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Volume 2(2); September 2011
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Editorial
A Tale of Two Fields: Mathematical and Statistical Modeling of Infectious Diseases
Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2011;2(2):73-74.   Published online June 30, 2011
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2011.08.005
  • 1,782 View
  • 18 Download
  • 3 Citations
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Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Modeling infectious diseases: Understanding social connectivity to control infectious diseases
    Samar Wazir, Surendra Gour, Md Tabrez Nafis, Rijwan Khan
    Informatics in Medicine Unlocked.2021; 26: 100761.     CrossRef
  • Summing Up Again
    Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2014; 5(4): 177.     CrossRef
  • Roll the Dice
    Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2014; 5(5): 243.     CrossRef
Original Articles
Development of a Predictive Model for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Using Genetic and Clinical Data
Juyoung Lee, Bhumsuk Keam, Eun Jung Jang, Mi Sun Park, Ji Young Lee, Dan Bi Kim, Chang-Hoon Lee, Tak Kim, Bermseok Oh, Heon Jin Park, Kyu-Bum Kwack, Chaeshin Chu, Hyung-Lae Kim
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2011;2(2):75-82.   Published online June 30, 2011
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2011.07.005
  • 1,905 View
  • 14 Download
  • 11 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Objectives
Recent genetic association studies have provided convincing evidence that several novel loci and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are associated with the risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The aims of this study were: 1) to develop a predictive model of T2DM using genetic and clinical data; and 2) to compare misclassification rates of different models.
Methods
We selected 212 individuals with newly diagnosed T2DM and 472 controls aged in their 60s from the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study. A total of 499 known SNPs from 87 T2DM-related genes were genotyped using germline DNA. SNPs were analyzed for significant association with T2DM using various classification algorithms including Quest (Quick, Unbiased, Efficient, Statistical tree), Support Vector Machine, C4.5, logistic regression, and K-nearest neighbor.
Results
We tested these models using the complete Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study cohort (n = 10,038) and computed the T2DM misclassification rates for each model. Average misclassification rates ranged at 28.2–52.7%. The misclassification rates for the logistic and machine-learning algorithms were lower than the statistical tree algorithms. Using 1-to-1 matched data, the misclassification rate of the statistical tree QUEST algorithm using body mass index and SNP variables was the lowest, but overall the logistic regression performed best.
Conclusions
The K-nearest neighbor method exhibited more robust results than other algorithms. For clinical and genetic data, our “multistage adjustment” model outperformed other models in yielding lower rates of misclassification. To improve the performance of these models, further studies using warranted, strategies to estimate better classifiers for the quantification of SNPs need to be developed.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Population stratification in type 2 diabetes mellitus: A systematic review
    Sam Hodgson, Sukhmani Cheema, Zareena Rani, Doyinsola Olaniyan, Ellen O’Leary, Hermione Price, Hajira Dambha‐Miller
    Diabetic Medicine.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The Prediction of Diabetes
    Lalit Kumar, Prashant Johri
    International Journal of Reliable and Quality E-He.2022; 11(1): 1.     CrossRef
  • Hypertension: Constraining the Expression of ACE-II by Adopting Optimal Macronutrients Diet Predicted via Support Vector Machine
    Mohammad Farhan Khan, Gazal Kalyan, Sohom Chakrabarty, M. Mursaleen
    Nutrients.2022; 14(14): 2794.     CrossRef
  • Supervised and unsupervised algorithms for bioinformatics and data science
    Ayesha Sohail, Fatima Arif
    Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology.2020; 151: 14.     CrossRef
  • Medical Internet of things using machine learning algorithms for lung cancer detection
    Kanchan Pradhan, Priyanka Chawla
    Journal of Management Analytics.2020; 7(4): 591.     CrossRef
  • Perspective: Advancing Understanding of Population Nutrient–Health Relations via Metabolomics and Precision Phenotypes
    Stephanie Andraos, Melissa Wake, Richard Saffery, David Burgner, Martin Kussmann, Justin O'Sullivan
    Advances in Nutrition.2019; 10(6): 944.     CrossRef
  • Stacked classifiers for individualized prediction of glycemic control following initiation of metformin therapy in type 2 diabetes
    Dennis H. Murphree, Elaheh Arabmakki, Che Ngufor, Curtis B. Storlie, Rozalina G. McCoy
    Computers in Biology and Medicine.2018; 103: 109.     CrossRef
  • Machine Learning and Data Mining Methods in Diabetes Research
    Ioannis Kavakiotis, Olga Tsave, Athanasios Salifoglou, Nicos Maglaveras, Ioannis Vlahavas, Ioanna Chouvarda
    Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal.2017; 15: 104.     CrossRef
  • Survey on clinical prediction models for diabetes prediction
    N. Jayanthi, B. Vijaya Babu, N. Sambasiva Rao
    Journal of Big Data.2017;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Rule Extraction From Support Vector Machines Using Ensemble Learning Approach: An Application for Diagnosis of Diabetes
    Longfei Han, Senlin Luo, Jianmin Yu, Limin Pan, Songjing Chen
    IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics.2015; 19(2): 728.     CrossRef
  • Depression among Korean Adults with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Ansan-Community-Based Epidemiological Study
    Chan Young Park, So Young Kim, Jong Won Gil, Min Hee Park, Jong-Hyock Park, Yeonjung Kim
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2015; 6(4): 224.     CrossRef
Plasma Calcium and Risk of Hypertension: Propensity Score Analysis Using Data From the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study
Jong Wook Kim, Kwang-Pil Ko, Hee Jo Koo, Younjhin Ahn, Seon-Joo Park, Hyo-Mi Kim, Yeonjung Kim, Sung Soo Kim
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2011;2(2):83-88.   Published online June 30, 2011
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2011.07.004
  • 1,875 View
  • 12 Download
  • 3 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Objective To investigate associations between plasma calcium and future incidence of hypertension in a healthy population.
Methods
We used prospective data from Ansung and Ansan cohorts (n = 10,038) of the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study. Data from baseline (2001–02) to the fourth study (2007–08) were used. After excluding hypertensive cases at baseline, missing data, and outliers, 5560 participants were analyzed. Propensity scores for having higher plasma calcium (≥2.37 mmol/L) were created for each participant. After propensity score matching (1:1 nearest neighbor matching within caliper), 2153 pairs were left for analysis. Factors that were significantly different between the lower and higher plasma calcium groups before matching either became nonsignificant or the difference decreased in size.
Results
Using multivariable Cox proportional hazard models with robust standard errors accounting for clustering of matched pairs, higher plasma calcium was associated with higher incidence of hypertension (adjusted HR, 1.24; robust 95%CI, 1.07–1.43). Among those with higher plasma calcium, low dietary calcium intake increased the development of hypertension, but the effect was not significant. Sensitivity analysis showed that our results were robust to hidden bias.
Conclusions
Plasma calcium was positively associated with incidence of hypertension. These results expand on cross-sectional associations between hypercalcemia and the metabolic syndrome, and extend the link to future risk of hypertension.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Hypocalcemia is associated with severe COVID-19: A systematic review and meta-analysis
    Januar Wibawa Martha, Arief Wibowo, Raymond Pranata
    Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research &.2021; 15(1): 337.     CrossRef
  • Plasma total calcium concentration is associated with blood pressure and systemic vascular resistance in normotensive and never-treated hypertensive subjects
    Lasse Oinonen, Jenni Koskela, Arttu Eräranta, Antti Tikkakoski, Mika Kähönen, Onni Niemelä, Jukka Mustonen, Ilkka Pörsti
    Blood Pressure.2020; 29(3): 137.     CrossRef
  • Hipercalcemia como causa de hipertensión arterial presentación de un caso
    Carlos Harrison Gómez, Derek Harrison Ragle, Francisco Sánchez Lezama, Adalberto Arceo Navarro, Víctor Manuel Arredondo Arzola, Luis Gerardo Domínguez Carrillo
    Atención Familiar.2017;[Epub]     CrossRef
Modeling for Estimating Influenza Patients from ILI Surveillance Data in Korea
Joo-Sun Lee, Sun-Hee Park, Jin-Woong Moon, Jacob Lee, Yong Gyu Park, Yong Kyun Roh
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2011;2(2):89-93.   Published online June 30, 2011
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2011.08.001
  • 2,027 View
  • 17 Download
  • 7 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objective Prediction of influenza incidence among outpatients from an influenza surveillance system is important for public influenza strategy.
Methods
We developed two influenza prediction models through influenza surveillance data of the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (each year, each province and metropolitan city; total reported patients with influenza-like illness stratified by age) for 6 years from 2005 to 2010 and disease-specific data (influenza code J09-J11, monthly number of influenza patients, total number of outpatients and hospital visits) from the Health Insurance Review and Assessment service.
Results
Incidence of influenza in each area, year, and month was estimated from our prediction models, which were validated by simulation processes. For example, in November 2009, Seoul and Joenbuk, the final number of influenza patients calculated by prediction models A and B underestimated actual reported cases by 64 and 833 patients, respectively, in Seoul and 6 and 9 patients, respectively, in Joenbuk. R-square demonstrated that prediction model A was more suitable than model B for estimating the number of influenza patients.
Conclusion
Our prediction models from the influenza surveillance system could estimate the nationwide incidence of influenza. This prediction will provide important basic data for national quarantine activities and distributing medical resources in future pandemics.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Assessment of Intensive Vaccination and Antiviral Treatment in 2009 Influenza Pandemic in Korea
    Chaeshin Chu, Sunmi Lee
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2015; 6(1): 47.     CrossRef
  • Doing Mathematics with Aftermath of Pandemic Influenza 2009
    Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2015; 6(1): 1.     CrossRef
  • Antiviral treatment of influenza in South Korea
    Young June Choe, Hyunju Lee, Hoan Jong Lee, Eun Hwa Choi
    Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy.2015; 13(6): 741.     CrossRef
  • Years of Epidemics (2009–2011): Pandemic Influenza and Foot-and-Mouth Disease Epidemic in Korea
    Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2013; 4(3): 125.     CrossRef
  • How to Manage a Public Health Crisis and Bioterrorism in Korea
    Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2013; 4(5): 223.     CrossRef
  • Was the Mass Vaccination Effective During the Influenza Pandemic 2009–2010 in Korea?
    Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2013; 4(4): 177.     CrossRef
  • A Tale of Two Fields: Mathematical and Statistical Modeling of Infectious Diseases
    Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2011; 2(2): 73.     CrossRef
Increased Prevalence of low High-density Lipoprotein Cholesterol (HDL-C) Levels in Korean Adults: Analysis of the Three Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (KNHANES 1998–2005)
Sun-Ja Choi, Sung-Hee Park, Hyun-Young Park
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2011;2(2):94-103.   Published online June 30, 2011
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2011.07.006
  • 2,097 View
  • 11 Download
  • 7 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
High-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases that has shown a remarkable increase, but little is known about the prevalence of low HDL-C in Korea. This study aimed to evaluate changing trends of low HDL-C prevalence, and indicate other risk factors associated with low HDL-C.
Methods
We selected subjects aged ≥20 years from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) 1998, 2001, and 2005 (n = 7962, 6436, and 6412). The mean level of HDL-C and the prevalence of low HDL-C was calculated, and cardiovascular risk factors associated with low HDL-C, as well as demographic, anthropometric, lifestyle, and nutrition factors, were assessed using the KNHANES 2005 data.
Results
Mean HDL-C levels in men and women between KNHANES 1998 and 2005 decreased significantly, from 48.1 to 42.3 and from 51.6 to 47.1 mg/dL, respectively (both p < 0.001). The decrease was slightly less for women compared with men for the same period, and women had higher HDL-C levels at all periods. Covariate-adjusted OR revealed that body mass index, waist circumference, and non-alcohol drinker in both men and women were associated with low HDL-C levels by KNHANES 2005, as were employed and light physical activity in men and low fat intake in women.
Conclusion
The prevalence of low HDL-C increased significantly from KNHANES 1998 to 2001 and 2005 (p < 0.001) in both men and women. body mass index, waist circumference, and non-alcohol drinker were identified as associated with low HDL-C in Korean adults.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Interactive effects of the low‐carbohydrate diet score and genetic risk score on Hypo‐HDL‐cholesterolemia among Korean adults: A cross‐sectional analysis from the Ansan and Ansung Study of the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study
    SoHyun Park, Min‐Jae Jang, Min Young Park, Jun‐Mo Kim, Sangah Shin
    Food Science & Nutrition.2022; 10(9): 3106.     CrossRef
  • Decrease in HDL-C is Associated with Age and Household Income in Adults from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2017: Correlation Analysis of Low HDL-C and Poverty
    Kyung-Hyun Cho, Hye-Jeong Park, Suk-Jeong Kim, Jae-Ryong Kim
    International Journal of Environmental Research an.2019; 16(18): 3329.     CrossRef
  • The association between lipid profiles and the neurologic outcome in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest
    Hyoung Youn Lee, Dong Hun Lee, Byung Kook Lee, Kyung Woon Jeung, Yong Hun Jung, Jung Soo Park, Jin Hong Min, Yong Il Min
    Resuscitation.2019; 145: 26.     CrossRef
  • Differential association of dietary carbohydrate intake with metabolic syndrome in the US and Korean adults: data from the 2007–2012 NHANES and KNHANES
    Kyungho Ha, Kijoon Kim, Ock K. Chun, Hyojee Joung, YoonJu Song
    European Journal of Clinical Nutrition.2018; 72(6): 848.     CrossRef
  • The High Prevalence of Low HDL-Cholesterol Levels and Dyslipidemia in Rural Populations in Northwestern China
    Pengfei Ge, Caixia Dong, Xiaolan Ren, Elisabete Weiderpass, Chouji Zhang, Haoqiang Fan, Jing Zhang, Yongrui Zhang, Jinen Xi, Shahrad Taheri
    PLOS ONE.2015; 10(12): e0144104.     CrossRef
  • Treino de natação para pessoas sedentárias com lesão medular e concentração de colesterol-HDL
    Fabio Barreto Rodrigues, Carmen Silvia Grubert Campbell
    Revista Neurociências.2015; 23(2): 233.     CrossRef
  • Composition of Metabolic Syndrome Among Korean Adults in a Lifestyle Modification Intervention
    Nan-He Yoon, Seunghyun Yoo, Hyekyeong Kim
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2014; 5(6): 370.     CrossRef
Estimation of HIV Seroprevalence in Colorectal Hospitals by Questionnaire Survey in Korea, 2002–2007
Mee-Kyung Kee, Do Yeon Hwang, Jong Kyun Lee, Seung Hyun Kim, Chaeshin Chu, Jin-Hee Lee, Sung Soon Kim
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2011;2(2):104-108.   Published online June 30, 2011
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2011.08.002
  • 2,103 View
  • 15 Download
  • 4 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
The incidence of anal disease is higher among persons with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection than among the general population. We surveyed the status of seroprevalence in colorectal hospitals in Korea.
Methods
The survey was conducted in colorectal hospitals in Korea from November to December 2008. The questionnaire was comprised of six topics about the status of HIV testing in colorectal hospitals. We gathered the data by website (http://hivqa.nih.go.kr/risk) or fax.
Results
Among 774 colorectal hospitals contacted, 109 (14%) hospitals participated in the survey. Among these, 48 hospitals (44%) performed HIV tests in their own hospitals and 11 (23%) took HIV testing by rapid method. The main reason for recommending an HIV test was surgical operation (54%) followed by endoscope (11%) and health checkup (9%). The annual number of HIV tests increased from 58,647 (at 21 hospitals) in 2002 to 246,709 (at 58 hospitals) in 2007. HIV seroprevalence was >3.0 per 10,000 individuals during 2002–2005, decreased to 2.2 per 10,000 individuals in 2006 and rose to 2.8 per 10,000 individuals in 2007.
Conclusions
HIV seroprevalence of colorectal hospitals was more than twice that of general hospitals in Korea. HIV surveillance systems based on colorectal hospitals for HIV/AIDS transmission prevention by early HIV diagnosis are needed.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Discrimination and Stigma
    Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2015; 6(3): 141.     CrossRef
  • Hospital-based HIV/HSV-2 seroprevalence among male patients with anal disease in Korea: cross sectional study
    Jin-Sook Wang, Do Yeon Hwang, Hye-Kyung Yu, Sung Soon Kim, Jong Kyun Lee, Mee-Kyung Kee
    BMC Infectious Diseases.2014;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Years of Epidemics (2009–2011): Pandemic Influenza and Foot-and-Mouth Disease Epidemic in Korea
    Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2013; 4(3): 125.     CrossRef
  • What is Next for HIV/AIDS in Korea?
    Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2013; 4(6): 291.     CrossRef
Ingenol Protects Human T Cells From HIV-1 Infection
Kee-Jong Hong, Hak Sung Lee, Yeong-shik Kim, Sung Soon Kim
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2011;2(2):109-114.   Published online June 30, 2011
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2011.07.001
  • 1,933 View
  • 17 Download
  • 10 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
Many natural compounds have been investigated as drug candidates to prevent human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) with low cytotoxicity. We tested whether ingenol from Euphorbia ingens exerts anti-HIV effects in human T cell lines.
Methods
and Results Ingenol effectively maintained high cell viability (CD50, >1 mM) in H9 and MT4 T cells. The efficacy of ingenol to inhibit HIV-1 infection was dose dependent. ED50 for 100 and 200 TCID50 of HIV-1 was 5.06 and 16.87 μM, respectively. Gag p24 antigen production in ingenol-treated MT4 cells was reduced by 24.5% on day 6 post-infection. While p24 antigen was reduced in ingenol-treated cells, levels of cytokines such as TNF-α and IL-6 and chemokines such as RANTES and MCP-1 were increased. dUTP level related to late apoptotic events was increased on day 2 post-infection of HIV by ingenol treatment, whereas expression of annexin V was unchanged. Reduced levels of iNOS and ZAP-70 after HIV infection were recovered by ingenol treatment.
Conclusion
Ingenol helps T cells to survive longer against viremia after HIV-1 infection, without exerting cytotoxic effects. Ingenol can be considered a safe and efficacious candidate for immune-boosting therapy for AIDS patients.

Citations

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  • A review of the ethnomedicinal, pharmacology, cytotoxicity and phytochemistry of the genus Euphorbia in southern Africa
    E.J. Mavundza, R. Street, H. Baijnath
    South African Journal of Botany.2022; 144: 403.     CrossRef
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    F.N. Makhubu, M.C. Khosa, L.J. McGaw
    South African Journal of Botany.2021; 139: 183.     CrossRef
  • Systematic characterization of metabolic profiles of ingenol in rats by UPLC-Q/TOF-MS and NMR in combination with microbial biotransformation
    Si-Jia Xiao, Shan-Shan Li, Bin Xie, Wei Chen, Xi-Ke Xu, Xian-Peng Zu, Yun-Heng Shen
    RSC Advances.2021; 11(60): 37752.     CrossRef
  • Structure-Activity-Relationship and Mechanistic Insights for Anti-HIV Natural Products
    Ramandeep Kaur, Pooja Sharma, Girish K. Gupta, Fidele Ntie-Kang, Dinesh Kumar
    Molecules.2020; 25(9): 2070.     CrossRef
  • Modified ingenol semi-synthetic derivatives from Euphorbia tirucalli induce cytotoxicity on a large panel of human cancer cell lines
    Viviane A. O Silva, Marcela N. Rosa, Olga Martinho, Amilcar Tanuri, João Paulo Lima, Luiz F. Pianowski, Rui M. Reis
    Investigational New Drugs.2019; 37(5): 1029.     CrossRef
  • Natural product-derived compounds in HIV suppression, remission, and eradication strategies
    Raymond J. Andersen, Fidele Ntie-Kang, Ian Tietjen
    Antiviral Research.2018; 158: 63.     CrossRef
  • Biphasic Effects of Ingenol 3,20-Dibenzoate on the Erythropoietin Receptor: Synergism at Low Doses and Antagonism at High Doses
    Jin-Gyo Oh, Young-Won Chin, Sung-Jo Kim, Jong Min Choi, Sang Kyum Kim, Hee Eun Kang, Tae-Hwe Heo
    Molecular Pharmacology.2015; 88(2): 392.     CrossRef
  • LC-MS2-Based dereplication of Euphorbia extracts with anti-Chikungunya virus activity
    Louis-Félix Nothias-Scaglia, Vincent Dumontet, Johan Neyts, Fanny Roussi, Jean Costa, Pieter Leyssen, Marc Litaudon, Julien Paolini
    Fitoterapia.2015; 105: 202.     CrossRef
  • Reactivation of latent HIV-1 by new semi-synthetic ingenol esters
    Diego Pandeló José, Koen Bartholomeeusen, Rodrigo Delvecchio da Cunha, Celina Monteiro Abreu, Jan Glinski, Thais Barbizan Ferreira da Costa, Ana Flávia Mello Bacchi Rabay, Luiz Francisco Pianowski Filho, Lech W. Dudycz, Udaykumar Ranga, Boris Matija Peter
    Virology.2014; 462-463: 328.     CrossRef
  • Dual Role of Novel Ingenol Derivatives from Euphorbia tirucalli in HIV Replication: Inhibition of De Novo Infection and Activation of Viral LTR
    Celina M. Abreu, Sarah L. Price, Erin N. Shirk, Rodrigo D. Cunha, Luiz F. Pianowski, Janice E. Clements, Amilcar Tanuri, Lucio Gama, Cheryl A. Stoddart
    PLoS ONE.2014; 9(5): e97257.     CrossRef
Multilocus Sequence Analysis of Housekeeping Genes and Antigenic Determinant Genes in Bordetella pertussis Strains Isolated in Korea
Sang-Oun Jung, Yu Mi Moon, So-Hyeon Kim, Hwa Young Sung, Seung-Jik Kwon, Yeon Ho Kang, Jae Yon Yu
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2011;2(2):115-126.   Published online June 30, 2011
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2011.08.003
  • 2,018 View
  • 13 Download
  • 3 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
To confirm genotype diversities of clinical isolates of Bordetella pertussis and to evaluate the risk of pertussis outbreak in Korea.
Methods
Seven housekeeping genes and 10 antigenic determinant genes from clinical B. pertussis isolates were analyzed by Multilocus sequence typing (MLST).
Results
More variant pattern was observed in antigenic determinant genes. Especially, PtxS1 gene was the most variant gene; five genotypes were observed from eight global genotypes. In the bacterial type, the number of observed sequence types in the isolates was seven and the most frequent form was type 1 (79.6%). This major sequence type also showed a time-dependent transition pattern. Older isolates (1968 and 1975) showed type 1 and 6 in housekeeping genes and antigenic determinant genes, respectively. However, these were changed to type 2 and 1 in isolates 1999–2008. This transition was mainly attributed to genotype change of PtxS1 and Fim3 gene; the tendency of genotype change was to avoid vaccine-derived genotype. In addition, there was second transition in 2009. In this period, only the sequence type of antigenic determinant genes was changed to type 2. Based Upon Related Sequence Types (BURST) analysis confirmed that there were two clonal complexes (ACCI and ACCII) in the Korean isolates. Moreover, the recently increased sequence type was revealed as AST2 derived from AST 3 in ACCI.
Conclusions
Genotype changes in Korean distributing strains are still progressing and there was a specific driving force in antigenic determinant genes. Therefore continuous surveillance of genotype change of the distributing strains should be performed to confirm interrelationship of genotype change with vaccine immunity.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Characterization of Bordetella pertussis Strains Isolated from India
    Shweta Alai, Manish Gautam, Sonali Palkar, Jitendra Oswal, Sunil Gairola, Dhiraj P. Dhotre
    Pathogens.2022; 11(7): 794.     CrossRef
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    Ying Yang, Kaihu Yao, Xiang Ma, Wei Shi, Lin Yuan, Yonghong Yang, Daniela Flavia Hozbor
    PLOS ONE.2015; 10(9): e0138941.     CrossRef
  • Recent Trends of Antigenic Variation inBordetella pertussisIsolates in Korea
    So-Hyun Kim, Jin Lee, Hwa Young Sung, Jae Yon Yu, Seong Han Kim, Mi Sun Park, Sang-Oun Jung
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2014; 29(3): 328.     CrossRef
Improved HPLC Method Using 2,3-naphthalenedicarboxaldehyde as Fluorescent Labeling Agent for Quantification of Histamine in Human Immunoglobulin Preparations
Jung-Hwan Kim, In Soo Shin, Yoo Kyoung Lee, Ho Jung Oh, Sang Ja Ban
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2011;2(2):127-134.   Published online June 30, 2011
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2011.07.003
  • 2,103 View
  • 13 Download
  • 16 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives
To develop and optimize quantitative HPLC method using 2,3-naphthalenedicarboxaldehyde (NDA) after simple and efficient solid phase extraction to determine the histamine in a biopharmaceutical (Histobulin™).
Methods
The HPLC method was established using NDA-induced Histobulin and compared with the recently reported HPLC method using o-phthaldehyde (OPA). The validated NDA-applied HPLC method was adjusted to 15 lots of Histobulin and compared by the current lot-release-test method using fluorimetry in recovery of histamine and reproducibility.
Results
Analyses of six HPLC chromatograms using NDA and OPA each were compared. NDA produced a more stable chromatogram baseline than OPA, and showed better stability. The HPLC analysis was validated in accuracy (91–103%), precision (interday/intraday assay CV ≤2.30%), and linearity of dose–response curve (R2 ≥ 0.9919). The detection limit was 0.0076 μg/mL and the quantitative limit was 0.0229 μg/mL. The amount of histamine per 12 mg of immunoglobulin was determined to be 0.17 ± 0.016 μg by the HPLC and 0.025 ± 0.013 μg by the current lot-release-test method using fluorimetry.
Conclusion
NDA derivatization showed better stability compared with the OPA method. Therefore the newly established NDA-derivatizated HPLC method may be more suitable than the fluorimetric method in lot-release-tests of biopharmaceuticals.

Citations

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  • Rapid detection of histamine in fish based on the fluorescence characteristics of carbon nitride
    Xiaobin Lin, Chengyi Hong, Zhengzhong Lin, Zhiyong Huang
    Journal of Food Composition and Analysis.2022; 112: 104659.     CrossRef
  • Immunotherapy using Histobulin™ in psoriasis: A case report
    Hyuk Soon Kim, Geunwoong Noh
    Clinical Case Reports.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
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    Geunwoong Noh
    Clinical Case Reports.2021; 9(2): 966.     CrossRef
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    Geunwoong Noh
    Clinical Case Reports.2021; 9(1): 113.     CrossRef
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    Yasumasa Fukushima, Shunichi Aikawa
    Tetrahedron Letters.2021; 72: 153088.     CrossRef
  • Induction of remission in chronic urticaria by immunotherapy using immunoglobulin/histamine complex (Histobulin™): a case report
    Hyuk Soon Kim, Geunwoong Noh
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A Note on Obesity as Epidemic in Korea
Mun Seok Kim, Chaeshin Chu, Yongkuk Kim
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2011;2(2):135-140.   Published online June 30, 2011
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2011.08.004
  • 1,873 View
  • 13 Download
  • 9 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objective To analyze the incidence of obesity in adults aged 19–59 years in Korea and predict its trend in the future.
Methods
We considered a two-compartmental deterministic mathematical model Susceptible-Infected-Susceptible (SIS), a system of difference equations, to predict the evolution of obesity in the population and to propose strategies to reduce its incidence.
Results
The prevention strategy on normal-weight individuals produced a greater improvement than that produced by treatment strategies.
Conclusions
Mathematical model sensitivity analysis suggests that obesity prevention strategies are more effective than obesity treatment strategies in controlling the increase of adult obesity in Korea.

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    Hyun Jung Lee, Cheorun Jo, Ki Chang Nam, Kyung Haeng Lee
    The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition.2016; 29(4): 449.     CrossRef
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    Chunyoung Oh, Masud M A
    Journal of Applied Mathematics.2015; 2015: 1.     CrossRef
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    Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2014; 5(4): 177.     CrossRef
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    Byul Nim Kim, M.A. Masud, Yongkuk Kim
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    Honam Mathematical Journal.2014; 36(1): 131.     CrossRef
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  • Years of Epidemics (2009–2011): Pandemic Influenza and Foot-and-Mouth Disease Epidemic in Korea
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  • A Tale of Two Fields: Mathematical and Statistical Modeling of Infectious Diseases
    Hae-Wol Cho, Chaeshin Chu
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2011; 2(2): 73.     CrossRef
Brief Report
Registration of Human Embryonic Stem Cell Lines: Korea, 2010
Ji-Yoon Lee, Dae-Yeon Lee, Young-Sil Choi, Kyoung-Jae Lee, Yong-Ou Kim
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2011;2(2):141-147.   Published online June 30, 2011
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phrp.2011.07.002
  • 1,816 View
  • 13 Download
  • 4 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
In an effort to increase the credibility of human embryonic stem cell (hESC) lines established in Korea, obligatory registration was introduced by the Bioethics and Safety Act 2008, effective as of January 1, 2010.The DNA fingerprint, chromosome stability, expression of pluripotency markers, and contamination of mycoplasma of the submitted lines were analyzed by Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (KCDC). The characterization data and ethical aspects, such as informed consent for donation of surplus embryos, were reviewed by a 10-member advisory review committee for stem cell registry.A total of 55 domestic hESC lines were submitted for registration in 2010; among them 51 were registered. Among these submitted lines, 26 were additionally characterized by KCDC, while 25 lines previously characterized by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology were not additionally analyzed by KCDC.Registration completed an oversight system for embryo research by registering the products of licensed embryo research projects, making embryo research more transparent in Korea. Information about hESC lines is available at the website of the Korea Stem Cell Registry (kscr.nih.go.kr).

Citations

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    Stefanie Seltmann, Fritz Lekschas, Robert Müller, Harald Stachelscheid, Marie-Sophie Bittner, Weiping Zhang, Luam Kidane, Anna Seriola, Anna Veiga, Glyn Stacey, Andreas Kurtz
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PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives