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Volume 7(6); Dec 2016
Editorial
What Affects Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in Korea?
Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2016;7(6):339-340.   Published online December 31, 2016
Original Articles
Causal Effect of Self-esteem on Cigarette Smoking Stages in Adolescents: Coarsened Exact Matching in a Longitudinal Study
Ahmad Khosravi, Asghar Mohammadpoorasl, Kourosh Holakouie-Naieni, Mahmood Mahmoodi, Ali Akbar Pouyan, Mohammad Ali Mansournia
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2016;7(6):341-345.   Published online December 31, 2016
Objectives Identification of the causal impact of self-esteem on smoking stages faces seemingly insurmountable problems in observational data, where self-esteem is not manipulable by the researcher and cannot be assigned randomly. The aim of this study was to find out if weaker self-esteem in adolescence is a risk factor of cigarette smoking in a longitudinal study in Iran. Methods In this longitudinal study, 4,853...
Evaluation of Microbial Contamination and Chemical Qualities of Cream-filled Pastries in Confectioneries of Chaharmahal Va Bakhtiari Province (Southwestern Iran)
Ali Sharifzadeh, Mohammad Hajsharifi-Shahreza, Payam Ghasemi-Dehkordi
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2016;7(6):346-350.   Published online December 31, 2016
Objectives High consumption of bakery products such as cream-filled pastries may cause serious health risks and food poisoning to humans. Therefore, investigation of the microbial and chemical qualities of bakery products containing cream is necessary. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the chemical qualities and microbial contaminations of cream-filled pastries collected from confectioneries located in six cities in...
Instability of Plasma and Serum Progastrin-Releasing Peptide During Repeated Freezing and Thawing
Jae-Eun Lee, Jin-Hyun Lee, Maria Hong, Seul-Ki Park, Ji-In Yu, So-Youn Shin, Shine Young Kim
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2016;7(6):351-355.   Published online December 31, 2016
Objectives Progastrin-releasing peptide (proGRP) is a promising biomarker for small cell lung cancer. However, not much is known about how sample processing and storage conditions affect the stability of proGRP. Here, we examined the effects of repeated freeze–thaw cycles on the stability of proGRP in plasma and serum. Methods Concentrations of proGRP were measured in plasma and serum samples exposed to two, three,...
No Detection of Episomal or Integrated High-Risk Human Papillomavirus in Nonsmall Cell Lung Carcinomas among Korean Population
Jeong Eun Lee, Yong-Moon Lee, In-Ock Seong, Min-Woong Kang, Choong Sik Lee, Kyung-Hee Kim
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2016;7(6):356-359.   Published online December 31, 2016
Objectives High-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV) is known to be a representative cancer-causing agent in the genital and head and neck regions. Many studies have detected hrHPV DNA in nonsmall cell lung carcinoma. However, hrHPV–etiologic correlation in nonsmall cell lung carcinoma remains unclear. This study is designed to determine the prevalence of episomal or integrated hrHPV DNA in nonsmall cell lung carcinoma...
Epidemiology and Inequality in the Incidence and Mortality of Nasopharynx Cancer in Asia
Neda Mahdavifar, Mahshid Ghoncheh, Abdollah Mohammadian-Hafshejani, Bahman Khosravi, Hamid Salehiniya
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2016;7(6):360-372.   Published online December 31, 2016
Objectives One of the most common head and neck cancers is nasopharynx cancer. Knowledge about the incidence and mortality of this disease and its distribution in terms of geographical areas is necessary for further study and better planning. Therefore, this study was conducted with the aim of determining the incidence and mortality rates of nasopharynx cancer and its relationship with the...
Rapid Molecular Approach for Simultaneous Detection of Salmonella spp., Shigella spp., and Vibrio cholera
Reza Ranjbar, Ali Naghoni, Davoud Afshar, Farhad Nikkhahi, Mohsen Mohammadi
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2016;7(6):373-377.   Published online December 31, 2016
Objectives Gastrointestinal tract infection is still one of the serious public health problems in many geographic areas and is endemic in most countries including Iran. Early detection of the gastrointestinal tract pathogens can be extremely important. The aim of the current study was to apply a shortened time-multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for rapid and simultaneous detection of Salmonella spp., Shigella...
Influence of Obesity on Postural Stability in Young Adults
Sung Min Son
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2016;7(6):378-381.   Published online December 31, 2016
Objectives The purpose of this study was to determine whether obesity is associated with less postural stability in young adults, and whether it is influenced by anterior pelvic tilt angle and sensory dysfunction. Methods Center of gravity (COG) velocity and total sway distance with eyes open or eyes closed on firm or foam floors were determined in 12 obese individuals and 12 individuals...
Time-varying Changes in Pulmonary Function with Exposure to Prolonged Sitting
Kyung Woo Kang, Sung Min Son, Yu Min Ko
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2016;7(6):382-384.   Published online December 31, 2016
Objectives The purpose of this study was to quantify the time-varying changes in pulmonary function with exposure to prolonged sitting. Methods Twenty-one healthy volunteers were recruited. The pulmonary function of all participants was measured three times in order to assess changes over time; pulmonary function was measured before sitting, after participants had been seated for 1 hour, and after they had been seated...
Prevalence and Risk Factors of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease among Nonsmokers: Fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2010–2012)
Heeyoung Oh, Ye-Eun Lee
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2016;7(6):385-393.   Published online December 31, 2016
Objectives The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of COPD among non-smoking adults, and to investigate the risk factors that affect disease occurrence. Methods The data from the 5th Korea national health and nutrition examination survey (KNHNES) has been used, and 5,489 non-smoking adults aged between 40 to 79 years with diagnosable FEV1/FVC were selected therefrom as the subjects of...
Illness Experience of Patients with Chronic Hepatitis C Participating in Clinical Trials
Hoo-Jeung Cho, Euna Park
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2016;7(6):394-399.   Published online December 31, 2016
Objectives To understand the illness experience of patients with chronic hepatitis C participating in clinical trials in the sociocultural context of Korea in an in-depth and comprehensive manner. Methods A focused ethnography approach was used to discover the pattern of illness experience of patients with chronic hepatitis C in the cultural background of Korea. Interviews were conducted with 11 patients with chronic hepatitis...
Brief Report
Evaluation of Antiviral Activity of Zanthoxylum Species Against Picornaviruses
Hwa-Jung Choi
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2016;7(6):400-403.   Published online December 31, 2016
Human rhinoviruses and enteroviruses (family Picornaviridae) infect millions of people worldwide each year, but little is known about effective therapeutical treatment for the infection caused by these viruses. We sought to determine whether or not Zanthoxylum (Rutaceae) species can exhibit antiviral activity against picornaviruses. The leaf parts of four Zanthoxylum species were extracted with methanol, and the extracts were investigated...

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Print ISSN: 2210-9099
Online ISSN: 2233-6052

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