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The association between living arrangements and health-related quality of life in Korean older people: a nationwide repeated cross-sectional study
Eunok Park, Philip Larkin, Zee-A Han
Received October 3, 2023  Accepted February 16, 2024  Published online May 23, 2024  
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2023.0273    [Epub ahead of print]
  • 232 View
  • 9 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
This study investigated the association between living arrangements and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in older adults.
Methods
A secondary analysis was conducted of 6,153 participants (aged ≥60 years) from the seventh Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2016 to 2018). HRQoL was measured using the 3-level version of the EuroQol 5-dimensional questionnaire. The chi-square test, t-test, and multiple regression were used, applying sampling weights for the analysis.
Results
The proportion of respondents living alone was 18.0%, with a higher prevalence among women and older age groups (p<0.001). The overall HRQoL was lower in groups living alone than in groups living with others (p<0.001). Older people living alone showed higher impairments in all dimensions of the 3-level version of the European Quality of Life 5-Dimensional Questionnaire (EQ-5D-3L) than those living with others, including mobility (p<0.001), self-care (p<0.001), usual activities (p<0.001), pain/discomfort (p<0.001), and depression/anxiety (p<0.001). Problems with mobility were most prevalent (42.8%), followed by pain/discomfort (41.9%) in respondents living alone. Living alone was significantly associated with a lower HRQoL index score (b=–0.048, p<0.001) after adjusting for age, gender, education, exercise, perceived stress, and perceived health status.
Conclusion
Living alone was negatively associated with HRQoL. Based on this study, future care planning for older people should consider their living arrangements. The need to strengthen and expand care programs targeting those living alone should also be addressed.
Factors affecting depression and health-related quality of life in the elderly during the COVID-19 pandemic
Deok-Ju Kim
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2023;14(6):520-529.   Published online November 16, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2023.0166
  • 1,109 View
  • 61 Download
Graphical AbstractGraphical Abstract AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
This study investigated changes in the health behaviors of the elderly due to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), concerns due to COVID-19, depression, and healthrelated quality of life (HRQOL), and aimed to identify factors that affect depression and HRQOL in the elderly. Methods: This study was conducted using data from the 2021 Community Health Survey of the Korea Disease Control and Prevention Agency. From a total sample size of 229,242 individuals, 74,376 elderly people aged 65 or older were selected as subjects, and changes in health behaviors, concerns due to COVID-19, depression, and HRQOL were measured and analyzed. Results: The level of depression associated with sleep and fatigue was high. The lowest HRQOL was related to physical pain and discomfort, while the most common concerns were related to economic difficulties. Factors influencing depression included worries about infection and economic harm, while factors impacting HRQOL encompassed concerns about infection, economic harm, and criticism from others. Conclusion: If an infectious disease situation such as COVID-19 reoccurs in the future, it will be necessary to encourage participation in hybrid online and offline programs at senior welfare centers. This should also extend to community counseling institutions like mental health welfare centers. Additionally, establishing connections with stable senior job projects can help to mitigate the effects of social interaction restrictions, physical and psychological health issues, and economic difficulties experienced by the elderly.
Quality of life in patients treated for COVID-19–associated mucormycosis at a tertiary care hospital
Pragya Kumar, Rajath Rao UR, Nilanjan Roy, Deepika Agrawal, Shamshad Ahmad, Kranti Bhavana
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2023;14(2):119-128.   Published online April 18, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2022.0307
  • 2,254 View
  • 61 Download
  • 1 Web of Science
  • 1 Crossref
Graphical AbstractGraphical Abstract AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)–associated mucormycosis (CAM) has emerged as a formidable infection in patients with COVID-19. The aggressive management of CAM affects quality of life (QOL); thus, this study was designed to assess the QOL in patients with CAM at a tertiary healthcare institution.
Methods
This cross-sectional study of 57 patients with CAM was conducted over 6 months using a semi-structured standard questionnaire (the abbreviated World Health Organization Quality of Life questionnaire [WHO-BREF]) and a self-rated improvement (SRI) scale ranging from 0 to 9. Cut-off values of ≤52 and <7 were considered to indicate poor QOL and poor improvement, respectively. The correlations of QOL and SRI scores were evaluated using Spearman rho values.
Results
In total, 27 patients (47.4%; 95% confidence interval [CI], 34.9%–60.1%) and 26 patients (45.6%; 95% CI, 33.4%–58.4%) had poor QOL and poor SRI scores, respectively. The overall median (interquartile range) QOL score was 52 (41–63). Headache (adjusted B, −12.3), localized facial puffiness (adjusted B , −16.4), facial discoloration (adjusted B, −23.4), loosening of teeth (adjusted B, −18.7), and facial palsy (adjusted B, −38.5) wer e significantly associated with the QOL score in patients with CAM.
Conclusion
Approximately 1 in 2 patients with CAM had poor QOL and poor improvement. Various CAM symptoms were associated with QOL in these patients. Early recognition is the key to optimal treatment, improved outcomes, and improved QOL in patients with CAM.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • WHO BREF Quality of Life Score as a Prognostic Indicator of Survival in Patients recovered from COVID-19 Associated Rhino-Orbito-Cerebral Mucormycosis
    K. Nidhin Das, Vidhu Sharma, Vishudh Mohan, Kapil Soni, Ankita Chugh, Bikram Choudhury, Amit Goyal
    Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck S.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
Factors influencing quality of life in caregivers of adolescents with developmental disabilities
Joung Woo Joung
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2022;13(4):298-307.   Published online August 31, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2021.0158
  • 2,372 View
  • 63 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Caring for adolescents with developmental disabilities (DD) is stressful and challenging, and mothers usually provide care for these children in Korea. This study aimed to identify factors influencing quality of life (QoL) in mothers of adolescents with DD.
Methods
A predictive design was used. Data were collected from a web-based survey administered to a convenience sample of 154 mothers of adolescents with DD from October to November 2020. Data were analyzed using the t-test, analysis of variance, Pearson correlation coefficients, and multiple regression.
Results
Perceived health, depression, and family strength were significantly correlated with QoL. Multiple regression showed that family strength, perceived health, depression, and monthly household income influenced the participants’ QoL, and these factors accounted for 69.2% of variance in QoL. Family strength was the factor most strongly affecting QoL (β=0.39).
Conclusion
The study results indicate that health professionals and policy-makers need to pay attention to the overall QoL and physical and psychological health of mothers of adolescents with DD. Since our findings raise the importance of family strength in the QoL of this population, programs to improve family strength need to be implemented and strengthened. Interventions to improve perceived health and decrease depression should be applied, and knowledge on adolescent characteristics and changes should be delivered to caregivers when providing education and consultations. The findings will be helpful for developing educational and counseling programs for this population.
Predictors of health-related quality of life in Koreans with cardiovascular disease
Jung-Hye Lim
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2022;13(1):62-70.   Published online February 22, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2021.0286
  • 4,134 View
  • 91 Download
  • 1 Web of Science
  • 1 Crossref
Graphical AbstractGraphical Abstract AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
This study aimed to identify the predictors of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in Korean adults with cardiovascular disease (CVD). Methods: This was a cross-sectional study with a stratified multistage probability sampling design. Data from the 2016 to 2019 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (n=32,379) were used. Among the participants aged 19 years or older (n=25,995), 1,081 patients with CVD were extracted after excluding those with missing data and those who had cancer. The participants’ HRQoL was measured using the three-level EuroQoL Group’s five-dimension questionnaire (EQ-5D) scale. Data were analyzed using the t-test, one-way analysis of variance, and general linear regression for complex samples. Results: The most potent predictors of HRQoL in Korean adults with CVD were limited activity (β =−0.103, p <0.001), poor perceived health (β =−0.089, p <0.001), depression (β =−0.065, p<0.01), low household income (β=−0.033, p<0.05), unemployment (β=−0.023, p<0.05), and older age (β=−0.002, p<0.01), which explained 37.2% of the variance. Conclusion: Comprehensive interventions that address both physical and mental factors and social systems that provide financial help need to be implemented to improve the HRQoL of Korean adults with CVD.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Factors associated with health-related quality of life in patients with coronary heart disease
    Febio Gutama, Melisa Intan Barliana, Irma Melyani Puspitasari
    Pharmacia.2022; 69(3): 771.     CrossRef
Effects of activities of daily living-based dual-task training on upper extremity function, cognitive function, and quality of life in stroke patients
Hee-Su An, Deok-Ju Kim
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2021;12(5):304-313.   Published online September 13, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2021.0177
  • 11,150 View
  • 317 Download
  • 4 Web of Science
  • 4 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Objectives
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of daily living dual-task training focused on improving attention and executive function of the upper extremities, cognitive function, and quality of life in stroke patients.
Methods
We included 30 stroke patients who were hospitalized between July 2020 and October 2020. They were divided into experimental and control groups through randomization. The experimental group performed 20 minutes of dual-task training and received 10 minutes of conventional occupational therapy, while the control group performed 20 minutes of single-task training and received 10 minutes of conventional occupational therapy. Both groups underwent their respective rehabilitation for 30 minutes per session, 5 times per week for 5 weeks.
Results
Both groups showed significant improvements in upper extremity function, cognitive function, and quality of life; the experimental group showed higher results for all items. A significant between-group difference was observed in the magnitude of the changes.
Conclusion
In stroke patients, dual-task training that combined attention and executive function with daily living activities was found to be meaningful, as it encouraged active participation and motivation. This study is expected to be used as a foundation for future interventions for stroke patients.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Intervention and assessment of executive dysfunction in patients with stroke: A scoping review
    Katsuya Sakai, Yuichiro Hosoi, Junpei Tanabe, Kathleen Bennett
    PLOS ONE.2024; 19(2): e0298000.     CrossRef
  • Occupation-based interventions to improve occupational performance and participation in the hospital setting: a systematic review
    Gemma Wall, Stephen Isbel, Louise Gustafsson, Claire Pearce
    Disability and Rehabilitation.2023; : 1.     CrossRef
  • The effect of five activities daily living on improving cognitive function in ischemic stroke patients
    Frana Andrianur, Dwi Prihatin Era, Arifin Hidayat, Ismansyah Ismansyah, Diah Setiani
    Healthcare in Low-resource Settings.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Effect of Upper Limb Motor Rehabilitation on Cognition in Parkinson’s Disease: An Observational Study
    Valentina Varalta, Elisa Evangelista, Anna Righetti, Giovanni Morone, Stefano Tamburin, Alessandro Picelli, Cristina Fonte, Michele Tinazzi, Ilaria Antonella Di Vico, Andreas Waldner, Mirko Filippetti, Nicola Smania
    Brain Sciences.2022; 12(12): 1684.     CrossRef
Validity and reliability of the Health-Related Quality of Life Instrument with 8 Items (HINT-8) in Korean breast cancer patients
Juyoung Kim, Min-Woo Jo, Hyeon-Jeong Lee, Sei-Hyun Ahn, Byung Ho Son, Jong Won Lee, Sae Byul Lee
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2021;12(4):254-263.   Published online August 5, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2021.0005
  • 6,965 View
  • 130 Download
  • 6 Web of Science
  • 9 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Objectives
This study evaluated the validity and reliability of the Health-Related Quality of Life Instrument with 8 Items (HINT-8) in postoperative breast cancer patients in South Korea.
Methods
The study included 300 breast cancer patients visiting a tertiary hospital. We measured health-related quality of life (HRQoL) using the HINT-8, the 5-level EQ-5D version (EQ-5D-5L), and the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Breast (FACT-B). Discriminatory ability, known-group validity, and convergent validity were assessed. Reliability was evaluated with the Cohen kappa, weighted kappa, and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC).
Results
The EQ-5D-5L indexes (p<0.001) and EQ visual analogue scale (VAS) scores (p<0.001) were significantly higher in subjects with no problems in each item of the HINT-8 than in those with problems. The FACT-B total scores were also higher in subjects without problems on the HINT-8. Older age, lower education level, and comorbidities were associated with a lower HINT-8 index. The HINT-8 index was correlated with the EQ-5D-5L index and the EQ VAS, with correlation coefficients of 0.671 (p<0.001) and 0.577 (p<0.001), respectively. The correlation coefficients between the HINT-8 and the FACT-B ranged from 0.390 to 0.714. The ICC was 0.690 (95% confidence interval, 0.580–0.780).
Conclusion
The HINT-8 showed appropriate validity for capturing HRQoL in postoperative breast cancer patients.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Health-related quality of life of premenopausal young breast cancer survivors undergoing endocrine therapy
    Kyungmi Lee, Hye Suk Jun
    European Journal of Oncology Nursing.2024; 68: 102496.     CrossRef
  • Smartphone application-based rehabilitation in patients with chronic respiratory and cardiovascular diseases
    Chiwook Chung, Ah-Ram Kim, Dongbum Kim, Hee Kwon, Seong Ho Lee, Il-Young Jang, Min-Woo Jo, Do-Yoon Kang, Sei Won Lee
    Scientific Reports.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Willingness to pay for integrative healthcare services to treat sleep disturbances: Evidence from a nationwide survey
    Min Kyung Hyun
    European Journal of Integrative Medicine.2023; 58: 102223.     CrossRef
  • Internal Structure of the Health-Related Quality of Life Instrument with 8-Items in a Nationally Representative Population
    Eun-Hyun Lee
    Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing.2023; 53(3): 359.     CrossRef
  • Factors influencing health-related quality of life for young single-person households: the mediating effect of resilience
    Soo Jin Lee, Sujin Lee, Xianglan Jin
    Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science.2023; 25(3): 160.     CrossRef
  • Smartphone application-based rehabilitation in patients with chronic respiratory and cardiovascular diseases: a randomised controlled trial study protocol
    Chiwook Chung, Ah-Ram Kim, Il-Young Jang, Min-Woo Jo, Seongho Lee, Dongbum Kim, Hee Kwon, Do-Yoon Kang, Sei Won Lee
    BMJ Open.2023; 13(9): e072698.     CrossRef
  • Health-related quality of life among cancer patients and survivors and its relationship with current employment status
    Woorim Kim, Kyu-Tae Han, Seungju Kim
    Supportive Care in Cancer.2022; 30(5): 4547.     CrossRef
  • Associations between Food Groups and Health-Related Quality of Life in Korean Adults
    Shamirah Nabbosa, Sunghee Lee
    Nutrients.2022; 14(17): 3643.     CrossRef
  • Validity of the Health-Related Quality of Life Instrument with 8 Items (HINT-8) in the Korean Elderly: A Cross-Sectional Study
    Seon-Ha Kim, Miok Kim
    Journal of Korean Gerontological Nursing.2022; 24(3): 248.     CrossRef
Impact of fatigue on quality of life among breast cancer patients receiving chemotherapy
Fares Mohammed Saeed Muthanna, Mahmathi Karuppannan, Bassam Abdul Rasool Hassan, Ali Haider Mohammed
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2021;12(2):115-125.   Published online April 29, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2021.12.2.09
  • 8,174 View
  • 279 Download
  • 4 Web of Science
  • 6 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Fatigue is the most frequently reported symptom experienced by cancer patients and has a profound effect on their quality of life (QOL). The study aimed to determine the impact of fatigue on QOL among breast cancer patients receiving chemotherapy and to identify the risk factors associated with severe fatigue incidence.
Methods
This was an observational prospective study carried out at multiple centers. In total, 172 breast cancer patients were included. The Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue Questionnaire was used to measure QOL, while the Brief Fatigue Inventory (BFI) was used to assess the severity of fatigue.
Results
The total average mean and standard deviation of QOL were 84.58±18.07 and 4.65±1.14 for BFI scores, respectively. A significant association between fatigue and QOL was found in linear and multiple regression analyses. The relationships between fatigue severity and cancer stage, chemotherapy dose delay, dose reduction, chemotherapy regimen, and ethnicity were determined using binary logistic regression analysis.
Conclusion
The findings of this study are believed to be useful for helping oncologists effectively evaluate, monitor, and treat fatigue related to QOL changes.

Citations

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  • Effectiveness of Therapeutic Exercise Models on Cancer-Related Fatigue in Patients With Cancer Undergoing Chemotherapy: A Systematic Review and Network Meta-analysis
    Aida Herranz-Gómez, Ferran Cuenca-Martínez, Luis Suso-Martí, Clovis Varangot-Reille, Miriam Prades-Monfort, Joaquín Calatayud, Jose Casaña
    Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.2023; 104(8): 1331.     CrossRef
  • Anatomical Sites OF Superficial Basal Cell Cancers Demonstrate Higher Rates of Mixed Histology
    Zahid Sarfaraz Khan, Asim Muhammad, Muhammad Ataullah, Syeda Gulrukh Saba Shah, Tehmina Naushin, Hina Mir, Nabiha Naeem, Ziyad Ahmad, Sudhair Abbas Bangash, Irfan Ullah
    Pakistan BioMedical Journal.2022; : 44.     CrossRef
  • Glycated Albumin's Clinical Effectiveness in The Diabetes Diagnosis
    Summeira Jabeen Shah, Hajira Ishaq, Hina Hakeem, Saima Shaheen, Sikandar Ali Khan, Sosan Rauf, Hina Mir, Sudhair Abbas Bangash, Muhammad Ali, Irfan Ullah
    Pakistan BioMedical Journal.2022; : 176.     CrossRef
  • Post stroke intervention trial in fatigue (POSITIF): Randomised multicentre feasibility trial
    Gillian Mead, David Gillespie, Mark Barber, Allan House, Steff Lewis, Hannah Ensor, Simiao Wu, Trudie Chalder
    Clinical Rehabilitation.2022; 36(12): 1578.     CrossRef
  • Quality of Life and Its Associated Factors Among Cancer Patients Receiving Chemotherapy at Oncology Hospitals in Vietnam After the Third Wave of the COVID-19 Pandemic
    Hanh TH Nguyen, Khanh Linh Duong, Son T Nguyen, Quy Trinh, Hao TL Hoang, Toan Q Phung, Hsiang-Wen Lin, Huong TL Nguyen
    Cancer Management and Research.2022; Volume 14: 2429.     CrossRef
  • Effects of traditional Chinese medicine exercise therapy on cancer-related fatigue, anxiety and sleep quality in cancer patients
    Lihao Jiang, Ju Ouyang, Xianfeng Du
    Medicine.2021; 100(44): e27681.     CrossRef
Health-Related Quality of Life and its Associated Factors in COVID-19 Patients
Morteza Arab-Zozani, Fatemah Hashemi, Hossein Safari, Mahmood Yousefi, Hosein Ameri
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2020;11(5):296-302.   Published online October 22, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2020.11.5.05
  • 13,641 View
  • 488 Download
  • 70 Web of Science
  • 83 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is one of the most important outcome measures for patients. The purpose of this study was to evaluate HRQoL and related factors in Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients.

Methods

A total of 420 COVID-19 patients who had been discharged from hospital were selected using a systematic sampling. The EuroQol 5-dimensional-5 levels (EQ-5D-5L) questionnaire along with medical records of the patients were used to gather the data. The t test and analysis of variance were employed to test the difference between mean EQ-5D-5L scores, and the BetaMix model was used to investigate factors associated with EQ-5D-5L scores.

Results

The mean score for the patients who completed the EQ-5D-5L questionnaire (n = 409) was 0.6125. The EQ-5D-5L scores were significantly higher in males, patients with younger age, those with a low level of education, the employed, patients who worked in uncrowded workplaces, patients without diabetes, and those who were not admitted to intensive care unit. The BetaMix model showed that gender, age, education, employment status, having diabetes, heart failure, and admission to the intensive care unit were significant independent predictors of the EQ-5D-5L index values.

Conclusion

The mean score for EQ-5D-5L in COVID-19 patients was low in this study. Some of the factors, especially aging and having diabetes, should be considered in the aftercare of patients to improve their HRQoL.

Citations

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  • Examining the Trajectory of Health-Related Quality of Life among Coronavirus Disease Patients
    Jia Li, Juan P. Wisnivesky, Jenny J. Lin, Kirk N. Campbell, Liangyuan Hu, Minal S. Kale
    Journal of General Internal Medicine.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Health-related quality of life among adults living with chronic non-communicable diseases in the Ho Municipality of Ghana: a health facility-based cross-sectional study
    William Kwame Witts, Hubert Amu, Robert Kokou Dowou, Frank Oppong Kwafo, Luchuo Engelbert Bain
    BMC Public Health.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • A lifestyle adjustments program in long COVID-19 improves symptomatic severity and quality of life. A randomized control trial
    A. Navas-Otero, A. Calvache-Mateo, I. Calles-Plata, G. Valenza-Peña, S. Hernández-Hernández, A. Ortiz-Rubio, MC Valenza
    Patient Education and Counseling.2024; 122: 108180.     CrossRef
  • Actividad física, independencia funcional y calidad de vida relacionada con la salud en los pacientes post COVID-19
    J. Rodríguez-Castro, J. Betancourt-Peña
    Fisioterapia.2024; 46(3): 142.     CrossRef
  • The influence of nutritional status and associated factors on the quality of life among COVID-19 patients in Saudi Arabia: A cross-sectional study
    Ahlam B. El Shikieri, Ahmad H. Hafiz, Opeyemi E. Adewumi, Oluwatobi E. Fijabi
    Human Nutrition & Metabolism.2024; 36: 200262.     CrossRef
  • Symptoms, Mental Health, and Quality of Life Among Patients After COVID-19 Infection: A Cross-sectional Study in Vietnam
    Hai Nguyen Thanh, Duc Cap Minh, Hien Hoang Thu, Duc Nguyen Quang
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2024; 57(2): 128.     CrossRef
  • Association of pulmonary function test abnormalities and quality-of-life measures after COVID-19 infection
    James Bradley, Qian Xu, Nikolas Touloumes, Eugene Lusciks, T'shura Ali, Emma C. Huang, James Chen, Shahab Ghafghazi, Forest W Arnold, Maiying Kong, Jiapeng Huang, Rodrigo Cavallazzi, Ahmed Abdelhaleem Mohamed Fawzy Abdelhaleem, Lucia Belen Puga Sanchez, R
    The American Journal of the Medical Sciences.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Oliver Carlile, Andrew Briggs, Alasdair D. Henderson, Ben F.C. Butler-Cole, John Tazare, Laurie A. Tomlinson, Michael Marks, Mark Jit, Liang-Yu Lin, Chris Bates, John Parry, Sebastian C.J. Bacon, Iain Dillingham, William A. Dennison, Ruth E. Costello, Ale
    The Lancet Regional Health - Europe.2024; 40: 100908.     CrossRef
  • Examining well-being and cognitive function in people with long Covid and ME/CFS, and age-matched healthy controls: A Case-Case-Control Study
    Nilihan E.M. Sanal-Hayes, Marie Mclaughlin, Lawrence D. Hayes, Ethan C.J. Berry, Nicholas F. Sculthorpe
    The American Journal of Medicine.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety, depression and related factors among COVID-19 patients during the fourth wave of the pandemic in Vietnam
    Hoang Bac Nguyen, Thi Hong Minh Nguyen, Thi Hong Nhan Vo, Thi Cam Nhung Vo, Duc Nguyet Quynh Nguyen, Huu-Thinh Nguyen, Tuan-Ngan Tang, Thi-Hiep Nguyen, Van Trang Do, Quang Binh Truong
    International Health.2023; 15(4): 365.     CrossRef
  • One-year follow-up of depression, anxiety, and quality of life of Peruvian patients who survived COVID-19
    Jeff Huarcaya-Victoria, Christoper A. Alarcon-Ruiz, William Barzola-Farfán, Claudia Cruzalegui-Bazán, Michaell Cabrejos-Espinoza, Gabriela Aspilcueta-Montoya, Feleydi Cornero-Quispe, Javier Salazar-Bellido, Beltrán Villarreal
    Quality of Life Research.2023; 32(1): 139.     CrossRef
  • Postdischarge pain, fatigue severity and quality of life in COVID-19 survivors
    Esma DEMİRHAN, Sevgi ATAR, Günay ER, İpek OKUTAN, Ömer KURU
    The European Research Journal.2023; 9(1): 57.     CrossRef
  • Salud mental de cuidadores de niños con trastornos del neurodesarrollo durante la pandemia
    Jorge Emiro Restrepo, Tatiana Castañeda-Quirama, Mónica Gómez-Botero, David Molina-González
    Neurología Argentina.2023; 15(1): 28.     CrossRef
  • The trend in quality of life of Chinese population: analysis based on population health surveys from 2008 to 2020
    Dingyao Wang, Shitong Xie, Jing Wu, Bei Sun
    BMC Public Health.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Post-discharge quality of life of COVID-19 patients at 1-month follow-up: A cross-sectional study in the largest tertiary care hospital of Bangladesh
    Mohammad Mahfuzul Hoque, Ponkaj Kanti Datta, Kamalesh Chandra Basu, Muhammad Faizur Rahman, Mohammed Masudul Hassan Khan, Mohammad Mostafa Kamal, Reaz Mahmud, Kazi Ali Aftab, Ejrarul Alam Khan, Imran Mahmud, Rumana Sharmin, Md. Abdullah Saeed Khan, Mohamm
    PLOS ONE.2023; 18(1): e0280882.     CrossRef
  • Health-related quality of life and associated factors among COVID-19 individuals managed with Indian traditional medicine: A cross-sectional study from South India
    Rajalakshmi Elumalai, Bhavani Shankara Bagepally, Manickam Ponnaiah, Tarun Bhatnagar, Suganya Barani, Poornima Kannan, Lakshmi Kantham, P. Sathiyarajeswaran, Sasikumar D
    Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health.2023; 20: 101250.     CrossRef
  • The influencing factors of health–related quality of life of the general population of Iran during the COVID-19 Pandemic
    Maryam Shirvani Shiri, Hassan Karami, Hosein Ameri, Ali Akbari Sari, Maryam Tatari, Sara Emamgholipour, Somayeh Afshari
    Frontiers in Medicine.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Health-Related Quality of Life of COVID-19 Survivors Treated in Intensive Care Unit—Prospective Observational Study
    Josipa Domazet Bugarin, Lenko Saric, Nikola Delic, Svjetlana Dosenovic, Darko Ilic, Ivana Saric, Sanda Stojanovic Stipic, Bozidar Duplancic
    Journal of Intensive Care Medicine.2023; 38(8): 710.     CrossRef
  • Pain and Clinical Presentation: A Cross-Sectional Study of Patients with New-Onset Chronic Pain in Long-COVID-19 Syndrome
    Andrés Calvache-Mateo, Laura López-López, Javier Martín-Núñez, Alejandro Heredia-Ciuró, María Granados-Santiago, Araceli Ortiz-Rubio, Marie Carmen Valenza
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2023; 20(5): 4049.     CrossRef
  • Evaluation and follow-up of pain, fatigue, and quality of life in COVID-19 patients
    Sevda Adar, Petek Şarlak Konya, Ali İzzet Akçin, Ümit Dündar, Neşe Demirtürk
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2023; 14(1): 40.     CrossRef
  • Validation of the Slovakian Version of the “Post‑acute (Long) COVID‑19 Quality of Life Instrument” and Pilot Study
    Romana Ulbrichtova, Peter Vysehradsky, Alica Bencova, Maria Tatarkova, Oto Osina, Viera Svihrova, Henrieta Hudeckova
    Patient Preference and Adherence.2023; Volume 17: 1137.     CrossRef
  • Quality of life in patients treated for COVID-19–associated mucormycosis at a tertiary care hospital
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Factors Influencing Self-Rated Oral Health in Elderly People Residing in the Community: Results from the Korea Community Health Survey, 2016
Jong-Hoon Moon, Sung-Jin Heo, Jin-Hwa Jung
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2020;11(4):245-250.   Published online August 31, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2020.11.4.14
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

The aim of this study was to examine the factors influencing perceived oral health in elderly individuals residing in the community.

Methods

This study used raw data from the Korea community health survey, 2016. Of the 64,223 participants that were elderly (aged ≥ 65 years), 61,280 (95.4%) were included for analysis. Self-rated oral health was the dependent variable and 6 independent variables including age, gender, type of area of residence (metropolitan or provincial), educational level, income, and living status with spouse were assessed. Oral function was studied based on mastication, pronunciation, and use of dentures, and oral health behavior included brushing teeth after breakfast, after lunch, after dinner, and before sleep). The EQ-5D questionnaire measured health-related quality of life (mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain/discomfort and anxiety/depression).

Results

Among the general characteristics, age, gender, educational level, income, and living status with spouse were the factors that affected self-rated oral health. Mastication, pronunciation, use of dentures, and brushing after lunch, dinner, and before sleep were the factors that influenced self-rated oral function. All domains of the EQ-5D (pain/discomfort, mobility, self-care, usual activities, and anxiety/depression) were factors that affected self-rated oral health.

Conclusion

The results of the current investigation suggest that the development of management and education strategies for oral health promotion in the elderly, should focus on improving oral function and oral health behavior, taking into account the socio-economic and demographic characteristics that have been shown to be associated with poor self-rated oral function.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
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    Maria Snogren, Irene Eriksson, Maria Browall, Kristina Ek
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Health-Related Quality of Life Based on Comorbidities Among Patients with End-Stage Renal Disease
Jieun Cha, Dallong Han
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2020;11(4):194-200.   Published online August 31, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2020.11.4.08
  • 6,844 View
  • 143 Download
  • 12 Web of Science
  • 18 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

The aim of this study was to investigate comorbidities in patients with end-stage renal disease, and to compare health-related quality of life (HRQOL) according to the type, and number of comorbidities.

Methods

A total of 250 adults undergoing hemodialysis were recruited at local clinics. HRQOL was measured using the 12-item Medical Outcomes Study Short Form questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, analysis of variance, and t test.

Results

Around 70.8% of patients with end stage renal disease had 1 or more comorbidities, and the most common comorbidities were hypertension, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. HRQOL was significantly different based on the number of comorbidities (F = 9.83, p < 0.001). The effect of comorbidities on the scores for mental health domains of the HRQOL questionnaire was not conclusive compared with the scores for the physical domain which were conclusive. Among the comorbidities, diabetes was associated with a lower quality of life.

Conclusion

The customized management of diabetic and hypertensive patients is necessary for the early detection and prevention of chronic kidney disease, and slowing the progression of renal disease and managing cardiovascular risk factors is essential.

Citations

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Impact of Cognitive Aging on Health-Related Quality of Life in Menopausal Women
Kyoung Suk Lee, Mi Sook Jung, Mijung Kim, Kyeongin Cha, Eunyoung Chung
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2020;11(4):185-193.   Published online August 31, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2020.11.4.07
  • 6,253 View
  • 113 Download
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

Menopause is a well-known risk factor for accelerating cognitive aging in women. This study aimed to assess differences in cognitive function and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) according to menopausal status to determine whether the menopause significantly affects the relationship between cognitive function and HRQOL.

Methods

This was a cross-sectional comparative study with a convenience sample of 178 Korean women including 89 naturally menopausal women (65 ± 10 years) and 89 non-menopausal women (45 ± 8 years) who met the eligibility criteria and completed neuropsychological tests and self-report questionnaires about their HRQOL, cognitive function, depression, and sleep quality. Multiple regression analyses were performed within and between groups according to menopausal status.

Results

Menopausal women had significantly worse scores on neuropsychological performance and HRQOL than non-menopausal women. A better neuropsychological performance (β = 0.34) was solely associated with a better HRQOL in menopausal women, whilst socioeconomic variables were associated with HRQOL in non-menopausal women.

Conclusion

Menopause is an important risk factor for HRQOL, and the association between cognition and HRQOL may differ according to menopausal status. When developing programs for target groups to improve daily functioning and HRQOL, healthcare professionals need to pay more attention to this relationship.

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  • Brain volumetric changes in menopausal women and its association with cognitive function: a structured review
    Nur Zuliani Ramli, Mohamad Fairuz Yahaya, Nur Azlina Mohd Fahami, Hanani Abdul Manan, Meharvan Singh, Hanafi Ahmad Damanhuri
    Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
A Study on the Physical Activities, Mental Health, and Health-Related Quality of Life of Osteoarthritis Patients
Deok-Ju Kim
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2019;10(6):368-375.   Published online December 31, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2019.10.6.07
  • 6,298 View
  • 241 Download
  • 4 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

The purpose of this study was to investigate the physical activities, mental health, and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of osteoarthritis patients.

Methods

This study was conducted using data from the first year of the 7th Korea National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey. There were 8,150 participants included in the survey, and 665 participants had been diagnosed with osteoarthritis. This study analyzed the measurements of physical activities, depression, and HRQOL in participants with osteoarthritis.

Results

The mean age of the participants was 67 ± 9.9 years and 83.1% were female. Participants rarely engaged in work-related physical activity, and engaged in leisure-related physical activities infrequently. Most of the participants (85.9%) did not do regular exercise, but 1/3 of the participants walked for over 10 minutes a day. “Pain/discomfort” had the least impact upon HRQOL, and among the depression subcategories, “difficult to sleep and tiredness” had the most impact. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that an adverse HRQOL score was statistically significantly associated with “location changes/physical activities” (p < 0. 01), “depression” (p < 0.001) and “age” (p < 0.001).

Conclusion

Exercise programs should be in place which are manageable in everyday life for the elderly (> 65 years). Changes in daily routine so that patients become more active, should be supported by the family and community, together with assistance in managing psychological problems such as depression.

Citations

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  • Prevalence and Predictors of Depression in Women with Osteoarthritis: Cross-Sectional Analysis of Nationally Representative Survey Data
    Ananya Ravi, Elisabeth C. DeMarco, Sarah Gebauer, Michael P. Poirier, Leslie J. Hinyard
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  • A scalable 12-week exercise and education programme reduces symptoms and improves function and wellbeing in people with hip and knee osteoarthritis
    Jemma L. Smith, Aidan Q. Innes, Danielle S. Burns, Davina Deniszczyc, James Selfe, Stephen MacConville, Kevin Deighton, Benjamin M. Kelly
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    Hanatsu Nagano
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    Yingqi Xu, Gabrielle Yin Yern Tong, Joyce Yu-Chia Lee
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Factors Affecting Activity Limitation in the Elderly: Data Processed from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2016
Jong-Hoon Moon
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2019;10(3):117-122.   Published online June 30, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2019.10.3.02
  • 5,832 View
  • 47 Download
  • 4 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

The aim of this study was to compare the sociodemographic characteristics, depression, and the health-related quality of life outcome, among the Korean elderly population, with and without activity limitation.

Methods

The data used was drawn from the raw data of the seventh Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (N = 8,150). There were 1,632 records for individuals aged 65 or older extracted from the seventh Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey database, 199 of those had missing responses (n = 1,433). Differences within the sociodemographic characteristic, the Patient Health Questionnaire-9, and the EuroQol-5 Dimension were analyzed using logistic regression analysis according to the presence or absence of activity limitation.

Results

The prevalence of activity limitation among the elderly individuals surveyed was 19.9%. In the unadjusted regression analysis, the odds ratios of all independent variables (age, gender, education level, type of region, family income, the Patient Health Questionnaire-9, all 5 domains of the EuroQol-5 Dimension) between the elderly individuals with and without activity limitation, were significant. Although, in the adjusted logistic regression analysis, it was observed that the only factors that were significantly associated with activity limitation were the Patient Health Questionnaire-9, EuroQol-5 Dimension, type of region, and family income.

Conclusion

These findings demonstrated that activity limitation in elderly individuals is associated with the sociodemographic characteristics of family income and type of region of residence, as well as depression and the health-related quality of life outcome.

Citations

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  • Higher physical activity is associated with lower activity limitation: Cross-sectional analyses among the Spanish working population
    R. López-Bueno, G.F. López-Sánchez, L. Smith, E. Sundstrup, L.L. Andersen, J.A. Casajús
    Science & Sports.2023; 38(3): 247.     CrossRef
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    Young-Ah Choi, Yeo Hyung Kim
    Healthcare.2023; 11(10): 1420.     CrossRef
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    Nora Kovacs, Peter Piko, Attila Juhasz, Csilla Nagy, Beatrix Oroszi, Zoltan Ungvari, Roza Adany
    GeroScience.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Michio Maruta, Hyuma Makizako, Yuriko Ikeda, Hironori Miyata, Atsushi Nakamura, Gwanghee Han, Suguru Shimokihara, Keiichiro Tokuda, Takuro Kubozono, Mitsuru Ohishi, Kounosuke Tomori, Takayuki Tabira
    Journal of Clinical Medicine.2020; 9(3): 795.     CrossRef
The Effects of Restricted Physical Activity on Health-Related Quality of Life in Adult Patients with Depression
Deok-Ju Kim
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2019;10(2):85-92.   Published online April 30, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2019.10.2.07
  • 7,371 View
  • 84 Download
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

The objective was to identify restricted physical activity in patients with depression, and to determine the effects of that restricted activity, on their health-related quality of life (HRQOL).

Methods

Data was analysed from Year 1 of the 7th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES VII-1). From a total sample of 8,150 subjects, 277 adults aged ≥19 years who were diagnosed with depression were selected. The results were derived using restricted activity and HRQOL data measured from the subjects.

Results

Most of the participants were females ≥ 50 years old. HRQOL scores were high in the “self-care” dimension and low in the “pain/discomfort” and “anxiety/depression” dimensions. Their restricted activity due to illness in the past year, led to increases in participants being bedridden or absent from work. Many participants reported being bedridden for more than 3 months. A higher number of absences owing to illness in the past year, and longer durations of being bedridden, had a negative impact on HRQOL. Age, marital status, educational level, income level, and occupation were the sociodemographic variables that had an impact on HRQOL.

Conclusion

Patients with depression experiencing stress in their daily lives should take measures to avoid illness and pain that may lead to them becoming bedridden, and employ lifestyle habits with support from families and community health promotion centres, where mental health counselling can be accessed.

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    Leonardo Carvalho Oliveira, Natália Wirowski, Pedro Borges de Souza, Andressa Schneider Lobato, Karen Jansen, Taiane de Azevedo Cardoso, Thaíse Campos Mondin, Jean Pierre Oses, Flávio Kapczinski, Luciano Dias de Mattos Souza, Ricardo Azevedo da Silva, Fer
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    Mun-Gyu Jun, Se-Hyeon Han
    Healthcare.2023; 11(21): 2861.     CrossRef

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives