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2 "Cluster analysis"
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Original Articles
Spatiotemporal analysis of environmental and physiographic factors related to malaria in Bareilly district, India
Shikhar Chaudhary, Biju Soman
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2022;13(2):123-132.   Published online March 31, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2021.0304
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Graphical AbstractGraphical Abstract AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
The aim of this study was to explore the spatiotemporal clustering of reported malaria cases and to study the effects of various environmental and physiographic factors on malaria incidence in Bareilly district, Uttar Pradesh, India. Methods: Malaria surveillance data were collected from the state health department and cleaned into an analyzable format. These data were analyzed along with meteorological, physiographic, and 2019 population data, which were obtained from the Indian Meteorological Department, National Aeronautics and Space Administration web portal, the Bhuvan platform of the Indian Space Research Organization, and the 2011 Census of India. Results: In total, 46,717 malaria cases were reported in Bareilly district in 2019, of which 25.99% were Plasmodium vivax cases and 74.01% were P. falciparum cases. The reported malaria cases in the district showed clustering, with significant spatial autocorrelation (Moran’s I value=0.63), and space-time clustering (p<0.01). A significant positive correlation was found between monthly malaria incidence and the monthly mean temperature (with a lag of 1−2 months) and rainfall (with a lag of 1 month). A significant negative correlation was detected between the elevation of blocks (i.e., intermediate-level administrative districts) and annual malaria reporting. Conclusion: The presence of space-time clustering of malaria cases and its correlation with meteorological and physiographic factors indicate that routine spatial analysis of the surveillance data could help control and manage malaria outbreaks in the district.
The Influence of Dietary Patterns on the Nutritional Profile in a Korean Child Cohort Study
Hyeon-Jeong Choi, Hyojee Joung, Hye-Ja Lee, Han Byul Jang, Jae-Heon Kang, Jihyun Song
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2011;2(1):59-64.   Published online June 30, 2011
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2011.04.007
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  • 14 Download
  • 12 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
The aim of the present study was to identify the major dietary patterns of seven- and eight-year-old Korean children and to examine the relationship between dietary patterns and obesity, nutrient intake, and diet quality.
Methods
The subjects were 284 seven- and eight-year-old children who participated in the Gwacheon child cohort study. Three dietary patterns emerged from the factor analysis: Korean, modified Western, and Western. Cluster analysis was used to classify the subjects into two dietary groups: Korean and Western diet patterns.
Results
The two different dietary patterns were closely related to dietary quality which in turn was related to health risks. The Western diet group had a lower fiber intake, a higher intake of energy, fat and calcium and a higher dietary diversity score (DDS) than the Korean diet group. The number of days when fruit, milk and dairy products were omitted from the diet was higher for the Korean diet group than for the Western group.
Conclusions
Dietary patterns and related diet quality should be considered when designing nutrition policy and intervention programs for children.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
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    British Journal of Nutrition.2022; 127(5): 763.     CrossRef
  • Association of Dietary Patterns with Weight Status and Metabolic Risk Factors among Children and Adolescents
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    Nutrients.2021; 13(4): 1153.     CrossRef
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    Nutrients.2019; 11(4): 896.     CrossRef
  • Relationship between Obesity and Korean and Mediterranean Dietary Patterns: A Review of the Literature
    Eunhee Choi, Seong-Ah Kim, Hyojee Joung
    Journal of Obesity & Metabolic Syndrome.2019; 28(1): 30.     CrossRef
  • Sociodemographic, anthropometric and behavioural risk factors for ultra-processed food consumption in a sample of 2–9-year-olds in Brazil
    Laís Amaral Mais, Sarah Warkentin, Juliana Bergamo Vega, Maria do Rosário Dias de Oliveira Latorre, Susan Carnell, José Augusto de Aguiar Carrazedo Taddei
    Public Health Nutrition.2018; 21(1): 77.     CrossRef
  • Effects of total fat intake on bodyweight in children
    Celeste E Naude, Marianne E Visser, Kim A Nguyen, Solange Durao, Anel Schoonees
    Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.2018;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Effects of total fat intake on bodyweight in children
    Celeste E Naude, Marianne E Visser, Kim A Nguyen, Solange Durao, Anel Schoonees
    Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.2018;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • What are Asian-American Youth Consuming? A Systematic Literature Review
    Cassandra S. Diep, Margaret J. Foster, E. Lisako J. McKyer, Patricia Goodson, Jeffrey J. Guidry, Jeffrey Liew
    Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health.2015; 17(2): 591.     CrossRef
  • School and Neighborhood Nutrition Environment and Their Association With Students' Nutrition Behaviors and Weight Status in Seoul, South Korea
    Sohyun Park, Bo Youl Choi, Youfa Wang, Elizabeth Colantuoni, Joel Gittelsohn
    Journal of Adolescent Health.2013; 53(5): 655.     CrossRef
  • The Road Less Traveled
    Chaeshin Chu
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2011; 2(1): 1.     CrossRef

PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives