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Factors Affecting Smoking Cessation Success of Heavy Smokers Registered in the Intensive Care Smoking Cessation Camp (Data from the National Tobacco Control Center)
Hansol Yeom, Hee-Sook Lim, Jihyun Min, Seoni Lee, Yoon-Hyung Park
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2018;9(5):240-247.   Published online October 31, 2018
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  • 124 Download
  • 9 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF

The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors involved in the success of smoking cessation in heavy smokers enrolled in an intensive care smoking cessation camp program.


Heavy smokers enrolled in the program were classified into a success (n = 69) or failure (n = 29) group, according to whether they maintained smoking cessation for 6 months after the end of the program. Demographics, smoking behaviors, and smoking cessation-related characteristics were analyzed.


Statistically significantly more participants in the success group had a spouse (98.6%; p = 0.008) compared with participants in the failure group (82.8%). However, multivariate logistic regression analysis indicated that having a spouse was not an independent factor in smoking cessation (p = 0.349). A significant difference in the frequency of counseling between the success and failure groups was observed (p = 0.001), with 72.5% of those who received counseling on 3–5 occasions for 6 months after the end of program successfully quit smoking, indicating that those who received more counseling had a higher likelihood of smoking cessation success. This was confirmed as an independent factor by multivariate logistic regression (p < 0.005). Furthermore, a graduate school level of education or higher, indicated a statistically greater success rate compared to those that were less well educated (p = 0.043). This was also observed as a significant independent factor using multivariate logistic regression (p = 0.046).


Education level, marital status, and the number of counseling sessions were significant factors contributing to smoking cessation success.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Evaluation of Smoking Cessation Intervention Effectiveness in Smoking Cessation Clinics — China, 2019–2021
    Li Xie, Yongfu Yan, Yan Yang, Yi Nan, Lin Xiao
    China CDC Weekly.2023; 5(21): 469.     CrossRef
  • Factors Associated with Smokers Attending More Than One Smoking Cessation Clinic Visit
    Oh Beom Kwon, Chihoon Jung, Auk Kim, Gihwan Byeon, Seung-Joon Lee, Woo Jin Kim
    Journal of Clinical Medicine.2023; 12(23): 7222.     CrossRef
  • Effects of a supportive workplace environment on the success rate for smoking cessation camp
    Woojin Kim, A Ram Kim, Minsu Ock, Young-Jee Jeon, Heun Lee, Daehwan Kim, Minjun Kim, Cheolin Yoo
    Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Sigara Bırakma Polikliniğine Başvuran Bireylerde Tedavi Başarısını Etkileyen Faktörler
    Derya KOCAKAYA, Hatice ŞENOL, Sezer ASLAN, Ahmed Mahmud ÇIRAKOĞLU, Merve ÇAKIR, Hatice TELCİ, Mehmet ÇETİNKAYA, Sehnaz OLGUN, Ayşe Nilüfer ÖZAYDIN, Ceyhan BERRİN
    Bağımlılık Dergisi.2022; 23(1): 69.     CrossRef
  • Smoking cessation rates in elderly and nonelderly smokers after participating in an intensive care smoking cessation camp
    Jae-Kyeong Lee, Yu-Il Kim, Sun-Seog Kweon, In-Jae Oh, Yong-Soo Kwon, Hong-Joon Shin, Yu-Ri Choe, Ha-Young Park, Young-Ok Na, Hwa-Kyung Park
    Medicine.2022; 101(30): e29886.     CrossRef
  • Patterns and predictors of smoking relapse among inpatient smoking intervention participants: a 1-year follow-up study in Korea
    Seung Eun Lee, Chul-Woung Kim, Hyo-Bin Im, Myungwha Jang
    Epidemiology and Health.2021; 43: e2021043.     CrossRef
  • Factors affecting smoking initiation and cessation among adult smokers in Fiji: A qualitative study
    Masoud Mohammadnezhad, Mondha Kengganpanich
    Tobacco Induced Diseases.2021; 19(December): 1.     CrossRef
  • “STOP the PUFF! Tayo’y mag bagong BAGA, SIGARILYO ay ITIGIL”: A Pilot Community-based Tobacco Intervention Project in an Urban Settlement
    Irene Salve D Joson-Vergara, Julie T Li-Yu
    Journal of Medicine, University of Santo Tomas.2021; 5(1): 586.     CrossRef
  • Smoking cessation correlates with a decrease in infection rates following total joint arthroplasty
    Christina Herrero, Alex Tang, Amy Wasterlain, Scott Sherman, Joseph Bosco, Claudette Lajam, Ran Schwarzkopf, James Slover
    Journal of Orthopaedics.2020; 21: 390.     CrossRef
Association Between Serum Vitamin D and Metabolic Risk Factors in Korean Schoolgirls
Han Byul Jang, Hye-Ja Lee, Ju Yeon Park, Jae-Heon Kang, Jihyun Song
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2013;4(4):179-186.   Published online August 31, 2013
  • 2,781 View
  • 17 Download
  • 15 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Vitamin D, a key regulator of bone metabolism, has been recently been linked with energy homeostasis and metabolic disorders in western countries. However, few studies have focused on the association of vitamin D with metabolic risk factors among Asian children. We studied the prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency and the association of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] with metabolic risk factors in Korean schoolgirls.
The sample consisted of 320 13-year-old girls recruited from two middle schools in the city of Gwacheon, Korea (latitude 37°N), in July 2011. Anthropometric and blood biochemistry data were obtained for this cross-sectional observational study. We also obtained lifestyle data from questionnaires and dietary data from 3-day food diaries.
Vitamin D deficiency [25(OH)D < 20 ng/mL] was noted in 63.8% of participants. The mean 25(OH)D level was not significantly lower in the overweight group. Level of physical activity and vitamin D intake did not significantly affect 25(OH)D. However, 25(OH)D levels were positively correlated with milk intake and negatively correlated with soft drink intake. Serum 25(OH)D had a negative relationship with fasting glucose and insulin resistance index (homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance; HOMA-IR) after adjustment for physical activity and body mass index z score (r = −0.144, p = 0.015), and with metabolic risk score similarly (r = −0.141, p = 0.012). Levels of insulin, HOMA-IR, and systolic blood pressure were higher in girls with deficient 25(OH)D levels than in those with sufficient levels.
We found that low 25(OH)D levels were associated with higher blood glucose and insulin resistance. Korean girls with low 25(OH)D levels could be at increased risk for metabolic disorders.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • The Relationship Between Vitamin D Serum Levels and Metabolic Syndrome in Patients Referred to Central Laboratory of ACECR in Mashhad, Iran
    Azam Shafaei, Zahra Saghiri, Mohammad Pahlavan Noghabi, Jalal Ghorbani, Arezoo Oroji, Fatemeh Sadabadi, Ahmad Vahedi, Maryam Shahi, Mahboobeh Talebi Mehrdar, Malihe Moammeri Salahshooh
    Jentashapir Journal of Cellular and Molecular Biol.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Vitamin D status and blood pressure in children and adolescents: a systematic review of observational studies
    Myriam Abboud, Fatme Al Anouti, Dimitrios Papandreou, Rana Rizk, Nadine Mahboub, Suzan Haidar
    Systematic Reviews.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Relationship Between Vitamin D Status and the Relevant Parameters of Glucose in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes
    Thanh Tung Tran Huu, Huu Dang Tran, Thua Nguyen Tran, Bui Bao Hoang
    Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets .2021; Volume 14: 2489.     CrossRef
  • Different Cabergoline Effect on Metabolic and Anthropometric Parameters in Female Prolactinoma Patients Versus Idiopathic Hyperprolactinemia Patients
    Mohamed M. Aboelnaga, Eman H. Eladawy, Maha M. Elshafei, Nahed Abdullah, Moustafa El. Shaer
    Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders - Drug Tar.2019; 19(4): 511.     CrossRef
  • Seasonality of tuberculosis in the Republic of Korea, 2006-2016
    Eun Hee Kim, Jong-Myon Bae
    Epidemiology and Health.2018; 40: e2018051.     CrossRef
  • Current Evidence on Vitamin D Deficiency and Metabolic Syndrome in Obese Children: What Does the Evidence from Saudi Arabia Tell Us?
    Asma Alaklabi, Naser Alsharairi
    Children.2018; 5(1): 11.     CrossRef
  • The association between gender difference with metabolic syndrome, metabolic syndrome score and serum vitamin D levels in Korean adults
    Hyun Yoon, Dae Keun Jeong, Chang Eun Park, Hye Jong Oh, Sung Gil Kim
    International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutriti.2017; 68(1): 121.     CrossRef
  • Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D associated with indicators of body fat and insulin resistance in prepubertal chilean children
    G Cediel, C Corvalán, C Aguirre, D L de Romaña, R Uauy
    International Journal of Obesity.2016; 40(1): 147.     CrossRef
  • The relationship between metabolic syndrome and increase of metabolic syndrome score and serum vitamin D levels in Korean adults: 2012 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Hyun Yoon, Gwang Seok Kim, Sung Gil Kim, Ae Eun Moon
    Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition.2015; 57(1): 82.     CrossRef
  • Vitamin D Deficiency and Cardiometabolic Risks: A Juxtaposition of Arab Adolescents and Adults
    Nasser M. Al-Daghri, Yousef Al-Saleh, Naji Aljohani, Majed Alokail, Omar Al-Attas, Abdullah M. Alnaami, Shaun Sabico, Maha Alsulaimani, Mohammed Al-Harbi, Hanan Alfawaz, George P. Chrousos, Joseph Devaney
    PLOS ONE.2015; 10(7): e0131315.     CrossRef
  • Association of Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D with Life Style and Dietary Factors in Egyptian Prepubescent Children
    Mones M. Abu Shady, Mai M. Youssef, Manal A. Shehata, Ebtissam M. Salah El-Din, Heba A. ElMalt
    Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences.2015; 3(1): 80.     CrossRef
  • The Study of Serum Vitamin D and Insulin Resistance in Chinese Populations with Normal Glucose Tolerance
    Lin Ding, Congcong Wang, Heliang Ma, Yuling Tian, Yong Lu, Shuguang Pang
    International Journal of Endocrinology.2014; 2014: 1.     CrossRef
  • Does Sufficient Evidence Exist to Support a Causal Association between Vitamin D Status and Cardiovascular Disease Risk? An Assessment Using Hill’s Criteria for Causality
    Patricia Weyland, William Grant, Jill Howie-Esquivel
    Nutrients.2014; 6(9): 3403.     CrossRef
  • Vitamin D insufficiency and insulin resistance in obese adolescents
    Catherine A. Peterson, Aneesh K. Tosh, Anthony M. Belenchia
    Therapeutic Advances in Endocrinology and Metaboli.2014; 5(6): 166.     CrossRef
  • Vitamin D Status among Thai School Children and the Association with 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D and Parathyroid Hormone Levels
    Lisa A. Houghton, Andrew R. Gray, Michelle J. Harper, Pattanee Winichagoon, Tippawan Pongcharoen, Sueppong Gowachirapant, Rosalind S. Gibson, Dominique Heymann
    PLoS ONE.2014; 9(8): e104825.     CrossRef

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives