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Volume 9(5); October 2018
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Editorial
Towards a Smoke-Free Society
Hae-Wol Cho
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2018;9(5):215-216.   Published online October 31, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2018.9.5.01
  • 2,996 View
  • 30 Download
PDF
Original Articles
Relationships between Virulence Factors and Antimicrobial Resistance among Escherichia coli Isolated from Urinary Tract Infections and Commensal Isolates in Tehran, Iran
Mohammad Reza Asadi Karam, Mehri Habibi, Saeid Bouzari
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2018;9(5):217-224.   Published online October 31, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2018.9.5.02
  • 4,710 View
  • 110 Download
  • 20 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

Uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) are the major cause of urinary tract infections (UTIs). Here, we determined whether sensitivity to antibiotics was related to the prevalence of iron scavenging genes, or to biofilm and hemolysis formation.

Methods

A total of 110 UPEC and 30 E coli isolates were collected from the urine of UTI patients and feces of healthy individuals without UTI, respectively. The presence of iron receptor genes and phenotypic properties were evaluated by polymerase chain reaction and phenotypic methods, respectively. Susceptibility to routine antibiotics was evaluated using the disc diffusion method.

Results

The prevalence of iron scavenging genes ranged from 21.8% (ireA) to 84.5% (chuA) in the UPEC. Resistance to ceftazidime and cefotaxime was significantly correlated with the presence of fyuA and iutA iron genes. Biofilm production was significantly associated with the prevalence of fyuA and hma iron genes. A higher degree of antibiotic resistance was exhibited by isolates that produced biofilms than by their non-biofilm producing counterparts.

Conclusion

Our study clearly indicates that biofilm production is associated with antibiotic resistance, and that iron receptors and hemolysin production also contribute to reduced antibiotic sensitivity. These results further our understanding of the role that these virulence factors play during UPEC pathogenesis, which in turn may be valuable for the development of novel treatment strategies against UTIs.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Susceptibility and Virulence of Enterobacteriaceae Isolated from Urinary Tract Infections in Benin
    Funkè F. Assouma, Haziz Sina, Tomabu Adjobimey, Agossou Damien Pacôme Noumavo, Akim Socohou, Bawa Boya, Ange D. Dossou, Lauriane Akpovo, Basile Boni Saka Konmy, Jacques F. Mavoungou, Adolphe Adjanohoun, Lamine Baba-Moussa
    Microorganisms.2023; 11(1): 213.     CrossRef
  • Characterization of virulence determinants and phylogenetic background of multiple and extensively drug resistant Escherichia coli isolated from different clinical sources in Egypt
    Rana El-baz, Heba Shehta Said, Eman Salama Abdelmegeed, Rasha Barwa
    Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology.2022; 106(3): 1279.     CrossRef
  • A global systematic review and meta-analysis on correlation between biofilm producers and non-biofilm producers with antibiotic resistance in Uropathogenic Escherichia coli
    Mitra Garousi, Sina Monazami Tabar, Hosein Mirazi, Parnia Asgari, Paniz Sabeghi, Astireh Salehi, Azad Khaledi, Mohammad Ghenaat Pisheh Sanani, Hossein Karballaei Mirzahosseini
    Microbial Pathogenesis.2022; 164: 105412.     CrossRef
  • Virulence factors, antimicrobial resistance and the relationship between these characteristics in uropathogenic Escherichia coli
    Farzaneh Firoozeh, Mohammad Zibaei, Farzad Badmasti, Azad Khaledi
    Gene Reports.2022; 27: 101622.     CrossRef
  • Association between Virulence Factors and Antimicrobial Resistance of Klebsiella pneumoniae Clinical Isolates from North Kerala
    Ramya Kumaran, R.V. Geetha, Sabitha Baby
    Journal of Pure and Applied Microbiology.2022; 16(2): 867.     CrossRef
  • Characterization of virulence factors and antibiotic resistance pattern of uropathogenic Escherichia coli strains in a tertiary care center
    Naveen Kumar M, Sevitha Bhat, Archana Bhat K, Vishwas Saralaya, Shalini Shenoy Mulki
    F1000Research.2022; 11: 1163.     CrossRef
  • Antibiotic Resistance, Biofilm Formation and Sub-Inhibitory Hydrogen Peroxide Stimulation in Uropathogenic Escherichia coli
    Prabin Dawadi, Santosh Khanal, Tista Prasai Joshi, Sudeep KC, Reshma Tuladhar, Bijaya Laxmi Maharjan, Anjani Darai, Dev Raj Joshi
    Microbiology Insights.2022; 15: 117863612211352.     CrossRef
  • Characterization of virulence factors and antibiotic resistance pattern of uropathogenic Escherichia coli strains in a tertiary care center
    Naveen Kumar M, Sevitha Bhat, Archana Bhat K, Vishwas Saralaya, Shalini Shenoy Mulki
    F1000Research.2022; 11: 1163.     CrossRef
  • Insects, Rodents, and Pets as Reservoirs, Vectors, and Sentinels of Antimicrobial Resistance
    Willis Gwenzi, Nhamo Chaukura, Norah Muisa-Zikali, Charles Teta, Tendai Musvuugwa, Piotr Rzymski, Akebe Luther King Abia
    Antibiotics.2021; 10(1): 68.     CrossRef
  • Virulence genes and phylogenetic groups of uropathogenic Escherichia coli isolates from patients with urinary tract infection and uninfected control subjects: a case-control study
    Seyedeh Elham Rezatofighi, Mahsa Mirzarazi, Mansour Salehi
    BMC Infectious Diseases.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Virulence characterization and clonal analysis of uropathogenic Escherichia coli metallo-beta-lactamase-producing isolates
    Fatemeh Zangane Matin, Seyedeh Elham Rezatofighi, Mohammad Roayaei Ardakani, Mohammad Reza Akhoond, Fahimeh Mahmoodi
    Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Antimicrobial Susceptibility and Detection of Virulence-Associated Genes in Escherichia coli Strains Isolated from Commercial Broilers
    Tímea Kocúreková, Lívia Karahutová, Dobroslava Bujňáková
    Antibiotics.2021; 10(11): 1303.     CrossRef
  • Evaluation of Biofilm Formation and Virulence Genes and Association with Antibiotic Resistance Patterns of Uropathogenic Escherichia coli Strains in Southwestern Iran
    Mostafa Boroumand, Asghar Sharifi, Mohammad Amin Ghatei, Mohsen Sadrinasab
    Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Differences of virulence factors, and antimicrobial susceptibility according to phylogenetic group in uropathogenic Escherichia coli strains isolated from Korean patients
    Miri Hyun, Ji Yeon Lee, Hyun ah Kim
    Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Changes in Bacterial Spectrum and Resistance Patterns Over Time in the Urine of Patients with Neurogenic Lower Urinary Tract Dysfunction Due to Spinal Cord Injury
    Jürgen Pannek, Carmen Kurmann, Jörg Krebs, Valentin Habermacher, Jens Wöllner
    Urologia Internationalis.2021; 105(5-6): 483.     CrossRef
  • A systematic review and meta-analysis of antibiotic resistance patterns, and the correlation between biofilm formation with virulence factors in uropathogenic E. coli isolated from urinary tract infections
    Fei Zhao, Huanxin Yang, Dezhong Bi, Azad Khaledi, Mingqi Qiao
    Microbial Pathogenesis.2020; 144: 104196.     CrossRef
  • A survey for phylogenetic relationship; presence of virulence genes and antibiotic resistance patterns of avian pathogenic and uropathogenic Escherichia coli isolated from poultry and humans in Yazd, Iran
    Mansoureh Bakhshi, Hengameh Zandi, Mehdi Fatahi Bafghi, Akram Astani, Vahid Reza Ranjbar, Mahmood Vakili
    Gene Reports.2020; 20: 100725.     CrossRef
  • Biofilm formation, antimicrobial susceptibility and virulence genes of Uropathogenic Escherichia coli isolated from clinical isolates in Uganda
    Paul Katongole, Fatuma Nalubega, Najjuka Christine Florence, Benon Asiimwe, Irene Andia
    BMC Infectious Diseases.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Relationship between Virulence and Resistance among Gram-Negative Bacteria
    Virginio Cepas, Sara M. Soto
    Antibiotics.2020; 9(10): 719.     CrossRef
  • Virulence factors of uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) and correlation with antimicrobial resistance
    Chhaya Shah, Ratna Baral, Bijay Bartaula, Lok Bahadur Shrestha
    BMC Microbiology.2019;[Epub]     CrossRef
The Effects of Task-Oriented Circuit Training Using Rehabilitation Tools on the Upper-Extremity Functions and Daily Activities of Patients with Acute Stroke: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Trial
Jong-Hoon Moon, Kyoung-Young Park, Hee-Jin Kim, Chang-Ho Na
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2018;9(5):225-230.   Published online October 31, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2018.9.5.03
  • 4,357 View
  • 99 Download
  • 6 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of task-oriented circuit training (TOCT) using the rehabilitation tools for upper extremity function upon the daily life of patients with acute stroke.

Methods

Eighteen patients with acute stroke were randomly allocated into either the experimental group or the control group. The experimental group performed the TOCT program using rehabilitation tools, whilst the control group had neuro-developmental treatment. Both groups received 30 minutes of treatment per session, 5~6 times per week, for 4 weeks. The assessments conducted were the Fugl-Meyer assessment, motor activity log and stroke impact scale to compare the upper extremity function and activities of daily living.

Results

The results showed a significant improvement in the TOCT group compared with the neuro-developmental treatment group in the amount of motor activity use and high stroke impact score, indicating recovery (p < 0.05).

Conclusion

The TOCT program using rehabilitation tools could have a positive impact on acute stroke patients use of their upper extremity.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Bobath therapy is inferior to task-specific training and not superior to other interventions in improving arm activity and arm strength outcomes after stroke: a systematic review
    Simone Dorsch, Cameron Carling, Zheng Cao, Emma Fanayan, Petra L Graham, Annie McCluskey, Karl Schurr, Katharine Scrivener, Sarah Tyson
    Journal of Physiotherapy.2023; 69(1): 15.     CrossRef
  • Adaptation and clinical application of assistive device chair for bedside sitting in acute stroke phase: two case reports
    Priscila Salge Mauad Rodrigues, Marcos Massao Shimano, Edimar de Oliveira, Fábio Masao Kawamura, Ana Flávia Silveira, Gustavo José Luvizutto, Luciane Aparecida Pacucci Sande de Souza
    Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technolog.2023; : 1.     CrossRef
  • Development and Implementation of a New Model of Care for Patients With Stroke, Acute Hospital Rehabilitation Intensive SErvices
    Nicole Langton-Frost, Stephanie Orient, Jessica Adeyemo, Mona N. Bahouth, Kelly Daley, Bingqing Ye, Annette Lavezza, April Pruski
    American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilita.2023; 102(2S): S13.     CrossRef
  • Dosages of Swallowing Exercises Prescribed in Stroke Rehabilitation: A Medical Record Audit
    Jacinda Choy, Fereshteh Pourkazemi, Caitlin Anderson, Hans Bogaardt
    Dysphagia.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Revisiting dose and intensity of training: Opportunities to enhance recovery following stroke
    Kalita Donnellan-Fernandez, Andrew Ioakim, Brenton Hordacre
    Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases.2022; 31(11): 106789.     CrossRef
  • Effect of Task Oriented Training on Spasticity in Post Stroke Individuals
    Tanavi S. Patel, Suraj Kanase
    Journal of Ecophysiology and Occupational Health.2021; 21(3): 90.     CrossRef
Developing the High-Risk Drinking Scorecard Model in Korea
Jun-Tae Han, Il-Su Park, Suk-Bok Kang, Byeong-Gyu Seo
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2018;9(5):231-239.   Published online October 31, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2018.9.5.04
  • 14,831 View
  • 99 Download
  • 2 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

This study aimed to develop a high-risk drinking scorecard using cross-sectional data from the 2014 Korea Community Health Survey.

Methods

Data were collected from records for 149,592 subjects who had participated in the Korea Community Health Survey conducted from 2014. The scorecard model was developed using data mining, a scorecard and points to double the odds approach for weighted multiple logistic regression.

Results

This study found that there were many major influencing factors for high-risk drinkers which included gender, age, educational level, occupation, whether they received health check-ups, depressive symptoms, over-moderate physical activity, mental stress, smoking status, obese status, and regular breakfast. Men in their thirties to fifties had a high risk of being a drinker and the risks in office workers and sales workers were high. Those individuals who were current smokers had a higher risk of drinking. In the scorecard results, the highest score range was observed for gender, age, educational level, and smoking status, suggesting that these were the most important risk factors.

Conclusion

A credit risk scorecard system can be applied to quantify the scoring method, not only to help the medical service provider to understand the meaning, but also to help the general public to understand the danger of high-risk drinking more easily.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • A Study on ML-Based Sleep Score Model Using Lifelog Data
    Jiyong Kim, Minseo Park
    Applied Sciences.2023; 13(2): 1043.     CrossRef
  • A Simple-to-Use Score for Identifying Individuals at High Risk of Denosumab-Associated Hypocalcemia in Postmenopausal Osteoporosis: A Real-World Cohort Study
    Kyoung Jin Kim, Namki Hong, Seunghyun Lee, Miryung Kim, Yumie Rhee
    Calcified Tissue International.2020; 107(6): 567.     CrossRef
Factors Affecting Smoking Cessation Success of Heavy Smokers Registered in the Intensive Care Smoking Cessation Camp (Data from the National Tobacco Control Center)
Hansol Yeom, Hee-Sook Lim, Jihyun Min, Seoni Lee, Yoon-Hyung Park
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2018;9(5):240-247.   Published online October 31, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2018.9.5.05
  • 6,978 View
  • 119 Download
  • 6 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors involved in the success of smoking cessation in heavy smokers enrolled in an intensive care smoking cessation camp program.

Methods

Heavy smokers enrolled in the program were classified into a success (n = 69) or failure (n = 29) group, according to whether they maintained smoking cessation for 6 months after the end of the program. Demographics, smoking behaviors, and smoking cessation-related characteristics were analyzed.

Results

Statistically significantly more participants in the success group had a spouse (98.6%; p = 0.008) compared with participants in the failure group (82.8%). However, multivariate logistic regression analysis indicated that having a spouse was not an independent factor in smoking cessation (p = 0.349). A significant difference in the frequency of counseling between the success and failure groups was observed (p = 0.001), with 72.5% of those who received counseling on 3–5 occasions for 6 months after the end of program successfully quit smoking, indicating that those who received more counseling had a higher likelihood of smoking cessation success. This was confirmed as an independent factor by multivariate logistic regression (p < 0.005). Furthermore, a graduate school level of education or higher, indicated a statistically greater success rate compared to those that were less well educated (p = 0.043). This was also observed as a significant independent factor using multivariate logistic regression (p = 0.046).

Conclusion

Education level, marital status, and the number of counseling sessions were significant factors contributing to smoking cessation success.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Sigara Bırakma Polikliniğine Başvuran Bireylerde Tedavi Başarısını Etkileyen Faktörler
    Derya KOCAKAYA, Hatice ŞENOL, Sezer ASLAN, Ahmed Mahmud ÇIRAKOĞLU, Merve ÇAKIR, Hatice TELCİ, Mehmet ÇETİNKAYA, Sehnaz OLGUN, Ayşe Nilüfer ÖZAYDIN, Ceyhan BERRİN
    Bağımlılık Dergisi.2022; 23(1): 1.     CrossRef
  • Smoking cessation rates in elderly and nonelderly smokers after participating in an intensive care smoking cessation camp
    Jae-Kyeong Lee, Yu-Il Kim, Sun-Seog Kweon, In-Jae Oh, Yong-Soo Kwon, Hong-Joon Shin, Yu-Ri Choe, Ha-Young Park, Young-Ok Na, Hwa-Kyung Park
    Medicine.2022; 101(30): e29886.     CrossRef
  • Patterns and predictors of smoking relapse among inpatient smoking intervention participants: a 1-year follow-up study in Korea
    Seung Eun Lee, Chul-Woung Kim, Hyo-Bin Im, Myungwha Jang
    Epidemiology and Health.2021; 43: e2021043.     CrossRef
  • Factors affecting smoking initiation and cessation among adult smokers in Fiji: A qualitative study
    Masoud Mohammadnezhad, Mondha Kengganpanich
    Tobacco Induced Diseases.2021; 19(December): 1.     CrossRef
  • “STOP the PUFF! Tayo’y mag bagong BAGA, SIGARILYO ay ITIGIL”: A Pilot Community-based Tobacco Intervention Project in an Urban Settlement
    Irene Salve D Joson-Vergara, Julie T Li-Yu
    Journal of Medicine, University of Santo Tomas.2021; 5(1): 586.     CrossRef
  • Smoking cessation correlates with a decrease in infection rates following total joint arthroplasty
    Christina Herrero, Alex Tang, Amy Wasterlain, Scott Sherman, Joseph Bosco, Claudette Lajam, Ran Schwarzkopf, James Slover
    Journal of Orthopaedics.2020; 21: 390.     CrossRef
Changing Disease Trends in the Northern Gyeonggi-do Province of South Korea from 2002 to 2013: A Big Data Study Using National Health Information Database Cohort
Young Soo Kim, Dong-Hee Lee, Hiun Suk Chae, Kyungdo Han
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2018;9(5):248-254.   Published online October 31, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2018.9.5.06
  • 3,661 View
  • 71 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

To investigate the chronological patterns of diseases in Northern Gyeonggi-do province, South Korea, and compare these with national data.

Methods

A National Health Insurance cohort based on the National Health Information Database (NHID Cohort 2002–2013) was used to perform a retrospective, population-based study (46,605,433 of the target population, of which 1,025,340 were randomly sampled) to identify disease patterns from 2002 to 2013. Common diseases including malaria, cancer (uterine cervix, urinary bladder, colon), diabetes mellitus, psychiatric disorders, hypertension, intracranial hemorrhage, bronchitis/bronchiolitis, peptic ulcer, and end stage renal disease were evaluated.

Results

Uterine cervix cancer, urinary bladder cancer and colon cancer had the greatest rate of increase in Northern Gyeonggi-do province compared with the rest of the country, but by 2013 the incidence of these cancers had dropped dramatically. Acute myocardial infarction and end stage renal disease also increased over the study period. Psychiatric disorders, diabetes mellitus, hypertension and peptic ulcers showed a gradual increase over time. No obvious differences were found for intracranial hemorrhage or bronchitis/bronchiolitis between the Northern Gyeonggi-do province and the remaining South Korean provinces. Malaria showed a unique time trend, only observed in the Northern Gyeonggi province, peaking in 2004, 2007 and 2009 to 2010.

Conclusion

This study showed that the Northern Gyeonggi-do province population had a different disease profile over time, compared with collated data for the remaining provinces in South Korea. “Big data” studies using the National Health Insurance cohort database can provide insight into the healthcare environment for healthcare providers, stakeholders and policymakers.

Epidemiological Characterization of Imported Systemic Mycoses Occurred in Korea
Seung-Hak Cho, Young-Bin Yu, Je-Seop Park, Keun-Dol Yook, Young-Kwon Kim
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2018;9(5):255-260.   Published online October 31, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2018.9.5.07
  • 9,419 View
  • 116 Download
  • 3 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

Imported systemic mycoses is a severe fungal infection that can cause diseases in healthy people. However, there is a serious lack of epidemiological data about imported systemic mycoses. Therefore, an epidemiological characterization of imported systemic mycoses in Korea was performed.

Methods

We collected health insurance data between 2008 and 2012 from the Health Insurance Corporation and analyzed the data to determine the prevalence and treatment management of imported systemic mycoses.

Results

The prevalence of imported systemic mycoses between 2008 and 2012 increased slowly by 0.49/100,000 to 0.53/100,000 persons. The prevalence of coccidioidomycosis increased from 0.28/100,000 in 2008 to 0.36/100,000 persons in 2012. A mean of 229.6 cases occurred each year. Children and the elderly showed higher prevalence than adults in the 20- to 59-year-old age group. The rate of infection according to region ranged from 0.18/100,000 persons in Ulsan, to 0.59/100,000 persons in Gyeonggi. The prevalence in females was higher than that in males. Inpatient treatment was 3.3% (38 cases), with 96.7% treated as outpatients. Hospitalizations cost 272.7 million won and outpatient treatments cost 111.7 million won. The treatment cost for coccidioidomycosis from 2008 to 2012 was 330.9 million won, with personal charges of 79.2 million won and insurance charges of 251.7 million won. Most of the expenses for the coccidioidomycosis treatment were for inpatient treatment.

Conclusion

The results in this study may be a useful resource for determining the changes in the trend of imported systemic mycoses.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • The clinical laboratory evolution in coccidioidomycosis detection: Future perspectives
    José María Gastélum-Cano, Mitzuko Dautt-Castro, Alfonso García-Galaz, Katya Felix-Murray, Antonio Rascón-Careaga, Manuel A. Cano-Rangel, María A. Islas-Osuna
    Journal of Medical Mycology.2021; 31(3): 101159.     CrossRef
  • Emerging Invasive Fungal Infections: Clinical Features and Controversies in Diagnosis and Treatment Processes


    Hongliang Zhang, Aiqun Zhu
    Infection and Drug Resistance.2020; Volume 13: 607.     CrossRef
  • Timely Diagnosis of Histoplasmosis in Non-endemic Countries: A Laboratory Challenge
    María José Buitrago, M. Teresa Martín-Gómez
    Frontiers in Microbiology.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
Public Awareness of Early and Late Complications of Type 2 Diabetes - Application of Latent Profile Analysis in Determining Questionnaire Cut-Off Points
Nasrin Shirmohammadi, Ali Reza Soltanian, Shiva Borzouei
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2018;9(5):261-268.   Published online October 31, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2018.9.5.08
  • 3,810 View
  • 115 Download
  • 2 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

A questionnaire was designed to determine public understanding of early and late complications of Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).

Methods

A cross-sectional study was performed in participants who were selected using a multi-stage sampling method and a standard questionnaire of 67 questions was proposed. An expert panel selected 53 closed-ended questions for content validity to be included in the questionnaire. The reliability of the questionnaire was tested using Cronbach’s alpha coefficient giving a score of 0.84.

Results

Of the 825 participants, 443 (57.6%) were male, and 322 (41.87%) were 40 years or more. The proportion of low-, moderate- and high- awareness about T2DM and its complications was 29.26%, 62.68%, and 8.06%, respectively. Friends (56.31%) and internet and social networks (20.55%) were the 2 major sources of awareness, respectively. The medical staff (e.g., physicians) had the lowest share in the level of public awareness (3.64%) compared to other sources.

Conclusion

These results present data that shows the general population awareness of T2DM is low. Healthcare policymakers need to be effective at raising awarenes of diabetes and it should be through improved education.

Citations

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  • What Is the Optimal Cut-Off Point of the 10-Item Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale for Screening Depression Among Chinese Individuals Aged 45 and Over? An Exploration Using Latent Profile Analysis
    Hanlin Fu, Lulu Si, Ruixia Guo
    Frontiers in Psychiatry.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Classification of probable online social networking addiction: A latent profile analysis from a large-scale survey among Chinese adolescents
    Ji-Bin Li, Anise M.S. Wu, Li-Fen Feng, Yang Deng, Jing-Hua Li, Yu-Xia Chen, Jin-Chen Mai, Phoenix K.H. Mo, Joseph T.F. Lau
    Journal of Behavioral Addictions.2020; 9(3): 698.     CrossRef
Army Soldiers’ Knowledge of, Attitude Towards, and Preventive Behavior Towards Tuberculosis in Korea
Yun Choi, Geum Hee Jeong
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2018;9(5):269-277.   Published online October 31, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2018.9.5.09
  • 5,244 View
  • 142 Download
  • 4 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

The aim of this study was to gather information about Korean Army soldiers’ attitude towards tuberculosis to enable the development of an informed educational program and potential intervention plans.

Methods

There were 500 male soldiers serving in the Korean Army who responded to questionnaires regarding knowledge of, attitudes towards, and preventive behavior towards tuberculosis. The questionnaires were collected between September 10 until October 1, 2014. Participants’ characteristic that influenced differences in knowledge, attitudes, and preventive behavior towards tuberculosis were compared by t test. Variables that influenced preventive behavior were identified by multiple regression analysis.

Results

The mean scores assessing knowledge of, attitude, and preventive behavior towards tuberculosis were 11.64 (± 4.03) out of 20 points, 3.21 (± 0.38) out of 4 points, and 2.88 (± 0.42) out of 4 points, respectively. Non-smokers were more knowledgeable about tuberculosis than smokers. Participants who had family or friends with tuberculosis had better knowledge and a more productive attitude to tuberculosis. Participants who were educated or obtained information about tuberculosis, received better scores in all areas of knowledge, attitude and preventive behavior compared to other participants. Non-smoking, family or friends who have had tuberculosis, obtaining information about tuberculosis, and positive attitudes towards treatment and preventive education had an explanatory power of 24.6% with regard to preventive behavior against tuberculosis.

Conclusion

More relatable, systemized education should be provided regularly to improve soldiers’ knowledge of, attitudes towards, and prevention against tuberculosis in the Republic of Korea Army.

Citations

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  • Knowledge, Attitudes, and Preventative Behavior Toward Tuberculosis in University Students in Indonesia
    Irma Melyani Puspitasari, Rano Kurnia Sinuraya, Arini Nurhaqiqi Aminudin, Rika Rahmi Kamilah
    Infection and Drug Resistance.2022; Volume 15: 4721.     CrossRef
  • Factors Affecting Preventive Behavior related to Tuberculosis among University Students in Korea: Focused on Knowledge, Attitude and Optimistic Bias related to Tuberculosis
    Myung Soon Kwon, Yun Choi
    Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursi.2020; 27(3): 236.     CrossRef
  • Assessment of knowledge, attitude and practice on tuberculosis among teacher trainees of Samtse College of Education, Bhutan
    Thinley Dorji, Tandin Tshering, Kinley Wangdi, Ritesh G. Menezes
    PLOS ONE.2020; 15(11): e0241923.     CrossRef
  • The Infectivity of Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Korean Army Units: Evidence from Outbreak Investigations
    Chang-gyo Yoon, Dong Yoon Kang, Jaehun Jung, Soo Yon Oh, Jin Beom Lee, Mi-Hyun Kim, Younsuk Seo, Hee-Jin Kim
    Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases.2019; 82(4): 298.     CrossRef
Brief Report
Evaluation of Potency on Diphtheria and Tetanus Toxoid for Adult Vaccines by In Vivo Toxin Neutralization Assay Using National Reference Standards
Chan Woong Choi, Jae Hoon Moon, Jae Ok Kim, Si Hyung Yoo, Hyeon Guk Kim, Jung-Hwan Kim, Tae Jun Park, Sung Soon Kim
Osong Public Health Res Perspect. 2018;9(5):278-282.   Published online October 31, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24171/j.phrp.2018.9.5.10
  • 3,704 View
  • 50 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Objectives

Vaccinations against diphtheria and tetanus are essential in providing immunity against these bacterial infections. The potency of diphtheria and tetanus toxoid vaccines can be measured using the in vivo toxin neutralization assay. The limit of potency of this assay was determined only for children. Therefore, we assessed the potency of adult vaccines using this assay to identify the feasibility of limit for adult vaccines.

Methods

Fifteen lots of tetanus-reduced diphtheria and tetanus-diphtheria-acellular pertussis vaccines were used. In vivo toxin neutralization and lethal challenge assays were conducted on each vaccine to calculate the potencies of the toxoids. National reference standards for toxins and antitoxins were used for in vivo toxin neutralization assay.

Results

All 15 lots satisfied the limits of potency for lethal challenge assay. The potency of diphtheria and tetanus toxoids exceeded 1 and 8 units/mL, respectively, for in vivo toxin neutralization assay.

Conclusion

Although additional studies are required for new assays and limits, the current level of potency for adult vaccines as determined by in vivo toxin neutralization assay, was demonstrated in this study. Such efforts to improve assays are expected to promote the development of diphtheria and tetanus vaccines for adults and to contribute to vaccine self-sufficiency.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Establishment of the 2nd National Reference Standard for Diphtheria toxin in Korea
    So Young Kim, Jinwoong Lee, Sol Jeon, Su Jung An, In yeong Hwang, Jae Hoon Moon, Jong Kwan Park, Taeseung Yang, Jaewoon Son, Daegeun Kim, Jeongwon Jang, Seulgi Park, Eun Ah Choi, Jin Kyu Kim, Jin Tae Hong, Jong Won Kim
    Journal of Bacteriology and Virology.2021; 51(4): 1.     CrossRef
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PHRP : Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives