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PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives

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Original Articles
Experiences in Healthy Dieting of Male College Students with Obesity in Korea
Jeong Soo Kim
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2015;6(1):59-63.   Published online February 28, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2014.11.008
  • 1,881 View
  • 15 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
The purpose of this study was to describe and understand experiences of healthy dieting in male college students with obesity.
Methods
The interview data were collected from nine male students and analyzed by using descriptive phenomenology of Colaizzi. The procedural steps described the phenomenon of interest, collected participants' descriptions of the phenomenon, extracted the meaning of significant statements, organized the meanings into clusters, wrote exhaustive descriptions, and then incorporated data into an exhaustive description.
Results
The findings in 246 restatements, 47 constructed meanings, 31 themes, eight theme clusters, and four categories were deduced. The four categories were “Uneasiness at interpersonal relationships”, “Developing durability in dieting strategies”, “Practicing healthy diets based on information”, and “Perceived on healthy diets as a whole health support strategies”.
Conclusion
This study described experiences in healthy dieting of male college students who were discharged from military services. These findings have important implications for understanding healthy dieting in young men and must be considered in developing health promotion in youth.
Health Status of the Residents in Occidental Mindoro, Philippines: A Way to Make a Healthy Community
Rosa Mistica C. Ignacio, Ma Easter Joy V. Sajo, Eun Woo Nam, Chun Bae Kim, Dong Won Ahn, Pan Suk Kim, Kyu Jae Lee
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2015;6(1):20-26.   Published online February 28, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2014.11.006
  • 1,968 View
  • 14 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Even though Philippines is widely known as exporters of health workers in the world, the Occidental Mindoro province suffers from a lack of health workers compared with the total population of each municipality. The aim of this study was to observe, identify, and understand the persisting health status, knowledge, and practices among the three selected communities in Occidental Mindoro, Philippines.
Methods
The study applied a survey using basic questions with three key topics, with relevance to the health condition of the villagers, such as demographics (social capital and regional characteristics), lifestyle (healthy living, and healthy lifestyle and behavior), and status or position in the society (general demographics, and personal behavior and attitudes), with a random sample of 256 adult respondents.
Results
Only about 54.3% rated themselves as fair/moderately healthy, and a total of 17.2% suffered from chronic diseases such as diabetes mellitus, cancers, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and cardiovascular disease, while 9% have been diagnosed with tuberculosis in the past 6 months. Respondents mostly have low income and low education.
Conclusion
The majority of the respondents have only primary and secondary education, and a very low average income; these suggest that respondents were afflicted with poverty and low educational attainment. Respondents who are deprived of their rights to obtain a higher education also have a higher chance of having less knowledge on their well-being. Health programs do not guarantee a healthy individual and a healthy society, but a combination of health programs and socioeconomic support can help in creating a healthy community.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Observation records of the Bangon Monitor Lizard, Varanus bangonorum (Squamata, Varanidae), with emphasis on behaviour and local threats, from the Municipality of Abra de Ilog, Occidental Mindoro, Philippines
    Przemysław Zdunek, Michaela S. Webb
    Herpetozoa.2023; 36: 1.     CrossRef
Composition of Metabolic Syndrome Among Korean Adults in a Lifestyle Modification Intervention
Nan-He Yoon, Seunghyun Yoo, Hyekyeong Kim
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2014;5(6):370-377.   Published online December 31, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2014.10.005
  • 1,978 View
  • 25 Download
  • 5 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
The aim of this study was to examine the composition of metabolic syndrome (MetS) components among middle-aged and older Koreans.
Methods
A total of 263 participants (age 40 + years) in a lifestyle modification intervention program who met the MetS definition of National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) – Adult Treatment Panel (ATP) III criteria were included in the study. The frequent patterns and clustering of MetS components were investigated. Clustering of changes in individual components, through a lifestyle modification intervention, was also identified. All characteristics were stratified by and compared between sexes.
Results
Approximately 80% of the participants had three of five MetS risk factors at baseline. The prevalence of each risk differed by sex. MetS composition patterns that do not include low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol were more noticeable in men because of the low prevalence of low HDL cholesterol. In women, with higher prevalence of low HDL cholesterol, more patterns that include low HDL cholesterol were observed. The most common combination was “elevated blood pressure + abdominal obesity + impaired fasting glucose” in both sexes. Clustering of MetS risks was also found with most of the frequent combinations of MetS components. Through the lifestyle intervention, the greatest change was observed in HDL cholesterol among men and blood pressure among women. Triglycerides and HDL cholesterol were likely to be improved with blood pressure in men and abdominal obesity in women.
Conclusion
Differences in the prevalent patterns of MetS compositions were observed prior to and after the intervention, along with during-intervention changes. It is recommended that intervention strategies and guidelines for MetS management consider the MetS composition patterns for effectiveness.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Gender Differences of Health Behaviors in the Risk of Metabolic Syndrome for Middle-Aged Adults: A National Cross-Sectional Study in South Korea
    Jaehee Yoon, Jeewuan Kim, Heesook Son
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2021; 18(7): 3699.     CrossRef
  • Evaluation of the physical activity level, nutrition quality, and depression in patients with metabolic syndrome
    İsmet Kazaz, Ender Angin, Seray Kabaran, Gözde İyigün, Berkiye Kirmizigil, Mehtap Malkoç
    Medicine.2018; 97(18): e0485.     CrossRef
  • Effects of prolonged exercise versus multiple short exercise sessions on risk for metabolic syndrome and the atherogenic index in middle-aged obese women: a randomised controlled trial
    JinWook Chung, KwangJun Kim, Jeeyoung Hong, Hyoun-Joong Kong
    BMC Women's Health.2017;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Health related behavior patterns and associated factors among marriage immigrant women using latent class analysis
    Wonsup Cho, Seunghyun Yoo, Hyekyeong Kim
    Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion.2015; 32(5): 17.     CrossRef
  • Depression among Korean Adults with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Ansan-Community-Based Epidemiological Study
    Chan Young Park, So Young Kim, Jong Won Gil, Min Hee Park, Jong-Hyock Park, Yeonjung Kim
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2015; 6(4): 224.     CrossRef
Experiences of Health Related Lifestyles in High Body Fat but Non-obese Female College Students in Korea
Jeongsoo Kim
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2014;5(1):68-73.   Published online February 28, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2014.01.004
  • 3,728 View
  • 18 Download
  • 2 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
The purpose of this study was to describe and understand the lifestyles of non-obese female college students with high body fat (HBF).
Methods
The interview data were collected from 18 female students [body mass index (BMI) <23 kg/m2 and body fat ratio ≥30%] and analyzed by using descriptive phenomenology of Colaizzi. The procedural steps described the phenomenon of interest, collected participants' descriptions of the phenomenon, extracted the meaning of significant statements, organized the meanings into clusters, wrote exhaustive descriptions and then incorporated data into an exhaustive description.
Results
The results in 153 restatements, 36 constructed meanings, 22 themes, seven theme clusters, and three categories were deduced. The three categories were: diminished daily concerns of health, changes in living habits by stressors, and perceived unbalance in health.
Conclusion
This study describes non-obese female university students' experiences with HBF and their lifestyles. The findings have important implications for health promotion for non-obese female university students with HBF and must be considered when developing education courses for preparing adults.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • The effect of physical activity intervention and nutritional habits on anthropometric measures in elementary school children: the health oriented pedagogical project (HOPP)
    Nandu Goswami, Irhad Trozic, Maren Valand Fredriksen, Per Morten Fredriksen
    International Journal of Obesity.2021; 45(8): 1677.     CrossRef
  • Experiences in Healthy Dieting of Male College Students with Obesity in Korea
    Jeong Soo Kim
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2015; 6(1): 59.     CrossRef
Articles
Improvements in the Metabolic Syndrome and Stages of Change for Lifestyle Behaviors in Korean Older Adults
Seunghyun Yoo, Hyekyeong Kim, Han-Ik Cho
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2012;3(2):85-93.   Published online June 30, 2012
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2012.04.007
  • 1,995 View
  • 15 Download
  • 15 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
This study aims to examine the effectiveness of a 6-month lifestyle modification program on the improvement in metabolic syndrome (MetS) status and in stages of change for lifestyle behaviors associated with MetS among Korean older adults.
Methods
A lifestyle modification program was developed based on the transtheoretical model. The program consisted of health counseling, education classes, a self-management handbook, newsletters and a health diary. Older adults aged ≥60 (n = 480) with MetS were randomly assigned to the intervention group (IG) or the comparison group (CG). The IG received a comprehensive 6-month lifestyle modification intervention, while the CG received minimal information on MetS and lifestyle modification. Health examination and selfadministered survey were conducted before and after the intervention to determine the effectiveness of the program.
Results
After the intervention, the prevalence of MetS decreased to 38.1% in the IG and 52.4% in the CG (p = 0.046). The IG improved abdominal obesity (p = 0.016), blood pressure (p = 0.030), and triglyceride (p = 0.005) more than the CG did. The IG demonstrated significant improvements in the behavioral stages for portion control (p = 0.021), balanced diet (p < 0.001) and adequate intake of fruits and vegetables (p = 0.012). The IG reduced the prevalence of abdominal obesity (OR = 2.34) and improved MetS status (OR = 1.79) better than the CG. The IG were more likely to advance from preaction stages at baseline to action stage at post-intervention for portion control (OR = 3.29) and adequate intake of fruits and vegetables (OR = 2.06).
Conclusion
Lifestyle modification can improve the MetS status and behavioral stages in older adults.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Association of Maintaining Healthy Habits with Clinical Outcomes in Patients with Diabetes, Dyslipidemia or Hypertension
    Jeong Hyeon Kim, Young Ho Yun
    Korean Journal of Family Practice.2021; 11(1): 74.     CrossRef
  • Eating control and eating behavior modification to reduce abdominal obesity: a 12-month randomized controlled trial
    Soo Kyoung Kim, Norma Patricia Rodriguez Rocha, Hyekyeong Kim
    Nutrition Research and Practice.2021; 15(1): 38.     CrossRef
  • The Use of Behavior Change Theories in Dietetics Practice in Primary Health Care: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials
    Roshan R. Rigby, Lana J. Mitchell, Kyra Hamilton, Lauren T. Williams
    Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.2020; 120(7): 1172.     CrossRef
  • The Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome and Health-Related Behavior Changes: The Korea National Health Examination Survey
    Eunshil Yim, Kyounga Lee, Ilsu Park, Sangjin Lee
    Healthcare.2020; 8(2): 134.     CrossRef
  • Efectividad de las intervenciones para revertir el diagnóstico del síndrome metabólico: actualización de un metaanálisis de comparación mixta de tratamientos
    Adriana Guzmán, Esteban Navarro, Leidy Obando, Jorge Pacheco, Korina Quirós, Leticia Vásquez, Milena Castro, Fernando Ramírez
    Biomédica.2019; 39(4): 647.     CrossRef
  • Effect of patient education on metabolic syndrome components among females in Zagazig University outpatient clinics, Egypt: An intervention study
    Noha Osman Frere, Saeed Salah Abduljalil Soliman, Mohammed Adel Foda, Tayssir Kamel Eyada, Nagwa Eid Sobhy Saad
    Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research &.2019; 13(3): 1897.     CrossRef
  • Handgrip strength is associated with metabolic syndrome among middle-aged and elderly community-dwelling persons
    Ryuichi Kawamoto, Daisuke Ninomiya, Yoshihisa Kasai, Tomo Kusunoki, Nobuyuki Ohtsuka, Teru Kumagi, Masanori Abe
    Clinical and Experimental Hypertension.2016; 38(2): 245.     CrossRef
  • Depression among Korean Adults with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Ansan-Community-Based Epidemiological Study
    Chan Young Park, So Young Kim, Jong Won Gil, Min Hee Park, Jong-Hyock Park, Yeonjung Kim
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2015; 6(4): 224.     CrossRef
  • Impact of Community-Based Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine Metabolic Syndrome Intervention Technology in Rural Residents in Southern Jiangsu, China
    Kaijin Zhang
    Medical Science Monitor.2015; 21: 2163.     CrossRef
  • Routine Screening and Consultation Facilitate Improvement of Metabolic Syndrome
    Nan-He Yoon, Seunghyun Yoo, Hyekyeong Kim, Yoonjung Han
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2015; 30(8): 1092.     CrossRef
  • Composition of Metabolic Syndrome Among Korean Adults in a Lifestyle Modification Intervention
    Nan-He Yoon, Seunghyun Yoo, Hyekyeong Kim
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2014; 5(6): 370.     CrossRef
  • Transtheoretical model stages of change for dietary and physical exercise modification in weight loss management for overweight and obese adults
    Nikolaos Mastellos, Laura H Gunn, Lambert M Felix, Josip Car, Azeem Majeed
    Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.2014;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Two Sides of Obesity: Metabolic Syndrome and Osteoporosis in Elderly Women, Gangwon-do, Korea
    Sungok Jang, Sungwha Lee, Jongseok Lee
    Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion.2014; 31(1): 13.     CrossRef
  • Short-term Effects of a Lifestyle Intervention Program on Eating Behaviors, Physical Activity and Cardiovascular Risks in Korean Adults
    Jiyeon Park, Hyekyeong Kim
    Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion.2014; 31(4): 37.     CrossRef
  • Motivational interviewing with the older adult
    Mirsad Serdarevic, Sonne Lemke
    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion.2013; 15(4): 240.     CrossRef

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives