Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives



Page Path
HOME > Search
5 "education"
Article category
Publication year
Original Articles
The effect of an application-based educational intervention with a social cognitive theory model on pregnant women in Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia: a randomized controlled trial
Ni Wayan Ariyani, I Made Ady Wirawan, Gede Ngurah Indraguna Pinatih, Anak Agung Ngurah Jaya Kusuma
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2022;13(2):153-161.   Published online April 14, 2022
  • 1,866 View
  • 79 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
The aim of this study was to elucidate the effect of application-based antenatal education based on social cognitive theory (SCT) on Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile II (HPLP II) scores, compliance with iron tablet consumption, and readiness for childbirth and complications among pregnant women in Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Methods: This randomized controlled trial included 71 pregnant women in the treatment group and 74 pregnant women in the control group. The treatment group application-based antenatal education based on SCT, while the control group attended a conventional pregnancy class. Iron tablet consumption was verified by counting the remaining iron tablets. Information on participants’ lifestyles was collected using the HPLP II questionnaire with the help of an assistant. The collected data were statistically analyzed using IBM SPSS ver. 24.0. Results: The antenatal education intervention effectively increased the HPLP II score by 0.32 points (2.62±0.331 before the intervention and 2.94±0.273 after). Meanwhile, the control group had a 0.13-point increase (p=0.001), from 2.67±0.336 to 2.80±0.275. There was no significant difference in iron tablet consumption (p=0.333) or readiness for delivery and complications (p=0.557) between the treatment and control groups. Conclusion: Application-based antenatal education with SCT effectively increased the HPLP II scores of pregnant women in Denpasar, Bali. Although there was no significant difference in iron tablet consumption or readiness for delivery and complications, the values increased to a greater extent in the treatment group than in the control group. This education model is more suited to urban pregnant women who employed and have good internet access.
Designing and Evaluating Educational Intervention to Improve Preventive Behavior Against Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Endemic Areas in Iran
Musalreza Ghodsi, Mina Maheri, Hamid Joveini, Mohammad Hassan Rakhshani, Ali Mehri
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2019;10(4):253-262.   Published online August 31, 2019
  • 6,871 View
  • 96 Download
  • 12 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF

Health education programs are one of the most important strategies for controlling cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) in endemic areas such as Neshabur city. This study aimed to develop and evaluate a comprehensive health education program to improve preventive behaviors for CL.


This was an interventional study conducted on 136 high school students in Neishabur city. Data collection instruments included a demographic questionnaire and a researcher-made questionnaire based on the “Health Belief Model” and “Beliefs, Attitudes, Subjective Norms and Enabling Factors Model” constructs. The control and intervention groups completed the questionnaires before and 2 months after the intervention. The intervention was conducted in 6, 1-hour educational sessions for the intervention group students and 2, 1-hour sessions for school administrators, teachers, and students’ parents.


There was no significant difference between the 2 groups in the pre-intervention phase. However, in the post-intervention phase, there were significant differences between the 2 groups for mean scores of knowledge, perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefits, cues to action, self-efficacy, attitude, subjective norms, behavioral intention, enabling factors, and behavior associated with CL.


Health education program based on the “Health Belief Model” and the “Beliefs, Attitudes, Subjective Norms and Enabling Factors Model” model constructs may be a comprehensive and effective educational program to improve preventive behaviors against CL in students.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Cutaneous leishmaniasis situation analysis in the Islamic Republic of Iran in preparation for an elimination plan
    Iraj Sharifi, Ahmad Khosravi, Mohammad Reza Aflatoonian, Ehsan Salarkia, Mehdi Bamorovat, Ali Karamoozian, Mahmoud Nekoei Moghadam, Fatemeh Sharifi, Abbas Aghaei Afshar, Setareh Agha Kuchak Afshari, Faranak Gharachorloo, Mohammad Reza Shirzadi, Behzad Ami
    Frontiers in Public Health.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Investigating Iranians’ Attitude, Practice, and Perceived Self-Efficacy towards COVID-19 Preventive Behaviors
    Hamid Joveini, Zahra Zare, Masoumeh Hashemian, Ali Mehri, Reza Shahrabadi, Neda Mahdavifar, Hamideh Ebrahimi Aval
    The Open Public Health Journal.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Intervention Study to Increase Knowledge and Awareness in Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Cases: The Case of Şanlıurfa
    Burcu BEYAZGÜL, İbrahim KORUK, Rüstem KUZAN, Şule ALLAHVERDİ
    Mersin Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi.2022; : 188.     CrossRef
  • Congregational Worshiping and Implementation of the COVID-19 Preventive Behavioral Measures During the Re-opening Phase of Worship Places Among Indonesian Muslims
    Mochamad Iqbal Nurmansyah, Sarah Handayani, Deni Wahyudi Kurniawan, Emma Rachmawati, Hidayati, Ahmad Muttaqin Alim
    Journal of Religion and Health.2022; 61(5): 4169.     CrossRef
  • Development and psychometric assessment of cutaneous leishmaniasis prevention behaviors questionnaire in adolescent female students: Application of integration of cultural model and extended parallel process model
    Masoumeh Alidosti, Hossein Shahnazi, Zahra Heidari, Fereshteh Zamani-Alavijeh, Mona Dür
    PLOS ONE.2022; 17(8): e0273400.     CrossRef
  • Community-Based Interventions for the Prevention and Control of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis: A Systematic Review
    Kay Polidano, Brianne Wenning, Alejandra Ruiz-Cadavid, Baheya Dawaishan, Jay Panchal, Sonali Gunasekara, Haftom Abebe, Marciglei Morais, Helen Price, Lisa Dikomitis
    Social Sciences.2022; 11(10): 490.     CrossRef
  • Design and evaluation of two educational media in the form of animation and games to promote the cutaneous leishmaniasis prevention behaviors in adolescent female
    Masoumeh Alidosti, Hossein Shahnazi, Zahra Heidari, Fereshteh Zamani-Alavijeh
    BMC Public Health.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Knowledge, attitude, and practice toward Zika virus among staff of comprehensive health services centers affiliated with Tehran University of Medical Sciences in 2020
    Hamidreza Farrokh‐Eslamlou, Mina Maheri
    Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research.2021; 47(6): 2204.     CrossRef
  • Behaviors and Perceptions Related to Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Endemic Areas of the World: A Review
    Masoumeh Alidosti, Zahra Heidari, Hossein Shahnazi, Fereshteh Zamani-Alavijeh
    Acta Tropica.2021; 223: 106090.     CrossRef
  • Application of BASNEF model in students training regarding cutaneous leishmaniasis prevention behaviors: a school-based quasi experimental study
    Gholamreza Alizadeh, Hossein Shahnazi, Akbar Hassanzadeh
    BMC Infectious Diseases.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Predicting the Preventive Behaviors of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in families with Children Under 10 Years, Applied the Precede Model
    Hosein Jajarmi, Mahdi Gholian-Aval, Asma pourtaheri, Habibollah Esmaily, Hamid Hosseini, Rezvan Rajabzadeh, Hadi Tehrani
    ranian Journal of Health Education and Health Prom.2021; 9(4): 360.     CrossRef
  • Effects of an Educational Intervention on Male Students’ Intention to Quit Water Pipe Smoking: an Application of the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) and Health Action Process Approach (HAPA)
    Hamid Joveini, Tahereh Dehdari, Masoumeh Hashemian, Mina Maheri, Reza Shahrabadi, Alireza Rohban, Ali Mehri, Hasan Eftekhar Ardebili
    Journal of Education and Community Health.2020; 7(2): 73.     CrossRef
Development of a Food Safety and Nutrition Education Program for Adolescents by Applying Social Cognitive Theory
Jounghee Lee, Soyeon Jeong, Gyeongah Ko, Hyunshin Park, Youngsook Ko
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2016;7(4):248-260.   Published online August 31, 2016
  • 2,459 View
  • 19 Download
  • 7 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
The purpose of this study was to develop an educational model regarding food safety and nutrition. In particular, we aimed to develop educational materials, such as middle- and high-school textbooks, a teacher’s guidebook, and school posters, by applying social cognitive theory.
To develop a food safety and nutrition education program, we took into account diverse factors influencing an individual’s behavior, such as personal, behavioral, and environmental factors, based on social cognitive theory. We also conducted a pilot study of the educational materials targeting middle-school students (n = 26), high-school students (n = 24), and dietitians (n = 13) regarding comprehension level, content, design, and quality by employing the 5-point Likert scale in May 2016.
The food safety and nutrition education program covered six themes: (1) caffeine; (2) food additives; (3) foodborne illness; (4) nutrition and meal planning; (5) obesity and eating disorders; and (6) nutrition labeling. Each class activity was created to improve self-efficacy by setting one’s own goal and to increase self-control by monitoring one’s dietary intake. We also considered environmental factors by creating school posters and leaflets to educate teachers and parents. The overall evaluation score for the textbook was 4.0 points among middle- and high-school students, and 4.5 points among dietitians.
This study provides a useful program model that could serve as a guide to develop educational materials for nutrition-related subjects in the curriculum. This program model was created to increase awareness of nutrition problems and self-efficacy. This program also helped to improve nutrition management skills and to promote a healthy eating environment in middle- and high-school students.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Evaluating the Consistency Between Conceptual Frameworks and Factors Influencing the Safe Behavior of Iranian Workers in the Petrochemical Industry: Mixed Methods Study
    Azita Zahiri Harsini, Philip Bohle, Lynda R Matthews, Fazlollah Ghofranipour, Hormoz Sanaeinasab, Farkhondeh Amin Shokravi, Krishan Prasad
    JMIR Public Health and Surveillance.2021; 7(5): e22851.     CrossRef
  • Critical Consciousness of Food Systems as a Potential Lifestyle Intervention on Health Issues
    Sothy Eng, Carli Donoghue, Tricia Khun, Whitney Szmodis
    American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine.2020; 14(3): 258.     CrossRef
  • Development, Implementation, and Process Evaluation of a Theory-Based Nutrition Education Programme for Adults Living With HIV in Abeokuta, Nigeria
    Temitope K. Bello, Gerda J. Gericke, Una E. MacIntyre
    Frontiers in Public Health.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • What matters for higher education success of private educational institutions? Senior students’ perceptions in Malaysia
    Jayaraman Krishnaswamy, Zarif Hossain, Mohan Kumar Kavigtha, Annamalai Nagaletchimee
    Journal of Applied Research in Higher Education.2019; 11(3): 616.     CrossRef
  • Augmented reality of traditional food for nutrition education
    Cica Yulia, H Hasbullah, E.E. Nikmawati, S.R. Mubaroq, Cep Ubad Abdullah, Isma Widiaty, Ade Gafar Abdullah, Asep Bayu Dani Nandiyanto
    MATEC Web of Conferences.2018; 197: 16001.     CrossRef
  • Decreasing the use of edible oils in China using WeChat and theories of behavior change: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial
    Rui Zhu, Xianglong Xu, Yong Zhao, Manoj Sharma, Zumin Shi
    Trials.2018;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Chemicals as additives in food processing -a review
    International Journal of Pharma and Bio Science.2017;[Epub]     CrossRef
Knowledge of Diabetes Mellitus: Does Gender Make a Difference?
Patrício Fernando Lemes dos Santos, Poliana Rodrigues dos Santos, Graziele Souza Lira Ferrari, Gisele Almeida Amaral Fonseca, Carlos Kusano Bucalen Ferrari
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2014;5(4):199-203.   Published online August 31, 2014
  • 2,464 View
  • 16 Download
  • 14 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objective Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic disease considered an important public health problem. In recent years, its prevalence has been exponentially rising in many developing countries. Chronic complications of DM are important causes of morbidity and mortality among patients, which impair their health and quality of life. Knowledge on disease prevention, etiology, and management is essential to deal with parents, patients, and caregivers. The aim of this study was to evaluate the knowledge regarding DM in an adult population from a Middle-western Brazilian city.
This was a cross-sectional study covering 178 adults, aged 18–64 years, who answered a diabetes knowledge questionnaire. In order to identify the difference between groups, analysis of variance was used.
Higher knowledge scores were found regarding the role of sugars on DM causality, diabetic foot care, and the effects of DM on patients (blindness, impaired wound healing, and male sexual dysfunction). However, lower scores were found amongst types of DM, hyperglycemic symptoms, and normal blood glucose levels. Females tended to achieve better knowledge scores than males.
Women had better knowledge regarding types of DM, normal blood glucose values, and consequences of hyperglycemia revealed that diabetes education should be improved.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Assessment of prediabetes knowledge among adults in Al-Madinah, Saudi Arabia
    Ameerah Almaski, Manal Almughamisi
    Nutrition and Health.2023; : 026010602311557.     CrossRef
  • Psychometric properties of the revised Diabetes Knowledge Test using Rasch analysis
    Eun-Hyun Lee, Young Whee Lee, Hyun-Jung Kang
    Patient Education and Counseling.2022; 105(4): 851.     CrossRef
  • Recognition of diabetes and sociodemographic predictors: results of a cross-sectional nationwide population-based survey in Singapore
    Kumarasan Roystonn, Jue Hua Lau, PV AshaRani, Fiona Devi Siva Kumar, Peizhi Wang, Chee Fang Sum, Eng Sing Lee, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
    BMJ Open.2022; 12(3): e050425.     CrossRef
  • Public knowledge and awareness of diabetes mellitus, its risk factors, complications, and prevention methods among adults in Poland—A 2022 nationwide cross-sectional survey
    Kuba Sękowski, Justyna Grudziąż-Sękowska, Jarosław Pinkas, Mateusz Jankowski
    Frontiers in Public Health.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Physical Comorbidity According to Diagnoses and Sex among Psychiatric Inpatients in South Korea
    Suin Park, Go-Un Kim, Hyunlye Kim
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2021; 18(8): 4187.     CrossRef
  • Diabetes knowledge, risk perception, and quality of life among South Asian caregivers in young adulthood
    Angela Koipuram, Sandra Carroll, Zubin Punthakee, Diana Sherifali
    BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care.2020; 8(2): e001268.     CrossRef
  • Small molecule IVQ, as a prodrug of gluconeogenesis inhibitor QVO, efficiently ameliorates glucose homeostasis in type 2 diabetic mice
    Ting-ting Zhou, Tong Zhao, Fei Ma, Yi-nan Zhang, Jing Jiang, Yuan Ruan, Qiu-ying Yan, Gai-hong Wang, Jin Ren, Xiao-wei Guan, Jun Guo, Yong-hua Zhao, Ji-ming Ye, Li-hong Hu, Jing Chen, Xu Shen
    Acta Pharmacologica Sinica.2019; 40(9): 1193.     CrossRef
  • Problematic drinking in the old and its association with muscle mass and muscle function in type II diabetes
    Nikolaus Buchmann, Dominik Spira, Maximilian König, Kristina Norman, Ilja Demuth, Elisabeth Steinhagen-Thiessen
    Scientific Reports.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • A survey to validate the traditional Siddha perception of diabetes mellitus
    Amulya Vijay, Priyadharshan Ranganathan, Balachandar Vellingiri
    Journal of Public Health.2019; 27(5): 581.     CrossRef
  • Knowledge and self-care management of the uncontrolled diabetes patients
    Somsak Thojampa
    International Journal of Africa Nursing Sciences.2019; 10: 1.     CrossRef
  • Acculturation and Dietary Intakes by Gender Among Mongolians in South Korea: Nutrition Education Implication for Multicultural Families
    Hae Ryun Park, Zuunnast Tserendejid, Joung Hee Lee, Young Suk Lim
    Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health.2017; 29(7): 608.     CrossRef
  • Knowledge of type 2 diabetic patients about their condition in Kimpese Hospital diabetic clinic, Democratic Republic of the Congo
    Patrick N. Ntontolo, Philippe N. Lukanu, Gboyega A. Ogunbanjo, Jean-Pierre L. Fina, Léon N.M. Kintaudi
    African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Me.2017;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Assessment of Knowledge of Diabetes Mellitus in the Urban Areas of Klang District, Malaysia
    Sasikala Chinnappan, Palanisamy Sivanandy, Rajenthina Sagaran, Nagashekhara Molugulu
    Pharmacy.2017; 5(4): 11.     CrossRef
  • Affective Bond, Loneliness and Socioeconomic Aspects of an Elderly Population in Midwest, Brazil
    CKB Ferrari, GSL Ferrari, LD Nery, DF dos Santos, NS Pereira
    Archives of Nursing Practice and Care.2016; 2(1): 024.     CrossRef
Peer-to-Peer JXTA Architecture for Continuing Mobile Medical Education Incorporated in Rural Public Health Centers
Rajkumar Rajasekaran, Nallani Chackravatula Sriman Narayana Iyengar
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2013;4(2):99-106.   Published online April 30, 2013
  • 2,323 View
  • 12 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Mobile technology helps to improve continuing medical education; this includes all aspects of public health care as well as keeping one’s knowledge up-to-date. The program of continuing medical and health education is intertwined with mobile health technology, which forms an imperative component of national strategies in health. Continuing mobile medical education (CMME) programs are designed to ensure that all medical and health-care professionals stay up-to-date with the knowledge required through mobile JXTA to appraise modernized strategies so as to achieve national goals of health-care information distribution.
In this study, a 20-item questionnaire was distributed to 280 health professionals practicing traditional training learning methodologies (180 nurses, 60 doctors, and 40 health inspectors) in 25 rural hospitals. Among the 83% respondents, 56% are eager to take new learning methodologies as part of their evaluation, which is considered for promotion to higher grades, increments, or as part of their work-related activities.
The proposed model was executed in five public health centers in which nurses and health inspectors registered in the JXTA network were referred to the record peer group by administrators. A mobile training program on immunization was conducted through the ADVT, with the lectures delivered on their mobiles. Credits are given after taking the course and completing an evaluation test. The system is faster compared with traditional learning.
Medical knowledge management and mobile-streaming application support the CMME system through JXTA. The mobile system includes online lectures and practice quizzes, as well as assignments and interactions with health professionals. Evaluation and assessments are done online and credits certificates are provided based on the score the student obtains. The acceptance of mobile JXTA peer-to-peer learning has created a drastic change in learning methods among rural health professionals. The professionals undergo training and should pass an exam in order to obtain the credits. The system is controlled and monitored by the administrator peer group, which makes it more flexible and structured. Compared with traditional learning system, enhanced study improves cloud-based mobile medical education technology.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • The effects of mobile applications in cardiopulmonary assessment education
    In-Young Yoo, Young-Mi Lee
    Nurse Education Today.2015; 35(2): e19.     CrossRef

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives