed to estimate the prevalence of dyslipidemia and hypertension based on the National Cholesterol Educational Programme Adult Treatment Panel III definition of metabolic syndrome (MetS). The study also focuses on prevalence for MetS with respect to the duration of disease in Gwalior–Chambal region of Madhya Pradesh, India.
Methods
Type 2 diabetic patients (n = 700) were selected from a cross-sectional study that is regularly being conducted in the School of Studies in Biochemistry, Jiwaji University Gwalior, India. The period of our study was from January 2007 to October 2009. Dyslipidemia and hypertension were determined in type 2 diabetic patients with MetS as per National Cholesterol Educational Programme Adult Treatment Panel III criteria.
Results
The mean age of the study population was 54 ± 9.3 years with 504 (72%) males and 196 (28%) females. The prevalence of MetS increased with increased duration of diabetes in females; however, almost constant prevalence was seen in the males. Notable increase in the dyslipidemia (64.1%) and hypertension (49%) in type 2 diabetic patients were seen. The steep increase in dyslipidemia and hypertension could be the reason for the growing prevalence of diabetes worldwide. The study also noted a close association between age and occurrence of MetS.
Conclusion
Individual variable of MetS appears to be highly rampant in diabetic population. Despite treatment, almost half of patients still met the criteria for MetS. Effective treatment of MetS components is required to reduce cardiovascular risk in diabetes mellitus hence accurate and early diagnosis to induce effective treatment of MetS in Indian population will be pivotal in the prevention of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes.

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