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Original Articles
Epidemiological Characteristics of Field Tick-Borne Pathogens in Gwang-ju Metropolitan Area, South Korea, from 2014 to 2018
Jung Wook Park, Seung Hun Lee, Gi Seong Lee, Jin Jong Seo, Jae Keun Chung
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2020;11(4):177-184.   Published online August 31, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2020.11.4.06
  • 4,154 View
  • 86 Download
  • 4 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

The importance of tick-borne diseases is increasing because of climate change, with a lack of long-term studies on tick-borne pathogens in South Korea. To understand the epidemiological characteristics of tick-borne diseases, the monthly distribution of field ticks throughout the year was studied in South Korea between May 2014 and April 2018 in a cross sectional study.

Methods

The presence of various tick-borne pathogens (Rickettsia species, Borrelia species, Anaplasma phagocytophilum) was confirmed by using polymerase chain reaction, to provide information for a prevention strategy against tick-borne pathogenic infections, through increased understanding of the relationship between seasonal variation and risk of infection with Rickettsia species. This was performed using logistic regression analysis (SPSS 20, IBM, USA) of the data obtained from the study.

Results

During the study period there were 11,717 ticks collected and 4 species identified. Haemapysalis longicornis was the most common species (n = 10,904, 93.1%), followed by Haemapysalis flava (n = 656, 5.6%), Ixodes nipponensis (n = 151, 1.3%), and Amblyomma testudinarium (n = 6, 0.05%) The results of this cross-sectional study showed that Haemapysalis flava carried a higher risk of transmission of Rickettsia species than other tick species (p < 0.05).

Conclusion

In conclusion, due attention should be paid to preventing tick-borne infections in humans whilst engaged in outdoor activities in Spring and Autumn, particularly in places where there is a high prevalence of ticks.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Molecular Detection of Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Ehrlichia Species in Ticks Removed from Humans in the Republic of Korea
    Yu-Jung Kim, Ji Ye Seo, Seong Yoon Kim, Hee Il Lee
    Microorganisms.2022; 10(6): 1224.     CrossRef
  • Molecular Detection and Phylogeny of Tick-Borne Pathogens in Ticks Collected from Dogs in the Republic of Korea
    A-Tai Truong, Jinhyeong Noh, Yeojin Park, Hyun-Ji Seo, Keun-Ho Kim, Subin Min, Jiyeon Lim, Mi-Sun Yoo, Heung-Chul Kim, Terry A. Klein, Hyunkyoung Lee, Soon-Seek Yoon, Yun Sang Cho
    Pathogens.2021; 10(5): 613.     CrossRef
  • iSeq 100 for metagenomic pathogen screening in ticks
    Ju Yeong Kim, Myung-hee Yi, Alghurabi Areej Sabri Mahdi, Tai-Soon Yong
    Parasites & Vectors.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Molecular Identification of Borrelia spp. from Ticks in Pastures Nearby Livestock Farms in Korea
    Haeseung Lee, Seung-Hun Lee, SungShik Shin, Dongmi Kwak
    Insects.2021; 12(11): 1011.     CrossRef
Cloning and Expression of Recombinant Tick-Borne Encephalitis Virus-like Particles in Pichia pastoris
Seok-Min Yun, Young Eui Jeong, Eunbyeol Wang, Ye-Ji Lee, Myung Guk Han, Chan Park, Won-Ja Lee, WooYoung Choi
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2014;5(5):274-278.   Published online October 31, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2014.08.005
  • 2,107 View
  • 16 Download
  • 7 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
The purpose of this study was to verify the feasibility of using the glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAP) promotor based Pichia pastoris expression system to produce tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) virus-like particles (VLPs).
Methods
The complementary DNA encoding the TBEV prM signal peptide, prM, and E proteins of TBEV Korean strain (KrM 93) was cloned into the plasmid vector pGAPZɑA, then integrated into the genome of P. pastoris, under the control of the GAP promoter. Expression of TBEV VLPs was determined by Western blotting using monoclonal antibody against TBEV envelope (E) protein.
Results
Recombinant TBEV VLPs consisting of prM and E protein were successfully expressed using the GAP promoter-based P. pastoris expression system. The results of Western blotting showed that the recombinant proteins were secreted into the culture supernatant from the P. pastoris and glycosylated.
Conclusion
This study suggests that recombinant TBEV VLPs from P. pastoris offer a promising approach to the production of VLPs for use as vaccines and diagnostic antigens.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • De novo transcriptome sequencing and comparative profiling of the ovary in partially engorged and fully engorged Haemaphysalis flava ticks
    Yu Zhao, Zhe-Hui Qu, Feng-Chao Jiao
    Parasitology International.2021; 83: 102344.     CrossRef
  • Flavivirus vaccines: Virus-like particles and single-round infectious particles as promising alternatives
    Esmeralda Cuevas-Juárez, Victoria Pando-Robles, Laura A. Palomares
    Vaccine.2021; 39(48): 6990.     CrossRef
  • NS1 Recombinant Proteins Are Efficiently Produced in Pichia pastoris and Have Great Potential for Use in Diagnostic Kits for Dengue Virus Infections
    Mariana Fonseca Xisto, John Willians Oliveira Prates, Ingrid Marques Dias, Roberto Sousa Dias, Cynthia Canedo da Silva, Sérgio Oliveira de Paula
    Diagnostics.2020; 10(6): 379.     CrossRef
  • Tick-Borne Encephalitis Virus: A Quest for Better Vaccines against a Virus on the Rise
    Mareike Kubinski, Jana Beicht, Thomas Gerlach, Asisa Volz, Gerd Sutter, Guus F. Rimmelzwaan
    Vaccines.2020; 8(3): 451.     CrossRef
  • Virus-Like Particle Systems for Vaccine Development Against Viruses in the Flaviviridae Family
    Wong, Jassey, Wang, Wang, Liu, Lin
    Vaccines.2019; 7(4): 123.     CrossRef
  • ON MODERN APPROACHES TO CREATION OF A SINGLE-CYCLE VACCINE AGAINST TICK-BORNE ENCEPHALITIS
    V. A. Lashkevich, G. G. Karganova
    Problems of Virology.2018; 63(3): 101.     CrossRef
  • Production of an enzymatically active and immunogenic form of ectodomain of Porcine rubulavirus hemagglutinin-neuraminidase in the yeast Pichia pastoris
    José Luis Cerriteño-Sánchez, Gerardo Santos-López, Nora Hilda Rosas-Murrieta, Julio Reyes-Leyva, Sandra Cuevas-Romero, Irma Herrera-Camacho
    Journal of Biotechnology.2016; 223: 52.     CrossRef
Autochthonous Lyme Borreliosis in Humans and Ticks in Korea
Shinje Moon, Jin Gwack, Kyu Jam Hwang, Donghyuk Kwon, Suyeon Kim, Yoontae Noh, Jongyul Roh, E-hyun Shin, Kyungjin Jeong, Wonseok Seok, Seung-Ki Youn
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2013;4(1):52-56.   Published online February 28, 2013
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2012.12.001
  • 1,980 View
  • 15 Download
  • 16 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objective: This study aimed at finding epidemiological and clinical features of autochthonous Lyme borreliosis in humans through epidemiological investigations and identifying its vectors and pathogens through analysis of ticks.
Method
Epidemiological investigations, including review of the retrospective medical records and patient interviews, were conducted in two cases that occurred in 2012. To identify the vectors and pathogens, ticks were collected between September 23 and October 6, 2012 from the area where the tick bite in the first patient occurred. The ticks were classified, and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tests and cultures were performed.
Results
The first patient, a 46-year-old female, visited a forest in Gangwon province, which was 900 m above sea level, where the tick bite occurred. Two weeks after the tick bite, erythema migrans (12 × 6 cm2 in size) appeared on the site of tick bite, along with fever, chill, fatigue, myalgia, and arthralgia on shoulders, knees, and hips. The second patient, a 44-year-old male, visited a mountain in Gangwon province, which was 1200 m above sea level, where a tick bite occurred. One month after the tick bite, erythema migrans appeared at the site of the tick bite, along with fatigue, myalgia, and arthralgia on the right shoulder and temporomandibular joint. Indirect fluorescent antibody testing and Western blotting were carried out in these two cases for diagnosis, and positive findings were obtained. As a result, Lyme borreliosis could be confirmed. To estimate the pathogens and vectors, the ticks were collected. A total of 122 ticks were collected and only two species, Haemaphysalis japonica and Haemaphysalis flava, were identified. PCR and culture were performed on ticks. However, Borrelia burgdo rferi sensu lato was not isolated from any collected ticks.
Conclusions
This study is significant to confirm Lyme borreliosis officially at first by the national surveillance system, although identification of the mites and pathogens failed.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Surveillance and Molecular Identification of Borrelia Species in Ticks Collected at U.S. Army Garrison Humphreys, Republic of Korea, 2018–2019
    Seung-Ho Lee, Sung-Tae Chong, Heung-Chul Kim, Terry A Klein, Kyungmin Park, Jingyeong Lee, Jeong-Ah Kim, Won-Keun Kim, Jin-Won Song, Sarah Hamer
    Journal of Medical Entomology.2022; 59(1): 363.     CrossRef
  • De novo transcriptome sequencing and comparative profiling of the ovary in partially engorged and fully engorged Haemaphysalis flava ticks
    Yu Zhao, Zhe-Hui Qu, Feng-Chao Jiao
    Parasitology International.2021; 83: 102344.     CrossRef
  • Characterization of AV422 from Haemaphysalis flava ticks in vitro
    Lei Liu, Hao Tang, De-yong Duan, Jin-bao Liu, Jie Wang, Li-li Feng, Tian-yin Cheng
    Experimental and Applied Acarology.2021; 84(4): 809.     CrossRef
  • iSeq 100 for metagenomic pathogen screening in ticks
    Ju Yeong Kim, Myung-hee Yi, Alghurabi Areej Sabri Mahdi, Tai-Soon Yong
    Parasites & Vectors.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Study on the Epidemiological Features of Lyme Disease in Korea between 2011 and 2018
    Choong Won Seo
    The Korean Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science.2019; 51(4): 436.     CrossRef
  • Cathepsin L—a novel cysteine protease from Haemaphysalis flava Neumann, 1897
    Yali Sun, Lan He, Long Yu, Jiaying Guo, Zheng Nie, Qin Liu, Junlong Zhao
    Parasitology Research.2019; 118(5): 1581.     CrossRef
  • Tick saliva microbiomes isolated from engorged and partially fed adults ofHaemaphysalis flavatick females
    X.-M. He, T.-Y. Cheng
    Journal of Applied Entomology.2018; 142(1-2): 173.     CrossRef
  • Molecular detection of Rickettsia species in ticks collected from the southwestern provinces of the Republic of Korea
    Yoontae Noh, Yeong Seon Lee, Heung-Chul Kim, Sung-Tae Chong, Terry A. Klein, Ju Jiang, Allen L. Richards, Hae Kyeong Lee, Su Yeon Kim
    Parasites & Vectors.2017;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Borrelia Species Detected in Ticks Feeding on Wild Korean Water Deer (Hydropotes inermis) Using Molecular and Genotypic Analyses
    D. VanBik, S. H. Lee, M. G. Seo, B. R. Jeon, Y. K. Goo, S. J. Park, M. H. Rhee, O. D. Kwon, T. H. Kim, P.J.L. Geraldino, D. Kwak
    Journal of Medical Entomology.2017; 54(5): 1397.     CrossRef
  • Serological Detection of Borrelia burgdorferi among Horses in Korea
    Seung-Hun Lee, Sun-Hee Yun, Eunsang Choi, Yong-Soo Park, Sang-Eun Lee, Gil-Jae Cho, Oh-Deog Kwon, Dongmi Kwak
    The Korean Journal of Parasitology.2016; 54(1): 97.     CrossRef
  • De novo assembly and analysis of midgut transcriptome of Haemaphysalis flava and identification of genes involved in blood digestion, feeding and defending from pathogens
    Xing-Li Xu, Tian-Yin Cheng, Hu Yang, Zhi-Hui Liao
    Infection, Genetics and Evolution.2016; 38: 62.     CrossRef
  • Enolase, a plasminogen receptor isolated from salivary gland transcriptome of the ixodid tick Haemaphysalis flava
    Xing-Li Xu, Tian-Yin Cheng, Hu Yang
    Parasitology Research.2016; 115(5): 1955.     CrossRef
  • Seasonal Patterns of Ticks in Pocheon and Cheolwon, Republic of Korea
    Yong Chil Shin, In Yong Lee, Jang Hoon Seo
    Korean Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science.2015; 47(3): 147.     CrossRef
  • Epidemiological Features and Clinical Manifestations of Lyme Borreliosis in Korea during the Period 2005^|^ndash;2012
    Shinje Moon, Yeongseon Hong, Kyu-Jam Hwang, Suyeon Kim, Jihye Eom, Donghyok Kwon, Ji-Hyuk Park, Seung-Ki Youn, Aeree Sohn
    Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases.2015; 68(1): 1.     CrossRef
  • Insight into the Pathogenesis of Lyme Disease
    Ok Sarah Shin
    Journal of Bacteriology and Virology.2014; 44(1): 10.     CrossRef
  • Epidemic Intelligence Service Officers and Field Epidemiology Training Program in Korea
    Geun-Yong Kwon, Shinje Moon, Wooseok Kwak, Jin Gwack, Chaeshin Chu, Seung-Ki Youn
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2013; 4(4): 215.     CrossRef
Articles
Prevalence of Tick-Borne Encephalitis Virus in Ixodid Ticks Collected from the Republic of Korea During 2011–2012
Seok-Min Yun, Bong Gu Song, WooYoung Choi, Won Il Park, Sung Yun Kim, Jong Yul Roh, Jungsang Ryou, Young Ran Ju, Chan Park, E-Hyun Shin
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2012;3(4):213-221.   Published online December 31, 2012
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2012.10.004
  • 2,178 View
  • 24 Download
  • 26 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
In this study, we demonstrated that TBEV-infected ticks have been distributed in the ROK, combined with our previous results. These results suggest that TBEV may exist in the ROK, and H. longicornis, H. flava, and I. nipponensis may be potential vectors of TBEV. In addition, these results emphasize the need for further epidemiological research of TBEV.
Methods
We examined for the presence of RNA of TBEV by reverse transcriptase-nested polymerase chain reaction (RT-nested PCR) using ixodid ticks captured in 25 localities of 10 provinces. Ticks were collected by the flagging and dragging method or using sentinel BG traps at forests, grass thickets, and grassland. A total of 13,053 ticks belonging to two genera and four species were collected and pooled (1292 pools), according to collection site, species of tick, and developmental stage.
Results
Among 1292 pools, the envelope (E) protein gene of TBEV was detected using RT-nested PCR in 10 pools (3 pools of the 1,331 adult ticks and 7 pools of the 11,169 nymph ticks) collected from Gangwon-do province, Jeonrabuk-do province, and Jeju Island. The minimum infection rates for TBEV of Haemaphysalis longicornis, Haemaphysalis flava, and Ixodes nipponensis were 0.06%, 0.17%, and 2.38%, respectively. Phylogenetic analysis based on the partial E protein gene was performed to identify relationships between the TBEV strains. This showed that 10 Korean strains clustered with the Western subtype.
Conclusion
In this study, we investigated the prevalence of tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) in ixodid ticks from various regions of the Republic of Korea (ROK) during 2011–2012 to identify whether TBEV is circulating and to determine the endemic regions of TBEV.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Molecular detection and phylogenetic analysis of tick‐borne encephalitis virus in ticks in northeastern China
    Xiaohui Li, Hongwei Ji, Di Wang, Lihe Che, Li Zhang, Liang Li, Qing Yin, Quan Liu, Feng Wei, Zedong Wang
    Journal of Medical Virology.2022; 94(2): 507.     CrossRef
  • TBE in South Korea
    Song Joon Young
    Tick-borne encephalitis - The Book.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Artem N. Bondaryuk, Nina V. Kulakova, Ulyana V. Potapova, Olga I. Belykh, Anzhelika V. Yudinceva, Yurij S. Bukin
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences.2022; 23(21): 13404.     CrossRef
  • TBE in South Korea
    Song Joon Young
    Tick-borne encephalitis - The Book.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Hard Ticks as Vectors Tested Negative for Severe Fever with Thrombocytopenia Syndrome in Ganghwa-do, Korea during 2019-2020
    Kyoung Jin, Yeon-Ja Koh, Seong Kyu Ahn, Joonghee Cho, Junghwan Lim, Jaeyong Song, Jinyoung Lee, Young Woo Gong, Mun Ju Kwon, Hyung Wook Kwon, Young Yil Bahk, Tong-Soo Kim
    The Korean Journal of Parasitology.2021; 59(3): 281.     CrossRef
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    Min-Goo Seo, Byung-Eon Noh, Hak Seon Lee, Tae-Kyu Kim, Bong-Goo Song, Hee Il Lee
    Microorganisms.2021; 9(8): 1630.     CrossRef
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    Ji Yun Noh, Joon Young Song, Joon Yong Bae, Man-Seong Park, Jin Gu Yoon, Hee Jin Cheong, Woo Joo Kim, Nam-Hyuk Cho
    PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases.2021; 15(8): e0009687.     CrossRef
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    Yu. S. Savinova
    Acta Biomedica Scientifica.2021; 6(4): 100.     CrossRef
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    Andrei A. Deviatkin, Ivan S. Kholodilov, Yulia A. Vakulenko, Galina G. Karganova, Alexander N. Lukashev
    Viruses.2020; 12(2): 247.     CrossRef
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    Yuji Takahashi, Shintaro Kobayashi, Mariko Ishizuka, Minato Hirano, Memi Muto, Shoko Nishiyama, Hiroaki Kariwa, Kentaro Yoshii
    Journal of General Virology.2020; 101(5): 497.     CrossRef
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    Allen C. G. Heath
    New Zealand Journal of Zoology.2020; 47(4): 241.     CrossRef
  • Four Year Surveillance of the Vector Hard Ticks for SFTS, Ganghwa-do, Republic of Korea
    Myung-Deok Kim-Jeon, Seung Jegal, Hojong Jun, Haneul Jung, Seo Hye Park, Seong Kyu Ahn, Jinyoung Lee, Young Woo Gong, Kwangsig Joo, Mun Ju Kwon, Jong Yul Roh, Wook-Gyo Lee, Young Yil Bahk, Tong-Soo Kim
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    Joon Young Song
    Tick-borne encephalitis - The Book.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Ivan Kholodilov, Oxana Belova, Ludmila Burenkova, Yuri Korotkov, Lidiya Romanova, Lola Morozova, Vitalii Kudriavtsev, Larissa Gmyl, Ilmira Belyaletdinova, Alexander Chumakov, Natalia Chumakova, Oyumaa Dargyn, Nina Galatsevich, Anatoly Gmyl, Mikhail Mikhai
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    Shinje Moon, Yeongseon Hong, Kyu-Jam Hwang, Suyeon Kim, Jihye Eom, Donghyok Kwon, Ji-Hyuk Park, Seung-Ki Youn, Aeree Sohn
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PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives