Climate Change and Malaria Transmission in Thailand

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Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2011;2(Suppl 1):S7-S7

Climate warming can change the geographic distribution and intensity of the transmission of vector-borne diseases such as malaria. The heterogeneity in malaria trends probably reflects the multitude of factors that can drive malaria transmission. There are studies of climate change that probably alter the spread and transmission intensity of malaria in Africa.

The transmitted parasites usually benefit from increased temperatures as both their reproduction and development are accelerated. These finding suggest that the abundance, distribution and malaria transmission of different malaria vectors are driven by different environmental factors.

Malaria transmission and climate changes in high and low endemic areas in Thailand will be discussed.

A better understanding of the specific ecological parameters of each malaria mosquito species will help define their current distributions, and how they may currently and prospectively be affected by climate change, interventions and other factors.

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